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United States presidential elections in Louisiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Presidential elections in Louisiana
Map of the United States with Louisiana highlighted
No. of elections51
Voted Democratic32
Voted Republican12
Voted Whig2
Voted Democratic-Republican3
Voted other2[a]
Voted for winning candidate32
Voted for losing candidate19

Following is a table of United States presidential elections in Louisiana, ordered by year. Since its admission to statehood in 1812, Louisiana has participated in every U.S. presidential election except the election of 1864, during the American Civil War. At that time, Louisiana was controlled by the Union and held elections, but electors were not ultimately counted.

Winners of the state are in bold.

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Transcription

When the next general election rolls around, who will be eligible to show up at the polls and vote for the President of the United States? It's really pretty simple. If you are at least 18 years old, a citizen of the U.S., and a resident of a state, you can vote, assuming, that is, you are not a felon. Seems about right. After all, the United States prides itself on being a democracy, or a government in which the ultimate authority lies with the citizens of the nation. But it was not always this way. In 1789, George Washington won the electoral college with 100% of the vote, but whose vote was it? Probably not yours. Only 6% of the entire United States population was allowed to vote at all. Voting was a right that only white, male property owners were allowed to exercise. By the 1820s and 1830s, the American population was booming from the east coast into the western frontier. Frontier farmers were resilient, self-reliant, and mostly ineligible to vote because they did not own land. As these new areas of the nation became states, they typically left out the property requirement for voting. Leaders such as Andrew Jackson, the United State's first common man President, promoted what he called universal suffrage. Of course, by universal suffrage, Jackson really meant universal white, male suffrage. All he emphasized was getting rid of the property requirement for voting, not expanding the vote beyond white men. By the 1850s, about 55% of the adult population was eligible to vote in the U.S., much better than 6%, but far from everybody. Then, in 1861, the American Civil War began largely over the issue of slavery and states' rights in the United States. When it was all over, the U.S. ratified the 15th Amendment, which promised that a person's right to vote could not be denied based on race, color, or previous condition as a slave. This meant that black men, newly affirmed as citizens of the U.S., would now be allowed to vote. Of course, laws are far from reality. Despite the promise of the 15th Amendment, intimidation kept African-Americans from exercising their voting rights. States passed laws that limited the rights of African-Americans to vote, including things like literacy tests, which were rigged so that not even literate African-Americans were allowed to pass, and poll taxes. So, despite the 15th Amendment, by 1892, only about 6% of black men in Mississippi were registered to vote. By 1960, it was only 1%. And, of course, women were still totally out of the national voting picture. It wasn't until 1920 that the women's suffrage movement won their 30-year battle, and the 19th Amendment finally gave women the vote, well, white women. The restrictions on African-Americans, including African-American women, remained. After World War II, many Americans began to question the state of U.S. democracy. How could a nation that fought for freedom and human rights abroad come home and deny suffrage based on race? The modern civil rights movement began in the 1940s with those questions in mind. After years of sacrifice, bloodshed, and pain, the United States passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, finally eliminating restrictions such as literacy tests and protecting the voting rights promised under the 15th Amendment to the Constitution. Now, any citizen over the age of 21 could vote. All seemed well until the United States went to war. When the Vietnam War called up all men age 18 and over for the draft, many wondered whether it was fair to send men who couldn't vote to war. In 1971, the 26th Amendment to the Constitution made all citizens 18 and older eligible to vote, the last major expansion of voting rights in the United States. Today, the pool of eligible voters in the U.S. is far broader and more inclusive than ever before in U.S. history. But, of course, it's not perfect. There are still active efforts to suppress some groups from voting, and only about 60% of those who can vote do. Now that you know all the hard work that went into securing the right to vote, what do you think? Do enough citizens have the right to vote now? And among those who can vote, why don't more of them do it?

