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Verona, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Verona, New Jersey
Township of Verona
The Verona Park Boathouse, viewed from the north-west shore of Verona Park Lake
The Verona Park Boathouse, viewed from the north-west shore of Verona Park Lake
Flag of Verona, New Jersey

Official seal of Verona, New Jersey

Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Verona, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Verona, New Jersey
Verona is located in Essex County, New Jersey
Location in Essex County
Verona is located in New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Verona is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°50′02″N 74°14′34″W / 40.834007°N 74.242877°W / 40.834007; -74.242877[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
IncorporatedApril 30, 1907
Named forVerona, Italy
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorJack McEvoy (term ends June 30, 2021)[3][4]
 • ManagerMatthew Cavallo[5]
 • ClerkJennifer Kiernan[6]
 • Total2.776 sq mi (7.191 km2)
 • Land2.755 sq mi (7.137 km2)
 • Water0.021 sq mi (0.054 km2)  0.76%
Area rank355th of 566 in state
18th of 22 in county[1]
Elevation335 ft (102 m)
 • Total13,332
 • Estimate 
 • Rank187th of 566 in state
14th of 22 in county[13]
 • Density4,838.4/sq mi (1,868.1/km2)
 • Density rank114th of 566 in state
13th of 22 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−5:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)973 exchanges: 239, 571, 857[16]
FIPS code3401375815[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID1729716[1][19]

Verona is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 13,332[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 201 (-1.5%) from the 13,533 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 64 (-0.5%) from the 13,597 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

In 2008, New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Verona #1 in Essex County and #3 in New Jersey as "Top Places to Live in New Jersey".[21]


Verona and several neighboring towns were all originally one town known as the Horseneck Tract. In 1702, a group of settlers left Newark and purchased a large tract of land northwest of their home city for the equivalent of a few hundred dollars from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans. This piece of land extended west and north to the Passaic River, south to the town center of what would become Livingston, and east to the First Watchung Mountain, and was called Horseneck by the natives because it resembled the neck and head of a horse. What was then known as Horseneck contained most of the present day northern Essex County towns: Verona, along with Caldwell, West Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, North Caldwell, and Roseland are all located entirely in Horseneck, and parts of what are today Livingston, Montclair, and West Orange also were contained in the Horseneck Tract.[22]

After the Revolutionary War, the area of Horseneck was incorporated as "Caldwell Township" in honor of local war hero James Caldwell, a pastor who used pages from his church's bibles as wadding to ignite the ammo in soldiers' cannons and helped to drive the British out of Horseneck.[23]

The area of present-day Verona was part of what was known in the 1800s as Vernon Valley. The name was rejected when residents applied to the United States Postal Service, as the name had already been in use for an area in Sussex County. Verona was chosen as the alternative name for the community.[24] The township's name is derived from Verona, Italy.[25]

At various times between 1798 and 1892, issues arose which caused dissatisfaction between the Caldwell and Verona areas. These included a desire of the citizens of Verona to more closely control their own governmental affairs. With the population growing, Verona needed to centrally locate essential services such as schools and places of worship; problems with the water supply; and the disposition of road repair funds. On February 17, 1892, the citizens of Verona voted to secede from Caldwell Township to form Verona Township.[26] Further growth and the need for a water system and other public utilities found Verona moving ahead of the other half of the township and in 1902 the two areas decided to separate into two separate municipalities: Verona Township and Verona Borough. It took two sessions of the state legislature to approve the new borough, but on April 18, 1907, the borough of Verona was approved by an act of the New Jersey Legislature, pending the results of a referendum held on April 30, 1907, in which the new borough passed by a 224-77 margin.[26][27] Residents of the newly formed borough had sought to disassociate themselves from the Overbrook County Insane Asylum and the Newark City Home (a reform school), as well as from the settlement of Cedar Grove, which was considered a settlement of farmers.[28] On April 9, 1908, Verona Township changed its name to Cedar Grove Township.[26]

