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United States Secretary of Labor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Secretary of Labor
Seal of the United States Department of Labor.svg
Seal of the Department
Flag of the United States Secretary of Labor.svg
Flag of the Secretary
Incumbent
Eugene Scalia

since September 30, 2019
United States Department of Labor
StyleMr. Secretary
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatFrances Perkins Building, Washington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument29 USC § 551
PrecursorSecretary of Commerce and Labor
FormationMarch 4, 1913
First holderWilliam B. Wilson
SuccessionEleventh[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Labor
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level I
Websitewww.dol.gov

The United States Secretary of Labor is a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and as the head of the United States Department of Labor, controls the department, and enforces and suggests laws involving unions, the workplace, and all other issues involving any form of business-person controversies.

Formerly, there was a U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Labor, who led this department along with the U.S. Department of Commerce as one department. Since the two departments split in 1913, the Department of Commerce is now headed by a separate U.S. Secretary of Commerce.

Eugene Scalia, a son of the late U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, has served as Secretary of Labor since September 30, 2019.

The former flag of the U.S. Secretary of Labor, used from 1915 to 1960.
The former flag of the U.S. Secretary of Labor, used from 1915 to 1960.

List of Secretaries of Labor

Parties

  Democratic (12)   Republican (16)

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took office Left office President(s)
1
Wilson
William B. Wilson Pennsylvania March 6, 1913 March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
2
Davis
James J. Davis Pennsylvania March 5, 1921 November 30, 1930 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
3
Doak
William N. Doak Virginia December 9, 1930 March 4, 1933
4
Perkins
Frances Perkins New York March 4, 1933 June 30, 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
5
Schwellenbach
Lewis B. Schwellenbach Washington July 1, 1945 June 10, 1948
6
Tobin
Maurice J. Tobin Massachusetts August 13, 1948 January 20, 1953
7
Durkin
Martin P. Durkin Maryland January 21, 1953 September 10, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
8
Mitchell
James P. Mitchell New Jersey October 9, 1953 January 20, 1961
9
Goldberg
Arthur Goldberg Illinois January 21, 1961 September 20, 1962 John F. Kennedy
10
Wirtz
W. Willard Wirtz Illinois September 25, 1962 January 20, 1969
Lyndon B. Johnson
11
Shultz
George P. Shultz Illinois January 22, 1969 July 1, 1970 Richard Nixon
12
Hodgson
James D. Hodgson California July 2, 1970 February 1, 1973
13
Brennan
Peter J. Brennan New York February 2, 1973 March 15, 1975
Gerald Ford
14
Dunlop
John T. Dunlop Massachusetts March 18, 1975 January 31, 1976
15
Usery
William Usery Jr. Georgia February 10, 1976 January 20, 1977
16
Marshall
Ray Marshall Texas January 27, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
17
Donovan
Raymond J. Donovan New Jersey February 4, 1981 March 15, 1985 Ronald Reagan
18
Brock
Bill Brock Tennessee April 29, 1985 October 31, 1987
19
McLaughlin
Ann Dore McLaughlin District of Columbia December 17, 1987 January 20, 1989
20
Dole
Elizabeth Dole Kansas January 25, 1989 November 23, 1990 George H. W. Bush
21
Martin
Lynn M. Martin Illinois February 22, 1991 January 20, 1993
22
Reich
Robert Reich Massachusetts January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Bill Clinton
23
Herman
Alexis Herman Alabama May 1, 1997 January 20, 2001
24
Chao
Elaine Chao Kentucky January 29, 2001 January 20, 2009 George W. Bush
Radzely
Howard Radzely Pennsylvania January 20, 2009 February 2, 2009 Barack Obama
Hugler
Ed Hugler Pennsylvania February 2, 2009 February 24, 2009
25
Solis
Hilda Solis California February 24, 2009 January 22, 2013
Harris
Seth Harris New York January 22, 2013 July 23, 2013
26
Perez
Tom Perez Maryland July 23, 2013 January 20, 2017
Hugler
Ed Hugler Pennsylvania January 20, 2017 April 27, 2017 Donald Trump
27
Acosta
Alexander Acosta Florida April 28, 2017 July 19, 2019
Pizzella
Patrick Pizzella Virginia July 20, 2019 September 30, 2019
28
Pizzella
Eugene Scalia Virginia September 30, 2019 Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of Labor

