To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

United States Senate election in Connecticut, 1982

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Senate election in Connecticut, 1982

← 1976 November 2, 1982 1988 →
Toby headshot.jpg
Nominee Lowell Weicker Toby Moffett
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 545,987 499,146
Percentage 50.4% 46.1%

U.S. Senator before election

Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.

Elected U.S. Senator

Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.

The 1982 United States Senate election in Connecticut took place on November 2, 1982. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. won re-election to a third term. As of 2018, this is the last Senate election in Connecticut won by a Republican.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
    1 587 028
  • George HW Bush and the End of the Cold War: Crash Course US History #44


Hi, I’m John Green, this is CrashCourse U.S. history and we’ve finally done it we have reached the moment where we get to talk about the presidency of George HW Bush. The 2nd most important man named George Bush ever to be President of the United States. A man so fascinating that we did not give him a face. Mr. Green, Mr. Green, so we’re almost in the present? Well we’re never really gonna get to the present Me From The Past because we’re always in the past. But you are like 20 years in the past which is soon going to create a time paradox that I can not possibly deal with. So I’m just going to let Hank deal with that over on the science shows. Intro Anyway despite like calendars and everything, the 1990s really began in 1988 with the election of George Herbert Walker Bush, who had probably the best resume of any presidential candidate since Teddy Roosevelt. I mean he was a war hero, having enlisted in the Navy upon graduating from high school and then going on to become the youngest pilot in Navy history. He flew 58 missions in the Pacific during WWII and received the Distinguished Flying Cross for completing a mission in a burning plane before ditching into the sea. So just consider that the next time you complete a heroic mission in Call of Duty 4. After the war Bush went to college at Yale, and then moved to Texas where he made millions in the oil industry. Then, he became a Congressman, and then ambassador to the UN, and then director of the CIA, and then Vice President. The guy had more careers than Barbie! Plus like every great American politician George Bush grew up in hardscrabble poverty working his way through the Depression… just kidding he was the son of Connecticut Senator Prescott Bush. But I guess after like 20 years of peanut farmers and former actors, America was ready to have an aristocrat at the helm again, as long as he pretended to be from Texas. Like certain Crash Course teachers wearing striped polo shirts George HW Bush was an old school Episcopalion so he was never totally comfortable with like public professions of faith. So when it came down to pick his vice presidential candidate, Bush chose J Danforth Quayle aka Dan. A young, family values, senator from right here in Indiana. Now these days of course Dan Quayle is primarily known for getting in an argument with a fictional television character named Murphy Brown, and also for not being able to spell the word potato, but once upon a time he was a promising young Republican. Bush’s opponent in that 1988 was Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis, who was perceived as competent but kinda heartless and weak and a little bit clueless. As this famous picture of him in a tank indicates he was not a war hero. But at the beginning of the Democratic primary the leading contender was actually the reverend, Jesse Jackson, who had a legitimate shot at being the first African American Democratic Presidential nominee. That would have to wait. Because instead the Democrats chose the northern, liberal governor Dukakis and paired him with Texas Senator Lloyd, I’m gonna make Dan Quayle look good, Bentsen. Which I bring up primarily to point out that Texas actually used to have Democrats. So negative campaign ads had existed before 1988 but the 1988 election took it to an entirely new level and ushered in an era of going negative in politics. Like everybody says they hate negative ads, but they also work like the Bush campaign’s efforts to make Dukakis look weak on defense and crime were brutally effective. The most infamous ad featured Willie Horton who while on furlough from prison committed rape and murder. And even though Dukakis’ Republican predecessor had actually started the furlough program, the Horton crime occurred while Dukakis was governor. The ad featured a terrifying photo of Horton and prisoners walking through a revolving door and it worked. Dukakis was regarded as a liberal who was weak on crime. In fact, it was George HW Bush who was the first to use the word liberal as an insult in American politics, which represents the larger shifts that were happening. So in retrospect, possibly the most important thing about the 1988 campaign was George Bush’s famous pledge at the Republican convention: “Read my lips, No New Taxes!” No way that’s gonna come back to bite him. So once he was President, it’s not surprising that Bush focused more on foreign policy than domestic concerns. I mean that was his background with the UN and at the CIA. But it also makes sense in the larger historical context because the Cold War actually ended during Bush’s presidency. Even though no one ever gives him credit for it. I mean the Berlin Wall came down, Poland’s military rule ended, the Velvet Revolution happened in Czechoslovakia during Bush’s watch. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble The end of the Cold War was really a failure on the part of the USSR rather than the result of successful American policies. But it left the U.S. in something of a policy limbo. I mean after all, the idea of a super-powerful malevolent Bowser Boss Soviet Union poised to destroy the American Way of Life provided a comfortable structure for all our foreign relations for almost 50 years as well as providing the reason for massive military build up and all the jobs that came with it. One positive result of the end of the Cold War was a reduction in nuclear weapons. Under Bush the U.S. and USSR negotiated and implemented the START I and START II treaties, which limited the number of warheads each country could possess to between 3,000 and 3,500. I mean that was still enough to end human life on Earth several times over but it was amazing progress. The collapse of the Soviet Union and end of the Cold War led the president to declare the dawn of a New World Order, but calling it a New World Order didn’t make foreign policy any easier. Without the Cold War to orient us foreign policy issues were much more confusing and messy. So for example, Bush kept the United States out of Yugoslavia, which disintegrated in 1991, turning into a bloodbath. But he sent troops into Somalia to help deliver food aid, resulting in the botched operation described in the movie, and book, Black Hawk Down. And then there was the foreign policy crisis that Bush handled decisively: Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. Bush brought the issue to the UN and ushered through a Security Council resolution that set a deadline for Saddam to leave Kuwait. When he didn’t meet the January 15, 1991 deadline, the U.S. had already put together a coalition of 34 nations ready to make him leave. America first launched a spectacular air war that destroyed much of the Iraqi defense capability. And then our technological prowess was on display for the world on CNN, which featured coverage of “smart bombs” blowing stuff up. When ground troops led by General Norman z finally moved in, they were able to defeat the Iraqi army in just 100 hours. Thanks Thought Bubble. So the Iraq war, I guess we now have to say first Iraq war, was a huge military success. America lost fewer than 300 soldiers. Iraq suffered somewhere between 1500 and 9500 killed in action.[1] And the US’s military objectives had been achieved clearly and quickly. And Bush claimed that the victory had forever banished the so called “Vietnam Syndrome,” the reluctance to use American military power for fear of becoming bogged down in another “quagmire.” Now in hindsight, if the Americans had supported Iraqi efforts to topple Saddam Hussein and build a new Iraq, we might have achieved that objective as well, but the mission under the UN resolution was to get Iraqis out of Kuwait and so that’s what we did. Bush didn’t want to take it any further. Oh it’s time for the Mystery Document? The rules here are simple I read the mystery document. I either guess the author correctly or I get shocked. “Five of the seven agree with President Bush that the war is just or at least necessary. But not one wants to fight in it. All are opposed to a draft, though a few said one might be necessary as a last resort. They said they would gladly serve in non-military public service jobs. “This might sound selfish, but I think it would be a shame to put America’s best minds on the front line,” said Jason Bell, 20, a junior English major from Elizabethtown, KY. “If we have to go, we have to go, but I think it would be a shame.” [2] Yeah, Jason Bell, that does sound selfish. Alright Stan this is from like a newspaper or magazine. I assume that you are using it to call attention to the fact that this was really the first big American military initiative without a draft. And it also reminds us that the war was not universally popular, I mean at least before it was fought, after it was fought it pretty much was. But I have no idea who actually wrote the piece in the mystery document, how would I know that? Is it a famous journalist? Is it like David Halberstam? No? David Maraniss? Who the hell is that? Does he have a Wikipedia article? Meredith does he have a Wikipedia article? Alright apparently he does have a Wikipedia article. He even won a Pulitzer Prize so congratulations sir. Ahhh! So the Gulf lifted the President Bush’s approval rating to an unheard of 89%. And in April 1991 it looked like there was no way that George HW Bush would lose his re-election bid, but he didn’t consider the domestic issues that were kind of important to Americans. We are very happy to talk about all the wars that we are fighting unless and until someone raises our taxes! So Bush wasn’t much interested in putting together a domestic agenda – he once called it “the vision thing” – and anyway he would have had a hard time getting anything through the Democratically controlled Congress. So Congress continued to pass New Deal style “liberal” legislation including expanded funding for Head Start and welfare, as well as a Family and Medical Leave bill (which Bush vetoed twice) but eventually passed nonetheless. With the Family Medical Leave Act of course America joined every other country in the world in offering paid maternity and paternity leave to new parents. What’s that? We didn’t? We still don’t? We still don’t have that? We still don’t have paid leave? Oh god.. However you are no longer allowed to be fired for 12 whole weeks while you take unpaid leave to care for your child. That’s why Stan couldn’t replace me with text-to-voice software after my daughter, Alice, was born. But in news that actually was sort of cutting edge Congress also enacted the Americans With Disabilities Act in 1991. Before I talk about the recession that ended George Bush’s presidency I want to talk about Rodney King. Because this revealed huge fissures in the American population and called into question the achievements of the rights revolution. In April 1992 an all white jury in Simi Valley found three of four policemen not guilty of beating black motorist Rodney King, even though the incident had been recorded on videotape. After the verdict, Los Angeles erupted into the deadliest riots seen in America since the New York City Draft Riots. 