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Volkswagen Phaeton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volkswagen Phaeton
ProductionDecember 2001 – March 2016[1][2]
Model years
  • 2003–2016
  • 2004–2006 (North America)
AssemblyDresden, Germany (Transparent Factory)
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size luxury car[3] (F)
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutLongitudinal FF layout
Longitudinal F4 layout (4motion)
PlatformVolkswagen Group D1
EnginePetrol engines:
3.2 L EA390 AYT / BKL / BRK VR6
3.6 L EA390 VR6
4.2 L BGH, BGJ V8
6.0 L W12 2004–2011
Diesel engines:
3.0 L TDI Common Rail (BMK / CARA / CEXA) V6 TDI
5.0 L AJS V10 TDI 2003–2007
  • SWB: 2,881 mm (113.4 in)
  • LWB: 3,001 mm (118.1 in)
  • 2002-2009:
  • SWB: 5,055 mm (199.0 in)
  • LWB: 5,120 mm (201.6 in)
  • 2010–2016:
  • SWB: 5,059 mm (199.2 in)
  • LWB: 5,140 mm (202.4 in)
Width1,903 mm (74.9 in)
Height1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Curb weight2,184–2,449 kg (4,815–5,399 lb)
SuccessorVolkswagen Phideon (China)
Volkswagen Group W-12 engine as fitted in the Phaeton W12
Volkswagen Concept D at IAA 1999 in Frankfurt

The Volkswagen Phaeton ( /ˈftən/ FAY-tən) (Typ 3D) is a full-size sedan/saloon[4] manufactured by the German automobile manufacturer Volkswagen, described by Volkswagen as their "premium class" vehicle.[5][6] Introduced at the 2002 Geneva Motor Show, the Phaeton was marketed worldwide. Sales in North America ended in 2006 and global sales ended in 2016.

The name Phaeton derives from Phaëton, the son of Phoebus (or Helios) in Greek mythology, by way of the phaeton auto body style and the type of horse-drawn carriage that preceded it.

Production ended in March 2016 and an all-electric second generation was slated to be produced.[7][8] Starting in April 2017, the Gläserne Manufaktur Dresden began assembling the e-Golf instead.[9]

First and second series (2002) (GP0/GP1)

Pre-facelift Volkswagen Phaeton


The Phaeton was conceived by Ferdinand Piëch, then chairman of Volkswagen Group,[10] who wanted a car that would surpass the German prestige market leaders, Mercedes-Benz and BMW, in part as a response to Mercedes' and BMW's decision to compete in Europe directly with Volkswagen by introducing the A-Class and BMW 3 Series Compact.

Although the Volkswagen Group already had a direct competitor in the full sized luxury segment, the Audi A8, the Phaeton was intended to be more of a comfort-oriented limousine, like the Mercedes-Benz S-Class and Lexus LS, whereas the Audi A8 and BMW 7 Series are more performance-oriented.[11][12] Piëch also wanted to move the VW brand upmarket, with the Phaeton serving as the brand's flagship model.

Initial development of the Phaeton, given the internal project code VW611, began with Piëch giving his engineers a list of ten parameters the car needed to fulfill. Most of these specifications were not made known to the public, but a number of them were told to automotive reporters.

One of them was that the Phaeton should be capable of being driven all day at 300 km/h (186 mph) with an exterior temperature of 50 °C (122 °F) whilst maintaining the interior temperature at 22 °C (72 °F).[13] Piëch requested this even though the Phaeton's top speed was electronically limited to 250 km/h (155.3 mph).[10] Other requirements were that the car should have a torsional rigidity of 37,000 N·m/degree, and that the electric motors that perform various functions in the car should be hidden for a cleaner look.

At the 1999 International Motor Show Germany, Volkswagen presented the Concept D, which was essentially a hatchback prototype of the Phaeton, with very similar design, V10 TDI engine, air suspension and all wheel drive.