In 1981, the borough was one of seven Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining four municipalities that had already made the change, of what would ultimately be more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis.[29][30][31] As an example of the potential benefits of switching to a township, Verona Borough received $213,000 in federal aid in 1976, while similarly sized Cedar Grove Township received $1.24 million.[32] Today, Verona uses just "Township of Verona" in most official documents.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2.776 square miles (7.191 km2), including 2.755 square miles (7.137 km2) of land and 0.021 square miles (0.054 km2) of water (0.76%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Hillcrest and Verona Lake.[33]

The township is bordered by West Orange Township, Cedar Grove Township, Montclair Township, Essex Fells and North Caldwell.[34] Verona lies between two mountains, the First and Second Watchung Mountains with a small river, the Peckman, flowing at the bottom of the valley towards the Passaic River at Little Falls.[35]


Verona has a temperate climate, with warm/hot humid summers and cool/cold winters. The climate is slightly cooler overall during the summer than in New York City because there is no urban heat island effect.

January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s (Fahrenheit) and lows in the lower 20s. July is the warmest months with high temperatures in the mid 80s and lows in the mid 60s. From April to June and from September to early November, Verona enjoys temperatures from the lower 60s to upper 70s. Rainfall is plentiful, with around 44 inches (1,100 mm) a year. Snowfall is common from mid-January to early March and nor'easters can bring significant amounts of snow. In January 1996, a weather station in nearby Newark, New Jersey recorded over 31.8 inches (81 cm) of snow from the North American blizzard of 1996.[36]

Climate data for Verona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
Average low °F (°C) 19
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.10
Source: [37]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201813,420[12][38][39]0.7%
Population sources: 1910-1920[40]
1910[41] 1910-1930[42]
1930-1990[43] 2000[44][45] 2010[9][10][11]

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,332 people, 5,315 households, and 3,523.845 families living in the township. The population density was 4,838.4 per square mile (1,868.1/km2). There were 5,523 housing units at an average density of 2,004.4 per square mile (773.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.24% (12,164) White, 1.97% (262) Black or African American, 0.03% (4) Native American, 4.03% (537) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.11% (148) from other races, and 1.62% (216) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.96% (795) of the population.[9]

There were 5,315 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.12.[9]

In the township, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.0 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 86.0 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $93,839 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,753) and the median family income was $126,000 (+/- $9,193). Males had a median income of $71,917 (+/- $9,659) versus $52,433 (+/- $5,765) for females. The per capita income for the township was $47,689 (+/- $3,282). About 1.8% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[46]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 13,533 people, 5,585 households, and 3,697 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,917.4 people per square mile (1,900.0/km2). There were 5,719 housing units at an average density of 2,078.1 per square mile (803.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 92.99% White, 1.53% African American, 0.02% Native American, 3.41% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.45% of the population.[44][45]

There were 5,585 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.06.[44][45]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.[44][45]

The median income for a household in the township was $74,619, and the median income for a family was $97,673. Males had a median income of $60,434 versus $43,196 for females. The per capita income for the township was $41,202, making it the 8th highest community in Essex County and 95th highest in the State of New Jersey. About 1.4% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[44][45]


Annin & Co. is the world's oldest & largest flag manufacturer and had its main manufacturing plant in Verona from 1916 to 2013. The building was sold and redeveloped as apartments, which opened to tenants in 2018.[47] Annin is the official flag manufacturer to the United Nations, and a major supplier to the United States Government. Annin produced flags that were used on Iwo Jima, at the North and South Poles, atop Mount Everest and the rubble of the World Trade Center.[48] Annin's Verona factory also produced 186 stick flags that were carried to the moon in the Apollo 11 lunar lander and later distributed as mementos of the first moon landing. Annin does not claim that the flag planted on the moon was produced by Annin, either in Verona or at a plant in Bloomfield, NJ that was operating at the time, although the company's current president says that it has been assured by multiple sources that it was. The stars sections of all Annin flags were produced in Verona then. Annin President Carter Beard recently said that uniforms of the Apollo 11 astronauts were decorated with a silk-screened patch that may have been produced in Verona.[49]