As of June 2020, there are thirteen living former Secretaries of Labor (with all Secretaries that have served since 1977 still living), the oldest being George P. Shultz (served 1969–1970, born 1920). The most recent Secretary of Labor to die was William Usery Jr. (served 1976–1977, born 1923), on December 10, 2016.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
George P. Shultz 1969–1970 (1920-12-13) December 13, 1920 (age 99)
Ray Marshall 1977–1981 (1928-08-22) August 22, 1928 (age 91)
Raymond J. Donovan 1981–1985 (1930-08-31) August 31, 1930 (age 89)
Bill Brock 1985–1987 (1930-11-23) November 23, 1930 (age 89)
Ann Dore McLaughlin 1987–1989 (1941-11-16) November 16, 1941 (age 78)
Elizabeth H. Dole 1989–1990 (1936-07-29) July 29, 1936 (age 83)
Lynn Morley Martin 1991–1993 (1939-12-26) December 26, 1939 (age 80)
Robert Reich 1993–1997 (1946-06-24) June 24, 1946 (age 73)
Alexis Herman 1997–2001 (1947-07-16) July 16, 1947 (age 72)
Elaine Chao 2001–2009 (1953-03-26) March 26, 1953 (age 67)
Hilda Solis 2009–2013 (1957-10-20) October 20, 1957 (age 62)
Thomas Perez 2013–2017 (1961-10-07) October 7, 1961 (age 58)
Alexander Acosta 2017–2019 (1969-01-16) January 16, 1969 (age 51)

Line of succession

The line of succession for the Secretary of Labor is as follows:[2]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Labor
  2. Solicitor of Labor
  3. Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management
  4. Assistant Secretary for Policy
  5. Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs
  6. Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training
  7. Assistant Secretary for Employee Benefits Security
  8. Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health
  9. Assistant Secretary for Mine Safety and Health
  10. Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
  11. Chief Financial Officer
  12. Administrator, Wage and Hour Division
  13. Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment and Training
  14. Assistant Secretary for Disability Employment Policy
  15. Deputy Solicitor of Labor (First Assistant of the Solicitor of Labor)
  16. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Policy)
  17. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Congressional Affairs (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs)
  18. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training)
  19. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Employee Benefits Security)
  20. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health)
  21. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Mine Safety and Health (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Mine Safety and Health)
  22. Regional Solicitor—Dallas
  23. Regional Administrator for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management—Region VI/Dallas

Designated Secretarial Designee

If none of the above officials are available to serve as Acting Secretary of Labor, the Designated Secretarial Designee assumes interim operational control over the Department, except the Secretary's non-delegable responsibilities.

  1. Director, Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
  2. Director of the Women's Bureau
  3. Regional Administrator, Employment and Training Administration—Dallas
  4. Regional Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration—Dallas

See also

References

  1. ^ 3 USC § 19, Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act
  2. ^ "Order of Succession to the Secretary of Labor in Periods of Vacancy, Continuity of Executive Direction, Repositioning and Devolution of Departmental Governance, and Emergency Planning Under Circumstances of Extreme Disruption". Federal Register. January 19, 2017. Retrieved June 2, 2017.

External links

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Wilbur Ross
as Secretary of Commerce
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Labor
Succeeded by
Alex Azar
as Secretary of Health and Human Services
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Commerce
Wilbur Ross
11th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Alex Azar
This page was last edited on 2 February 2020, at 02:13
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