The Phaeton used a special version of the Volkswagen D platform platform, designated D1. The D1 variant was shared with the Bentley Continental GT and Bentley Flying Spur, and was differentiated from the other D platform model, the Audi A8, by using all-steel construction, whereas the A8 continued to use the all-aluminum "Audi Space Frame" chassis. Certain systems, such as the automatic transmission and some engines, are shared with the A8.

Compared to the Audi A8L 4.2 litre FSI quattro, the Phaeton is 545 lb (247 kg) heavier but is still competitive with the lighter A8 in most driving tests, due to the Phaeton's increased engine power (335 hp versus 330) and a shorter axle ratio (3.65:1 versus 3.32).[14] However, the weight gives the Phaeton considerably worse acceleration and poorer fuel economy compared to the A8.[15]

The Phaeton had the longest wheelbase in the Volkswagen passenger car line.


Development of the vehicle led to over one hundred individual patents specific to the Phaeton.[citation needed] Distinctive features include a draftless four zone climate system and standard Torsen based 4motion four-wheel drive.

For high ride comfort, it introduced Adaptive Air Suspension with Continuous Damping Control (CDC)-(Skyhook suspension). The same suspension system, with firmer settings, was introduced in the technically similar Audi A8 in November 2002.

First Volkswagen with radar adaptive cruise control: automatic distance regulator (ADR).

Phaeton Lounge (2005)

The Phaeton Lounge was a concept car based on a lengthened version of the Phaeton with seating for four (two pairs of seats facing each other) in the rear compartment. It features a W12 engine, a reinforced chassis, six speed Tiptronic automatic transmission, individual climate control for each passenger, front and rear wine coolers, a minibar, multi color mood lighting, a cigar humidor, two 17 inch monitors, DVD changer in the trunk, second DVD player in the rear cabin, and a Bluetooth enabled computer with a broadband connection.[16]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2005 Middle East International Motor Show.[17]


The Phaeton was hand assembled in an eco friendly factory with a glass exterior, the Transparent Factory (German: Gläserne Manufaktur) in Dresden, Germany. This factory had a capacity of producing 20,000 vehicles a year, and was planned to expand to 35,000 vehicles a year.[18] It also assembled Bentley Flying Spur vehicles destined for the European market until October 2006, when all assembly of the Bentley products was transferred to Crewe, England.[citation needed]

The Phaeton body was fabricated and painted at the Volkswagen works at Zwickau, Germany, and the completed bodies were transported approximately 100 km by special road transport vehicles to the main factory. Most Phaeton engines, the W12 being the notable exception, were built at the VW/Porsche/Audi engine plant in Győr, Hungary.[citation needed]

Reception and sales


Sales of the Phaeton fell far short of expectations. Its biggest market was China, followed by South Korea.[19]

In 2002, the manufacturer stated the annual capacity of the new Phaeton plant at Dresden was 20,000; by September 2006 a four-year total of 25,000 had been built,[20] with production running at approximately 6,000 cars annually. The domestic market was the Phaeton's strongest, with 19,314 Phaetons delivered in Germany alone by January 2009. Production decreased to 10,190 cars in 2012 and 5,812 in 2013.[21] In Phaeton's production run that lasted 15 years, 84,253 units were built.[18]

In Canada, 93 Phaetons were sold in 2004, and in the first eight months of 2005, only 21 found owners. In the United States market, 1,433 Phaetons were sold in 2004, and 820 were sold in 2005, leading the company to announce that sales in the North American market would end after the 2006 model year. The W12 engined models have depreciated significantly, and sell for a small fraction of their original cost.[22]

The Phaeton debuted at prices comparable to similar offerings from Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Lexus and the Volkswagen Group's own Audi A8 (which shared its powertrain with the Phaeton). Motor Trend suggested that the "VW badge on the hood may not say 'premium' to many auto shoppers" but they were impressed at how the Phaeton drove.[23]

In January 2011, Volkswagen reported the possibility of bringing the Phaeton back to the United States in the car's next product cycle.[24] In Autumn 2013, The Economist placed Phaeton into the report on Europe's biggest loss making cars.[25] In October 2014, Top Gear Magazine placed the Phaeton on its list of "The worst cars you can buy right now."[26]

In 2008, Volkswagen released the first update to the Phaeton. Subtle design changes were made by the introduction of chrome fog light covers and cherry red rear lights. The CD-based navigation system was upgraded to a DVD system, and the 3.0 V6 TDI engine had its power increased from 222 to 230bhp.

