To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

United States Senate elections, 1866 and 1867

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Senate elections, 1866 and 1867

← 1864/65 Dates vary by state
(And other dates for special elections)
1868/69 →

25 of the 66 (6 vacant)/72 seats in the United States Senate (with special elections)
34 seats needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Republican Democratic
Last election 33 seats 9 seats
Seats before 37 10
Seats won 15 2
Seats after 39 10
Seat change Increase 2 Steady
Seats up 13 2

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Unionist Unconditional Unionist
Last election 2 seats 4 seats
Seats before 3 2
Seats won 0 0
Seats after 2 1
Seat change Decrease 1 Decrease 1
Seats up 1 1

Majority Party before election

Republican Party

Elected Majority Party

Republican Party

The United States Senate elections of 1866 and 1867 were elections that saw the Republican Party gain two seats in the United States Senate as several of the Southern States were readmitted during Reconstruction, enlarging their majority.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    2 406 166
    4 794
    9 326
    9 896
    1 626
  • Reconstruction and 1876: Crash Course US History #22
  • MOOC | The Reconstruction Act 1867 | The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1865-1890 | 3.4.6
  • Colonels in War, Governors in Peace (Lecture)
  • Reconstruction and the Fragility of Democracy
  • 3D Stereoscopic Photographs of the United States in the 1860's: Part 1

