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Volkswagen ID.4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volkswagen ID.4/ID.5
2020 Volkswagen ID.4 Pro (Netherlands) front view.jpg
2020 Volkswagen ID.4 Pro
Also calledVolkswagen ID.5 (coupé SUV version)
Body and chassis
ClassCompact crossover SUV (C)
Body style5-door SUV
5-door coupé SUV (ID.5)
LayoutRear-motor, rear-wheel drive
Dual-motor all-wheel drive
PlatformVolkswagen Group MEB
RelatedVolkswagen ID.3
Volkswagen ID.6
Škoda Enyaq
Audi Q4 e-tron
Electric motorAPP 310 Permanent Magnet Brushless motor 146–302 hp (148–306 PS; 109–225 kW)[3]
Battery45–77 kWh (usable), 55–82 kWh (total) Lithium-Ion
Electric range418 km (260 mi) (claimed, for North America)
346–522 km (215–324 mi) (WLTP)[4]
Plug-in charging50 - 110 kW DC charging capacity (Pure), 125 kW DC charging capacity (Pro);[5] On board AC charger: 7.7kW (Pure), 11kW (Pro). 3-phase AC charger in Europe. 1-phase AC charger in NA.[5]
Wheelbase2,765 mm (108.9 in)
Length4,584 mm (180.5 in) (ID.4)
4,600 mm (181.1 in) (ID.5)
Width1,852 mm (72.9 in)
Height1,636 mm (64.4 in) (ID.4)
1,613 mm (63.5 in) (ID.5)
Curb weight1,891–2,224 kg (4,169–4,903 lb)

The Volkswagen ID.4 and Volkswagen ID.5 are battery electric compact crossover SUVs produced by Volkswagen. Based on the Volkswagen Group electric MEB platform, the ID.4 is the second model of the Volkswagen ID. series. The production version of the ID.4 debuted in September 2020 as the first fully-electric crossover SUV under the Volkswagen brand.[6]

The ID.4 is positioned by Volkswagen as a high-volume, mass-market electric vehicle — a car for "the millions, not the millionaires," as the company claimed in its advertising.[7] It was delivered to European customers from late 2020, and the first quarter of 2021 for the North American market.[8][9] The coupé-shaped variant of the ID.4 (akin to the Audi e-tron Sportback) is known as the Volkswagen ID.5 and was revealed in November 2021.[10]

The ID.4 was elected World Car of the Year 2021 over runner-ups Honda e and Toyota Yaris.[11]


Rear view

The ID.4 was previewed the I.D. Crozz and I.D. Crozz II concept cars, which debuted in 2017 at the Shanghai and Frankfurt Auto Show, respectively.[12] A prototype version of the ID.4 appeared in camouflage at the 2019 Frankfurt Motor Show discreetly so as not to steal the show from the first electric mass-market vehicle of the German brand, the ID.3.[13]

The production version was unveiled globally on 23 September 2020. Unlike the ID.3 which is oriented mainly for the European market, the ID.4 also targeted the North American region as one of its core markets. Volkswagen Group of America CEO Scott Keogh went as far as saying the ID.4 "drives like a GTI, it has the packaging of a Tiguan and the purpose of the Beetle," to emphasize its driving dynamics, design, and technology.[14]

At launch, the electric SUV is solely offered with rear-wheel-drive and an electric motor located at the rear axle, with the dual motor all-wheel-drive version following later. First sales were for the ID.4 "1st edition", which differs in some interior and exterior features from the series production models.[15]

Headlights and taillights are mostly LED lamps on the ID.4, with Matrix LED lights being an optional feature. The front features a low-positioned air inlet behind which the radiator and parts of the air conditioning system are located. Short overhangs and a wheelbase of 2,766 mm (108.9 in) add up to a length of 4,584 mm (180.5 in). Wheels are offered in 18–21 inch sizes. RWD models can tow a maximum of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) braked with an optional tow bar and fits roof rails as standard.[16]

Apple Carplay and Android Auto are offered as standard, in addition to an optional augmented reality head-up display (HUD). In addition to the 5.3 inch driver display, the ID.4 features a 10-inch infotainment screen, though an optional 12 inch screen is available. By default, the vehicle includes a light strip below the windscreen providing visual cues related to certain functions such as the state of charge (SOC) when charging or brake alerts, which VW calls "ID. Light".

