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University of Dhaka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Dhaka
ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়
Dhaka University logo.svg
Logo of the University of Dhaka
Motto সত্যের জয় সুনিশ্চিত
Motto in English
Truth Shall Prevail
Type Public university
Established 1921 (1921)
Chancellor Abdul Hamid
Vice-Chancellor Mohammad Akhtaruzzaman
Academic staff
2,156+[1]
Administrative staff
3,887[2]
Students 30,015+[3]
Undergraduates 23,620+[4]
Postgraduates 5,362+[4]
764+[4]
Other students
269+[4]
Location Dhaka, Bangladesh
Campus Urban, 240 hectares (600 acres) (without the Institute of leather engineering and tech.)
Website du.ac.bd; univdhaka.edu
University of Dhaka logo.png

The University of Dhaka (Bengali: ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় [ɖʰaka biʃʃobid̪d̪alɔe̯], also known as Dhaka University or simply DU) is the oldest university in modern Bangladesh. The university is ranked number one on the Bangladesh University Ranking 2017.[5] Established in 1921 during the British Raj, it has made significant contributions to the modern history of Bangladesh.[6][7][8][9] After the Partition of India, it became the focal point of progressive and democratic movements in Pakistan. Its students and teachers played a central role in the rise of Bengali nationalism and the independence of Bangladesh.

The university's distinguished alumni include Fazlur Rahman Khan (pioneer of modern structural engineering), Muhammad Yunus (winner of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, pioneer of Microcredit), Muhammad Shahidullah (famous educator, philologist, and linguist), Natyaguru Nurul Momen (the pioneer trailblazer of progressive culture, theatre, literature, performing arts, philosophy and arts; who was both an early student & a teacher as well, of Dhaka University), Serajul Islam Choudhury (the country's leading public intellectual and writer), Rehman Sobhan (social democratic economist), Mohammad Ataul Karim (physicist), Abul Fateh (one of the founding fathers of South Asian diplomacy), Buddhadeb Bose (20th-century Bengali poet), and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (the founding father of Bangladesh). It also enjoyed associations with Satyendra Nath Bose, Vijayaraghavan, and Kazi Nazrul Islam.[10]

Today, it is the largest public university in Bangladesh, with a student body of 33,000 and a faculty of 1,800. It was identified by AsiaWeek as one of the top 100 universities in Asia.[11] However, since the 1990s, the university has suffered from intensely politicized, partisan, and violent campus politics promoted by Bangladesh's political parties.[12]

History

Earliest Bachelor of Arts certificate from the University, 1928
1904 image of Dhaka College, which was in existence from 1841 to 1921 before the founding of Dhaka University

Before Dhaka University was established, near its grounds were the former buildings of Dhaka College. In 1873 the college was relocated to Bahadur Shah Park. Later it shifted to Curzon Hall, which would become the first institute of the university.[13]

The establishment of the university was a compensation of the annulment of the 1905 Partition of Bengal. The partition had established East Bengal and Assam as a separate province, with Dhaka as its capital. However, the partition was abolished in 1911 due to severe opposition from Indian National Congress and Bengali Hindus.[14] To appease the people of East Bengal, Lord Curzon declared that a university as a center of excellence would be established in Dacca. Khwaja Salimullah, the Nawab of Dhaka, also played a pioneering role in establishing a university in Dhaka.[15]

In 1913, public opinion was invited before the university scheme was given its final shape. The secretary of state approved it in December 1913.[13] The first vice-chancellor of the university, Dr. Philip Joseph Hartog, formerly academic registrar of the University of London for 17 years was appointed.[16]

Established in 1921 under the Dacca University Act 1920 of the Indian Legislative Council, it is modelled after British universities. Honorable Chancellor Lord Ronaldshay was the Governor of Bengal between 1917 and 1922. He designated Nawaab Syed Shamsul Huda as a life member. On his recommendation, Lord Ronaldshay designated Sir Ahmad Fazlur Rahman as a provost, earlier he was in Aligarh Muslim University.[17] Academic activities started on 1 July in 1921 with 847 Students[18] along with 3 Faculties: Arts, Science and Law; 12 Departments: Sanskrit and Bengali, English, Education, History, Arabic and Islamic Studies, Persian and Urdu, Philosophy, Economics and Politics, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Law; 3 Dormitories for students: Salimullah Muslim Hall, Dacca Hall and Jagannath Hall.[19]

In 1936, the university awarded honorary doctorate degress to Jagadish Chandra Bose, Jadunath Sarkar, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Allama Iqbal and Rabindranath Tagore.[20]

The university played a significant role in the Bengali Language Movement, when Bengalis joined together to fight against Urdu being the official language in East Pakistan. Dhaka University was the main place where the movement started with the students joining together and protesting against the Pakistan government. Later countless students were massacred in where the Shaheed Minar stands today. After the incident, Bengali was restored as official language.[21]

The Dhaka University Order, 1973

President's Order No. 11 of 1973 re-constitute and re-organize the University of Dhaka to improve the teaching and research provided thereby and the administration after 1971 Independence war. Throughout this order the word Dhaka was substituted for the word Dacca by section 2 of the University Laws (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act No. XXXVI of 1987).

