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Volkswagen Passat (North America and China)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volkswagen Passat (NMS)
2012 Volkswagen Passat -- NHTSA 1.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerVolkswagen
Production2011–present
Model years2012–2022 (North America)
2012-present (China)
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size car (D)
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor

The Volkswagen Passat for the North American and Chinese markets (internally designated Volkswagen New Midsize Sedan, or NMS while under development[1]) is a mid-sized sedan that debuted in January 2011 at the Detroit Auto Show. It replaced the Passat B6 in the North American market. The Passat NMS is marketed in the North America, Middle East,[2] and China, with no wagon/estate version available. In China, it is sold alongside the long-wheelbase version of the European Passat known as the Magotan.

At its introduction, the Passat NMS was part of Volkswagen Group's strategy to sell over 800,000 vehicles per year in the North American market by 2018.[3][4] While it is larger, the model is more downscale compared to the European Passat to achieve a lower price point in order to penetrate the mainstream mid-size sedan market in the North American market.[5][6]

The second generation Passat for North America and China has been diverged into two different models, both released in 2019. The North American Passat continued to use the same platform with the A32/A33 Passat NMS introduced in 2011, essentially making it a reskinned version of its predecessor. The Chinese-market Passat launched in 2019 is built on a completely different platform, which is the Volkswagen Group MQB, and has been lengthened in wheelbase and overall length compared to its predecessor.

First generation (A32/A33; 2011)

First generation (A32/A33)
Volkswagen Passat NMS I IMG 0423 (colour corrected).jpg
Volkswagen Passat NMS (facelift) in Germany, which was obtained through parallel import
Overview
Production2011–2019
Model years2012–2019
Assembly
DesignerOliver Stefani
Body and chassis
PlatformVolkswagen Group PQ46
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,803 mm (110.4 in)
Length4,870 mm (191.7 in)
Width1,834 mm (72.2 in)
Height1,472 mm (58.0 in)
Rear view
Rear view
Volkswagen Passat NMS (China)
Volkswagen Passat NMS (China)

Volkswagen released a sketch of the Passat NMS in February 2009 and a more detailed, second sketch on 28 October 2009.[7][8] The Passat NMS reflects a design language developed by Walter de Silva, the Italian design chief for the Volkswagen Group, and Klaus Bischoff, the German design leader for the Volkswagen brand. The Passat NMS interior borrows design elements from the European Passat, e.g., the traditional clock.

The vehicle was developed by SAIC-Volkswagen and Volkswagen Passenger Cars,[9] and it sits on an extended version of the European car’s platform, which makes it 3.9 in (10 cm) longer, 0.5 in (1.3 cm) wider and therefore offers larger cabin space.

In the United States, it is produced in Volkswagen Group of America's new Chattanooga, Tennessee production facility using 80% US-sourced parts.[10] The new facility is a "flex plant" which will allow for the production of vehicles based on the NMS and MQB platforms.[11][12][13]

The American version of the 2013 model year Volkswagen Passat made its way to Middle Eastern markets, namely Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman and the United Arab Emirates, by the summer of 2012.[14] The five-seater sedan is available in four trim levels, all with a 170 hp (172 PS; 127 kW) 2.5-litre 5-cylinder engine and an automatic transmission only.[15]

In China, the new model is built by SAIC-Volkswagen at its Nanjing factory[16][17] and is marketed as a more upscale model with some interior and exterior differences to the North American model, such as wood-trimmed steering wheel, rear air vents, and LED accented headlights.

Facelift

Facelift (North America)
Facelift (China)

Volkswagen refreshed the North American Passat in 2015 for the 2016 model year with styling and technology updates.[18][19] The revamped Passat's doors, roof, and rail stampings are the only pieces shared with the outgoing model. The hood, front fenders, front and rear bumpers, and trunklid were revised.

The Passat now offers optional LED headlights and taillights, a black-accented front bumper, a rear diffuser-like piece and special 19-inch wheels.

The updated dashboard features the company's MIB II system (modular infotainment platform) with two sizes of touch screens available, depending on option package. These screens also will feature proximity sensors to pop up the relevant controls as the hand gets closer to the screen. The system is set to offer Volkswagen's Car-Net connectivity system, with Apple CarPlay, Android Auto, and MirrorLink compatibility, which allows connection to a smartphone.

The Passat refresh has automatic post-collision braking, which prevents the car from pinballing away and crashing into other objects after an initial impact, as standard on all models, as is a rearview camera. Adaptive cruise control, forward-collision warning with autonomous emergency braking, a blind-spot monitor with rear traffic alert, lane-departure warning, and parking steering assist are all available depending on trim level.