Transcription

Episode 21: Reconstruction Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crash Course U.S. History and huzzah! The Civil War is over! The slaves are free! Huzzah! That one hit me in the head? It’s very dangerous, Crash Course. So when you say, “Don’t aim at a person,” that includes myself? The roller coaster only goes up from here, my friends. Huzzah! Mr. Green, Mr. Green, what about the epic failure of Reconstruction? Oh, right. Stupid Reconstruction always ruining everything intro So after the Civil War ended, the United States had to reintegrate both a formerly slave population and a formerly rebellious population back into the country, which is a challenge that we might’ve met, except Abraham Lincoln was assassinated and we were left with Andrew “I am the Third Worst President Ever” Johnson. I’m sorry, Abe, but you don’t get to be in the show anymore. So, Lincoln’s whole post-war idea was to facilitate reunion and reconciliation, and Andrew Johnson’s guiding Reconstruction principle was that the South never had a right to secede in the first place. Also, because he was himself a Southerner, he resented all the elites in the South who had snubbed him, AND he was also a racist who didn’t think that blacks should have any role in Reconstruction. TRIFECTA! So between 1865 and 1867, the so-called period of Presidential Reconstruction, Johnson appointed provisional governors and ordered them to call state conventions to establish new all-white governments. And in their 100% whiteness and oppression of former slaves, those new governments looked suspiciously like the old confederate governments they had replaced. And what was changing for the former slaves? Well, in some ways, a lot. Like, Fiske and Howard universities were established, as well as many primary and secondary schools, thanks in part to The Freedman’s Bureau, which only lasted until 1870, but had the power to divide up confiscated and abandoned confederate land for former slaves. And this was very important because to most slaves, land ownership was the key to freedom, and many felt like they’d been promised land by the Union Army. Like, General Sherman’s Field Order 15, promised to distribute land in 40 acre plots to former slaves. But that didn’t happen, either through the Freedman’s Bureau or anywhere else. Instead, President Johnson ordered all land returned to its former owners. So the South remained largely agricultural with the same people owning the same land, and in the end, we ended up with sharecropping. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. The system of sharecropping replaced slavery in many places throughout the South. Landowners would provide housing to the sharecroppers--no, Thought Bubble, not quite that nice. There ya go--also tools and seed, and then the sharecroppers received, get this, a share of their crop--usually between a third and a half, with the price for that harvest often set by the landowner. Freed blacks got to control their work, and plantation owners got a steady workforce that couldn’t easily leave, because they had little opportunity to save money and make the big capital investments in, like, land or tools. By the late 1860s, poor white farmers were sharecropping as well--in fact, by the Great Depression, most sharecroppers were white. And while sharecropping certainly wasn’t slavery, it did result in a quasi-serfdom that tied workers to land they didn’t own--more or less the opposite of Jefferson’s ideal of the small, independent farmer. So, the Republicans in Congress weren’t happy that this reconstructed south looked so much like the pre-Civil War south, so they took the lead in reconstruction after 1867. Radical Republicans felt the war had been fought for equal rights and wanted to see the powers of the national government expanded. Few were as radical as Thaddeus “Tommy Lee Jones” Stephens who wanted to take away land from the Southern planters and give it to the former slaves, but rank-and-file Republicans were radical enough to pass the Civil Rights Bill, which defined persons born in the United States as citizens and established nationwide equality before the law regardless of race. Andrew Johnson immediately vetoed the law, claiming that trying to protect the rights of African Americans amounted to discrimination against white people, which so infuriated Republicans that Congress did something it had never done before in all of American history. They overrode the Presidential veto with a 2/3rds majority and the Civil Rights Act became law. So then Congress really had its dander up and decided to amend the Constitution with the 14th amendment, which defines citizenship, guarantees equal protection, and extends the rights in the Bill of Rights to all the states (sort of). The amendment had almost no Democratic support, but it also didn’t need any, because there were almost no Democrats in Congress on account of how Congress had refused to seat the representatives from the “new” all-white governments that Johnson supported. And that’s how we got the 14th amendment, arguably the most important in the whole Constitution. Thanks, Thought Bubble. Oh, straight to the mystery document today? Alright. The rules here are simple. I guess the author of the Mystery Document and try not to get shocked. Alright let’s see what we’ve got today. Sec. 1. Be it ordained by the police jury of the parish of St. Landry, That no negro shall be allowed to pass within the limits of said parish without special permit in writing from his employer. Sec. 4. . . . Every negro is required to be in the regular service of some white person, or former owner, who shall be held responsible for the conduct of said negro.. Sec. 6. . . . No negro shall be permitted to preach, exhort, or otherwise declaim to congregations of colored people, without a special permission in writing from the president of the police jury. . . . Gee, Stan, I wonder if the President of the Police Jury was white. I actually know this one. It is a Black Code, which was basically legal codes where they just replaced the word “slave” with the word “negro.” And this code shows just how unwilling white governments were to ensure the rights of new, free citizens. I would celebrate not getting shocked, but now I am depressed. So, okay, in 1867, again over Johnson’s veto, Congress passed the Reconstruction Act, which divided the south into 5 military districts and required each state to create a new government, one that included participation of black men. Those new governments had to ratify the 14th amendment if they wanted to get back into the union. Radical Reconstruction had begun. So, in 1868, Andrew Johnson was about as electable in the U.S. as Jefferson Davis, and sure enough he didn’t win. Instead, the 1868 election was won by Republican and former Union general Ulysses S. Grant. But Grant’s margin of victory was small enough that Republicans were like, “Man, we would sure win more elections if black people could vote.” Which is something you hear Republicans say all the time these days. So Congressional Republicans pushed the 15th Amendment, which prohibited states from denying men the right to vote based on race, but not based on gender or literacy or whether your grandfather could vote. So states ended up with a lot of leeway when it came to denying the franchise to African Americans, which of course they did. So here we have the federal government dictating who can vote, and who is and isn’t a citizen of a state, and establishing equality under the law--even local laws. And this is a really big deal in American history, because the national government became, rather than a threat to individual liberty, “the custodian of freedom,” as Radical Republican Charles Sumner put it. So but with this legal