Parks and recreation

Lenape Trail sign
Lenape Trail sign


Township of Verona Municipal Building
Township of Verona Municipal Building

Local government

Verona operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of New Jersey municipal government, and is governed by a five-member Township Council. Members are elected at-large in nonpartisan elections to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election in odd-numbered years. At a reorganization held on July 1 after each election, the council selects a mayor and deputy mayor from among its members.[7]

As of 2019, the members of the Verona Township Council are Mayor John "Jack" McEvoy (term on council and as mayor ends June 30, 2021), Deputy Mayor Alex Roman (term on council ends 2023; term as deputy mayor ends 2021), Edward "Ted" Giblin (2021), Christine McGrath (2023) and Kevin J. Ryan (2021).[3][58][59][60][61]

The day-to-day operations of the township are supervised by Township Manager Matthew Cavallo, who serves as Chief Executive Officer.[5]

Federal, state and county representation

Verona is located in the 11th Congressional District[62] and is part of New Jersey's 26th state legislative district.[10][63][64] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Verona had been in the 40th state legislative district.[65] Prior to the 2010 Census, Verona had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[65]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair).[66] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[67] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[68][69]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 26th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Pennacchio (R, Montville) and in the General Assembly by BettyLou DeCroce (R, Parsippany-Troy Hills) and Jay Webber (R, Morris Plains).[70][71]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[72] As of 2018, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland).[73] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018.[72][74][75] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Brendan W. Gill (D, at-large; Montclair),[76] Freeholder Vice President Wayne L. Richardson (D, District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark),[77] Janine G. Bauer (D, District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; South Orange, appointed to serve on an interim basis),[78] Rufus I. Johnson (D, at large; Newark),[79] Lebby C. Jones (D, at large; Irvington),[80] Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[81] Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark),[82] Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield)[83] and Patricia Sebold (D, at large; Livingston).[84][74][85][86] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell; D, 2020),[87][88] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (Fairfield; D, 2018)[89][90] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens II (D, 2021).[91][92][74]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 9,911 registered voters in Verona, of which 3,194 (32.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,329 (23.5%) were registered as Republicans and 4,387 (44.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[93]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.3% of the vote (3,662 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.9% (3,563 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (61 votes), among the 7,366 ballots cast by the township's 10,396 registered voters (80 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 70.9%.[94][95] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 49.6% of the vote (3,730 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 48.8% (3,664 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (57 votes), among the 7,515 ballots cast by the township's 9,750 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.1%.[96] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 51.4% of the vote (3,900 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 47.4% (3,597 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (67 votes), among the 7,587 ballots cast by the township's 9,697 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 78.2.[97]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 59.2% of the vote (2,645 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 39.6% (1,768 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (56 votes), among the 4,527 ballots cast by the township's 10,442 registered voters (58 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 43.4%.[98][99] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 49.1% of the vote (2,521 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 40.1% (2,062 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 9.4% (482 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (43 votes), among the 5,137 ballots cast by the township's 9,738 registered voters, yielding a 52.8% turnout.[100]


Public schools

The Verona Public Schools is the public school district in Verona, which serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2017-18 school year, the district's six schools had an enrollment of 2,225 students and 177.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12,6:1.[101] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[102]) are Brookdale Avenue School[103] (130 students; in grades K-4), Frederic N. Brown School[104] (240; K-4), Forest Avenue School[105] (210; K-4), Laning Avenue School[106] (248; PreK-4), Henry B. Whitehorne Middle School[107] (676; 5-8) and Verona High School[108] (687; 9-12).[109]

The high school mascot is the "Hillbilly". However, this mascot has become controversial as a result of opposition from previous school Superintendent Earl Kim.[110] In the face of community support for the traditional name, the mascot was retained.[110] The original mascot was depicted with a rifle and jug of moonshine. The rifle and jug and have been replaced with a fishing pole and a dog.[111]

