To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Uzbek Khanate
Abulkhairids

O'zbek Xonligi
1428–1471
War flag of Muhammad Shaybani
Capital
Common languagesSiberian Tatar
Chagatai Turkic
Kipchak
Fergana Kipchak
Religion
Islam (Sunni)
Naqshbandi Sufism
Demonym(s)Uzbek
GovernmentMonarchy
Tribal Confederation
Khan 
• 1428–1468
Abu'l-Khayr Khan
• 1468-1471
Sheikh Haidar
• 1471-1506
Muhammad Shaybani
Ataliq 
Historical eraEarly modern period
• Abu'l-Khayr becomes the Uzbek Khan
1428
• Abu'l-Khayr defeats Kazhy Muhammad
1428
• Shaybanids invade Transoxiana
1446
• Janibeg and Kerei found the Kazakh Khanate[1]
1466
• Death of Abu'l-Khayr
1468
• Muhammad Shaybani becomes a vassal of Moghulistan
1488
• Treaty between Shaybani and Kazakhs ends Uzbek control over Dasht-i Qipchak
1471
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Golden Horde
Timurid Empire
Khanate of Bukhara
Khanate of Sibir
Kazakh Khanate
Moghulistan
Today part ofUzbekistan
Turkmenistan
Kazakhstan
Russia

The Uzbek Khanate of the Abulkhairids was the Shaybanid state preceding the Shaybanid Empire of Muhammad Shaybani and the Khanate of Bukhara. During the few years it existed it was the preeminent state in Central Asia. This is the first state of the Abulkhairids, a branch of the Shaybanids.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    Views:
    722
    10 864
    13 235
  • ✪ Muhamamd Shaybani Khan Biography | Last Sunni Emperor In Iran. Urdu & Hindi
  • ✪ Kazak Türkleri Kimdir ( Kazakistan tarihi )
  • ✪ Kırgızlar Kimdir ( Kırgızistan tarihi )

Transcription

Contents

Etymology

The dynasty of Abu'l-Khayr Khan and his descendants is named after him, and the states ruled by them are known as Abulkhairids, such as in the Khanate of Bukhara. They may also be referred to as Shaybanids, although this is more of an umbrella term as a rival dynasty called the Arabshahids of Khwarezm were also Shaybanids, but not Abulkhairids.[2]

History

Before Abu'l-Khayr Khan

Starting with Shiban, brother of Batu Khan who was the ruler of the Golden Horde, the Shaybanids and their descendants held land and sway over many tribes granted to Shiban by Batu. These lands included the Golden Horde domains east of the Urals, and lands north of the Syr Darya river. Central control in the Golden Horde eroded away quickly in the east and breakaway states like the Nogai Horde and the Khanate of Sibir appeared in the region.

The battle between Shah Ismail I and Muhammad Shaybani in 1510.
The battle between Shah Ismail I and Muhammad Shaybani in 1510.

Abu'l-Khayr Khan

Abu'l-Khayr Khan
Abu'l-Khayr Khan

By the time of Abu'l-Khayr's birth in 1412, the ulus of Shiban was fractured. At this time the eastern part of the Golden Horde (The Blue Horde) had become outside of complete control of the Golden Horde khans and pretenders, especially after the assassination of Barak Khan in 1427. Abu'l-Khayr was taken prisoner after a battle in 1427 and was released in 1428. After the passing of the then Khan of the Uzbeks and pretender to the throne of the Golden Horde, Barak Khan, Ulug Beg, the leader of the Timurid Empire, secretly orchestrated the title of khan to pass to Abu'l-Khayr. He began his rule by consolidating tribes in Siberia around his capital at Chimgi-Tura (Modern-day Tyumen). He was able to depose the reigning Khan of Sibir, Kazhy Mohammed, and took the entirety of the area under Shaybanid control.[2]

In 1430 or 1431, Abu'l-Khayr and his army marched south into Timurid-held Khwarezm and occupied Urganj. Between 1430 and 1446 the Uzbek Khanate took land in Transoxiana from the Timurids.

Abu'l-Khayr invaded the Golden Horde sometime after this and defeated Mustafa Khan near Astrakhan. The Uzbeks lost around 4,500 men during this campaign.