protection, former slaves began to exercise their rights. They participated in the political process by direct action, such as staging sit-ins to integrate street-cars, by voting in elections, and by holding office. Most African Americans were Republicans at the time, and because they could vote and were a large part of the population, the Republican party came to dominate politics in the South, just like today, except totally different. Now, Southern mythology about the age of radical Reconstruction is exemplified by Gone with the Wind, which of course tells the story of northern Republican dominance and corruption by southern Republicans. Fortune seeking northern carpetbaggers, seen here, as well as southern turncoat scalawags dominated politics and all of the African American elected leaders were either corrupt or puppets or both. Yeah, well, like the rest of Gone with the Wind, that’s a bit of an oversimplification. There were about 2,000 African Americans who held office during Reconstruction, and the vast majority of them were not corrupt. Consider for example the not-corrupt and amazingly-named Pinckney B.S. Pinchback, who from 1872 to 1873 served very briefly in Louisiana as America’s first black governor. And went on to be a senator and a member of the House of Representatives. By the way, America’s second African American governor, Douglas Wilder of Virginia was elected in 1989. Having African American officeholders was a huge step forward in term of ensuring the rights of African Americans because it meant that there would be black juries and less discrimination in state and local governments when it came to providing basic services. But in the end, Republican governments failed in the South. There were important achievements, especially a school system that, while segregated, did attempt to educate both black and white children. And even more importantly, they created a functioning government where both white and African American citizens could participate. According to one white South Carolina lawyer, “We have gone through one of the most remarkable changes in our relations to each other that has been known, perhaps, in the history of the world.” That’s a little hyperbolic, but we are America after all. (libertage) It’s true that corruption was widespread, but it was in the North, too. I mean, we’re talking about governments. And that’s not why Reconstruction really ended: It ended because 1. things like schools and road repair cost money, which meant taxes, which made Republican governments very unpopular because Americans hate taxes, and 2. White southerners could not accept African Americans exercising basic civil rights, holding office or voting. And for many, the best way to return things to the way they were before reconstruction was through violence. Especially after 1867, much of the violence directed toward African Americans in the South was politically motivated. The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1866 and it quickly became a terrorist organization, targeting Republicans, both black and white, beating and murdering men and women in order to intimidate them and keep them from voting. The worst act of violence was probably the massacre at Colfax, Louisiana where hundreds of former slaves were murdered. And between intimidation and emerging discriminatory voting laws, fewer black men voted, which allowed white Democrats to take control of state governments in the south, and returned white Democratic congressional delegations to Washington. These white southern politicians called themselves “Redeemers” because they claimed to have redeemed the south from northern republican corruption and black rule. Now, it’s likely that the South would have fallen back into Democratic hands eventually, but the process was aided by Northern Republicans losing interest in Reconstruction. In 1873, the U.S. fell into yet another not-quite-Great economic depression and northerners lost the stomach to fight for the rights of black people in the south, which in addition to being hard was expensive. So by 1876 the supporters of reconstruction were in full retreat and the Democrats were resurgent, especially in the south. And this set up one of the most contentious elections in American history. The Democrats nominated New York Governor (and NYU Law School graduate) Samuel Tilden. The Republicans chose Ohio governor (and Kenyon College alumnus) Rutherford B. Hayes. One man who’d gone to Crash Course writer Raoul Meyer’s law school. And another who’d gone to my college, Kenyon. Now, if the election had been based on facial hair, as elections should be, there would’ve been no controversy, but sadly we have an electoral college here in the United States, and in 1876 there were disputed electoral votes in South Carolina, Louisiana, and, of course, Florida. Now you might remember that in these situations, there is a constitutional provision that says Congress should decide the winner, but Congress, shockingly, proved unable to accomplish something. So they appointed a 15 man Electoral Commission--a Super-Committee, if you will. And there were 8 Republicans on that committee and 7 Democrats, so you will never guess who won. Kenyon College’s own Rutherford B. Hayes. Go Lords and Ladies! And yes, that is our mascot. Shut up. Anyway in order to get the Presidency and win the support of the supercommittee, Hayes’ people agreed to cede control of the South to the Democrats and to stop meddling in Southern affairs and also to build a transcontinental railroad through Texas. This is called the Bargain of 1877 because historians are so good at naming things and it basically killed Reconstruction. Without any more federal troops in Southern states and with control of Southern legislatures firmly in the hands of white democrats the states were free to go back to restricting the freedom of black people, which they did. Legislatures passed Jim Crow laws that limited African American’s access to public accommodations and legal protections. States passed laws that took away black people’s right to vote and social and economic mobility among African Americans in the south declined precipitously. However, for a brief moment, the United States was more democratic than it had ever been before. And an entire segment of the population that had no impact on politics before was now allowed to participate. And for the freedmen who lived through it, that was a monumental change, and it would echo down to the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s, sometimes called the second reconstruction. But we’re gonna end this episode on a downer, as we are wont to do here at Crash Course US History because I want to point out a lesser-known legacy of Reconstruction. The Reconstruction amendments and laws that were passed granted former slaves political freedom and rights, especially the vote, and that was critical. But to give them what they really wanted and needed, plots of land that would make them economically independent, would have required confiscation, and that violation of property rights was too much for all but the most radical Republicans. And that question of what it really means to be “free” in a system of free market capitalism has proven very complicated indeed. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. The associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history teacher, Raoul Meyer, and myself. And our graphics team is Thought Café. Every week there’s a new caption for the libertage. You can suggest those in comments where you can also ask questions about today’s video that will be answered by our team of historians. Thank you for watching Crash Course. Don’t forget to subscribe. And as we say in my hometown, don’t forget to be awesome. reconstruction -