The district has been recognized on three occasions with the Best Practice Award, honoring specific practices implemented by a district for exemplary and/or innovative strategies. In addition, three schools in the district was named a "Star School" by the New Jersey Department of Education, the highest honor that a New Jersey school can achieve. The school was the 70th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 53rd in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.[112]

Private schools

Founded in 1924, Our Lady of the Lake Catholic School serves students in pre-school through eighth grade, and is situated near Verona Park, operating under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[113][114] The school was recognized by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program in 2011, one of 305 schools recognized nationwide and one of 14 selected from New Jersey.[115] The school was honored a second time when it was one of eight private schools recognized in 2017 as an Exemplary High Performing School by the Blue Ribbon Schools Program of the United States Department of Education.[116]

The Children's Institute (TCI) is a private, non-profit school approved by the New Jersey Department of Education, serving children facing learning, language and social challenges, for children ages 3–21. Dating back to an orphanage founded in 1883 in Newark, New Jersey, the school moved to Verona in 1999 after remodeling a building that had been donated by Hoffmann-LaRoche.[117]


Route 23 southbound in Verona
Route 23 southbound in Verona

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 37.83 miles (60.88 km) of roadways, of which 31.88 miles (51.31 km) were maintained by the municipality, 5.23 miles (8.42 km) by Essex County and 0.72 miles (1.16 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[118]

Within the limits of the township lies Route 23 and CR 506 which runs directly through the township. CR 577 also runs through the southeastern portion of Verona. Other highways near Verona include the Garden State Parkway, Interstate 80 and the New Jersey Turnpike.

Public transportation

NJ Transit bus routes 11 and 29 serve the township, providing service to and from Newark.[119][120] In September 2012, as part of budget cuts, NJ Transit suspended service to Newark on the 75 line.[121]

DeCamp Bus Lines offers commuter service on their 33 bus route between West Caldwell and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.[122]

The last vestige of the Erie Railroad's Caldwell Branch, the Verona Freight station with the former right-of-way
The last vestige of the Erie Railroad's Caldwell Branch, the Verona Freight station with the former right-of-way

Train stations, also run by New Jersey Transit, are located in the neighboring towns of Little Falls and Montclair. Prior to 1966, the Erie Railroad's Caldwell Branch (a part of New York and Greenwood Lake Railway) ran passenger service through Verona from Great Notch. The line was removed in 1979 after a washout four years prior.[123] On July 14, 2010, the township of Verona announced that it was honoring the old freight shed at the Verona station, the last standing structure of the railroad. The project of naming it a historic landmark in Verona, the first of many proposed by the Verona Landmarks Preservation Commission. Proposals include moving the structure to a more accessible place in Verona or turning the shed into a one-room museum.[124]

In the early 20th century, Verona was serviced by a trolley line which operated on Bloomfield Avenue. The tracks still lie underneath the roadway, and are visible when the roadway is under construction.[citation needed]

Verona is 14.3 miles (23.0 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark / Elizabeth, and almost twice as far from John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport.

Local media


Verona is served by two weekly newspapers: The Verona-Cedar Grove Times[125] and the Verona Observer. The Star-Ledger, the largest newspaper in New Jersey, covers major news stories that occur in Verona.


Local news is covered by the Verona-Cedar Grove Times,,, and by the official township website.


Verona falls in the New York Market, as well as the Morristown Market.


Verona Cable television is served by Comcast of New Jersey. However, in 2007, Verizon introduced its Verizon FiOS service to the township. Comcast Channel 35 & Verizon FiOS Channel 24 is Verona Television (VTV) a Government-access television (GATV) channel that runs council meetings, school board meetings and community functions, as well as any other Verona-related Public-access television videos submitted by the residents. VTV is maintained by the Verona Public Library.