The 2016 Passat was planned to offer the same three engine choices featured in the outgoing car: the base-model 1.8-liter TSI turbocharged four-cylinder, the 3.6-liter VR6, and the 2.0-liter TDI diesel four-cylinder. The 1.8 T will do 38 mpg‑US (6.2 L/100 km) highway with the automatic transmission. Following the company's emissions scandal, VW halted sales of 2.0-liter TDI-equipped vehicles. The 2.0-liter TSI was offered in place of the TDI.

On November 23, 2020, Passats from 2016 to 2019 model years were recalled since the front seat back adjustment levers may not be engaged correctly, increasing risks of injuries.[20]

Engines

North America

Passat GT (facelift) in Germany, which was obtained through parallel import
Passat GT (facelift) in Germany, which was obtained through parallel import

In Canada and the United States, the Passat NMS was initially released with a 2.5-liter 5-cylinder engine, 2.0-liter TDI engine and 3.6-liter VR6 engine. For the 2014 model year, a new 1.8-liter TSI 4-cylinder engine replaced the 2.5-liter inline-5 in North America. For the 2015 model year, a new 2.0-liter EA288 TDI with increased power replaced the previous EA189 2.0-liter TDI in North America. Due to the Volkswagen emissions scandal, TDI models were permanently discontinued after the 2015 model year.

For 2018, the previous 1.8-liter TSI 4-cylinder engine for base Passat models has been replaced by a 2.0-liter TSI 4-cylinder engine, sourced from the second-generation Volkswagen Tiguan. Models with the 3.6 VR6 engine were discontinued after the 2018 model year.

Gasoline engines
Model Displacement Series Power Torque Transmission Model years
1.8 TSI 1,798 cc (109.7 cu in) I4 170 hp (172 PS; 127 kW) 184 lb⋅ft (249 N⋅m) 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic 2014–2017
2.0 TSI 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) I4 174 hp (176 PS; 130 kW) 184 lb⋅ft (249 N⋅m) 6-speed DSG 2018–2019
2.5 MPI 2,480 cc (151.3 cu in) I5 EA855 170 hp (172 PS; 127 kW) 177 lb⋅ft (240 N⋅m) 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic 2012–2013
3.6 VR6 FSI 3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) VR6 EA390 280 hp (284 PS; 209 kW) 258 lb⋅ft (350 N⋅m) 6-speed DSG 2012–2018
Diesel engines
2.0 TDI 1,968 cc (120 cu in) I4 EA189 140 hp (142 PS; 104 kW) 236 lb⋅ft (320 N⋅m) 6-speed manual or 6-speed DSG 2012–2014
2.0 TDI 1,968 cc (120 cu in) I4 EA288 150 hp (152 PS; 112 kW) 236 lb⋅ft (320 N⋅m) 6-speed manual or 6-speed DSG 2015–2016

China

In China, the NMS is offered with a base 1.4-liter TSI available with a 5-speed manual or 7-speed DSG. The 1.8-liter variant was available with the 6=speed automatic or 7-speed DSG gearbox and the 2.0-liter TSI and 3.0-liter VR6 come standard with 6- and 7-speed DSG gearboxes.

Gasoline engines
Model Displacement Power Torque Transmission
1.4 '280 TSI' 1,390 cc (84.8 cu in) I4 128 hp (130 PS; 95 kW) 220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) 5-speed manual or 7-speed DSG
1.8 '330 TSI' 1,798 cc (109.7 cu in) I4 158 hp (160 PS; 118 kW) 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic
2.0 '380 TSI' 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) I4 197 hp (200 PS; 147 kW) 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) 6-speed DSG
3.0 VR6 FSI 2,975 cc (182 cu in) VR6 247 hp (250 PS; 184 kW) 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft) 6-speed DSG

Reception

The Passat NMS won the 2012 Motor Trend Car of the Year. The 2013 Passat TDI sets new Guinness World Record for fuel economy under the non-hybrid car category. It achieved a fuel consumption of only 3.02 liters on 100 kilometers (77.99 mpg).[21]

In a March 2012 comparison test by Car and Driver, the Volkswagen Passat NMS came in first place out of six cars.[22] In a November 2012 comparison by the same magazine with three since-redesigned competitors, the Passat placed last.[23]

In another 2012 comparison test by Motor Trend, the Volkswagen Passat NMS came in first place out of six cars.[24]

Second generation

North America (2019)

Second generation (North America)
2020 Volkswagen Passat (NMS II), front 8.29.20.jpg
Overview
Production2019–present
Model years2020–2022
AssemblyUnited States: Chattanooga, Tennessee (Volkswagen Chattanooga Assembly Plant)
Body and chassis
PlatformVolkswagen Group PQ46
Powertrain
EngineGasoline:
2.0 L TSI I4
Transmission6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,803 mm (110.4 in)
Length4,875 mm (191.9 in)
Width1,834 mm (72.2 in)
Height1,487 mm (58.5 in)
Rear view
Rear view

For the 2020 model year, the Volkswagen Passat NMS was thoroughly redesigned featuring revised exterior styling, new wheel combinations, and more standard safety and technology features, which include a suite of standard driver assistance technologies, and a 6.33-inch touchscreen infotainment system with next-generation VW CarNet 4G LTE in-vehicle telematics.

