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United States military deployments

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The military of the United States is deployed in most countries around the world, with between 160,000 to 170,000 of its active-duty personnel stationed outside the United States and its territories.[1] This list consists of deployments excepting active combat deployments, including troops in Syria[2] and Yemen.[3]

Outside of active combat, US personnel are typically deployed as part of several peacekeeping missions, military attachés, or are part of embassy and consulate security. Nearly 40,000 are assigned to classified missions in locations that the US government refuses to disclose.[4]

Rationale

Statements by U.S. military and government

A longstanding justification for maintaining military installations worldwide for the United States is that a military presence abroad by the U.S. promotes and strengthens democracy.[5]

Statements by others

According to Hermann and Kegley, military interventions have boosted democracy in other nations.[6] The majority of academics, however, concur with professor of international politics Abraham Lowenthal that American efforts to spread democracy have been "negligible, often counterproductive, and only occasionally positive"[6][7][8]

JoAnn Chirico believes that the U.S. military presence and installations are often considered responsible for suppressing democracy in countries such as Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Jordan, Kuwait, Niger, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.[5]

According to Los Angeles Times, American authorities also believe that assisting authoritarian regimes or what they refer to as "friendly governments" benefits the United States and other nations.[9] In her essay, Dictatorships and Double Standards, Kirkpatrick argues that although the United States should encourage democracy, it should be understood that premature reforms may cause a backlash that could give the Communists an opportunity to take over. For this reason, she considered it legitimate to support non-communist dictatorships, adding that a successful and sustainable democratic process is likely to be a long-term process in many cases in the Third World. The essence of the so-called Kirkpatrick Doctrine is the use of selective methods to advance democracy in order to contain the wave of communism.[10]

Current deployments

The following regional tables provide detail of where personnel from five branches of the US military are currently deployed. These numbers do not include any military or civilian contractors, dependents or the United States Space Force. Additionally, countries in which US military are engaged in active combat operations are not included. The numbers are based on the most recent United States Department of Defense statistics as of September 30, 2022.[1]

Americas

Jurisdiction Total Army Navy USMC USAF USCG
 United States
(excl. Alaska & Hawaii)
1,103,516 378,892 290,769 139,646 259,027 35,182
 Alaska 20,206 9,777 45 20 8,658 1,706
Guantanamo Bay 596 137 421 32 6
 Honduras 342 205 2 20 114 1
 Puerto Rico 176 105 30 22 19
 Canada 155 21 40 13 76 5
 Greenland 135 135
other 672 133 142 295 75 27
Total 1,125,798 389,270 291,449 140,048 268,104 36,927

East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Pacific Ocean

Jurisdiction Total Army Navy USMC USAF USCG
 Japan 53,973 2,455 20,647 17,995 12,859 17
 Hawaii 40,485 15,428 12,476 5,799 5,563 1,219
South Korea 25,372 16,765 349 372 7,885 1
 Guam 6,667 207 4,001 290 2,169
 Australia 1,580 44 72 1,370 93 1
 Singapore 218 10 161 18 21 8
 Philippines 211 10 11 179 10 1
 Thailand 110 32 11 43 24
other 321 65 33 194 25 4
Total 128,937 35,016 37,761 26,260 28,649 1,251

Europe

US military bases in Germany in 2014
US military bases in Germany in 2014
Jurisdiction Total Army Navy USMC USAF USCG
 Germany 35,781 21,853 421 478 13,018 11
 Italy 12,432 4,231 3,309 215 4,676 1
United Kingdom 9,840 182 297 56 9,292 13
 Spain 3,164 27 2,655 86 395 1
 Belgium 1,143 623 89 40 391
 Netherlands 434 143 26 14 220 31
 Greece 387 9 338 13 27
 Poland 264 47 87 102 28
 Portugal 251 5 46 19 181
 Romania 138 21 93 11 13
 Lithuania 121 5 3 110 3
other 670 119 72 300 170 9
Total 64,625 27,265 7,436 1,444 28,414 66

West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Africa, and Indian Ocean

Jurisdiction Total Army Navy USMC USAF USCG
 Bahrain 3,698 21 3,036 276 22 343
 Turkey 1,735 145 5 30 1,555
 Kuwait 714 589 2 80 43
 Djibouti 509 3 6 498 2
 Qatar 397 145 3 44 205
United Arab Emirates 362 25 22 242 73
 Saudi Arabia 320 171 23 55 60 11
Diego Garcia 222 222
 Egypt 199 149 8 23 19
 Iraq 149 8 1 138 2
 Israel 113 60 6 35 12
 Jordan 112 61 3 35 13
other 1,022 169 73 688 92
Total 9,552 1,546 3,410 2,144 2,098 354

Unspecified

Jurisdiction Total Army Navy USMC USAF USCG
Domestic
(50 states and District of Columbia)
7,851 7,851
Overseas
(incl. unincorporated US territories)
7,031 298 9 4,681 1,156 887
Total 14,882 8,149 9 4,681 1,156 887

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Number of Military and DoD Appropriated Fund (APF) Civilian Personnel Permanently Assigned By Duty Location and Service/Component (as of September 30, 2022)". Defense Manpower Data Center. December 22, 2022.
  2. ^ Bo Williams, Katie (November 2, 2020). "Outgoing Syria Envoy Admits Hiding US Troop Numbers; Praises Trump's Mideast Record". Defense One.
  3. ^ "Letter to the Speaker of the House and President Pro Tempore of the Senate Regarding the War Powers Report". whitehouse.gov. December 7, 2021.
  4. ^ "America's Forever wars". New York Times. 23 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b Chirico 2014, p. 70.
  6. ^ a b Hermann, Margaret G.; Kegley, Charles (1998). "The U.S. Use of Military Intervention to Promote Democracy: Evaluating the Record". International Interactions. 24 (2): 91–114. doi:10.1080/03050629808434922.
  7. ^ Lowenthal, Abraham (1991). The United States and Latin American Democracy: Learning from History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 243–65.
  8. ^ Peceny, Mark (1999). Democracy at the Point of Bayonets. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 183. ISBN 0-271-01883-6.
  9. ^ "U.S. Support of 'Dictators'". Los Angeles Times. February 18, 1985.
  10. ^ Wright 2007, p. 29.

Further reading

This page was last edited on 22 January 2023, at 18:56
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