52 people were killed and 2,300 injured in rioting that caused $1billion in property damage. So obviously race remained a volatile issue in the U.S. It was also an issue that Bush seemed unprepared to deal with like he toured burned out LA neighborhoods but had little in the way of real comfort to offer, contributing to the perception that he was this millionaire, Ivy League-educated, Washington insider who was out of touch with regular Americas. But the biggest issue to most Americans was money. America fell into recession in 1990 and the slump lasted until 1992. It might have been caused by the end of the Cold War and the subsequent reductions in defense spending, or by Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan’s sluggish refusal to lower interest rates, or maybe the economy just needed to reset at a lower number after growing every year since 1982, or maybe macroeconomics is more complicated than who is President and sometimes people unjustly get blamed or credited for things that they had very little to do with. Regardless, 4.5 million Americans lost their jobs and the unemployment rate rose from 5.3% in 1989 to 7.5% in 1992, its highest level in almost a decade. Along with the many thousands of manufacturing workers who lost their jobs in America’s continuing de-industrialization, white-collar workers were thrown out of work, too, and college graduates, of whom there were record numbers, couldn’t find work as they came out of school. Stop me if any of that sounds familiar. One person who struggled to find a job after graduating during the Bush Recession was none other than CrashCourse writer Raoul Meyer, who after sending 100 resumes out got 3 job interviews and ended up working at a small independent school in Alabama, where he became the teacher of … Me From the Past. Now the recession was certainly bad for Bush politically, but what probably destroyed Bush’s re-election hopes was the whole taxes thing. In 1991, with tax receipts dropping and spending not slowing very much, President Bush did something that now seems unthinkable: he authorized a tax increase. And in doing this he called his conservative credentials into question. Especially in the eyes of small-government-wanting-libertarian-leaning republicans. They had never really trusted the faux Texan Bush anyway, but he had said, “Read my lips..” and they believed him but it turned out he had no lips! Now when coupled with Bush’s lukewarm support of the evangelical wing of the republican party and his running mate’s inability to spell the word potato it all prompted a primary challenge from conservative commentator Pat Buchanan. Which he beat back easily, however some of the GOP voter base, especially the evangelical Christians, stayed home on Election Day. Then there was also a third party candidate, Texas Billionaire and muppet impersonator H. Ross Perot, who won 19% of the vote (the best third-party performance since Teddy Roosevelt in 1912) All of this came together to open the door for a pudgy lad from Hope, Arkansas, who had never inhaled marijuana, and didn’t cheat on his wife except for sometimes, named William Jefferson Clinton. Looking back from today the fascinating thing about the George HW Bush administration is that it seems like a weird interruption in a larger narrative. For a couple decades we had seen increasing conservatism and rising partisanship and then suddenly George HW Bush comes along and everybody kind of works together. They didn’t always make good decisions when working together, but they did make decisions! But what’s really fascinating to me is that if you’re from Eastern Europe or China this period was one of the most important in history. Whereas if you’re American arguably the most important thing the leader of this era ever did was raise George W Bush. For better and for worse America didn’t really change that much as a result of the end of the Cold War. But we’re creeping up now on the growth of the Internet which would change the way that Americans and everyone else imagines history and everything else forever. Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is made with the help of all of these nice people and it exists because of your support at Subbable, a voluntary subscription platform where you can give whatever you want to help make Crash Course awesome. There’s also great perks and stuff, so check out Subbable and, thank you for watching Crash Course, thanks for making it possible, and as we say in my hometown, “Don’t forget to be awesome.” ________________ [1] source for these numbers is Patterson, Restless Giant p. 235. [2] From “It’s Their War, Too” by David Maraniss Washington Post, 2/11/91


Major candidates




General election results[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lowell Weicker (Incumbent) 545,987 50.4%
Democratic Toby Moffett 499,146 46.1%
Conservative Lucien DiFazio 30,212 2.8%
Libertarian James Lewis 8,163 0.8%

See also


This page was last edited on 22 September 2017, at 13:04
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.