The German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder chose Phaeton to be his official state car in his second term from 2002 to 2005.[27] The reason is widely thought[by whom?] to be that before becoming chancellor, he previously served as the Minister-President of Lower Saxony in 1990–1998, where Volkswagen is headquartered in the city of Wolfsburg and is a major employer in the state, also Lower Saxony state government owns several shares in Volkswagen AG.[citation needed]

Third series (2008) (GP2)

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2007 Geneva Motor Show.[28]

Update included new LED daytime running lights, as well as a freshened centre console with revamped controls and materials. New Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) V6 petrol engine with greater power and fuel efficiency (206 kW / 280 PS) which satisfy Euro-5 emissions standards is also available.

Other changes to the car for 2009 included: three new types of alloy wheels (17, 18 and 19 inch), a slightly modified radiator grille, three new exterior colours, the new leather colour, the new wood trims, white switch illumination instead of red, accent and switch trim in the new "Warm gray" colour, an upgraded car key, makeup mirror in the rear on the LWB version, dampers optimised for low-friction, Carbon fibre-reinforced Silicon Carbide (C/SiC) ceramic composite brakes (front) on the Phaeton W12, as well as a rearview camera (Rear Assist) and blind spot warning system Side Assist.

Fourth series (2011) (GP3)

Volkswagen Phaeton (second facelift)
Volkswagen Phaeton (second facelift)

The vehicle was unveiled in the 2010 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition.[29][30]

The car for 2011 got a new front fascia to more closely resemble the Volkswagen styling direction first seen on the Golf Mk VI. This included new LED running lights, bi-xenon headlights and a new bumper with LED fog lights. The rear LED clusters were altered to mimic those found on facelifted Touran, Sharan, the new Touareg and the new Passat.

The interior benefited from some new technologies, but retained the 2009 MY layout. The Phaeton was offered in two wheelbase lengths (standard and long) and two seating layouts (standard five seats and optional four seats with full centre console). In the five-seat version, the front seats can be adjusted 12 ways. Standard features include all wheel drive, air suspension, and four zone automatic climate control. A multifunction steering wheel can be ordered in leather or wood leather.

The W12 engine option was deleted from the European and international markets except China where it was still offered until the end of Phaeton production in 2016.

Fifth series (2014) (GP4)

A further, minor facelift was introduced in 2014, including exterior alterations to the front fog lights and darkened rear lights. The interior was also updated including a new gear lever, gloss black accents around the gear lever and steering controls and the introduction of a new removable touch screen remote for rear passengers.

The last Phaeton produced; signed by the Dresden factory workers.

New technologies


Petrol engines
Model Years Types
3.2 V6 2003–2004 five speed automatic (front-wheel-drive)
3.2 V6 2003–2007 six speed automatic (front-wheel-drive)
3.2 V6 2004–2009 six speed automatic (4-motion)
3.6 V6 FSI 2010–2015 six speed automatic
4.2 V8 2010–2016 six speed automatic
6.0 W12 2010–2011 five speed automatic
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
3.0 V6 TDI 2010–2016 six speed automatic
5.0 V10 TDI 2003–2007 six speed automatic

Second generation

Before the Phaeton was discontinued in 2016, development of the second generation had already begun, with a near-production prototype already completed,[32] which remained hidden until 2022.[33]


As of 2007, powertrain options for the Phaeton included the following engines.[34] 4motion permanent four-wheel drive was the only driveline system available, except for the 2003 and 2004 model years when front wheel drive was available with the 3.2 litre engine.

