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Volkswagen Passat (B8)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volkswagen Passat (B8)
VW Passat B8 Limousine 2.0 TDI Highline.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerVolkswagen
Also called
  • Volkswagen Passat GT (South Korea)
  • Volkswagen Magotan (China)
Production2014–present
Model years2015–present
Assembly
DesignerExterior: Philipp Römers
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size car (D)
Body style4-door saloon
5-door estate
LayoutFF/4WD (4motion)
PlatformVolkswagen Group MQB platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 6-speed manual
  • 6-speed automatic
  • 7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,791 mm (109.9 in)
Length4,767 mm (187.7 in)
Width1,832 mm (72.1 in)
Height
Kerb weight
  • 1,367–1,721 kg (3,014–3,794 lb) (saloon)
  • 1,394–1,735 kg (3,073–3,825 lb) (estate)
Chronology
PredecessorVolkswagen Passat (B7)

The Volkswagen Passat (B8) is a mid-size car manufactured by Volkswagen that is available in a 4-door saloon and a 5-door estate body style sold as "Variant" in some markets. It was first introduced at the Volkswagen Design Center Potsdam on 3 July 2014.[1] The B8 is the eighth-generation model in the Volkswagen Passat series and the first passenger vehicle of Volkswagen Group to be based on a stretched version of the MQB platform.[2]

The B8 is assembled in the Emden and Zwickau Volkswagen production plants in Germany.[3] Sales of European domestic market models began in November 2014.[4]

The GTE, a plug-in hybrid version, was introduced at the 2014 Paris Motor Show for sale during the second half of 2015 in Europe.[5]

Design

Development

Being based on the MQB platform, the B8 Passat has more interior space than the last generation model despite being shorter and 18 mm (0.7 in) lower than the last generation model. The front wheels were moved forward and the wheelbase extended by 79 mm (3.1 in) resulting in a shorter front overhang and a bigger cabin.[6] The B8 Passat weighs 73 kg (160.9 lb) less than the previous version by using vacuum-formed steel. It is offered with turbocharger-equipped engines ranging from 1.4 to 2.0 liters.[2]

Driving assists

The B8 Passat is available with optional assistance systems including "Emergency Assist", "Traffic Jam Assist" and "Trailer Assist." Emergency Assist will attempt to reactivate the driver after steering feedback has not been detected for a period of time and will also transmit warning signals to its nearby surroundings. If the reactivation has failed, the vehicle will be stopped at a safe location. Traffic Jam Assist is capable of moving the vehicle in a traffic jam as long as the average speed does not exceed 60 km/h (37.3 mph).[7] Trailer Assist allows automatic parking with an attached tow trailer.[8]

Safety

Euro NCAP test results
Volkswagen Passat (2015)[9]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 33 85%
Child occupant: 43 87%
Pedestrian: 24 66%
Safety assist: 10 76%

Powertrains

The B8 Passat was initially available with two TSI petrol and four TDI diesel powertrains that produce more power than their equivalents from the B7 without changing displacement. The 2.0 TDI engine is available in three configurations, with two being equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysators to reduce the emission of nitrogen oxide.

Every engine with the exception of the SCR-equipped 2.0 TDI engines is mated to a six-speed transmission with an optional a six-speed or seven-speed dual-clutch transmission. A 4Motion all-wheel drive drivetrain is available as standard for the strongest SCR TDI engine and optional for the weaker variant.[10]

Every engine is based on 4Motion/BlueMotion Technology and is turbocharged inline-four. In 2015, four additional petrol and two diesel engines became available.[11] In 2015, Passat received two more powerful petrol engines, marketing it as Passat R-Line, which was however shortly thereafter discontinued.[12]

