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University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
UH Manoa Logo.png
Former name
College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i (1907-1912)
College of Hawai'i (1912-1919)
University of Hawai'i (1919-1972)
MottoMaluna aʻe o nā lāhui āpau ke ola ke kānaka (Hawaiian)[1]
Motto in English
"Above all nations is humanity"
TypePublic flagship land-grant research university
EstablishedMarch 23, 1907; 114 years ago (March 23, 1907)
Parent institution
University of Hawaiʻi system
AccreditationWACS
Academic affiliations
Endowment$327.0 million (2019)[2]
Budget$1.1 billion (2019)[3]
PresidentDavid Lassner
ProvostMichael Bruno
Students18,028 (Fall 2020)[4]
Undergraduates13,203[4]
Postgraduates4,822[4]
Location, ,
United States

21°17′49″N 157°49′01″W / 21.297°N 157.817°W / 21.297; -157.817
CampusUrban, 320 acres (1.3 km2)
NewspaperKa Leo O Hawaiʻi 
ColorsGreen & White[5][6]
   
NicknameRainbow Warriors & Rainbow Wahine
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division I - Big West
Mountain West
MPSF
Websitemanoa.hawaii.edu
Entrance to U.H. Mānoa campus
Entrance to U.H. Mānoa campus

The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (University of Hawaii—Mānoa, U.H. Mānoa, the University of Hawai'i, or simply UH) is a public land-grant research university in Mānoa, a neighborhood in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.[7][8] It is the flagship campus of the University of Hawai'i system and houses the main offices of the system.[9] Most of the campus occupies the eastern half of the mouth of Mānoa Valley, with the John A. Burns School of Medicine located adjacent to the Kakaʻako Waterfront Park.

U.H. offers over 200 degree programs across 17 colleges and schools. It is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and governed by the Hawaii State Legislature and a semi-autonomous board of regents. It also a member of the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, which represents 50 research universities across 16 countries.

Mānoa is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity".[10] It is a land-grant university that also participates in the sea-grant, space-grant, and sun-grant research consortia; it is one of only four such universities in the country (Oregon State University, Cornell University and Pennsylvania State University are the others).

Notable U.H. alumni include Robert Ballard, Richard Parsons, and the parents of Barack Obama, Barack Obama Sr. and Stanley Ann Dunham. Forty-four percent of Hawaii's state senators and 51 percent of its state representatives are U.H. graduates.[11]

History

The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa was founded in 1907 as a land-grant college of agriculture and mechanical arts establishing "the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i and to Provide for the Government and Support Thereof".[12] The bill Maui Senator William J. Huelani Coelho through the initiatives of Native Hawaiian legislators, a newspaper editor, petition of an Asian American bank cashier, and a president of Cornell University,[13] was introduced into the Territorial Legislature March 1, 1907 as Act 24, and signed into law March 25, 1907 by the Governor George Carter, which officially established the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i under a five-member Board of Regents[13] on the corner of Beretania and Victoria streets (now the location of the Honolulu Museum of Art School).[12] Regular classes began the following year with John Gilmore as the university's first president.

In September 1912 it moved to its present location in Mānoa Valley on 90 acres of land that had been cobbled together from leased and private lands and was renamed the College of Hawaii.[12] William Kwai Fong Yap, an cashier at Bank of Hawaii, and a group of citizens petitioned the Hawaii Territorial Legislature six years later for university status which led to another renaming finally to the University of Hawaii on April 30, 1919 with the addition of the College of Arts and Sciences and College of Applied Science.[14][13]

In the years following, the university expanded to include more than 300 acres. In 1931 the Territorial Normal and Training School was absorbed into the university, becoming Teacher's College,[14] now the College of Education.