Campus

Residential facilities

There are 23 residence halls for the students and dormitories for the teachers as well as for the officials of the university.[22]

Libraries

The University Library, housed in three separate buildings, is the biggest in Bangladesh. The library holds a collection of more than 617,000 volumes, including bound volumes of periodicals. In addition, it has a collection of over 30,000 manuscripts in other languages and a large number of microfilms, microfiche and CDs. It subscribes to over 300 foreign journals.[23]

The Dhaka University Library comprises three buildings: The administrative building, the main library building, and the science library building. The administrative building has the administrative offices, a book acquisition section, a book processing section, a reprographic section, a book binding section, a manuscript section, and a seminar section.[24]

Besides the Faculty of Business Studies of the university has an E-Library which is the largest in the Asia of its kind.[25] This advanced level E-Library is connected with 35 internationally renowned libraries and publication houses in the world. Teachers, students and researchers are able to read all journals, books research papers and articles of these leading libraries, including the Dhaka University, Oxford University and Cambridge University libraries, by using the E-Library facilities.[25]

Pohela Boishakh (Bengali new year) celebrations in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Pohela Boishakh (Bengali new year) celebrations in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Health services

The Medical Center of the University of Dhaka, near the Science Annex Building, offers free medical service and free pathological examinations to students, teachers and staff and also family members of the teachers and staffs. The centre provides service round the clock, seven days a week, with 30 doctors working in shifts. The centre has a dental unit, eye unit, X-ray department and two ambulances.[26]

Cafeteria

There are cafeterias on campus, some of which hold historical and architectural interest. In 1971 Pakistani soldiers killed the owner of the Madhur Canteen.[27]

The Teacher-Student Centre, University of Dhaka of the university has its own cafeteria while another cafeteria stands on the Dhaka University Snacks (DUS) chattar. The Faculty of Business Studies has a modern food court for its students.[28]

Academic departments

Faculty of Arts

1. Department of Bangla
2. Department of English
3.Department of Persian Language and Literature
4. Department of Philosophy
5. Department of History
6. Department of Arabic
7. Department of Islamic Study
8. Department of Islamic History and Culture
9. Department of Sanskrit and Pali
10. Department of Information Science and Library Management
11. Department of Linguistic
12. Department of Theater and Music
13. Department of World Religion and Cluture

Faculty of Business Studies

1. Department of Management Studies
2. Department of Accounting and Information System
3. Department of Marketing
4. Department of Finance
5. Department of Banking
6. Department of Management Information Systems
7. Department of International Business
8. Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Faculty of Biological Science

1. Department of Soil, Water and Environment
2. Department of Botany
3. Department of Zoology
4. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
5. Department of Psychology
6. Department of Microbiology
7. Department of Fisheries Science
8. Department of Medical Psychology
9. Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
10. Department of Educational Psychology

Faculty of Engineering and Technology

1. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
2. Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemicals
3. Department of Computer Science and Engineering
4. Department of Nuclear Engineering
5. Department of Robotics and Mechatronics

Faculty of Education

Faculty of Fine Arts

Faculty of Law

Faculty of Medicine

Faculty of Pharmacy

Faculty of Science

1. Department of Physics
2. Department of Mathematics
3. Department of Chemistry
4. Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology
5. Department of Theoretical Physics
6. Department of Applied Mathematics

Faculty of Social Sciences

1. Department of Economics
2. Department of Political Science
3. Department of International Relation
4. Department of Sociology
5. Department of Public Administration
6. Department of Mass Communication and Journalism
7. Department of Anthropology
8. Department of Population Science
9. Department of Peace and Conflict
10. Department of Women's Study
11. Department of Development Studies
12. Department of Television, Film and Photography
13. Department of Criminology

Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences

Institutes

  1. Institute of Education and Research
  2. Institute of Statistical Research and Training
  3. Institute of Business Administration
  4. Institute of Social Welfare and Research
  5. Institute of Modern Languages
  6. Institute of Information Technology
  7. Institute of Renewable Energy
  8. Institute of Disaster Management and Vulnerability Studies
  9. Institute of Health Economics
  10. Institute of Leather Engineering & Technology
  11. National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation

Constituent Colleges

List of colleges under University of Dhaka

Bureaus, research centers and scholarship programs

Ranking

International ranking

In 2011-12, the University of Dhaka made it into the list of 'Top World Universities' by QS World University Rankings. Out of over 30,000 universities around the world, DU was placed at 551.[29] In 2014-15, the University of Dhaka was ranked 701 by QS World University Rankings (formerly Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings).[30] In 2015-16, Times Higher Education partnering with Elsevier ranked the university at 654th position among top 800 globally reputed universities.[31] In September 2015, QS World University Rankings published their 2015 edition of World University Rankings of 2015/16 and ranked DU at 126th position in Asia and 701-750 position in the world.[32] In 2018 QS World University Rankings, University of Dhaka is ranked in #701-750 globally, and based on Graduate Employability, University of Dhaka is placed in #301-500 in the world.[33] In Times Higher Education 2018 Global University Ranking, University of Dhaka is placed in 1001+ position among the world universities.[34]

Asian level ranking

In 2016–17, the University of Dhaka was ranked 109 by QS Asian University Rankings in Asia.[30] Times Higher Education ranked the University of Dhaka at 191-200 position in 2016 Asia University ranking.[35]

In the best Asian (and Australian) universities ranking, AsiaWeek ranked the University of Dhaka 37th in 1999[36] and 64th (overall and multi-disciplinary category) out of 77 ranked universities in 2000.[37]

In 2000, the university got a comparatively higher rank in student selectivity (23rd) while got lower ranking in academic reputation (74th), faculty resources (59th), research (65th) and financial resources (74) categories.[38]

According to the subject wise ranking by the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 - English Language & Literature Literature, only two South Asian universities, including University of Dhaka (ranking 250-300), were found in the rankings.[39]

Sports and extracurricular activities

The university of Dhaka organizes sports and other extracurricular and recreational activities. Office of the director of physical education provides three types of programs:

  • Compulsory Physical Education,
  • Certificate course in coaching major games and sports, and
  • Intramural and extramural programs.

University of Dhaka ground is the official stadium of the University of Dhaka. It hosts many inter-collegiate sports tournaments at inter-city and national levels.

Intramural and extramural program (games and sports)

Directorate organizes and conducts interdepartmental and inter-hall tournaments, individual hall athletics, Dhaka university athletics, and inter- university games and sports. Students participate in national championships in games and sports for which prior training and coaching are offered.

List of vice chancellors

Philip Joseph Hartog, the first Vice Chancellor of the University of Dhaka
Philip Joseph Hartog, the first Vice Chancellor of the University of Dhaka
  1. Sir. Philip Hartog[40] 1 December 1920 – 31 December 1925
  2. George Harry Langley 1 January 1926 – 30 June 1934
  3. Sir. A. F. Rahman 1 July 1934 – 31 December 1936
  4. Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar 1 January 1937 – 30 June 1942
  5. Dr. Mahmud Hasan 1 July 1942 – 21 October 1948
  6. Dr. Sayed Moazzem Hossain 22 October 1948 – 8 November 1953
  7. Dr. Walter Allen Jenkins[41] 9 November 1953 – 8 November 1956
  8. Justice Muhammad Ibrahim[42] 9 November 1956 – 27 October 1958
  9. Justice Hamoodur Rahman[43] 5 November 1958 – 14 December 1960
  10. Dr. Mahmud Hussain 15 December 1960 – 19 February 1963
  11. Dr. M Osman Ghani[44][45] 20 February 1963 – 1 December 1969
  12. Justice Abu Sayeed Chowdhury 2 December 1969 – 20 January 1972
  13. Dr. Muzaffar Ahmed Chowdhury 21 January 1972 – 12 April 1973
  14. Dr. Abdul Matin Chowdhury[46] 13 April 1973 – 22 September 1975
  15. Prof. Muhammad Shamsul Huq 23 September 1975 – 1 February 1976
  16. Dr. Fazlul Halim Chowdhury 2 February 1976 – 20 March 1983
  17. Dr. A. K. M. Siddiq[47] 21 March 1983 – 16 August 1983
  18. Dr. Md. Shamsul Huq 17 August 1983 – 12 January 1986
  19. Prof. Abdul Mannan 12 January 1986 – 22 March 1990
  20. Prof. Mohammad Moniruzzaman Miah 24 March 1990 – 31 October 1992
  21. Prof. Dr. Emajuddin Ahamed 1 November 1992 – 31 August 1996
  22. Prof. Shahid Uddin Ahmad 31 August 1996 – 29 September 1996
  23. Prof. Dr. Abul Kalam Azad Chowdhury[48] 30 September 1996 – 12 November 2001
  24. Prof. Dr. Anwarullah Chowdhury 12 November 2001 – 31 July 2002
  25. Prof. Dr. A F M Yusuf Haider[49] 1 August 2002 – 23 September 2002
  26. Prof. Dr. Syed Mohammad Abul Faiz 23 September 2002 – 16 January 2009
  27. Prof. Dr. AAMS Arefin Siddique 17 January 2009 – 8 August 2017
  28. Prof. Dr. Mohammad Akhtaruzzaman, 8 August 2017 – Present