Petrol engines
Model Production Engine Power Torque Top speed 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph)
1.4 TSI 2015- 1,395 cc (85.1 cu in) 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) 200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) 208 km/h (129 mph) 9.7 s[13]
1.4 TSI ACT 2015- 1,395 cc (85.1 cu in) 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) 220 km/h (137 mph) 8.4 s
1.8 TSI 2015- 1,798 cc (109.7 cu in) 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) 232 km/h (144 mph) 7.9 s
2.0 TSI 2015- 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) 246 km/h (153 mph) 6.7 s
Diesel engines
Model Years Engine Power Torque Top speed 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph)
1.6 TDI 2015- 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) 206 km/h (128 mph) 10.9 s
2.0 TDI 2015- 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) 217 km/h (135 mph) 8.7 s
2.0 TDI SCR 2015- 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) 230 km/h (143 mph) 7.5 s
2.0 TDI SCR 2015- 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft) 240 km/h (149 mph) 6.1 s

Passat GTE

Volkswagen Passat GTE Variant
Volkswagen Passat GTE Variant
Volkswagen Passat GTE Variant
Volkswagen Passat GTE Variant
Facelifted Volkswagen Passat GTE
Facelifted Volkswagen Passat GTE

The plug-in hybrid powertrain of the Passat GTE, previously utilised by the Volkswagen Golf GTE and Audi A3 Sportback e-tron, is featured with a larger battery pack and a more powerful ICE in this model.[14] The GTE has an 85 kW (115 hp) three-phase permanent magnet synchronous electric motor, coupled with a gross 9.9 kWh lithium-ion battery capable of a maximum all-electric range of 50 km (31 mi) and a total range of 965 km (600 mi).

Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for a full tank of petrol

The fuel tank can take 52 l (11.4 imp gal; 13.7 US gal) even though the car's owners' manual reports 50 l (11.0 imp gal; 13.2 US gal)

1 l/100 km (280 mpg‑imp; 240 mpg‑US) generates 23.61 grams of CO2 for each kilometer (see Diesel fuel#Fuel value and price)

Each 1L/100km * 32.18 MJ/L * 73.38 gr of CO2/MJ = 23.61 grams of CO2/km. For example, 8 l/100 km (35 mpg‑imp; 29 mpg‑US) create 23.61 * 8 = 189 grams of CO2/km.

The density of Carbon dioxide is 1.977 kg/m3 (3.332 lb/cu yd) when it's a gas at 1 atm and 0 °C.

The 52 l (11.4 imp gal; 13.7 US gal) of a full tank will always be transformed in 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) of CO2.

Kilometers in Full Electric Mode for a Full Tank of Petrol Total Fuel Consumption Grams of CO2 / km Total Kilometers Total Volume and Weight of Pure CO2 Created for the Full Tank
NEDC New European Driving Cycle
1.8 l/100 km (160 mpg‑imp; 130 mpg‑US) 42 gr of CO2/km 2,888 km (1,795 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
Hybrid mode consumption of 7 l/100 km (40 mpg‑imp; 34 mpg‑US) when the average speed in hybrid mode is less than 100 km/h (62 mph)

743 km (462 mi) Kilometers in Hybrid mode

0 km (0 mi) 7 l/100 km (40 mpg‑imp; 34 mpg‑US) 165 gr of CO2/km 743 km (462 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
100 km (62 mi) 6.17 l/100 km (45.8 mpg‑imp; 38.1 mpg‑US) 146 gr of CO2/km 843 km (524 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
200 km (120 mi) 5.52 l/100 km (51.2 mpg‑imp; 42.6 mpg‑US) 130 gr of CO2/km 943 km (586 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
300 km (190 mi) 4.99 l/100 km (56.6 mpg‑imp; 47.1 mpg‑US) 118 gr of CO2/km 1,043 km (648 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
400 km (250 mi) 4.55 l/100 km (62.1 mpg‑imp; 51.7 mpg‑US) 107 gr of CO2/km 1,143 km (710 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
Hybrid mode consumption of 8 l/100 km (35 mpg‑imp; 29 mpg‑US) at highway speed 130 km/h (81 mph)

