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Verplanck, New York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Verplanck, New York
Location of Verplanck, New York
Location of Verplanck, New York
Coordinates: 41°15′11″N 73°57′35″W / 41.25306°N 73.95972°W / 41.25306; -73.95972
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
TownCortlandt
Area
 • Total0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
 • Land0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation
59 ft (18 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,729
 • Density2,200/sq mi (860/km2)
 • Demonym
Pointer
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
10596
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-77211
GNIS feature ID0968509

Verplanck is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Cortlandt, Westchester County, New York. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,729.[1] Both it and Verplanck's Point derive their name from the activities of the Verplanck family, established in New Amsterdam by Abraham Isaacsen Verplanck in the 1630s.

History

Verplanck lies on a small peninsula in the northwest extreme of the town of Cortlandt. Tucked along the east bank of the Hudson River, it is bordered by Cortlandt's village of Buchanan and hamlet of Montrose.

Verplanck's Point

Verplanck's Point lies at Verplanck's southernmost end. The Continental Army of General George Washington encamped at Verplanck's Point during the Revolutionary War, as a staging area for crossing the Hudson at adjacent Kings Ferry, lying between the Point and Montrose. Pursued by the army of British General William Howe, it crossed to Stony Point on the west bank, en route to Fort Lee, New Jersey.[2] From there it continued south to Yorktown, Virginia, where Washington received the surrender of General Charles Cornwallis on October 19, 1781.

A year later, in September 1782, Verplanck's Point, an alluvial plain and natural place for an encampment during the inherent bottleneck of an arduous and slow ferrying of men and materiel across the river, again became the site of the Continental Army's bivouac upon crossing the Hudson.

John Trumbull painted a full-length oil portrait of Washington at Verplanck's Point, and gifted it to Martha Washington. Based on its success he produced a much larger work scaled up to nearly four times its size for the City of New York, George Washington, substituting Evacuation Day of New York City in 1783 as its backdrop for departing French commander-in-chief General Rochambeau's review of Washington's Continental Army troops on September 14, 1782.

Geography

Verplanck is located at 41°15′11″N 73°57′35″W / 41.25306°N 73.95972°W / 41.25306; -73.95972 (41.252930, -73.959664).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the hamlet has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), of which 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 11.54%, is water.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 777 people, 300 households, and 204 families residing in the hamlet. The population density was 1,121.1 per square mile (434.8/km2). There were 311 housing units at an average density of 448.7/sq mi (174.0/km2). The racial makeup of the hamlet was 95.88% White, 0.26% Asian, 2.19% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.82% of the population.

There were 300 households, out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the hamlet the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median income for a household in the hamlet was $36,548, and the median income for a family was $51,375. Males had a median income of $50,526 versus $27,250 for females. The per capita income for the hamlet was $19,842. About 20.2% of families and 21.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 38.0% of those age 65 or over.

Half Moon

Verplanck is the home of a replica of the ship the Half Moon, with which Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River.

Sources

  • Chernow, Ron (2010). Washington: A Life. Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-59420-266-7.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 17 August 2020, at 17:25
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