Community services

  • The Verona Fire Department is one of the largest fully volunteer fire departments in Essex County, staffed by over 60 firefighters.[126] They have two stations, three engines, one ladder truck, one reserve engine, one brush truck, one utility truck, two command vehicles, and a heavy rescue. The Department, founded in 1909 shortly after Verona was created, celebrated its 100th year of service in 2009.[127]
  • The Verona Rescue Squad (volunteer) has three ambulances, and one command vehicle in one station on Church Street.[128]
  • The main street in Verona is Bloomfield Avenue, where the Town Hall, Library, Middle School, and many shops, restaurants, and businesses are located.
  • During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington and his troops used Eagle Rock Reservation as one of a chain of observation posts to monitor British troop movements.[129]
  • The Essex Mountain Sanatorium opened in 1902 as the Newark City Home for Girls. With tuberculosis spreading through Newark, the site was converted into a sanatorium in 1907, against the wishes of local residents. Its location at the highest point in Essex County was believed to be beneficial and the facility was known for its high recovery rate before it closed in 1977.[130]

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Verona include:

Popular culture

  • The TV series The Sopranos was set in the area, thus the storyline often included scenes filmed in Verona. A Verona Rescue Squad Ambulance is seen when Livia Soprano dies in the episode "Proshai, Livushka", and Livia's house was set in Verona in the series pilot.[166] In the episode "Cold Cuts", it's established that Bobby Bacala and Janice live in Verona.[167]
  • The 1987 horror movie Doom Asylum was filmed at the now demolished Essex Mountain Sanatorium.[168]
  • Pizza My Heart, an ABC Family movie, is a contemporary retelling of Romeo and Juliet, that is set in Verona (New Jersey, not Italy). Although the storyline is set in Verona, it was actually filmed in New Orleans, Louisiana.[169]
  • The original, unaired pilot of the television show Strangers With Candy, "Retardation: A Celebration", was filmed at Verona High School. The VHS signboard is also used in almost every episode thereafter to display various witticisms, although the name has been changed to that of the school in the show, Flatpoint High School.
  • Choke, the film adapted from the Chuck Palahniuk novel of the same name, was filmed at the Essex County Hospital Center in neighboring Cedar Grove.
  • Pearl, the hairdresser in "The Saturdays" by Elizabeth Enright (1941), says she ran away from her abusive stepmother in Verona and went to New York City with her brother Perry.