650 km (400 mi) Kilometers in Hybrid mode

0 km (0 mi) 8 l/100 km (35 mpg‑imp; 29 mpg‑US) 189 gr of CO2/km 650 km (400 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
100 km (62 mi) 6.93 l/100 km (40.8 mpg‑imp; 33.9 mpg‑US) 164 gr of CO2/km 750 km (470 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
200 km (120 mi) 6.12 l/100 km (46.2 mpg‑imp; 38.4 mpg‑US) 144 gr of CO2/km 850 km (530 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
300 km (190 mi) 5.47 l/100 km (51.6 mpg‑imp; 43.0 mpg‑US) 129 gr of CO2/km 950 km (590 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2
400 km (250 mi) 4.95 l/100 km (57.1 mpg‑imp; 47.5 mpg‑US) 117 gr of CO2/km 1,050 km (650 mi) 62.11 m3 (2,193 cu ft), 122.79 kg (270.7 lb) CO2

Electric part

The net (usable) battery capacity is 8.4 kWh (the car will never use more than this on a full charge). This represents 85% of the gross battery capacity. The car reports the 7% charge level of the gross battery as empty and the 93% charge level as full. This increases the battery life by a factor of around 6. The battery will be able to keep its charge after 6 times more charging operations. By using only 85% of the capacity, after 6000 charging operations, the battery will still be able to hold the same amount of charge that it would be able to store after just 1000 charging operations if it were to use 100% of the capacity. 6000 daily charging operations represents a period of over 16 years of daily recharges.

The maximum charging speed is 3.5 kW (220 V at 16 A) and is constant for the duration of the charging. When the battery is completely empty, it will recharge to full in 2 hours and 24 minutes (8.4 kWh / 3.5 kW = 2.4 hours = 144 minutes = 2h24min). A half full battery will recharge at 3.5 kW in 1 hour and 12 minutes.

The 2019 version comes with an bigger (13 kWh vs 9.9 kWh) battery. The time to fully charge is 13 kWh * 85% / 3.5 kW = 11 kWh / 3.5 kW = 3.15 hours = 190 minutes = 3h10min.

Since the space under the trunk is used by the battery and the 52 l (11.4 imp gal; 13.7 US gal) fuel tank, the Passat GTE doesn't come with a spare wheel.

Electric Range for the 9.9 kWh battery of the 2015-2018 models Electric Range for the 13 kWh batteryof the 2019 models Average electric consumption When you can get such consumption values
50 km (31 mi) 65 km (40 mi) 16 kW for 100 km One go with no stops on a plain level at city speeds, ideal outside temperatures (25 °C (77 °F)), A/C off, lights off
40 km (25 mi) 52 km (32 mi) 20 kW for 100 km No traffic with very few stops at red lights, ideal outside temperatures, A/C off, lights off
26 km (16 mi) 35 km (22 mi) 30 kW for 100 km Traffic, ideal outside temperatures, A/C on
20 km (12 mi) 26 km (16 mi) 40 kW for 100 km traffic, cold temperatures (0 °C (32 °F)), A/C on
16 km (10 mi) 21 km (13 mi) 50 kW for 100 km heavy traffic, cold temperatures (0 °C (32 °F)), A/C on

If the electric range is enough and the car is kept charged, the car can drive multiple hundreds of km (and multiple weeks) without using the petrol engine at all. Because of this, the petrol fuel tank is pressurized to avoid the loss of petrol vapors.

In freezing temperatures, the initial power consumption can be around 80 kWh / 100 km. After a few minutes, it can stabilize around 40 kWh / 100 km. The overall drop in range can be around 30%-50% in freezing temperatures vs in ideal temperatures 25 °C (77 °F). Heating up the cabin with electric power can use up to 5-6 kWh/h in freezing temperatures, but after a couple of minutes it lowers to 2-3 kWh/h. When the temperature gets to the desired level, the usage settles around 0.6 kWh/h (which means the compressor of the A/C is temporarily turned off). For very short trips (like 5-10 minutes), it can help to set the temperature at a lower value (like 16–18 °C (61–64 °F)) to avoid wasting energy instead of setting it 23 °C (73 °F). The heated seats have a low energy footprint (0.3 kWh/h max). The Volkswagen GTE doesn't offer a heated steering wheel.