Contents

Results summary

Senate Party Division, 40th Congress (1867–1869)

  • Majority Party: Republican (57)
  • Minority Party: Democratic (9)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Vacant: (6)
  • Total Seats: 72

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

After August 31, 1866 appointment in New Hampshire.

V6
Seceded
V5
Seceded
V4
Seceded
V3
Seceded
V2 V1
V7
Seceded
V8
Seceded
V9
Seceded
V10
Seceded
D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6
R37
Retired
UU1 UU2
Unknown
U1 U2 U3
Ran
D10
Retired
D9
Ran
D8 D7
R36
Retired
R35
Retired
R34
Unknown
R33
Ran
R32
Ran
R31
Ran
R30
Ran
R29
Ran
R28
Ran
R27
Ran
Majority →
R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25
Ran
R26
Ran
R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8 R7
V14 V13 V12 V11 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6
V15 V16 V17 V18 V19 V20

As a result of the elections

V6
Seceded
V5
Seceded
V4
Seceded
V3
Seceded
V2 V1
V7
Seceded
V8
Seceded
V9
Seceded
V10
Seceded
D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6
R37
Hold
R38
Gain
R39
Gain
UU1 U1 U2 D10
Gain
D9
Gain
D8 D7
R36
Hold
R35
Hold
R34
Hold
R33
Hold
R32
Hold
R31
Hold
R30
Hold
R29
Re-elected
R28
Re-elected
R17
Re-elected
Majority →
R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25
Re-elected
R26
Re-elected
R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8 R7
V14 V13 V12 V11 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6
V15 V16 V17 V18 V19 V20

Beginning of the next Congress

V7 V6 V5 V4 V3 V2 V1
V8 V9 V10 V11
Not seated
D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6
R38 R39 R40
Changed
R41
Changed
R42
New seat
R43
New seat
R44
Gain
R45
Gain
D8
Changed
D7
R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29 R28
Majority → R27
R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26
R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8
V14 V13 V12 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7
V15 V16 V17 V18 V19 V20 V21
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
UU# Unconditional Unionist
U# Unionist
V# Vacant

Race summaries

Special elections during the 39th Congress

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1866 or in 1867 before March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Maine
(Class 2)
Nathan A. Farwell Republican 1864 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected January 11, 1865 to finish the term.
Winner did not run for re-election to the next term, see below.
Nathan A. Farwell (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Iowa
(Class 3)
James Harlan Republican 1855
(1857 Election invalidated)
1857 (Special)
1860
Incumbent resigned May 15, 1865 to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
Winner elected January 13, 1866.
Republican Hold.
Winner did not run for re-election to the next term, see below.
Samuel J. Kirkwood (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Tennessee
(Class 1)
Vacant since March 4, 1862 when Andrew Johnson (D) resigned to become Military Governor of Tennessee. State re-admitted to the Union.
Winner elected July 24, 1866.
Unionist gain.
Joseph S. Fowler (Unionist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Tennessee
(Class 2)
Vacant since March 3, 1861 when Alfred O. P. Nicholson (D) withdrew in anticipation of secession. State re-admitted to the Union.
Winner elected July 24, 1866.
Unionist gain.
David T. Patterson (Unionist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Jersey
(Class 2)
John P. Stockton Democratic 1864 Incumbent's election disputed and seat declared vacant.
Winner elected September 19, 1866.
Republican gain.
Alexander G. Cattell (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vermont
(Class 1)
George F. Edmunds Republican 1866 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected October 24, 1866 to finish the term.[1] George F. Edmunds (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vermont
(Class 3)
Luke P. Poland Republican 1865 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected October 24, 1866 to finish the term.[1]
Winner lost re-election to the next term, see below.
Luke P. Poland (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kansas
(Class 2)
Edmund G. Ross Republican 1866 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected January 23, 1867 to finish the term.[2] Edmund G. Ross (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen Republican 1866 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected January 23, 1867 to finish the term.[3] Frederick T. Frelinghuysen (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Nebraska
(Class 1)
New State Nebraska admitted to the Union March 1, 1867.
Winner elected March 1, 1867.
Republican gain.
Thomas Tipton (Unionist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Nebraska
(Class 2)
New State Nebraska admitted to the Union March 1, 1867.
Winner elected March 1, 1867.
Republican gain.
John M. Thayer (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Races leading to the 40th Congress