Petrol engines
Model Years Engine codes Engine type Power, torque at rpm 0–100 km/h (62 mph) (s) Top speed
3.2 VR6 2002–2008 AYT / BKL / BRK 3,189 cc (194.6 cu in) VR6 241 PS (177 kW; 238 bhp) at 6,200, 315 N⋅m (232 lbf⋅ft) at 2,400 9.4 239 km/h (148.5 mph)
3.6 VR6 2008–2016 ? 3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) VR6 280 PS (206 kW; 276 bhp) at 6,250, 370 N⋅m (273 lbf⋅ft) at 3,500 8.6 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
4.2 V8 2002–2016 BGH / BGJ / ? 4,172 cc (254.6 cu in) V8 335 PS (246 kW; 330 bhp) at 6,500, 430 N⋅m (317 lbf⋅ft) at 3,500 6.9 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
6.0 W12 LWB (420PS) 2002–2004 BAN 5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12 420 PS (309 kW; 414 bhp) at 6,000, 550 N⋅m (406 lbf⋅ft) at 3,000 6.1 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
6.0 W12 LWB (450PS) 2004–2011 BRN / BTT 5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12 450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp) at 6,050, 560 N⋅m (413 lbf⋅ft) at 2,750-5,200 6.1 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
Diesel engines
Model Years Engine codes Engine type Power, torque at rpm 0–100 km/h (62 mph) (s) Top speed
3.0 V6 TDI (225PS) 2004–2006 BMK 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 225 PS (165 kW; 222 bhp) at 4,000, 450 N⋅m (332 lbf⋅ft) at 1,400 8.8 234 km/h (145.4 mph)
3.0 V6 TDI (233PS) 2007–2008 CARA 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 233 PS (171 kW; 230 bhp) at 4,000, 450 N⋅m (332 lbf⋅ft) at 1,400 8.4 234 km/h (145.4 mph)
3.0 V6 TDI (240PS) 2008–2013 CEXA 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 240 PS (177 kW; 237 bhp) at 4,000, 500 N⋅m (369 lbf⋅ft) at 1,500-3,500 8.3 237 km/h (147.3 mph)
3.0 V6 TDI (245PS) 2014–2016 CEXB 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 245 PS (180 kW; 242 bhp) at 4,000, 500 N⋅m (369 lbf⋅ft) at 1,500-3,500 8.3 237 km/h (147.3 mph)
5.0 V10 TDI 2003–2007 AJS 4,921 cc (300.3 cu in) V10 turbo 313 PS (230 kW; 309 bhp) at 3,750, 750 N⋅m (553 lbf⋅ft) at 2,000 6.9 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)

Vehicles manufactured for sale in the North American market were only available with the 4.2 litre V8 and 6.0 litre W12 engine, both of which were electronically limited to 210 km/h (130.5 mph).

The Phaeton features a Bosch ESP 5.7 Electronic Stability Programme, with Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS), Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD), Anti-Slip Regulation (ASR) traction control system, Electronic Differential Lock (EDL), Engine Braking Control (EBC), with emergency Brake Assist (BA).

The electronic differential lock (EDL) employed by Volkswagen is not, as the name suggests, a differential lock at all. Sensors monitor wheel speeds across an individual driven axle, and if one wheel is rotating substantially faster than the other (i.e. slipping) the EDL system momentarily brakes it. This effectively transfers power to the other wheel.

Volkswagen was developing an electric version, but replaced it with their MEB2 platform for 2020.[35]