The university continued its growth throughout the 1930s and 1940s increasing from 232 to 402 acres. The number of buildings grew from 4 to 17. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, classes were suspended for two months. When classes resumed, students carried gas masks to classes and bomb shelters were kept at a ready.[14]

In 1947, the university opened an extension center in Hilo on Hawai'i Island in the old Hilo Boarding School. In 1951, Hilo Center was designated the University of Hawaii Hilo Branch[14] before its reorganization by an act of the Hawai'i State Legislature in 1970.[15]

By the 1950s, enrollment increased to more than 5,000 students, and the university had expanded to include a Graduate Division, College of Education, College of Engineering, College of Business Administration, College of Tropical Agriculture, and College of Arts and Sciences.[15]

When the Territory of Hawai'i was granted statehood in 1959, the university became a constitutional agency rather than a legislative agency with the Board of Regents having oversight over the university. Enrollment continued to grow to 19,000 at the university through the 1960s and the campus became nationally recognized in research and graduate education.[15]

In 1965, the state legislature created a system of community colleges and placed it within the university. By the end of the 1960s, the University of Hawai'i very different from what it had since its beginning. It had become larger and with the addition of the community colleges, a broad range of activities extending from vocational education to community college education, which were all advanced through research and postdoctoral training.[15]

The university was renamed the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa to distinguish it from other campuses in the University of Hawai'i System in 1972.

Academics

UH Mānoa campus viewed from Round Top Drive, with Diamond Head in the background
UH Mānoa campus viewed from Round Top Drive, with Diamond Head in the background

UH Mānoa, the flagship campus of the University of Hawai'i System, is a four-year research university consisting of 17 schools and colleges. In addition to undergraduate and graduate degrees in the School of Architecture, School of Earth Science and Technology, the College of Arts, Languages, and Letters, the Shidler College of Business, the College of Education and the College of Engineering, the university also maintains professional schools in law and medicine.

Together, the colleges and schools of the university offer bachelor's degrees in 93 fields of study, master's degrees in 84 fields, doctoral degrees in 51 fields, first professional degrees in 5 fields, post-baccalaureate degrees in three fields, 28 undergraduate certification programs and 29 graduate certification programs.

College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources

Originally called the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i, the College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources (CTAHR) is the founding college of the university. Programs of the college focuses on tropical agriculture, food science and human nutrition, textiles and clothing, and human resources,

College of Arts, Languages & Letters

The College of Arts, Languages, and Letters (CALL) is the newest and largest college at the university. It is creation of the dissolution of the College of Arts and Science and the merger of the Colleges of Arts and Humanities, Languages, Linguistics, and Literature (LLL), and the School of Pacific and Asian Studies. The college's core focus is the study of arts, humanities, languages with a particular focus on Hawai'i, the Pacific, and Asia Studies.[16]

Shilder College of Business

The College of Business Administration was renamed the Shidler College of Business on September 6, 2006, after real estate executive Jay Shidler, an alumnus of the college, who donated $25 million to the college.[17]

Honors program

The UH Mānoa offers an Honors Program to provide additional resources for students preparing to apply to professional school programs.[18] Students complete core curriculum courses for their degrees in the Honors Program, maintain at least a cumulative 3.2 grade-point average in all courses, and complete a senior thesis project.[19]

Library

The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Library, which provides access to 3.4 million volumes, 50,000 journals, and thousands of digitized documents, is one of the largest academic research libraries in the United States, ranking 86th in parent institution investment among 113 North American members of the Association of Research Libraries.[20]

Rankings

The National Science Foundation ranked UH Mānoa 45th among 395 public universities for Research and Development (R&D) expenditures in fiscal year 2014.[32]

According to U.S. News & World Report's rankings for 2021, UH Mānoa was tied at 170th overall and 159th for "Best Value" among national universities; tied at 83rd among public universities; and tied at 145th for its undergraduate engineering program among schools that confer doctorates.[33]

Distance learning

The university offers over 50 distance learning courses, using technology to replace either all or a portion of class instruction. Students interact with their instructors and peers from different locations to further develop their education.[34]

Research

Queen Liliʻuokalani Center for Student Services
Queen Liliʻuokalani Center for Student Services