Charging the Battery

Charging Rating in the Car's Menu Current Power Charging Time for an Empty Battery of the ver1 GTE (prior to 2019) Charging Time for an Empty Battery of the ver2 GTE (2020)
Max 16 A 16 A * 220 V = 3.5 kW 8.4 kWh / 3.5 kW = 144 minutes = 2 h 24 min 11 kWh / 3.5 kW = 188 minutes = 3 h 8 min
13 A 12 A 10.1 A * 220 V = 2.2 kW 8.4 kWh / 2.2 kW = 229 minutes = 3 h 50 min 11 kWh / 2.2 kW = 300 minutes = 5 h
10 A 7.8 A 7.8 A * 220 V = 1.72 kW 8.4 kWh / 1.72 kW = 293 minutes = 4 h 53 min 11 kWh / 1.72 kW = 383 minutes = 6 h 23 min
5 A 4 A 4 A * 220 V = 0.88 kW 8.4 kWh / 0.88 kW = 572 minutes = 9 h 30 min 11 kWh / 0.88 kW = 750 minutes = 12 h 30 min


Menu Options for Charging the Battery
Option How it works Option Set
Charging Power See the table above. Part of the Basic Settings and the 3 Departure Time settings
Minimum Charging Level (%) The car starts charging the battery immediately to reach this level (let's say 90%). This ensures that there's enough charge if an unplanned trip occurs. This setting is used only if a Departure Time is set. Part of the Basic Settings
Maximum Charging Level (%) The car will stop charging when it reaches this level (let's say 100%). This is only useful if you want to limit the amount of electricity you use. Otherwise it should be set at 100%. Part of the 3 Departure Time settings
Departure Time (hour and minute).

3 different options to configure and choose from (one of 3 or none).

If the Departure Time is set and there's enough time available, the car will charge to the minimum level that was set and then temporarily stop. The car will later begin charging again so it reaches the maximum level at the time of departure. The charging process generates heat which helps warm the battery on colder days. A heated battery can provide more energy and greater energy flow (power) than the same battery when it's cold.

If the Departure Time is set and there isn't enough time available, the car will ignore the Minimum Charge Level and charge to the Maximum Charging Level as soon as possible using the allowed charging power.

If the Departure Time isn't set, the car will ignore the Minimum Charge Level and charge to the Maximum Charging Level as soon as possible using the allowed charging power.

Part of the 3 Departure Time settings
Use Air Conditioning for a specified temperature The car can use the power from the plug to air condition the cabin to already be at the desired temperature at the Departure Time.

There's also an option to air condition the cabin for Departure even if the car isn't plugged-in and it's acceptable for the battery to be used.

Part of the 3 Departure Time settings
Off-peak hours Can be set so the car uses electricity in those hours when the energy is cheaper. Part of the Basic Settings

Internal combustion engine

Paired with the 1.4 liter (1,395 cc (85 cu in)) ACT-equipped TSI EA211 CUKC petrol engine (156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) at 6000 rpm, 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)), it will deliver a fuel economy of 1.8 l/100 km (160 mpg‑imp; 130 mpg‑US) equivalent on the New European Driving Cycle, corresponding to CO
2
emissions lower than 40g/km. Top speed is 219 km/h (136 mph).[14][15]

ACT means the engine can run on just 2 of the 4 cylinders when the load is very small and using all 4 cylinders would waste fuel.

The gear box is a 6 speed DSG with 3 wet (oil) clutches (2 clutches for the 6 speeds of the ICE and 1 clutch for the electric motor).

The car has a 12 V battery in the trunk (in left-side wall of the car, behind the left tail light). Using a regular 12 V battery ensures that the hybrid car can share as many components (A/C, radio, infotainment, dashboard, cabin lighting, headlights etc) with ICE cars of the same model. Hybrid cars tend to have lower consumption (LED) lights to use as little energy as possible.

Because the car can drive multiple hundreds of km (and multiple weeks) without using the petrol engine at all, the petrol fuel tank is pressurized to avoid the loss of petrol vapors.

