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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volksrust
SAR Class 19D 2696 4-8-2 plinthed in Volksrust, 2 June 2005
SAR Class 19D 2696 4-8-2 plinthed in Volksrust, 2 June 2005
Volksrust is located in Mpumalanga
Volksrust
Volksrust
Volksrust is located in South Africa
Volksrust
Volksrust
Coordinates: 27°22′S 29°53′E / 27.367°S 29.883°E / -27.367; 29.883
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceMpumalanga
DistrictGert Sibande
MunicipalityPixley ka Seme
Established1888
Area
 • Total25.43 km2 (9.82 sq mi)
Elevation
1,660 m (5,450 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total24,281
 • Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African79.56%
 • White16.46%
 • Indian/Asian1.99%
 • Coloured1.65%
 • Other0.34%
First languages (2011)
 • Zulu72.38%
 • Afrikaans15.77%
 • English4.41%
 • Sesotho1.74%
 • SiSwati1.28%
 • Setswana1.13%
 • isiNdebele0.96%
 • Other0.95%
 • Sign language0.45%
 • Sepedi0.40%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
2470
PO box
2470
Area code017

Volksrust is a town in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa near the KwaZulu-Natal provincial border, some 240 km southeast of Johannesburg, 53 km north of Newcastle and 80 km southeast of Standerton.

History

The town was laid out in 1888 on the farms Boschpad Drift, Rooibult or Llanwarne, Verkyk and Zandfontein, and proclaimed in 1889.[2] It lies at an elevation of 5,429 feet (1,655 m), and 4 miles (6.4 km) north of the pass through the Drakensberg known as Laing's Nek.[3] Municipal status was attained in 1904.[2]

Dorothea de Jager, daughter of Dirk Uys, one of the battle victims, named the town Volksrust (Nation's Rest). The name probably refers to the citizens resting here after the Battle of Majuba on 27 February 1881,[4] when the Transvaal won its independence back from the British. During the Second Boer War the British built a concentration camp in Volksrust, where many Boer women and children died.

Majuba Hill as seen from Laing's Nek where two decisive battles were fought between the British and Boer forces in the First Boer War
Majuba Hill as seen from Laing's Nek where two decisive battles were fought between the British and Boer forces in the First Boer War

Agriculture

Volksrust has important beef, dairy, maize, sorghum, wool and sunflower seed industries.

Notable people

The Miss World 2014, Rolene Strauss, was born here.

See also

Media related to Volksrust at Wikimedia Commons

References

  1. ^ a b 2011 census
  2. ^ a b Raper, Peter E; Moller, Lucie A; du Plessis, Theodorus L (2014). Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. Jonathan Ball Publishers. ISBN 9781868425501.
  3. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Volksrust". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 195.
  4. ^ "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 462.

External links


This page was last edited on 4 May 2021, at 11:21
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