Notable alumni and faculty members

See also

References

  1. ^ "Annual Report 2015". University of Dhaka. p. 132. 
  2. ^ http://www.ugc.gov.bd/uploads/2015/annualreport/Part-1-2.zip
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2015". University of Dhaka. p. 132. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2015". University of Dhaka. p. 95. 
  5. ^ The ResearchHUB (2017). "Bangladesh University Ranking 2017". The ResearchHUB. 
  6. ^ "Mukherjee 'emotional' while receiving degree in Dhaka". The Economic Times. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "In Loving Memory of Samson H. Chowdhury,one of the greatest entrepreneurs the world has ever known". Worldfolio - AFA PRESS. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Nawab Ali Chowdhury National Award, 2013". The News Today. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "DU Day". Banglanews24.com. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Satyendra Nath Bose at Dhaka University". Banglapedia. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Asia's Best Universities 2000: University of Dhaka". Asiaweek. 2000. Archived from the original on 28 January 2001. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  12. ^ Khan, Kamrul Hasan (16 August 2010). "Student politics eroding Bangladesh campus life". Google. Agence-France Presse. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Sajahan Miah (2012). "University of Dhaka". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  14. ^ Gordon Johnson, "Partition, Agitation and Congress: Bengal 1904 To 1908," Modern Asian Studies, (May 1973) 7#3 pp 533–588
  15. ^ "Khwaja Salimullah". World History. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  16. ^ "History of the Formation of Dhaka University". Archived from the original on 31 July 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  17. ^ The Muslim Heritage of Bengal-by Muhammad Mojlum Khan-Kube Publishing Ltd.,UK- ISBN 978-1-84774-059-5
  18. ^ University Of Dhaka marks 96 years of glory, The Daily Star. 
  19. ^ "Prospectus of University of Dhaka 2008" (PDF). University of Dhaka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Prof. Razzak: Anti-hero, mentor". The Daily Star. 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2017-11-19. 
  21. ^ "Language Movement". Banglapedia - The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  22. ^ "Halls of Dhaka University". The Independent (Bangladesh newspaper). Dhaka. 6 August 2015. Archived from the original on 9 October 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  23. ^ Wedgeworth, Robert (1993). World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services. American Library Association. p. 102. Archived from the original on 17 February 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  24. ^ "Dhaka University a Top Educational Institution in Bangladesh". yogsutra. 28 August 2015. Archived from the original on 10 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  25. ^ a b "Asia's largest e-Library opens at Dhaka University". Dhaka Tribune. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  26. ^ "Dhaka University Medical Center". Archived from the original on 10 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  27. ^ Yusuf, Ananta. "The Legacy of Madhu's Canteen". The Daily Star. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  28. ^ "Mojo Establishes Food Court at Dhaka University". The Daily Star. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  29. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2011 (501-600) -Top Universities". University-list.net. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  30. ^ a b "University of Dhaka". University-list.net. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  31. ^ "World University Rankings 2016:University of Dhaka". timeshighereducation.com. 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  32. ^ "QS Top University Rankings 2015/16:University of Dhaka". QS Intelligence Unit. 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  33. ^ [url = https://www.topuniversities.com/universities/university-dhaka#wurs]
  34. ^ https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/university-dhaka#ranking-dataset/629337
  35. ^ https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/university-dhaka#ranking-dataset/583359
  36. ^ "ASIANOW | The Asiaweek Best Universities 1999 | The Rankings - Bangladesh". Cgi.cnn.com. 15 April 1999. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  37. ^ "Asiaweek.com | Asia's Best Universities 2000 | Overall Ranking". Cgi.cnn.com. 22 June 2000. Archived from the original on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  38. ^ "Asiaweek.com | Asia's Best Universities 2000 | University of Dhaka". Cgi.cnn.com. 22 June 2000. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  39. ^ https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/university-subject-rankings/2015/english-language-literature
  40. ^ Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). "Hartog, Sir Philip Joseph". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  41. ^ Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). "Jenkins, Walter Allen". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  42. ^ Ahmed, Sufia (2012). "Ibrahim, Justice Muhammad". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  43. ^ Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). "Rahman, Justice Hamoodur". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  44. ^ Islam, Aminul (2012). "Ghani, M Osman". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  45. ^ "Birth anniversary". The Daily Star. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  46. ^ Murshed, Md Mahbub (2012). "Chowdhury, Abdul Matin". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  47. ^ "Professor A.K.M. Siddiq". Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  48. ^ A. K. Azad Chowdhury Archived 4 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  49. ^ "Department of Physics". University of Dhaka. Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 

External links

This page was last edited on 10 July 2018, at 09:08
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