An optional heat pump extending range under low temperature conditions is offered or even fitted as standard in certain markets such as Canada[17] and uses a R744 (CO2) refrigerant.[18] It is claimed to heat the cabin 2-3 times more efficiently than a resistance heater.

The boot offers 848 L of volume and 1,817 L when the rear seats are folded, although the vehicle does not offer a storage compartment at the front end ("frunk").

Volkswagen ID.5

Volkswagen ID.5 prototype (rear view)
Volkswagen ID.5 prototype (rear view)

A coupé SUV version of the ID.4 is known as the Volkswagen ID.5. It was previewed in August 2021, revealed in November 2021, and produced since January 2022.[10][19] It features a lower 0.26 drag coefficient, which is .02 better than the ID.4. The model is available in three variants, which are Pro, Pro Performance and GTX, with the latter using a dual motor all-wheel-drive layout. Three powertrain options are available, although unlike the ID.4, the ID.5 comes with just one battery capacity, which is 77 kWh. The ID.5's sloping roofline decreases the cargo space, which offers 549 L with the rear seats up and 1,561 L with the seats folded.[20]



The ID.4 is fitted with the APP 310 drive of the underlying MEB platform, which consists of a water-cooled brushless permanently excited synchronous machine positioned at the rear axle. The motor produces between 109–150 kW (148–204 PS; 146–201 hp) of power and up to 310 N⋅m (230 lb⋅ft) of torque, revolving at speeds of up to 16,000 rpm. Together with the 1-speed gearbox and the power electronics, the entire drive unit weighs around 90 kg (200 lb) and is compact enough to "fit in a gym bag".[16]

The ID.4 recuperates energy when braking as standard, with up to 0.25 g. If the driver lifts their foot off the accelerator pedal, the vehicle is set to coast along in order to preserve energy, with the motor freely rotating. However the vehicle can be set to recuperate instead, again with forces of up to 0.25 g. When stronger deceleration is required, the vehicle uses conventional hydraulic brakes.


The battery consists of a lithium-Ion battery pack which houses 9 battery modules in 10 compartments (Pure) or 12 modules (Pro) containing the individual battery cells (24 per module) in a rectangular aluminium casing which sits in the vehicle's underbody. While the smaller battery holds an energy content of 55 kWh, of which 52 kWh are made available to the user, the larger pack comes in at 82/77 kWh.

The battery's thermal management system is designed to maintain the battery's temperature around the ideal range of 25 °C (77 °F) and utilises liquid cooling.

Battery Capacity
full/usable [kWh]
55 / 52 82 / 77
Drivetrain RWD AWD
Model Name ID.4 Pure ID.4 Pure Performance ID.5 Pro ID.4 Pro / Pro Performance ID.5 Pro Performance ID.4 AWD / GTX ID.5 GTX
Availability From spring 2021[21] From spring 2021[21] From spring 2021[21] Summer 2021
Range (EPA) Not sold in the US 260 mi (420 km) 249 mi (401 km)
Range (WLTP) 346 km (215 mi) 346 km (215 mi) 522 km (324 mi) 482 km (300 mi)

[0-100 km/h (0-60 mph)]

10.9 s 9 s 10.4 s 8.5 s 8.4 s 6.2 s[22] (5.7 s)[23] 6.3 s
Power Output


109 kW (146 hp; 148 PS) 125 kW (168 hp; 170 PS) 128 kW (172 hp; 174 PS) 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS) 220 kW (295 hp; 299 PS)
Peak Torque


220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft) 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft) 162 and 310 N⋅m (119 and 229 lb⋅ft)
Top Speed[km/h]
160 km/h
180 km/h
Kerb Weight [kg] 1,891 kg (4,169 lb) 2,049 kg (4,517 lb) 2,224 kg (4,903 lb)
Peak DC Fast Charge (DCFC) Power


