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United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1968

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1968

← 1964 November 5, 1968 1972 →
Richard Nixon, official bw photo, head and shoulders.jpg
George C Wallace.jpg
Hubert Humphrey, half-length portrait, facing front cropped.jpg
Nominee Richard Nixon George Wallace Hubert Humphrey
Party Republican American Independent Democratic
Home state New York[a] Alabama Minnesota
Running mate Spiro Agnew Curtis LeMay Edmund Muskie
Electoral vote 8 0 0
Popular vote 254,062 215,430 197,486
Percentage 38.1% 32.3% 29.6%

South Carolina Presidential Election Results 1968.svg
County Results

President before election

Lyndon B. Johnson

Elected President

Richard Nixon

The 1968 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 5, 1968. All 50 states and the District of Columbia were part of the 1968 United States presidential election. South Carolina voters chose eight electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

South Carolina voted more or less equally for the candidates, resulting in Republican candidate Richard Nixon of California and his running mate Vice President Spiro Agnew of Maryland receiving a plurality of the votes as opposed to a majority.

Nixon carried South Carolina with 38.09% of the vote to American Independent Party candidate George Wallace’s 32.30% and Democratic candidate Hubert Humphrey's 29.61%, a victory margin of 5.79%.[1][2]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    1 620 586
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  • The Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion: Crash Course US History #18
  • The American Presidential Election of 1948
  • The 1960s in America: Crash Course US History #40
  • How the South Went Republican: Can Democrats Ever Win There Again? (1992)
  • United States presidential election, 1960