Contents

Elections from 1864 to present

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Other national
candidates[b]
Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
Notes
2016 Donald Trump 1,178,638 58.09 Hillary Clinton 780,154 38.45 - 8
2012 Barack Obama 809,141 40.58 Mitt Romney 1,152,262 57.78 - 8
2008 Barack Obama 782,989 39.93 John McCain 1,148,275 58.56 - 9
2004 George W. Bush 1,102,169 56.72 John Kerry 820,299 42.22 - 9
2000 George W. Bush 927,871 52.55 Al Gore 792,344 44.88 - 9
1996 Bill Clinton 927,837 52.01 Bob Dole 712,586 39.94 Ross Perot 123,293 6.91 9
1992 Bill Clinton 815,971 45.58 George H. W. Bush 733,386 40.97 Ross Perot 211,478 11.81 9
1988 George H. W. Bush 883,702 54.27 Michael Dukakis 734,281 44.06 - 10
1984 Ronald Reagan 1,037,299 60.77 Walter Mondale 651,586 38.18 - 10
1980 Ronald Reagan 792,853 51.20 Jimmy Carter 708,453 45.75 John B. Anderson 26,345 1.7 10
1976 Jimmy Carter 661,365 51.73 Gerald Ford 587,446 45.95 - 10
1972 Richard Nixon 686,852 65.32 George McGovern 298,142 28.35 - 10
1968 Richard Nixon 257,535 23.47 Hubert Humphrey 309,615 28.21 George Wallace 530,300 48.32 10
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson 387,068 43.19 Barry Goldwater 509,225 56.81 - 10
1960 John F. Kennedy 407,339 50.42 Richard Nixon 230,980 28.59 Unpledged electors 169,572 20.99 10
1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower 329,047 53.28 Adlai Stevenson II 243,977 39.51 T. Coleman Andrews/
Unpledged Electors[c]
44,520 7.21 10
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower 306,925 47.08 Adlai Stevenson II 345,027 52.92 - 10
1948 Harry S. Truman 136,344 32.75 Thomas E. Dewey 72,657 17.45 Strom Thurmond 204,290 49.07 10
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt 281,564 80.59 Thomas E. Dewey 67,750 19.39 - 10
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt 319,751 85.88 Wendell Willkie 52,446 14.09 - 10
1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt 292,894 88.82 Alf Landon 36,791 11.16 - 10
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt 249,418 92.79 Herbert Hoover 18,853 7.01 - 10
1928 Herbert Hoover 51,160 23.70 Al Smith 164,655 76.29 - 10
1924 Calvin Coolidge 24,670 20.23 John W. Davis 93,218 76.44 Robert M. La Follette Sr. - - 10
1920 Warren G. Harding 38,538 30.49 James M. Cox 87,519 69.24 - 10
1916 Woodrow Wilson 79,875 85.90 Charles E. Hughes 6,466 6.95 - 10
1912 Woodrow Wilson 60,871 76.81 Theodore Roosevelt 9,283 11.71 William H. Taft 3,833 4.84 10
1908 William H. Taft 8,958 11.93 William Jennings Bryan 63,568 84.63 - 9
1904 Theodore Roosevelt 5,205 9.66 Alton B. Parker 47,708 88.50 - 9
1900 William McKinley 14,234 20.96 William Jennings Bryan 53,668 79.03 - 8
1896 William McKinley 22,037 21.81 William Jennings Bryan 77,175 76.38 - 8
1892 Grover Cleveland 87,926 76.53 Benjamin Harrison 26,963 23.47 James B. Weaver - - 8
1888 Benjamin Harrison 30,660 26.46 Grover Cleveland 85,032 73.37 - 8
1884 Grover Cleveland 62,594 57.22 James G. Blaine 46,347 42.37 - 8
1880 James A. Garfield 38,978 37.31 Winfield S. Hancock 65,047 62.27 James B. Weaver 437 0.42 8
1876 Rutherford B. Hayes 75,315 51.65 Samuel J. Tilden 70,508 48.35 - 8
1872 Ulysses S. Grant 71,663 55.69 Horace Greeley 57,029 44.31 - 8
1868 Ulysses S. Grant 33,263 29.3 Horatio Seymour 80,225 70.7 - 7
1864 Abraham Lincoln George B. McClellan - n/a Controlled by the Union by 1864 and held elections, but electors (who voted for Lincoln) were not ultimately counted.

Election of 1860

The election of 1860 was a complex realigning election in which the breakdown of the previous two-party alignment culminated in four parties each competing for influence in different parts of the country. The result of the election, with the victory of an ardent opponent of slavery, spurred the secession of eleven states and brought about the American Civil War.

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
1860 Abraham Lincoln no ballots Stephen A. Douglas 7,625 15.1 John C. Breckinridge 22,681 44.9 John Bell 20,204 40.0 6

Elections from 1828 to 1856

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Other national
candidates[b]
Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
Notes
1856 James Buchanan 22,164 51.7 John C. Frémont no ballots Millard Fillmore 20,709 48.3 6
1852 Franklin Pierce 18,647 51.94 Winfield Scott 17,255 48.06 John P. Hale no ballots 6
1848 Zachary Taylor 18,487 54.59 Lewis Cass 15,379 45.41 Martin Van Buren no ballots 6
1844 James K. Polk 13,782 51.3 Henry Clay 13,083 48.7 - 6
1840 William Henry Harrison 11,296 59.73 Martin Van Buren 7,616 40.27 - 5
1836 Martin Van Buren 3,842 51.74 Hugh Lawson White 3,583 48.26 various<[d] 5
1832 Andrew Jackson 3,908 61.67 Henry Clay 2,429 38.33 William Wirt no ballots 5
1828 Andrew Jackson 4,605 53.01 John Quincy Adams 4,082 46.99 - 5

Elections from 1812 to 1824

In elections from 1812 to 1824, Louisiana did not conduct a popular vote. Each Elector was appointed by state legislature.

The election of 1824 was a complex realigning election following the collapse of the prevailing Democratic-Republican Party, resulting in four different candidates each claiming to carry the banner of the party, and competing for influence in different parts of the country. The election was the only one in history to be decided by the House of Representatives under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution after no candidate secured a majority of the electoral vote. It was also the only presidential election in which the candidate who received a plurality of electoral votes (Andrew Jackson) did not become President, a source of great bitterness for Jackson and his supporters, who proclaimed the election of Adams a corrupt bargain.

Year Winner (nationally) Loser(s) (nationally) Electoral
Votes
Notes
1824 John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson
Henry Clay
William H. Crawford
5 Electoral vote was split, with Jackson receiving three votes and Adams receiving two votes.
1820 James Monroe - 3 Monroe effectively ran unopposed.
1816 James Monroe Rufus King 3
1812 James Madison DeWitt Clinton 3

Notes

  1. ^ George Wallace, 1968; Strom Thurmond, 1948.
  2. ^ a b For purposes of these lists, other national candidates are defined as those who won at least one electoral vote, or won at least ten percent of the vote in multiple states.
  3. ^ Was allied with a slate of unpledged electors in Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina
  4. ^ Three other candidates ran and received electoral votes nationally as part of the unsuccessful Whig strategy to defeat Martin Van Buren by running four candidates with local appeal in different regions of the country. The others were William Henry Harrison, Daniel Webster, and Willie Person Mangum. None of these candidates appeared on the ballot in Louisiana.
This page was last edited on 6 March 2019, at 13:30
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