Prior to the death of Shah Rukh in 1448 Sighnaq and other cities in Turan such as Uzkend and Sozak were invaded and captured by the Uzbeks. Sighnaq became one of the principal cities of Central Asia during this time.

In 1451 Abu'l-Khayr allied with the Timurid Abu Sa'id against his rival 'Abdullah and the two both marched on Samarkand. The Uzbek-Abu Sa'id alliance was successful and in return Abu Sa'id paid tribute to the Uzbeks.

Kazakh Insurrection

In the middle of the 15th century, part of the people of the White Horde refused to obey Khan Abulkhair. They were led by Genghisides Kerey and Janibek. Janibek was the son of the last Khan of the White Horde, Barak Khan. The númads of the White Horde led by Kerey and Janibek migrated to the territory of Mogulistan and began to Cossack. Therefore, neighboring peoples called them Cossacks (Kazaks), that is, free people who left their ruler. Since that time, the people of the White Horde led by Janibek began to call themselves Cossacks (Kazaks).

Starting in the 1460s, the Kazakh khans warred for control of modern-day Kazakhstan, led by Janibeg and Kerei Khan, the sons of the father of a claimant to the throne of the Golden Horde, Barak Khan, founded the Kazakh Khanate. This war was made especially difficult for the Uzbeks because of a recent war with the Dorben Oirat Mongols on the Uzbeks' eastern borders. Janibeg and Kerei sought to capitalize on Uzbek weakness following the conflict.[1]

Death of Abu'l-Khayr Khan and Successors

Somewhere around 1468-1470, Abu'l-Khayr Khan died in battle against the Kazakhs along with several of his sons. Sheikh Haidar, also known as Baruj Oghlan (Some sources have them as the same person or different persons), the eldest of Abu'l-Khayr's sons, succeeded him. Sheikh Haidar's reign was short and was ended after conflicts with a rival khan, Ibak.[2]

Muhammad Shaybani, Abu'l-Khayr's grandson, succeeded his father, Sheikh Haidar. Shaybani had been, along with his brother, Mahmud Sultan, given refuge by the Khan of Astrakhan, Qasim.

After Shaybani was helped by the Moghul Khans to reclaim land in Transoxiana, he became a Moghul vassal from 1488 until around 1500. After this point, Shaybani led his own conquests which largely consisted of cities in the fractured Timurid successor states (Such as Samarkand and Bukhara). Shaybani's main rivals were the Timurid Babur and the Persian Shah Ismail.[3]

In 1500, Shaybani officially conceded all the Kazakh held lands in Dasht-i Qipchaq to the Kazakh Khanate. Shortly after this in 1506, Shaybani captured Bukhara and the Uzbek Khanate became the Khanate of Bukhara.[4]

Muhammad Shaybani was killed in the battle of Marv by the Safavids and Shah Ismail in 1510 and had his skull turned into a jeweled drinking goblet.

Rulers

Khans of Shaybanid Domains

These are the khans ruling over the domains of the Uzbeks prior to the Abulkhairids.[3] [5]

  • Shiban
  • Bahadur Oghul
  • Jochi Buqa
  • Bad Oghul
  • Mengu Timur Oghlan
  • Fulad Oghul
  • Ibrahim Sultan
  • Dawlat Shaykh Oghlan

Abulkhairids

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Martha Brill Olcott (1987). The Kazakhs. Hoover Press. pp. 3, 7, 8, 9. ISBN 978-0-8179-9353-5.
  2. ^ a b c d Ahmad Hasan Dani; Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson; Unesco (1 January 2003). History of Civilizations of Central Asia: Development in contrast : from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century. UNESCO. pp. 33–36. ISBN 978-92-3-103876-1.
  3. ^ a b c Scott Cameron Levi; Ron Sela (2010). Islamic Central Asia: An Anthology of Historical Sources. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-35385-8.
  4. ^ a b c 霍渥斯. "9". History of the Mongols: From the 9th to the 19th Century ... 文殿閣書莊. pp. 686–700.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-03-30. Retrieved 2018-06-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ [1]
This page was last edited on 27 September 2019, at 08:38
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.