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Venezuelans of European descent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

White Venezuelans
Blancos Venezolanos
Venezuela 2011 White population proportion map.png
Total population
13,169,949
43.6% of the Venezuelan population[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
   Entire country; highest percents found in Andean, Central, Capital region and major urban-conglomerations.
Languages
Venezuelan Spanish
small minorities speak Italian, Catalan, Basque, Galician, Portuguese, English, French, Polish, and Alemán Coloniero, a dialect of German.
Religion
Christianity, Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Other Venezuelans, Spaniard Venezuelan, Italo-Venezuelans, Portuguese Venezuelans, Germans, Ukrainians, White Colombians, White Hispanic, White Latin Americans

European Venezuelans or white Venezuelans are Venezuelan citizens who self-identify in the national census as white,[1] tracing their heritage to European ethnic groups. According to the official census report, although "white" (none caucasian) literally involves external issues such as light skin, shape and color of hair and eyes, among others, the term "white" has been used in different ways in different historical periods and places, and so its precise definition is somewhat confusing.[1]:65

According to the 2011 National Population and Housing Census, 43.6% of the population identified themselves as white people.[1] A genomic study shows that about 61.5% of the Venezuelan gene pool has European origin. Among the Latin American and Caribbean countries in the study (Argentina, Bahamas, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, El Salvador, Ecuador, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela), Brazil, Venezuela, and Argentina exhibit the highest European contribution.[3]

The ancestry of European Venezuelans is primarily Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian.[4]

History

Spaniards settled Venezuela during the colonial period. Most of them were from Andalusia, Galicia, Basque Country and from the Canary Islands.[citation needed] Until the last years of World War II, a large part of the European immigrants to Venezuela came from the Canary Islands, and its cultural impact was significant, influencing the development of the Spanish language in the country, the Venezuelan gastronomy and customs.[citation needed]

During the 19th century the bulk of the white Dominicans migrated to Venezuela[citation needed] due to the political and economic instability in their country, especially after the French and Haitian annexation, but also because of constant coups and civil wars; they went from being half to barely a fifth of the Dominican population.[citation needed]

In the late 1940s, 1950s and early 1960s came nearly one million immigrants from Europe, mostly Spanish, Portuguese, Italians, and Jews from eastern Europe.

Census

Definition of white according to the census of Venezuela "According to the Venezuela census the definition of White is: People whose skin tone is clear and that is why it is usually associated with populations of European origin. Although literally implies external issues such as clear skin, shape and color of hair and eyes, among others, "white" has been used in different ways in different historical periods and places. Like other common words for human ethnicities, its precise definition is somewhat confusing"[5] With this definition, the true percentage of white population in Venezuela is not clear.

Geographic distribution

White Venezuelan population by Venezuelan state

The following is a sortable table of the white Venezuelan proportion of the population in each Venezuelan state, according to the 2011 Census data.[1]:table 2.12 on page 30

Rank (by %) State White Venezuelan population (2011) % white[1]
1
Flag of Táchira.svg
Tachira
743,013 58.8%
2
Flag of Mérida State.svg
Mérida
479,021 53.7%
3
Flag of Caracas.svg
Capital District
1,079,892 51.2%
4
Flag of Trujillo State.svg
Trujillo
369,961 48.3%
5
Flag of Nueva Esparta.svg
Nueva Esparta
217,828 47.1%
6
Flag of Zulia State.svg
Zulia
1,799,760 46.3%
7
Flag of Miranda state.svg
Miranda
1,387,265 45.8%
8
Flag of Vargas State.svg
Vargas
153,252 44.7%
9
Flag of Aragua State.svg
Aragua
763,351 43.4%
10
Flag of Carabobo State.svg
Carabobo
1,010,138 42.7%
11
Flag of Barinas State.svg
Barinas
344,265 41.9%
11
Flag of Lara State.svg
Lara
800,225 41.9%
13
Flag of Anzoátegui State.svg
Anzoátegui
629,802 40.0%
14
Flag of Bolívar State.svg
Bolívar
646,059 39.2%
15
Flag of Falcón.svg
Falcón
375,823 38.9%
16
Flag of Monagas State.svg
Monagas
359,473 38.8%
17
Flag of Sucre State.svg
Sucre
375,688 38.5%
18
Flag of Portuguesa.svg
Portuguesa
348,745 37.0%
21
Flag of Delta Amacuro State.svg
Delta Amacuro
62,457 36.4%
22
Flag of Cojedes State.svg
Cojedes
115,437 35.6%
23
Flag of Yaracuy State.svg
Yaracuy
229,542 35.5%
24 Amazonas 54,102 34.4%
25
Flag of Guárico State.svg
Guárico
264,036 32.9%
25
Flag of Apure State.svg
Apure
157,193 30.2%