B-mode or Regenerative Braking

Using the gear lever, the driver can switch between the 2 different algorithms of the DSG

  1. B-mode or Regenerative Braking or One Pedal Driving: as the driver raises the foot from the acceleration pedal, the car progressively starts generating more and more electric energy from the kinetic energy of the car and charges the battery. When the foot is completely off the pedal, the generation of electric energy is at its maximum (which can be as much as 70 kW compared to the 3.5 kW that the car accepts when charging from an outlet). When going down a mountain for multiple (5) kilometers it can generate enough power that can cause the battery to heat up and, to avoid overheating, the car will start to progressively limit the maximum electric power that it generates and will also use the disk brakes to slow down the car. The car will also limit the generated power if there's nowhere to put it (when the battery is already full) or if the battery has a limited capacity of receiving the energy (if the temperature of the battery is below freezing). Driving in electric mode uses up the energy and makes room for more and heats up the battery increasing its capacity to receive a greater electric power. The dashboard displays the relative capacity of the battery to receive energy. When the regeneration is at its maximum, the car can effectively be driven with just the acceleration pedal (One Pedal Driving). Still, in the GTE, the strength of the Regenerative Braking is less than that in the 100% electric cars and this strength of the Regenerative Braking can't be increased with the pedals on the steering wheel. In some markets/cultures, the drivers of the ICE cars may used to more a vigorous braking when stopping at a red light than the Regenerative Braking provides. Also using the brake pedal activates the brake disks which brings the braking speed in line with the expectations. This is not a problem but should be mentioned as something that happens.
  2. Drive or Coasting: when the foot is off the acceleration pedal, the electric motor is not connected and the car moves on its inertia.

Usage of the engine and electric motor

The car doesn't have a regular Bendix starter motor.

From a standstill, only the electric motor is used.

If the battery has enough charge, the car starts in Electric mode and will run in electric mode until the battery is depleted or the driver changes the drive mode.

When in Hybrid or GTE mode, if the full power of the engine is needed, it will run on 4 cylinders. If 4 cylinders generate more power than needed, it will disconnect 2 of the cylinders, using ACT. If even that is too much and B-mode is active, it will shut down the engine and connect the electric motor which will start using the kinetic energy and turn it into electricity which charges the battery. The car can start and stop the engine multiple times per minute and, generally, it's pretty seamless. It can be a bit noticeable when it's freezing outside, but it soon (2-3 minutes) gets better as the system heats up a bit. When the engine is at freezing temperatures in the beginning of the journey, the start&stop feature will not be used at all to heat up the system as soon as possible.

The gas / acceleration pedal has a button below it, at the end of its travel. This button is called the Kickdown button. When pressing the pedal beyond what it feels like flooring the pedal, the Kickdown button will be pressed and will activate the electric boost when in Hybrid mode. That is the only way to activate the electric boost while in Hybrid mode.

Behaviors across the drive modes (GTE, Hybrid, Electric)

GTE Hybrid Electric
Power 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) 156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) from the ICE engine with no electric boost 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp)
Torque 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
Power Source ICE and Electric ICE Electric
Maximum power using the kick-down button under the pedal 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) 218 PS with the electric boost with 400 Nm TBD
Acceleration time from 0 to 100 km/h for the Sedan 7.4 s 10.1 s

7.6 s (using the kickdown button and the electric boost)

11.5 s
Acceleration time from 0 to 100 km/h for the Variant 7.6 s 10.3 s

7.8 s (using the kickdown button and the electric boost)

11.7 s
Acceleration pedal is more sensitive, the car seems eager to accelerate and can use the electric boost at medium presses of the pedal. is less sensitive, the car doesn't seems that eager to accelerate but can keep up with the traffic is less sensitive, the car doesn't seems that eager to accelerate but can keep up with the traffic
Electric boost available at any level of the acceleration pedal only when the acceleration pedal is pressed to the floor and the kick-down button below the pedal is also pressed full electric power. no ICE engine, no emissions
Shutting down the engine Even after an overtaking using the full power, on the cool-down period where the speed is decreasing to match the traffic, the car will shut down the engine as soon as there's an opportunity to recuperate energy Can shutdown the engine multiple times per minute if there's no need for that much power the ICE engine is always turned off
Battery level the car tries to keep the battery charged to at least 1 kWh. Some times, it even tries to keep the battery charged to 50%, probably when the driver makes great use of the electric boost. the car tries to keep the battery charged to at least 1 kWh. will run on electric until the reported battery level gets to zero (10% gross battery level). When that happens, the car switches automatically to the Hybrid mode.
Dynamic Chassis Control / Adaptive Suspension will switch the chassis out of its previous setting and into a GTE specific, stiffer, mode will use the settings, including having the suspension in Comfort mode will use the settings, including having the suspension in Comfort mode
Comfort mode, softer suspensions no, the passengers will feel the high frequency bumps in the road. The road has to be in very good shape to not feel any bumps. yes, the car can use the softer suspension to not feel the high frequency bumps in the road. yes, the car can use the softer suspension to not feel the high frequency bumps in the road.