Due to the decreasing popularity of sedans in North America, Volkswagen decided not to design the second generation Passat NMS on the Volkswagen Group MQB platform that underpins most Volkswagen products, meaning that the vehicle is essentially a reskinned version of the old one. As the result, the new Passat NMS does not offer some features such as a fully digital LCD instrument cluster or an 8-speed automatic transmission that are otherwise offered on other vehicles in the Volkswagen lineup. The second generation Passat NMS is exclusive to North America, as China gets its own version of Passat. The Passat was discontinued in Mexico after the 2018 model year and therefore this second generation is not sold in that market due to sluggish sales, with the Jetta taking its place.[25]

The second generation is still powered by a 174 hp (176 PS; 130 kW), 2.0-liter TSI I4 gasoline engine and six-speed automatic transmission from the first generation, the new Passat is available in four trim levels: base S, midlevel SE, sporty R-Line, and range-topping SEL. Only the SEL offers full leather-trimmed seating surfaces, a Fender premium audio system and Park Distance Control (PDC). The R-Line sports a unique front fascia, as well as larger alloy wheels and tires. The 2020 Passat went on sale at Volkswagen dealerships nationwide in the fall of 2019.

In the Canadian market, the Passat is offered in three trim levels: Comfortline, Highline and Execline (available with the optional R-Line package).

Apart from the North American market, this version of the Passat is also available in the Middle East.[26]

Discontinuation and Limited Edition Model

After initially planning to discontinue the Passat in 2023,[27] Volkswagen will end Passat production in the United States after the 2022 model year due to slow sales and the rising popularity of crossovers and SUVs. To commemorate the end of the Passat nameplate and production in the United States (which the brand had continuously sold since 1973), Volkswagen offered a Passat Limited Edition with 1,973 produced in four different color combinations (423 examples in Racing Green Metallic, 411 examples in Kings Red Metallic, 524 examples in Pure White Clear Coat, and 615 examples in Platinum Gray Metallic). The production figures for the Limited Edition Passat signify the following:

  • 411 (Kings Red Metallic): The chassis code (411) for the original first-generation Volkswagen Passat.

[28]

China (2019)

Second generation (China)
Volkswagen Passat NMS II IMG001 (cropped).jpg
Overview
Production2019–present
AssemblyChina: Nanjing (SAIC-VW)
Body and chassis
PlatformVolkswagen Group MQB
RelatedVolkswagen Passat/Magotan (B8)
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission7-speed DSG
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,871 mm (113.0 in)
Length4,908 mm (193.2 in)
Width1,836 mm (72.3 in)
Height1,469 mm (57.8 in)
Rear view
Rear view

Revealed on October 12, 2018 by SAIC Volkswagen, the Chinese market 2019 Passat replaces the Passat NMS in China. Despite the high resemblance between the Chinese and North American Passats, they are completely different models based on different platforms. The Chinese market 2019 Passat is built on the newer Volkswagen Group MQB platform together with 3rd generation Magotan, which is a long-wheelbase version of the European B8 Passat.[29] Trim levels are known as the 280 TSI, 330 TSI and 380 TSI. 280 TSI models receive the 1.4-liter EA211 engine, while 330 TSI and 380 TSI models receive the 2.0-liter EA888 engine. All models are available with 7-speed DSG gearbox as standard.

GTE

Volkswagen Passat PHEV
Volkswagen Passat PHEV

The Passat PHEV GTE in China was launched in October 2018 and boasts an overall combined range of up to 1,043 km (648 mi). In pure electric mode, it has a maximum range of up to 63 km (39 mi) and a top speed of 130 km/h (80 mph).[30]

Sales

Calendar year United States China[31]
2011 22,779[32] 165,858
2012 117,023[33] 233,321
2013 109,652[34] 227,262
2014 96,649[35] 218,344
2015 78,207[36] 205,794
2016 73,002[37] 188,214
2017 60,722[37] 160,324
2018 41,401[38] 179,028
2019 14,213[38] 214,061
2020 22,964[39] 145,805