  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Council, Township of Verona. Accessed November 6, 2019.
  4. ^ 2019 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 1, 2019. As of date accessed, Ryan is listed as mayor with a term-end date of June 30, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Township Manager's Office, Township of Verona. Accessed November 6, 2019.
  6. ^ Township Clerk, Township of Verona. Accessed November 6, 2019.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 169.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Verona, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Verona township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 28, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed October 30, 2019.
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  110. ^ a b Starnes, Joe Samuel. "Soapbox; Smile When You Say That", The New York Times, March 19, 2006. Accessed November 6, 2019. "It has been Verona High School's nickname for more than 60 years, and the original Hillbilly mascot, dating back to the 1950s, carried a rifle and a jug of liquor. In recent years his image was softened by replacing the gun and the moonshine with a fishing pole.... In 2004, the Verona school superintendent urged a change of the logo, citing its demeaning connotations, and he refused to pay for golf team shirts with the Hillbilly caricature."
  111. ^ Jongsma, Joshua. "Archive: The origins of the Verona Hillbillies mascot", The Record (Bergen County), March 2015, reposted July 23, 2018. Accessed November 6, 2019. "When left without an answer as to why Verona became known as the Hillbillies, local officials turned to Jack Wickham, a noted high school sport historian for the district. Despite his 60-plus years following the high school's athletic programs, Wickham could not say for sure how the mascot came to be. However, he theorized that it could have something to do with Verona's regional placement, as it is located between hills of the Watchung Mountains."
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  113. ^ About Us: Our History, Our Lady of the Lake Catholic School. Accessed August 11, 2013.
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  116. ^ Pries, Allison. 17 "New Jersey schools earn National Blue Ribbon Award", NJ Advance Media for, September 29, 2017. Accessed October 18, 2017.
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  121. ^ Rouse, Karen. "N.J. Transit bus No. 75, running from Passaic County to Newark, will no longer operate", The Record (Bergen County), August 29, 2012. Accessed August 5, 2015. "Starting Saturday, the NJ Transit No. 75 bus — which runs from Butler through Pompton Lakes, Pequannock, Wayne and Little Falls on its way to Newark — will no longer operate as NJ Transit's plan to save $2.5 million in operating costs takes effect."
  122. ^ Route 33, Deamp Bus Lines. Accessed December 23, 2014.
  123. ^ "Old Caldwell Branch at End of the Line", The New York Times, June 10, 1979, p. NJ 25. Accessed October 10, 2009.
  124. ^ Corbett, Nic. "Verona honors history of forgotten railroad", The Star-Ledger, July 14, 2010. Accessed June 26, 2017.
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  126. ^ About Us, Verona Fire Department. Accessed August 21, 2011.
  127. ^ History, Verona Fire Department. Accessed August 21, 2011.
  128. ^ Home page, Verona Rescue Squad. Accessed November 19, 2011.
  129. ^ Emblen, Frank. "New Jersey Guide", The New York Times, July 12, 1987. Accessed April 23, 2012. "The view of New York from the cliff in Eagle Rock Reservation is really spectacular, and it has historical significance: George Washington's hawk-eyed scouts used it to keep the Redcoats in New York from sneaking across the Hudson and surprising the Continental Army."
  130. ^ History, Essex Mountain Sanatorium. Accessed August 21, 2011.
  131. ^ "Former Devil coaches son at high school", Verona-Cedar Grove Times, January 18, 2007. p. B1.
  132. ^ Sullivan, Tara. "Blushing Ex-Rider At Rutgers Last-Choice Bannon Embraces Job", New York Daily News, April 4, 1997. Accessed February 6, 2018. "Kevin Bannon Age: 39 Family: Wife Cindy, son Tommy (4) Hometown: Grew up in Verona, N.J. Lives in Lawrenceville, N.J."
  133. ^ Bauman, Leila T., National Gallery of Art. Accessed June 26, 2017. "Leila T. Bauman came from Verona, New Jersey, a small town south of Newark."
  134. ^ John Bogle, American National Business Hall of Fame. Accessed October 18, 2015. "John C. 'Jack' Bogle and his twin brother, David, were born on May 8, 1929. The family at that time lived in the fashionable bedroom community of Verona, New Jersey."
  135. ^ Slater, Robert. John Bogle and the Vanguard experiment: One Man's Quest to Transform the Mutual Fund Industry. Chicago: Irwin Professional Pub., 1997. ISBN 0-7863-0559-2. Accessed December 23, 2014. "In the early years of their marriage, the Bogles lived a well-to-do existence in a spacious home in Verona, New Jersey, a bedroom community not far from New York City."