CCUS18 Election 1860 Hi I’m John Green; this is Crash Course US History and today we discuss one of the most confusing questions in American history: What caused the Civil War? Just kidding it’s not a confusing question at all: Slavery caused the Civil War. Mr. Green, Mr. Green, but what about, like, states rights and nationalism, economics-- Me from the Past, your senior year of high school you will be taught American Government by Mr. Fleming, a white Southerner who will seem to you to be about 182 years old, and you will say something to him in class about states rights. And Mr. Fleming will turn to you and he will say, “A state’s rights to what, sir?” And for the first time in your snotty little life, you will be well and truly speechless. intro The road to the Civil War leads to discussions of states slavery, and differing economic systems...specifically whether those economic systems should involve slavery, and the election of Abraham Lincoln, specifically how his election impacted slavery, but none of those things would have been issues without slavery. So let’s pick up with the most controversial section of the Compromise of 1850, the fugitive slave law. Now, longtime Crash Course viewers will remember that there was already a Fugitive Slave Law written into the United States Constitution, so what made this one so controversial? Under this new law, any citizen was required to turn in anyone he or she knew to be a slave to authorities. And that made, like, every person in New England into a sheriff, and it also required them to enforce a law they found abhorrent. So, they had to be sheriffs and they didn’t even get little gold badges. Thought Bubble, can I have a gold badge? Oh. Awesome. Thank you. This law was also terrifying to people of color in the North, because even if you’d been, say, born free in Massachusetts, the courts could send you into slavery if even one person swore before a judge that you were a specific slave. And many people of color responded to the fugitive slave law by moving to Canada, which at the time was still technically an English colony, thereby further problematizing the whole idea that England was all about tyranny and the United States was all about freedom. But anyway the most important result of the fugitive slave law was that it convinced some Northerners that the government was in the hands of a sinister “slave power.” Sadly, slave power was not a heavy metal band or Britney Spears’s new single or even a secret cabal of powerful slaves, but rather a conspiracy theory about a secret cabal of pro-slavery congressmen. That conspiracy theory is going to grow in importance, but before we get to that let us discuss Railroads. Underrated in Monopoly and underrated in the Civil War. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. Railroads made shipping cheaper and more efficient and allowed people to move around the country quickly, and they had a huge backer (also a tiny backer) in the form of Illinois congressman Stephen Douglas, who wanted a transcontinental railroad because 1. he felt it would bind the union together at a time when it could use some binding, and 2. he figured it would go through Illinois, which would be good for his home state. But there was a problem: To build a railroad, the territory through which it ran needed to be organized, ideally as states, and if the railroad was going to run through Illinois, then the Kansas and Nebraska territories would need to become state-like, so Douglas pushed forward the Kansas Nebraska Act in 1854. The Kansas-Nebraska Act formalized the idea of popular sovereignty, which basically meant that (white) residents of states could decide for themselves whether the state should allow slavery. Douglas felt this was a nice way of avoiding saying whether he favored slavery; instead, he could just be in favor of letting other people be in favor of it. Now you’ll remember that the previously bartered Missouri Compromise banned slavery in new states north of this here line. And since in theory Kansas or Nebraska could have slavery if people there decided they wanted it under the Kansas-Nebraska Act despite being north of that there line, this in practice repealed the Missouri Compromise. As a result, there was quite a lot of violence in Kansas, so much so that some people say the Civil War really started there in 1857. Also, the Kansas Nebraska Act led to the creation of a new political party: The Republicans. Yes, those Republicans. Thanks, Thought Bubble. So, Douglas’s law helped to create a new coalition party dedicated to stopping the extension of slavery. It was made of former Free-Soilers, Northern anti-slavery Whigs and some Know- Nothings. It was also a completely sectional party, meaning that it drew supporters almost exclusively from the free states in the North and West, which, you’ll remember from like, two minutes ago, were tied together by common economic interests and the railroad. I’m telling you, don’t underestimate railroads. By the way, we are getting to you, Dred Scott. And now we return at last to “slave power.” For many northerners, the Kansas Nebraska Act which repealed the Missouri Compromise was yet more evidence that Congress was controlled by a sinister “slave power” group doing the bidding of rich plantation owners, which, as conspiracy theories go, wasn’t the most far-fetched. In fact, by 1854, the North was far more populous than the South--it had almost double the South’s congressional representation--but in spite of this advantage, Congress had just passed a law extending the power of slave states, and potentially--because two new states meant four new senators--making the federal government even more pro-slavery. And to abolitionists, that didn’t really seem like democracy. The other reason that many northerners cared enough about Kansas and Nebraska to abandon their old party loyalties was that having them become slave states was seen as a threat to northerner’s economic self-interest. Remember the west was seen as a place where individuals--specifically white individuals--could become self-sufficient farmers. As Lincoln wrote: “The whole nation is interested that the best use be made of these territories. We want them for the homes of free white people. They cannot be, to any considerable extent, if slavery is planted within them. New Free States are places for poor people to go to and better their condition.” So, the real question was: Would these western territories have big slave-based plantations like happened in Mississippi? Or small family farms full of frolicking free white people, like happened in Thomas Jefferson’s imagination? So the new Republican party ran its first presidential candidate in 1856 and did remarkably well. John C. Fremont from California picked up 39% of the vote, all of it from the North and West, and lost to the Democrat James Buchanan, who had the virtue of having spent much of the previous decade in Europe and thus not having a position on slavery. I mean, let me take this opportunity to remind you that James Buchanan’s nickname was The Old Public Functionary. Meanwhile, Kansas was trying to become a state by holding elections in 1854 and 1855. I say trying because these elections were so fraudulent that they would be funny except that everything stops being funny like 12 years before the Civil War and doesn’t get really funny again until Charlie Chaplin. Ah, Charlie Chaplin, thank you for being in the public domain and giving us a much-needed break from a nation divided against itself, discovering that it cannot stand. Right so part of the Kansas problem was that hundreds of so called border ruffians flocked to Kansas from pro-slavery Missouri to cast ballots in Kansas elections, which led to people coming in from free states and setting up their own rival governments. Fighting eventually broke out and more than 200 people were killed. In fact, in 1856, pro-slavery forces laid siege to anti-slavery Lawrence, Kansas with cannons. One particularly