See also

References

  1. ^ "2011 Volkswagen Jetta / NCS (New Compact Sedan) and NMS (New Mid-Size Sedan) U.S.-Market Sedans – Spied". Car and Driver. December 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
  2. ^ "Volkswagen Passat 2012 now in UAE, KSA, Oman and GCC". Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Volkswagen Passat (2011): the American one". CAR Magazine. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  4. ^ Brown, Chris. "How Will VW Sell 800,000 Units in America?". www.businessfleet.com. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  5. ^ "2012 Volkswagen Passat: Made in America". The Car Guide. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  6. ^ "2012 Volkswagen Passat: Germany's take on a big-ol' American car". Los Angeles Times. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  7. ^ "First Sketch of the Volkswagen New Midsize Sedan". PaulTan.org. 13 February 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
  8. ^ "PHOTO ADVISORY". Volkswagen of America, Inc. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 5 November 2009.
  9. ^ "Passat (USA version)". Volkswagen Newsroom. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Volkswagen Passat USA/China". Autocar. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  11. ^ "UPDATE: VW announces Chattanooga-made SUV, and 2,000 new jobs". timesfreepress.com. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  12. ^ Siler, Steve (27 October 2016). "2018 Volkswagen Atlas: VW's Three-Row SUV for America Finally Arrives". Car and Driver.
  13. ^ "First Look: 2018 Volkswagen Atlas". www.automobilemag.com.
  14. ^ "Chattanooga-made Volkswagen Passat to be exported to Middle East | Nooga.com". Nooga. 26 January 2012.
  15. ^ "Volkswagen Passat 2012 now in UAE, KSA, Oman and GCC | DriveArabia". DriveArabia.
  16. ^ "Shanghai Volkswagen to Release the NMS in the Second Quarter of 2011". ChinaAutoWeb.com.
  17. ^ "Both VW NMS and Seventh Generation Passat Are Coming to China". ChinaAutoWeb.com.
  18. ^ "Volkswagen debuts 2016 US-market Passat, remains committed to diesel option". CNET.
  19. ^ "2016 Volkswagen Passat: The New Family Resemblance". Car And Driver. 21 September 2015.
  20. ^ "Volkswagen Passat recibe Recall en México".
  21. ^ "Lowest fuel consumption driving to 48 contiguous US States (diesel car)". Guinness World Records.
  22. ^ "2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco vs. 2012 Honda Accord EX-L, 2012 Hyundai Sonata SE, 2012 Kia Optima EX, 2012 Toyota Camry SE, 2012 Volkswagen Passat 2.5 SE". 31 March 2012.
  23. ^ "2013 Ford Fusion SE EcoBoost vs. 2013 Honda Accord EX, 2013 Nissan Altima 2.5 SV, 2012 Volkswagen Passat 2.5 SE". 19 October 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  24. ^ "Comparison: 2012–2013 Midsize Sedan, Battle of the Best-Sellers".
  25. ^ "5 modelos que tuvimos en México pero los perdimos".
  26. ^ "Passat | Volkswagen Middle East | Book a test drive". www.vw.com.sa. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  27. ^ Panait, Mircea (21 November 2020). "American Volkswagen Passat Will Cease Production in 2023, No Replacement Planned". autoevolution. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  28. ^ "Volkswagen announces end of U.S. Passat production with Limited Edition". Volkswagen US Media Site. 19 July 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  29. ^ "【图】真不如国产版?美版大众Passat有何不同_汽车之家". www.autohome.com.cn.
  30. ^ "VW expands plug-in hybrid catalog in China market - Chinadaily.com.cn". www.chinadaily.com.cn.
  31. ^ "Volkswagen Passat China auto sales figures". 22 April 2015.
  32. ^ "VOLKSWAGEN reports 26.3 percent inease in 2011 U.S. sales". Volkswagen Group of America. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  33. ^ "VOLKSWAGEN REPORTS 35.1 PERCENT INCREASE IN 2012 U.S. SALES". Volkswagen Group of America. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  34. ^ "Volkswagen reports december 2013 and year-end results". Volkswagen Group of America. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  35. ^ "Volkswagen reports december 2014 sales and 2014 year-end results". Volkswagen Group of America. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  36. ^ "Volkswagen Reports December 2015 Sales and 2015 Year-End Results". Volkswagen Group of America. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  37. ^ a b "Volkswagen Reports December and 2017 Year-End Sales Results". Volkswagen Group of America. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  38. ^ a b https://media.vw.com/en-us/releases/1243
  39. ^ https://media.vw.com/en-us/releases/1454

External links


This page was last edited on 22 July 2021, at 06:32
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