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1867; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Vacant since January 21, 1861 when Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) withdrew. Legislature failed to elect during Civil War and Reconstruction.
Seat remained vacant until 1868.
None.
Arkansas Vacant since July 11, 1861 when Charles B. Mitchel (D) was expelled. Legislature failed to elect during Civil War and Reconstruction.
Seat remained vacant until 1868.
None.
California James A. McDougall Democratic 1860 Incumbent retired.
Winner elected in 1866 or 1867.
Republican gain.
Cornelius Cole (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Connecticut Lafayette S. Foster Republican 1860 Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1866.
Republican hold.
Orris S. Ferry (Republican)
Lafayette S. Foster (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Florida Vacant since January 21, 1861 when David Levy Yulee (D) withdrew. Legislature failed to elect during Civil War and Reconstruction.
Seat remained vacant until 1868.
None.
Georgia Vacant since January 28, 1861 when Alfred Iverson, Sr. (D) withdrew. Winner elected in 1867.
Senate refused to seat the winner.
Seat remained vacant until 1871 when Georgia was readmitted.
Joshua Hill (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Illinois Lyman Trumbull Republican 1854 or 1855
1861
Incumbent re-elected in 1867. Lyman Trumbull (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Iowa Samuel J. Kirkwood Republican 1865 (Special) Incumbent lost nomination.
Winner elected January 13, 1866.[4]
Republican hold.
James Harlan (Republican) 118 votes
H. H. Trimble (Democratic) 20 votes
Indiana Henry Lane Republican 1860 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1867.
Republican hold.
Oliver P. Morton (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kansas Samuel C. Pomeroy Republican 1861 Incumbent re-elected in 1867. Samuel C. Pomeroy (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kentucky Garrett Davis Unionist 1861 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1867 as a Democrat.
Democratic gain.
Garrett Davis (Democratic)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Louisiana Vacant since February 4, 1861 when John Slidell (D) resigned. Legislature failed to elect during Civil War and Reconstruction.
Seat remained vacant until 1868.
None.
Maryland John Creswell Unconditional Unionist 1865 (Special) Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1866 or in 1867.
Democratic gain.
Senate refused to seat him as a person "who had given aid and comfort" to the Confederate cause.
Seat remained vacant until 1868.
Philip Francis Thomas (Democratic)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Missouri B. Gratz Brown Republican 1863 (Special) Incumbent retired due to ill health.
Winner elected in 1866 or 1867.
Republican hold.
Charles D. Drake (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Nevada James W. Nye Republican 1865 Incumbent re-elected in 1867. James W. Nye (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Hampshire George G. Fogg Republican 1866 (Appointed) Incumbent retired.
Winner elected in 1866 or 1867.
Republican hold.
James W. Patterson (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New York Ira Harris Republican 1861 Incumbent lost renomination.
Winner elected January 15, 1867.
Republican hold.
Roscoe Conkling (Republican)
Henry C. Murphy (Democratic)
George F. Comstock (Democratic)
North Carolina Vacant since March 11, 1861 when Thomas Clingman (D) resigned. Legislature failed to elect during Civil War and Reconstruction.
Seat remained vacant until 1868.
None.
Ohio John Sherman Republican 1861 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1866. John Sherman (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Oregon James Nesmith Democratic 1860 or 1861 Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1866 or 1867.
Republican gain.
Henry W. Corbett (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Pennsylvania Edgar Cowan Republican 1861 Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected January 15, 1867.
Republican hold.
Simon Cameron (Republican) 61.65%
Edgar Cowan (Republican) 36.84%
South Carolina Vacant since November 11, 1860 when James Henry Hammond (D) withdrew. Legislature failed to elect during Civil War and Reconstruction.
Seat remained vacant until 1868.
None.
Vermont Luke P. Poland Republican 1865 (Appointed)
1866
Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1866.
Republican hold.
Justin S. Morrill (Republican)
Luke P. Poland (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Wisconsin Charles Durkee Republican 1861 Incumbent re-elected in 1866. Timothy O. Howe (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Elections during the 40th Congress