With extramural grants and contracts of $436 million in 2012, research at UH Mānoa relates to Hawaii's physical landscape, its people and their heritage. The geography facilitates advances in marine biology, oceanography, underwater robotic technology, astronomy, geology and geophysics, agriculture, aquaculture and tropical medicine. Its heritage, the people and its close ties to the Asian and Pacific region create a favorable environment for study and research in the arts, genetics, intercultural relations, linguistics, religion and philosophy.[35]

According to the National Science Foundation, UH Mānoa spent $276 million on research and development in 2018, ranking it 84th in the nation.[32] Extramural funding increased from $368 million in FY 2008 to nearly $436 million in FY 2012. Research grants increased from $278 million in FY 2008 to $317 million in FY 2012. Nonresearch awards totaled $119 million in FY 2012. Overall, extramural funding increased by 18%.[35][36]

For the period of July 1, 2012 to June 20, 2013, the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) received the largest amount of extramural funding among the Mānoa units at $92 million. SOEST was followed by the medical school at $57 million, the College of Natural Sciences and the University of Hawai‘i Cancer Center at $24 million, the Institute for Astronomy at $22 million, CTARH at $18 million, and the College of Social Sciences and the College of Education at $16 million.[37]

Across the UH system, the majority of research funding comes from the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, and the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA). Local funding comes from Hawaii government agencies, non-profit organizations, health organizations and business and other interests.[37]

The $150-million medical complex in Kaka‘ako opened in the spring of 2005. The facility houses a biomedical research and education center that attracts significant federal funding and private sector investment in biotechnology and cancer research and development.[citation needed]

Research (broadly conceived) is expected of every faculty member at UH Mānoa. Also, according to the Carnegie Foundation, UH Mānoa is an RU/VH (very high research activity) level research university.[38]

In 2013, UH Mānoa was elected to membership in the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the leading consortium of research universities for the region. APRU represents 45 premier research universities—with a collective 2 million students and 120,000 faculty members—from 16 economies.[39]

Demographics

U.H. is the fourth most diverse university in the U.S.[11] According to the 2010 report of the Institutional Research Office, a plurality of students at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa are Caucasian, making up a quarter of the student body. The next largest groups were Japanese Americans (13%), native or part native Hawaiians (13%), Filipino Americans (8%), Chinese Americans (7%) and mixed race (12%). Pacific Islanders and other ethnic groups make up the balance (22%).

Student life

International Conference Center at Jefferson Hall
International Conference Center at Jefferson Hall
Hale Mānoa Dormitory, East-West Center designed by I. M. Pei
Hale Mānoa Dormitory, East-West Center designed by I. M. Pei

Student housing

All UH Mānoa residence halls are coeducational. These include the Hale Aloha Complex, Johnson Hall, Hale Laulima, and Hale Kahawai. Suite-style residence halls include Frear Hall and Gateway House. First year undergraduates who choose to live on campus live in the traditional residence halls.[40]

Two apartment-style complexes are Hale Noelani and Hale Wainani. Hale Noelani consists of five three-story buildings and Hale Wainani has two high rise buildings (one 14-story and one 13-story) and two low-rise buildings. Second-year undergraduates and above are permitted to live in Hale Noelani and Hale Wainani.[40]

The university reserves some low-rise units for graduate students and families.[41]

Off-campus

  • The Lyon Arboretum is the only tropical arboretum belonging to any US University. The Arboretum, located in Mānoa Valley, was established in 1918 by the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association to demonstrate watershed restoration and test tree species for reforestation, as well as to collect living plants of economic value. In 1953, it became part of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Its over 15,000 accessions focus primarily on the monocot families of palms, gingers, heliconias, bromeliads and aroids.
  • The Waikiki Aquarium, founded in 1904, is the third-oldest public aquarium in the United States. A part of the University of Hawaiʻi since 1919, the Aquarium is located next to a living reef on the Waikiki shoreline.