Sedan vs Variant

properties that differ between Sedan Variant
Boot space 402 l (106 US gal) 483 l (128 US gal)
The battery in the hybrid cars always uses up some space. The Variant has more boot space to compensate for the space used by the battery.
Boot space in non-hybrid (diesel and petrol) models 586 l (155 US gal) 650 l (172 US gal)
Best acceleration time from 0 to 100 km/h 7.4 s 7.6 s

Generally, the sedan and the variant are very much alike.

Sales

UK sales began in mid-2015, with deliveries in October 2015.[16] In the Netherlands, pre-orders were opened in early 2015 with deliveries in September 2015.[17]

Passat Alltrack

The Passat Alltrack was introduced late 2015 for European markets and early 2016 for Australian and New Zealand markets. The main differences for the Alltrack compared to a normal Passat Estate 25 mm (0.98 in) of added ground clearance compared to a normal Passat Estate for a total of 174 mm (6.9 in), body cladding, and 4MOTION standard across the range. There are more smaller changes, for example matte chrome wing mirrors, underbody protection, and Alltrack badging in the front, side, and rear. There are also interior changes, mainly adding Alltrack branding. Exclusive to the Alltrack is an off-road mode in the driving mode selector. There is 639 l (169 US gal) of boot space, 11 down from a normal Passat Estate.

Powertrains consist of one TSI and three TDI engines, carried over from the regular Passat. Only the 150 PS TDI engine is offered with a manual 6-speed gearbox, while all other models come with VW's dual-clutch DSG gearbox. The 4MOTION system used in the Alltrack is a normally front-biased Haldex system.

Petrol engines
Model Production Engine Power Torque
2.0 TSI BlueMotion Technology 2015- 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) turbocharged inline-four 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)
Diesel engines
Model Years Engine Power Torque
2.0 TDI BlueMotion Technology 2015- 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) turbocharged inline-four 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft)
2.0 TDI SCR BlueMotion Technology 2015- 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) turbocharged inline-four 190 PS (140 kW; 187 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
2.0 TDI SCR BlueMotion Technology 2015- 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) twin-turbocharged inline-four 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)

References

  1. ^ "World premiere of the new Volkswagen Passat". volkswagenag.com. 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
  2. ^ a b Burn, Jonathan (2014-10-23). "Volkswagen Passat 2015: price, specs and full details". autoexpress.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
  3. ^ Taylor, Michael (2014-07-03). "New Volkswagen Passat moves the big seller upmarket". irishtimes.com. Retrieved 2015-04-23.
  4. ^ Techau, Matthias (2014-11-03). "Neue VW in allen Klassen". autobild.de. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
  5. ^ Phillips, Drew (2014-10-03). "2015 Volkswagen Passat brings plug-in power to Europe". autoblog.com. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
  6. ^ Horrell, Paul (2014-10-10). "First drive: new VW Passat". topgear.com. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
  7. ^ Pham, Roger (2014-05-29). "Volkswagen provides first technical details of Gen 8 Passat, including plug-in hybrid drive; multiple new assistance systems". greencarcongress.com. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
  8. ^ Parrott, Vicky (2013-10-29). "2014 Volkswagen Passat to set new safety standards". whatcar.com. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
  9. ^ Euro NCAP. "VW Passat". Retrieved 2015-01-13.
  10. ^ Campbell, Russell (2014-10-02). "Volkswagen Passat 2015: price, release date, and specs". carbuyer.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-04-23.
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This page was last edited on 24 February 2020, at 03:28
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