violent incident involved the murder of an entire family by an anti-slavery zealot from New York named John Brown. He got away with that murder but hold on a minute, we’ll get to him. Anyway, in the end Kansas passed two constitutions because, you know, that’s a good way to get started as a government. The pro-slavery Lecompton Constitution was the first that went to the U.S. Congress and it was supported by Stephen Douglas as an example of popular sovereignty at work, except that the man who oversaw the voting in Kansas called it a “vile fraud.” Congress delayed Kansas’ entry into the Union (because Congress’s primary business is delay) until another, more fair referendum took place. And after that vote, Kansas eventually did join the U.S. as a free state in 1861, by which time it was frankly too late. Alright so while all this craziness was going on in Kansas and Congress, the Supreme Court was busy rendering the worst decision in its history. Oh, hi there, Dred Scott. Dred Scott had been a slave whose master had taken him to live in Illinois and Wisconsin, both of which barred slavery. So, Scott sued, arguing that if slavery was illegal in Illinois, then living in Illinois made him definitionally not a slave. The case took years to find its way to the Supreme Court and eventually, in 1857, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, from Maryland, handed down his decision. The Court held that Scott was still a slave, but went even further, attempting to settle the slavery issue once and for all. Taney ruled that black people “had for more than a century before been regarded as beings of an inferior order, and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either in social or political relations; and so far inferior that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect; and that the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit.” So...that is an actual quote from an actual decision by the Supreme Court of the United States of America. Wow. I mean, Taney’s ruling basically said that all black people anywhere in the United States could be considered property, and that the court was in the business of protecting that property. This meant a slave owner could take his slaves from Mississippi to Massachusetts and they would still be slaves. Which meant that technically, there was no such thing as a free state. At least that’s how people in the north, especially Republicans saw it. The Dred Scott decision helped convince even more people that the entire government, Congress, President Buchanan, and now the Supreme Court, were in the hands of the dreaded “Slave Power.” Oh, we’re going to do the Mystery Document now? Stan, I am so confident about today’s Mystery Document that I am going to write down my guess right now and I’m going to put it in this envelope and then when I’m right I want a prize. All I ever get is punishment, I want prizes. Okay. The rules here are simple. I guess the author of the Mystery Document. I already did that. And then I get rewarded for being right. Alright total confidence. Let’s just read this thing. And then I get my reward. “I look forward to the days when there shall be a servile insurrection in the South, when the black man … shall assert his freedom and wage a war of extermination against his master; when the torch of the incendiary shall light up the towns and cities of the South, and blot out the last vestige of slavery. And though I may not mock at their calamity, nor laugh when their fear cometh, yet I will hail it as the dawn of a political millennium.” [1] I was right! Right here. Guessed in advance. John Brown. What? STAN! Ohio Congressman Joshua Giddings? Seriously, Stan? AH! Whatever. I’m gonna talk about John Brown anyway. In 1859, John Brown led a disastrous raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, hoping to capture guns and then give them to slaves who would rise up and use those guns against their masters. But, Brown was an awful military commander, and not a terribly clear thinker in general, and the raid was an abject failure. Many of the party were killed and he was captured. He stood trial and was sentenced to death. Thus he became a martyr to the abolitionist cause, which is probably what he wanted anyway. On the morning of his hanging, he wrote, “I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood.” Well, he was right about that, but in general, any statement that begins “I-comma-my-name” meh. And, so the stage was set for one of the most important Presidential elections in American history. Dun dun dun dun dun dahhhhh. In 1860, the Republican Party chose as its candidate Abraham Lincoln, whose hair and upper forehead you can see here. He’d proved his eloquence, if not his electability, in a series of debates with Stephen Douglas when the two were running for the Senate in 1858. Lincoln lost that election, but the debates made him famous, and he could appeal to immigrant voters, because he wasn’t associated with the Know Nothings. The Democrats, on the other hand, were--to use a historian term--a hot mess. The Northern wing of the party favored Stephen Douglas, but he was unacceptable to voters in the deep South. So Southern Democrats nominated John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky, making the Democrats, the last remaining truly national party, no longer truly a national party. A third party, the Constitutional Union Party, dedicated to preserving the Constitution “as it is” i.e. including slavery, nominated John Bell of Tennessee. Abraham Lincoln received 0 votes in nine American states, but he won 40% of the overall popular vote, including majorities in many of the most populous states, thereby winning the electoral college. So, anytime a guy becomes President who literally did not appear on your ballot, there is likely to be a problem. And indeed, Lincoln’s election led to a number of Southern states seceding from the Union. Lincoln himself hated slavery, but he repeatedly said that he would leave it alone in the states where it existed. But the demographics of Lincoln’s election showed Southerners and Northerners alike that slave power--to whatever extent it had existed--was over. By the time he took office on March 1, 1861, seven states had seceded and formed the Confederate States of America. And the stage was set for the fighting to begin, which it did, when Southern troops fired upon the Union garrison at Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor on April 12, 1861. So, that’s when the Civil War started, but it became inevitable earlier--maybe in 1857, or maybe in 1850, or maybe in 1776. Or maybe in 1619, when the first African slaves arrived in Virginia. Cuz here’s the thing: In the Dred Scott decision, Chief Justice Taney said that black Americans had quote “had no rights which the white man was bound to respect.” But this was demonstrably false. Black men had voted in elections and held property, including even slaves. They’d appeared in court on their own behalf. They had rights. They’d expressed those rights when given the opportunity. And the failure of the United States to understand that the rights of black Americans were as inalienable as those of white Americans is ultimately what made the Civil War inevitable. So next week, it’s off to war we go. Thanks for watching. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. The show is written by my high school history teacher, Raoul Meyer, and myself. Our associate producer is Danica Johnson. And our graphics team is Thought Café. Usually every week there’s a libertage with a caption, but there wasn’t one this week because of stupid Chief Justice Roger Taney. However, please suggest captions in comments where you can also ask questions about today’s video that will be answered by our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course US History and as we say in my hometown of nerdfighteria, don’t forget to be awesome. election 1860 - ________________ [1] Quoted in Goldfield p. 119