  136. ^ Rothstein, Betsy. "Ernestine Bradley finds 'home' amid husband's career", Capital Living, April 5, 2005, backed up by the Internet Archive as of November 13, 2006. Accessed November 6, 2012. "Ernestine Bradley, wife of former Sen. Bill Bradley (D-N.J.), packed her bags for good in January 1997 and left Washington, D.C., for Verona — not Italy but, rather, New Jersey."
  137. ^ Pizarro, Max. "Former Assemblywoman Marion Crecco has Died", PolitickerNJ, December 1, 2015. Accessed December 2, 2015. "On Saturday, November 28, surrounded by her adoring family, Marion Crecco, a longtime resident of Bloomfield and in recent years Verona, died."
  138. ^ Garcia, Julian. "Losing now an art at Verona High School", New York Daily News, February 15, 2014. Accessed January 7, 2018. "What would you do if your high school football team lost 32 straight games, including one by the score of 75-0?... Well that's what two members of the Verona (N.J.) High School Class of '68 have done, and they'll be screening it at the Yogi Berra Museum in Little Falls, N.J., on Feb. 26 so everyone can feel their pain. Lou Cortese and Jay Curtis, who both went on to work in video and film production after graduating from Verona nearly 46 years ago, have produced a film called 75-0: The Documentary, which focuses on their team's humiliating loss to powerhouse Madison HS on Oct. 5, 1966, as well as the 31 other losses that came during that streak, most of which were lopsided."
  139. ^ David, Peter. But I Digress Collection; 1994; Krause Publications; Pages 206-208
  140. ^ David, Peter. "Peter David, Agent 008",, September 11, 2012. Originally published in "But I Digress...", Comics Buyer's Guide #1257, December 19, 1997.
  141. ^ Jongsma, Joshua. "Verona native Dan DePalma signs with San Diego Chargers", Verona-Cedar Grove Times, April 15, 2013. Accessed December 23, 2014. "The AFC West of the National Football League became the new home to another Verona native, as wide receiver Dan DePalma signed a two-year contract with the San Diego Chargers."
  142. ^ Shengold, David. "Focused on Her Game; OCP favorite Mary Dunleavy tackles a new Mozart role." Archived 2013-12-11 at, Philadelphia City Paper, May 4–10, 2006. Accessed December 11, 2013. "'Philadelphia feels like my second home,' smiles Mary Dunleavy over lunch in Bella Vista. The attractive, engaging soprano is a Jersey girl: She grew up in Montvale and now (aptly enough for one who has both Bellini's and Gounod's versions of Romeo and Juliet in her repertory) lives with her husband, Hal, in Verona."
  143. ^ Anthony Fasano profile, National Football League Players Association. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Hometown: Verona, N.J.... Anthony Joseph Fasano was a four-year letterman and two-year captain at Verona, N.J., High School as a tight end and defensive lineman. He helped led the team to the New Jersey state title among Group 1 schools and threw the game-winning PAT pass in the 2001 title game."
  144. ^ Leitch, Jonathan. "No. 13: Jed Graef '64" Archived 2014-12-24 at the Wayback Machine, The Daily Princetonian, November 27, 2006. Accessed December 23, 2014. "Born and raised in nearby Verona, N.J., Graef spent his childhood summers in the waters of Lake Mohawk and joined the Montclair YMCA swim team at age 10."
  145. ^ Fred Hill profile, Rutgers Scarlet Knights men's basketball, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 2, 2010. Accessed October 18, 2015. "A 'throwback, old-school coach,' Fred Hill is in his fourth season directing Rutgers' men's basketball program. The Verona native enters 2009-10 with 28 seasons of Division I coaching experience and eight Big East postseason appearances on his resume."
  146. ^ D'Allesandro, Dave. "Rutgers baseball coach Fred Hill steps down after 30 seasons", The Star-Ledger, February 20, 2014. Accessed October 18, 2015. "Rutgers baseball coach Fred Hill, an illustrious thread running through the fabric of New Jersey college sports history for nearly four decades, announced his retirement Thursday morning, the university announced in a press statement. The longtime Verona resident, who had dealt with health issues during the 2013 season, will be replaced by Joe Litterio, who was elevated to associate head coach last year after taking over during Hill's leave of absence."
  147. ^ "Environmentalist Fred Krupp Helps Crush the Ubiquitous Fast-Food Clamshell", People (magazine), Vol. 35, No. 14 (April 15, 1991). Accessed December 23, 2014. "Krupp, 37, learned that lesson as a boy in Verona, N.J."
  148. ^ Staff. "Archie Lochhead Is Dead at 78; Banker Led Stabilization Fund", The New York Times, January 16, 1971. Accessed October 18, 2015. "Verona, N.J., Jan. 15 - Archie Lochhead, a retired banker who headed the Treasury's $2-billion Stabilization Fund from its inception in 1934 to 1939, died today at his home in the Claridge Apartments."
  149. ^ Kensik, Edward. "Verona resident named New Jersey Devils coach", Verona-Cedar Grove Times, July 8, 2010. Accessed December 23, 2014. "While MacLean is a rookie head coach in the NHL, he is not a rookie to Verona. MacLean seemed in amazement when asked how long he has lived in Verona. MacLean has lived in the township since 1991 and is one of the rare ones in professional sports to stay in one area for a long period of time."
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