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Vị Xuyên District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vị Xuyên District

Huyện Vị Xuyên
Checkpoints between Thanh Thủy International Border Gate (Hà Giang, Vietnam) and Tienbao International Border Gate (Yunnan, China)
Checkpoints between Thanh Thủy International Border Gate (Hà Giang, Vietnam) and Tienbao International Border Gate (Yunnan, China)
Country Vietnam
RegionNortheast
ProvinceHà Giang
CapitalVị Xuyên
Area
 • Total561 sq mi (1,452 km2)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total110 465 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indochina Time)

Vị Xuyên is a rural district of Hà Giang Province in the Northeast region of Vietnam. As of 2019 the district had a population of 110 465.[1] The district covers an area of 1,452 km². The district capital lies at Vị Xuyên.[2]

A border crossing between Vietnam and China is located in the district at Thanh Thủy. The port of entry on the Chinese side of the border is Tianbao in Malipo county.

History

Until the Nguyễn Dynasty saw the growth of Hà Giang, Vị Xuyên was the largest settlement in the area.[3] Battle of Vi Xuyen is considered more fierce than the Chinese invasion into Vietnam in 1979. This battle was lasted about four years - from 1984 to 1989. China PLA was trying to take over Ha Giang's capital - Vi Xuyen, aiming to push into Vietnam's territory by 5km. But, NVA consisting of 9 divisions were trying to protect every inch of their soil from the China PLA. Many NVA soldiers had bravely fought against the over-powered China PLA - in terms of artillery destructive power and numbers of mans. Until now, many missing in action NVA have not been all recorded. There are about three thousand NVA soldiers unaccounted for.

Administrative divisions

Vị Xuyên District consists of two townships, Vị Xuyên (also the district capital) and Việt Lâm, and 24 communes: Bạch Ngọc, Cao Bồ, Đạo Đức, Kim Linh, Kim Thạch, Lao Chải, Linh Hồ, Minh Tân, Ngọc Linh, Ngọc Minh, Phong Quang, Phú Linh, Phương Tiến, Quảng Ngần, Thanh Đức, Thanh Thủy, Thuận Hòa, Thượng Sơn, Trung Thành, Tùng Bá, Việt Lâm and Xín Chải.

Fauna

Small mammals found on Tây Côn Lĩnh II include Cynopterus sphinx, Rousettus leschenaulti, Sphaerias blanfordi, Scaptonyx fusicaudus, Chodsigoa parca, Chodsigoa caovansunga, Blarinella griselda, Crocidura attenuata, Crocidura fuliginosa, Crocidura wuchihensis, Belomys pearsonii, Callosciurus inornatus, Leopoldamys edwardsi, Niviventer fulvescens, Niviventer langbianis, Niviventer tenaster, Chiropodomys gliroides, Ratufa bicolor, and Tamiops sp.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2019). "Completed Results of the 2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam). ISBN 978-604-75-1532-5.
  2. ^ "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  3. ^ Tim Doling North East VietNam: mountains and ethnic minorities 2000 Page 98 "Throughout the medieval and early modern period, the largest settlement in the area was at Vị Xuyên, south of Hà Giang, but under the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802-1945) the town of Hà Giang - located on the east bank of the Lô River in what is now the Trần Phủ District- began to grow steadily in size."
  4. ^ Lunde, Darrin P., Guy G. Musser, Nguyen T. Son. 2003. A survey of small mammals from Mt. Tay Con Linh II, Vietnam, with the description of a new species of Chodsigoa (Insectivora: Soricidae). Methods, Vol. 46 (2003), pp. 31-46.

This page was last edited on 28 March 2021, at 08:39
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