United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1968[1][2]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Richard Nixon 254,062 38.09% 8
American Independent Party George Wallace 215,430 32.30% 0
Democratic Hubert Humphrey 197,486 29.61% 0
Write-ins Write-ins 4 0.00% 0
Totals 666,978 100.00% 8
Voter turnout -

Results by county

County Nixon# Nixon% Humphrey# Humphrey% Wallace# Wallace% Write-ins# Write-ins% Total votes cast
Abbeville 1,213 20.77% 1,425 24.40% 3,201 54.82% 5,839
Aiken 12,264 44.76% 6,319 23.06% 8,815 32.17% 27,398
Allendale 997 29.72% 1,538 45.84% 820 24.44% 3,355
Anderson 5,661 24.33% 5,218 22.43% 12,384 53.23% 23,263
Bamberg 1,327 27.70% 1,845 38.52% 1,618 33.78% 4,790
Barnwell 1,849 31.25% 1,716 29.01% 2,351 39.74% 5,916
Beaufort 2,983 36.29% 3,740 45.49% 1,498 18.22% 8,221
Berkeley 4,021 28.89% 5,089 36.56% 4,808 34.55% 13,918
Calhoun 885 28.74% 1,216 39.49% 978 31.76% 3,079
Charleston 24,282 43.45% 18,343 32.83% 13,255 23.72% 55,880
Cherokee 2,853 27.19% 1,998 19.04% 5,642 53.77% 10,493
Chester 2,862 33.71% 2,865 33.75% 2,762 32.54% 8,489
Chesterfield 2,564 25.47% 3,180 31.59% 4,324 42.95% 10,068
Clarendon 2,201 27.85% 3,606 45.62% 2,097 26.53% 7,904
Colleton 2,824 34.67% 2,651 32.55% 2,670 32.78% 8,145
Darlington 4,947 35.38% 3,803 27.20% 5,231 37.42% 13,981
Dillon 2,396 35.73% 2,178 32.48% 2,132 31.79% 6,706
Dorchester 3,354 31.21% 3,855 35.87% 3,539 32.93% 10,748
Edgefield 1,688 43.07% 1,225 31.26% 1,006 25.67% 3,919
Fairfield 1,619 27.14% 3,011 50.47% 1,336 22.39% 5,966
Florence 8,917 36.19% 8,079 32.79% 7,642 31.02% 24,638
Georgetown 3,269 32.62% 4,110 41.01% 2,642 26.36% 10,021
Greenville 31,652 52.91% 12,928 21.61% 15,241 25.48% 59,821
Greenwood 4,891 33.37% 3,741 25.52% 6,024 41.10% 2 0.00% 14,658
Hampton 1,671 31.95% 2,107 40.29% 1,452 27.76% 5,230
Horry 3,924 26.97% 3,924 26.97% 6,701 46.06% 14,549
Jasper 633 20.31% 1,402 44.99% 1,081 34.69% 3,116
Kershaw 4,079 38.56% 2,539 24.00% 3,960 37.44% 10,578
Lancaster 4,874 37.75% 3,151 24.41% 4,886 37.84% 12,911
Laurens 4,813 39.75% 3,016 24.91% 4,279 35.34% 12,108
Lee 1,219 22.23% 2,151 39.23% 2,113 38.54% 5,483
Lexington 12,204 48.49% 4,058 16.12% 8,907 35.39% 25,169
McCormick 466 21.08% 988 44.69% 757 34.24% 2,211
Marion 2,512 36.85% 2,821 41.38% 1,484 21.77% 6,817
Marlboro 2,024 31.34% 2,294 35.52% 2,140 33.14% 6,458
Newberry 4,538 42.35% 2,444 22.81% 3,734 34.85% 10,716
Oconee 2,618 27.94% 2,009 21.44% 4,742 50.61% 9,369
Orangeburg 5,144 24.20% 8,971 42.20% 7,144 33.60% 21,259
Pickens 6,873 51.63% 2,016 15.14% 4,424 33.23% 13,313
Richland 26,215 50.96% 18,198 35.37% 7,030 13.67% 2 0.00% 51,445
Saluda 1,466 30.53% 1,200 24.99% 2,136 44.48% 4,802
Spartanburg 18,183 38.69% 11,467 24.40% 17,346 36.91% 46,996
Sumter 5,451 33.43% 6,103 37.42% 4,754 29.15% 16,308
Union 3,011 30.50% 2,271 23.00% 4,590 46.50% 9,872
Williamsburg 3,029 28.08% 5,106 47.33% 2,652 24.59% 10,787
York 7,596 37.48% 5,571 27.49% 7,102 35.04% 20,269
Totals 254,062 38.09% 197,486 29.61% 215,430 32.30% 4 0.0006% 666,982


  1. ^ Although he was born in California and he served as a U.S. Senator from California, in 1968 Richard Nixon's official state of residence was New York, because he moved there to practice law after his defeat in the 1962 California gubernatorial election. During his first term as president, Nixon re-established his residency in California. Consequently, most reliable reference books list Nixon's home state as New York in the 1968 election and his home state as California in the 1972 (and 1960) election.


  1. ^ a b "1968 Presidential General Election Results - South Carolina". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
  2. ^ a b Woolley, John; Peters, Gehard. "1968 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
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