Percentage of white Venezuelans in municipalities

The top 20 communities (municipalities) with the highest percentage of White Venezuelans according to the 2011 Census:[6]

  1. Chacao (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 72.20%
  2. Umuquena (San Judas Tadeo), Táchira 71.80%
  3. Cordero (Andrés Bello), Táchira 70.11%
  4. Lechería (Diego Bautista), Anzoátegui 70.10%
  5. El Hatillo (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 68.80%
  6. San Antonio de Los Altos (Los Salias), Miranda 66.90%
  7. Baruta (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 66.40%
  8. Canaguá (Arzobispo Chacón), Mérida and Lobatera (Lobatera), Táchira 65.50%
  9. La Grita (Jáuregui), Táchira 64.70%
  10. San Cristóbal, Táchira 64.50%
  11. El Junko (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 63.20%
  12. Táriba, Táchira 62.80%
  13. Michelena, Táchira 62.50
  14. Palmira (Guásimos), Táchira 62.30%
  15. Seboruco (Seboruco), Táchira 61.90%
  16. Pueblo Llano, Mérida 61.30
  17. Tovar, Mérida 60.90%
  18. Colonia Tovar (Tovar), Aragua 60.80%
  19. Capacho Nuevo (Independencia), Táchira 60.20%
  20. El Cobre (José María Vargas), Táchira 60.00%

Density of white Venezuelans in municipalities

The top 20 communities (municipalities) by population density (per km2) of white Venezuelans, according to the 2011 Census:[6]

  1. Chacao (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 3,962.69
  2. Santa Rita (Francisco Linares Alcántara), Aragua 2,604.25
  3. Carlos Soublette, Vargas 2,506.08
  4. Capital District (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 2,493.38
  5. Baruta (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 2,479.77
  6. Sucre (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 1,967.07
  7. Maracaibo, Zulia 1,835.49
  8. Lechería (Diego Bautista), Anzoátegui 1,668.23
  9. Porlamar (Mariño), Nueva Esparta 1,176.69
  10. San Francisco, Zulia 1,110.25
  11. Los Guayos, Carabobo 1,107.78
  12. Catia La Mar, Vargas 1,094.47
  13. San Antonio de Los Altos (Los Salias), Miranda 1065.68
  14. Carrizal, Miranda 970.25
  15. El Limón (Mario Briceño Iragorry), Aragua 944.04
  16. Palmira (Guásimos), Táchira 932.00
  17. Santa Cruz (José Angel Lamas), Aragua 800.90
  18. San Cristóbal, Táchira 766.64
  19. Cagua (Sucre), Aragua 761.63
  20. Pampatar (Maneiro), Nueva Esparta 749.08

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). Ine.gov.ve. p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.ine.gob.ve/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=95&Itemid=26 Venezuelan population by 30/Jun/2014 is 30,206,307 according to National Institute of Statistics
  3. ^ Godinho, Neide Maria de Oliveira (2008). "O impacto das migrações na constituição genética de populações latino-americanas". Universidade de Brasília. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  4. ^ Wright, Winthrop R. (2013-08-28). Café con leche: Race, Class, and National Image in Venezuela. ISBN 9780292758407.
  5. ^ http://www.ine.gob.ve/documentos/Demografia/CensodePoblacionyVivienda/pdf/nacional.pdf
  6. ^ a b "Censo 2011 Redatam". www.redatam.ine.gob.ve.
This page was last edited on 23 September 2019, at 05:44
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