Athletics

University of Hawaiʻi's athletic logo
University of Hawaiʻi's athletic logo
The off-campus Aloha Stadium, situated near Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, was the home of Rainbow Warrior Football from 1975 to 2020.
The off-campus Aloha Stadium, situated near Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, was the home of Rainbow Warrior Football from 1975 to 2020.
Les Murakami Baseball Field
Les Murakami Baseball Field

The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa competes in NCAA Division I, the only Hawaii school to do so. It competes in the Mountain West Conference for football only and the Big West Conference for most other sports.[42] UH competes in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation in men's and women's swimming and diving, and indoor track and field while the coed and women's sailing teams are members of the Pacific Coast Collegiate Sailing Conference.

Men's teams are known as Rainbow Warriors, and women's teams are called Rainbow Wahine. "Wahine" means "woman" in Hawaiian.[43] They are most notable for men's and women's basketball, volleyball, baseball, and football programs. The university won the 2004 Intercollegiate Sailing Association National Championships. The women's volleyball program won NCAA championships in 1982, 1983 and 1987. The men's volleyball won an NCAA championship in 2021.[44] The men's volleyball team had previously won an NCAA championship title game in 2002, but the title was later vacated due to violations.

The principal sports venues are Aloha Stadium, Stan Sheriff Center, Les Murakami Stadium, Rainbow Wahine Softball Stadium, and the Duke Kahanamoku Aquatic Complex.

The university's athletic budget in FY 2008–2009 was $29.6 million.[45]

Presidents & chancellors

With the exception of the university's first semester, there has always been either a president, interim president, or chancellor. From 1907 to 1965, before the Hawai'i State Legislature created the University of Hawai'i System, which incorporated the technical and community colleges into the university, the president's role expanded to include oversight of all system campuses, with chancellors taking responsibility for individual campuses. As a result, the president has filled the role of chancellor at the university in addition to serving as president of the University of Hawai'i System.[46] The chancellor's position was created in 1974 and would be abolished in 1984, with Albert J. Simone becoming acting president on June 1, 1984.[15]

In 2001, the position of chancellor was recreated[47] by then-UH System president Evan Dobelle over conflict of interest concerns, but was again abolished in April 2019.[48]

Presidents

  • 1907 - 1908 - Willis T. Pope (Acting)
  • 1908 - 1913 – John W. Gilmore
  • 1913 - 1914 - John Donaghho (Acting)
  • 1914 - 1927 – Arthur L. Dean
  • 1927 - 1941 – David L. Crawford
  • 1941 - 1942 - Arthur R. Keller (Acting)
  • 1942 - 1955 – Gregg M. Sinclair
  • 1955 - 1957 – Paul S. Bachman
  • 1957 - 1958 – Willard Wilson (Acting)
  • 1958 - 1963 – Laurence H. Snyder
  • 1963 - 1968 – Thomas H. Hamilton
  • 1968 - 1969 – Robert W. Hiatt (Acting)
  • 1969 – Richard S. Takasaki (Acting)
  • 1969 - 1974 – Harlan Cleveland
  • 1974 - 1984 – See list of chancellors below
  • 1984 - 1992 – Albert J. Simone
  • 1992 - 1993 - Paul C. Yuen (Acting)
  • 1993 - 2001 – Kenneth P. Mortimer
  • 2001 - 2017 – See list of chancellors below
  • 2017 -      David Lassner (Current)

Chancellors

Notable alumni and faculty

Notable alumni of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa include:

Notable faculty of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa include:

Notable late faculty include:

Art on campus

Campus art includes:

  • The John Young Museum of Art
  • The Jean Charlot collection at the Hamilton Library
  • Murals by Jean Charlot: The Relation of Man and Nature in Old Hawaii (1949), Commencement (1953), Inspiration, Study, Creativity (1967), and Mayan Warrior (1970)
  • Sculptures by Edward M. Brownlee: Maka ʻIo (Hawk's Eye) (1984), and an untitled reflecting pool with copper and iron sculpture (1962)
  • Sculptures by Bumpei Akaji: Maka ʻa e ʻIke Aku i ke Awawa Uluwehi i na Kuahiwi o Mānoa (Glowing Eyes Looking at the Lush Valley in the Mountains of Mānoa) (1979), Manaʻoʻiʻo (Confidence and Faith) (1981), and VVV (1995)
  • Murals by Mataumu Toelupe Alisa: Backyard Cooking (1977), and Hula (1982)
  • Works by Shige Yamada: ʻAlae a Hina (Mud Hen of Hina) (1977), and Rainbows (1997)
  • Sculptures by Greg Clurman: Sumotori (Sumo Wrestler, 1975), and Hina o na Lani (Mother of the Universe, 1975)
  • Wa (Harmony), ceramic sculpture by Wayne A. Miyata, 1982
  • Founders' Gate, stone arches by Ralph Fishbourne, 1933
  • Neumes o Hawaiʻi, ceramic tile bench and planter by Suzi Pleyte Horan, 1976
  • Chance Meeting, cast bronze sculpture by George Segal, 1991
  • Three untitled murals by Frank M. Moore, 1919
  • Silent Sound, brass bas relief by Paul Vanders, 1973
  • The Net Effect, cast bronze sculpture by Fred H. Roster, 1982
  • Rainbow Spirit, painted copper sculpture by Babs Miyano-Young, 1997
  • Untitled ceramic wall sculpture by Isami Enomoto, 1964
  • Gate of Hope, red-orange painted steel sculpture by Alexander Liberman, 1972
  • Divers, red brass sculpture by Robert Stackhouse, 1991
  • Krypton 1 x 6 x 18, mixed media monolith by Bruce Hopper, 1973
  • Wisdom of the East, fresco by Affandi, 1967
  • Pulelehua (Kamehameha Butterfly), ceramic mural by Bob Flint, 1986
  • Makahiki Hoʻokupu (Harvest Celebration), charcoal and sanguine mural by Juliette May Fraser, 1938
  • Nana i ke Kumu (Look to the Source), batik triptych by Yvonne Cheng, 1978
  • GovDocs, mural by Judith Yamauchi, 1982
  • ʻAnuenue #2 (Rainbow #2), three-part woven wall hanging by Reiko Brandon, 1977
  • Seated Amida Buddha, 15th-century Japanese wood sculpture with gold over black lacquer
  • Epitaph, bronze, steel and granite sculpture by Harold Tovish, 1970
  • Grid/Scape, terrazzo and aluminum landscape sculpture by Mamoru Sato, 1982
  • The Great Manoa Crack Seed Caper, by Lanny Little and student assistants, 1981
  • The Bilger Frescoes representing Air, Water, Earth and Fire by Juliette May Fraser, David Asherman, Sueko Matsueda Kimura and Richard Lucier, 1951–1953
  • The Fourth Sign, painted steel sculpture by Tony Smith, 1976
  • Varney Circle Fountain, by Henry H. Rempel and Cornelia McIntyre Foley, 1934
  • Spirit of Loyalty, cast glass sculpture Rick Mills, 1995
  • Mind and Heart, metal sculpture by Frank Sheriff, 1995
  • To the Nth Power, steel sculpture by Charles W. Watson, 1971
  • Bamboo Forest, mural painted on bricks by Padraic Shigetani, 1978
  • Peace Pole, painted obelisk, 1995
  • Hawaiʻi Kaʻu Kumu (Hawai‘i My Teacher), pair of murals by Calley O'Neill and assistants, 1982
  • Untitled painted photorealist mural by Donald Yatomi, 1990
  • Arctic Portals, stainless steel sculpture by Jan-Peter Stern, 1975
  • Adam, bronze sculpture by Satoru Abe, 1954

These artworks are off the main campus:

  • East-West Center gallery
  • Pleiades, overhead installation of mounted prisms at the Institute for Astronomy by Otto Piene, 1976
  • Shadow of Progress mixed media sculpture at the Pacific Biomedical Research Center by Rebecca Steen, 1990
  • Woven wall hanging at KHET (2350 Dole Street) by Jean Williams, 1972

See also

References

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