Up to 110 kW, 50 kW standard
Up to 125 kW
Peak AC Charging Power


7.2 kW 11 kW



For the European market, the ID.4 is available with three electric motor options. The versions with 146 hp (148 PS; 109 kW) or 168 hp (170 PS; 125 kW) are powered by a 52 kWh battery pack, while the version with the larger 77 kWh battery produces 201 hp (204 PS; 150 kW) and has a WLTP range of "up to" 323 mi (520 km) on a single charge.[24] The range-topping model is capable of a 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) sprint in 8.5 seconds.[25][26]

An AWD variant of the ID.4, marketed as the ID.4 GTX in Europe,[22] accelerates 0–96 km/h (0–60 mph) in 5.7 seconds[23] and 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 6.2 seconds.[22]

The ID.4 is produced at the Volkswagen Zwickau-Mosel Plant in Germany and will also be built at the company's Emden plant from 2022.[27]

North America

For the North American market, the motor develops 201 hp (204 PS; 150 kW) and 228 lb⋅ft (309 N⋅m) of torque capable of towing up to 2,700 lb (1,225 kg). Powered by an 82 kWh battery pack (gross capacity) positioned in the underbody, the configuration offers a range of 250–260 mi (402–418 km) on a full charge on the EPA cycle, depending on version.[28]

A more powerful, electric all-wheel-drive variant with an additional 94 hp (95 PS; 70 kW) motor and an overall 295 hp (299 PS; 220 kW) will follow later in Q4 2021 and be priced at $43,675 before incentives.[23] In the U.S., the ID.4 will also come with three years of fast charging with Electrify America for no additional cost.[9]

As of 2021, US versions do not include the Matrix LED headlights, augmented reality head-up display or a heat pump.

In 2022, the ID.4 is to enter production at the Volkswagen Chattanooga plant, Tennessee with vehicles sold in the North American market prior to then being sourced from Zwickau, Germany.


The Volkswagen ID.4 is available as two variants in China called the ID.4 X and the ID.4 Crozz. The two variants feature slightly different styling and are produced by SAIC-Volkswagen and FAW-Volkswagen respectively.[29]

The ID.4 Crozz is similar to the European ID.4 and is offered with a smaller battery and a range of 400 km (249 mi) and 125 kW of power as well as a longer-ranged version offering 550 km (342 mi) of range according to the NEDC test and 150 kW of power. A high performance version with dual motor all-wheel drive and 225 kW as well as 520 km (323 mi) of range is to be released as well.[30] For the SAIC-Volkswagen ID.4 X, the car gains 20 mm in length, mainly through the addition of a different bumper.[31]


  1. ^ Lambert, Fred (August 20, 2020). "VW starts ID.4 electric SUV production". Archived from the original on October 2, 2020. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
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  9. ^ a b Baldwin, Roberto (2020-09-23). "2021 VW ID.4 Revealed with 250-Mile Range, $41K Starting Price". Car and Driver. Archived from the original on 2020-09-25. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
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  17. ^ "Electric Vehicle Range | Volkswagen Canada". Archived from the original on 2021-04-20. Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  18. ^ "Volkswagen Offering CO2 Heat Pump for Electric Vehicles". Archived from the original on 2021-04-19. Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  19. ^ Panait, Mircea (2022-01-27). "Volkswagen ID.5 Enters Series Production, Base Variant Costs 46,515 Euros". autoevolution. Retrieved 2022-01-27.
  20. ^ "VW ID.5 Debuts With Coupe-Like Roof, GTX Trim, Familiar Design". Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  21. ^ a b c "First VW ID.4 electric SUVs delivered in Germany". The Driven. 2021-03-29. Archived from the original on 2021-08-08. Retrieved 2021-08-08.
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  23. ^ a b c "2022 Volkswagen ID.4 AWD Will Start At $43,675, Get 249 Miles Of Range". Carscoops. 2021-06-17. Archived from the original on 2021-06-17. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
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External links

This page was last edited on 27 January 2022, at 22:25
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