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Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vladislaus I
VladislavI.JPG
Duke of Bohemia
Reign1109 – 1117, 1120 - 1125
PredecessorSvatopluk
SuccessorBořivoj II
Duke of Bohemia
Reign1120 – 1125
PredecessorBořivoj II
SuccessorSobeslav I
Bornc. 1065
Died12 April 1125(1125-04-12) (aged 59–60)
SpouseRicheza of Berg
Issue
among others...
Vladislav II of Bohemia
Děpold I of Jamnitz
HousePřemyslid dynasty
FatherVratislaus II of Bohemia
MotherŚwiętosława of Poland
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Vladislaus I (Czech: Vladislav I.) (c. 1065 – 12 April 1125) was Duke of Bohemia from 1109 to 1117 and from 1120 until his death.

Life

Vladislav I was a son of Vratislaus II of Bohemia by his second wife Svatava,[1] a daughter of Casimir I of Poland. Together with his cousin Svatopluk, Vladislav expelled his brother Bořivoj II from Bohemia in 1107. In 1109, Svatopluk was killed during a campaign in Poland,[2] and Vladislav I succeeded him as Duke of Bohemia. Bořivoj II returned from exile with the support of Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth of Poland, but was defeated and imprisoned by Vladislav in 1110.

In spite of his victory, Vladislav I remained under Polish pressure and was forced to recognize a younger brother, Soběslav, as subordinate ruler of Moravia in Znojmo. In 1117, Vladislav I formally abdicated in favor of Bořivoj II, but retained much of the actual power. In 1120, Bořivoj was deposed again and endowed with Znojmo,[3] while Vladislav resumed the throne, which he held until his death in 1125.

Vladislav I ruled in a difficult time with considerable success. Although he continued to acknowledge the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire, he weathered the interventions of Poland into Bohemian affairs, conflicts with his kinsmen in Moravia, and undertook offensive campaigns against both Poland and Austria. In 1110–11, Vladislav accompanied Emperor Henry V on his Italian expedition, and he encouraged continued German settlement into Bohemia's border regions.

Abbey Kladruby

In 1115, the Benedictine abbey of Kladruby, west of Pilsen, was established,[3] with Vladislav endowing the abbey with 25 manors and the lordship of Zbraslav.[3] Although by 1117, he had enlarged the abbey with six monks and six lay brethren.[3]

Family

By his wife Richeza of Berg (died 27 September 1125),[4] daughter of Count Henry I of Berg. They had:

See also

References

  1. ^ Knoll & Schaer 2003, p. 82.
  2. ^ Berend, Urbanczyk & Wiszewski 2013, p. 168-169.
  3. ^ a b c d Thompson 1926, p. 622.
  4. ^ a b c d Wihoda 2015, p. 298.

Sources

  • Berend, Nora; Urbanczyk, Przemyslaw; Wiszewski, Przemyslaw (2013). Central Europe in the High Middle Ages:Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, c.900-c.1300. Cambridge University Press.
  • Gesta principum Polonorum:The Deeds of the Princes of the Poles. Translated by Knoll, Paul W.; Schaer, Frank. Central European University Press. 2003.
  • Thompson, James Westfall (1926). "Medieval German Expansion in Bohemia". The Slavonic Review. Vol. 4, No. 12 March.
  • Wihoda, Martin (2015). Vladislaus Henry: The Formation of Moravian Identity. Brill.
Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
Born: 1065 Died: 12 April 1125
Preceded by
Svatopluk
Duke of Bohemia
1109–1117
Succeeded by
Bořivoj II
Preceded by
Bořivoj II
Duke of Bohemia
1120–1125
Succeeded by
Soběslav I
This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 16:02
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