See also


  1. ^ Schmidt, Boris (7 July 2022). "20 years of the Phaeton: For the first time, Volkswagen shows the successor that was never built". Volkswagen Newsroom. Retrieved 18 November 2023.
  2. ^ "Das gescheiterte Luxusprojekt von VW" [VW's failed luxury project]. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 20 March 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2023.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "5.06 metres long, 1.90 metres wide, 1.45 metres high – these dimensions alone meant a place for the Phaeton among its competitors in the luxury segment. However, in spite of its size, its visual appearance was understated. Its flowing design with slightly domed roof lines created a timeless and unostentatious appearance. The only stand-out features were the round tail light clusters at the rear installed under rectangular cover glass elements."
  5. ^ "Volkswagen Sachsen GmbH". Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  6. ^ Glaesernemanufaktur Dresden. "". Archived from the original on 2010-04-05. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  7. ^ Behrmann, Elisabeth (16 December 2015). "Volkswagen to Stop Making Top-End Phaeton Sedan in March". Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  8. ^ "VW suspends Phaeton". 17 December 2015. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
  9. ^ "Scharfer Start für den e-Golf aus Dresden". Archived from the original on 2017-03-17. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  10. ^ a b Top Gear Series 2 Episode 10, July 20, 2003
  11. ^ "Volkswagen Phaeton 4MOTION W-12". First Drive Review - Auto Reviews. Car and Driver. September 2002. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  12. ^ "Page 6 - Living Large - Comparison Test -". Archived from the original on 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
  13. ^ "Volkswagen 2009 Phaeton - Beijing show: VW facelifts Phaeton – again". GoAuto. GoAutoMedia. 2010-04-23. Archived from the original on 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  14. ^ "2004 Audi A8L vs. BMW 745i, Jaguar XJ8, M-B S430, VW Phaeton Comparison Tests - Page 3". Car and Driver. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  15. ^ "2004 Audi A8L vs 2004 BMW 745i vs 2004 Jaguar XJ8 Vanden Plas vs 2004 Lexus LS 430 vs 2004 Mercedes-Benz S430 vs 2004 Volkswagen Phaeton V8 Comparison". Motor Trend Magazine. 3 September 2004. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  16. ^ Nunez, Alex. "The world's first 4WD limo is a Volkswagen". Autoblog. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  17. ^ Waterman, Stuart. "Volkswagen supersizes the Phaeton". Autoblog. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  18. ^ a b "VW Phaeton: A few facts on a failed experiment". Autonews. Apr 4, 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  19. ^ Choi, Joseph (30 July 2013). "The Volkswagen Phaeton to Attempt Successful Rebirth in U.S. Market". National Automobile Dealers Association. Archived from the original on 26 January 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  20. ^ skript manufaktura – Magazin der Gläsernen Manufaktur Dresden, Nr. 7, Herbst/Winter 2006, Seite 63
  21. ^ Archived 2014-07-03 at the Wayback Machine Geschäftsbericht 2013
  22. ^ "Gebrauchtschnäppchen Phaeton" (in German).
  23. ^ "2004 Audi A8L vs 2004 BMW 745i vs 2004 Jaguar XJ8 Vanden Plas vs 2004 Lexus LS 430 vs 2004 Mercedes-Benz S430 vs 2004 Volkswagen Phaeton V8 Comparison - Motor Trend". Archived from the original on 2012-03-16.
  24. ^ "Volkswagen May Bring Back Scirocco, Phaeton to U.S." 2011-01-28. Archived from the original on 2012-07-15.
  25. ^ "Daily Chart. Europe's biggest loss making cars". The Economist. 2013-09-25.
  26. ^ "The Worst Cars You Can Buy Right Now". Top Gear magazine. 2014-10-09. Archived from the original on 2019-08-05. Retrieved 2014-10-12.
  27. ^ Pander, Jürgen (February 1, 2002). "VW Phaeton: Schröder vor den Karren gespannt" – via
  28. ^ Dan Roth. "Geneva Motor Show: The new VW Phaeton". Autoblog. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  29. ^ "Volkswagen Group Debuts Six Brands in China at Auto Beijing 2010". Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  30. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy. "Beijing 2010: 2011 Volkswagen Phaeton ups the luxe". Autoblog. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  31. ^ a b "Phaeton debuts with new design and new technologies". Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2010.
  32. ^ "VW Shows Near-Production Prototype Of The Axed Second-Gen Phaeton". Carscoops. July 7, 2022.
  33. ^ "Cancelled Second-Gen VW Phaeton D2 Was Designed To Get A W12 Engine". Carscoops. July 11, 2022.
  34. ^ All data: Automobile Revue 2007. Bern: Espace Media Groupe. 2007. pp. 519–520. ISBN 978-3-905386-07-3.
  35. ^ "Tesla Model S forces radical rethink for next Volkswagen Phaeton - Autocar". Retrieved 6 April 2018.

External links

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