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Tennessee David T. Patterson Democratic 1866 (Special) Incumbent retired.
Winner elected early in October 22, 1867 for the term beginning March 4, 1869.
William G. Brownlow (Republican) 63
William B. Stokes (Republican) 39[5]

New York

The New York election was held on January 15, 1867, by the New York State Legislature. Republican Ira Harris had been elected in February 1861 to this seat, and his term would expire on March 3, 1867.

At the State election in November 1865, 27 Republicans and 5 Democrats were elected for a two-year term (1866-1867) in the State Senate. At the State election in November 1866, 82 Republicans and 46 Democrats were elected for the session of 1867 to the Assembly. The 90th State Legislature met from January 1 to April 20, 1867, at Albany, New York.

The caucus of Republican State legislators met on January 10, State Senator Charles J. Folger presided. State Senator Thomas Parsons (28th D.) was absent, but had his vote cast by proxy. They nominated Congressman Roscoe Conkling for the U.S. Senate. The incumbent Senator Ira Harris was voted down.

Candidate Informal
ballot
First
ballot
Second
ballot
Third
ballot
Fourth
ballot
Fifth
ballot
Roscoe Conkling 33 39 45 53 59
Noah Davis 30 41 44 50 49
Ira Harris 32 24 18 6
Ransom Balcom[6] 7 4 2 wd
Horace Greeley 6 wd
Charles J. Folger 1 1 1

Notes:

  • On the fourth ballot, 110 votes were cast, one too many, and it was annulled.
  • "wd" = name withdrawn

The caucus of the Democratic State legislators met also on January 10. State Senator Henry C. Murphy was nominated on the first ballot with 25 votes against 21 for Ex-D.A. of New York A. Oakey Hall. Roscoe Conkling was the choice of both the Assembly and the State Senate, and was declared elected.

1867 United States Senator election result
House Republican Democratic Democratic
State Senate
(32 members)
Roscoe Conkling 24 Henry C. Murphy 2 George F. Comstock 1
State Assembly
(128 members)
Roscoe Conkling 78 Henry C. Murphy 42

Notes:

  • The vote for Ex-Chief Judge Comstock was cast by Henry C. Murphy.
  • The votes were cast on January 15, but both Houses met in a joint session on January 16 to compare nominations, and declare the result.

Conkling was re-elected in 1873 and 1879, and remained in office until May 17, 1881, when he resigned in protest against the distribution of federal patronage in New York by President James A. Garfield without being consulted. The crisis between the Stalwart and the Half-Breed factions of the Republican party arose when the leader of the New Yorker Half-Breeds William H. Robertson was appointed Collector of the Port of New York, a position Conkling wanted to give to one of his Stalwart friends.

Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania election was held on January 15, 1867. Simon Cameron was elected by the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[7]

Incumbent Republican Edgar Cowan, who was elected in 1861, was a candidate for re-election to another term, but was defeated by former Democratic Senator and former United States Secretary of War Simon Cameron, who had previously switched to the Republican Party.[8] The Pennsylvania General Assembly, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate, convened on January 15, 1867, to elect a Senator to fill the term beginning on March 4, 1867. The results of the vote of both houses combined are as follows:

State Legislature Results[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Simon Cameron 82 61.65
Republican Edgar Cowan (Inc.) 49 36.84
N/A Not voting 2 1.50
Totals 133 100.00%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Byrd and Wolff, p. 176
  2. ^ Byrd and Wolff, p. 108
  3. ^ Byrd and Wolff, p. 142
  4. ^ Clark, p. 141
  5. ^ Coulter, E. Merton. "William G. Brownlow: Fighting Parson of the Southern Highlands". p. 347.
  6. ^ Ransom Balcom (1818-1879), of Binghamton, justice of the New York Supreme Court (6th D.) 1856-77
  7. ^ a b "U.S. Senate Election - 15 January 1867" (PDF). Wilkes University. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  8. ^ "CAMERON, Simon, (1799 - 1889)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
This page was last edited on 13 October 2018, at 07:09
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.