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United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina, 1980

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 1980 South Carolina United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 4, 1980 to select six Representatives for two-year terms from the state of South Carolina. The primary elections for the Democrats and the Republicans were held on June 10 and the runoff elections were held two weeks later on June 24. Three incumbents were re-elected, but John Jenrette of the 6th congressional district was defeated in his bid for re-election and the open seat in the 1st congressional district was taken by the Republicans from the Democrats. The composition of the state delegation after the elections was four Republicans and two Democrats.

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Transcription

Once upon a time, every student of history – and that meant pretty much everyone with a high school education – knew this: The Democratic Party was the party of slavery and Jim Crow, and the Republican Party was the party of emancipation and racial integration. Democrats were the Confederacy; and Republicans were the Union. Jim Crow Democrats were dominant in the South; and socially tolerant Republicans were dominant in the North. But then, in the 1960s and 70s, everything supposedly flipped: suddenly the Republicans became the racists and the Democrats became the champions of civil rights. Fabricated by left-leaning academic elites and journalists, the story went like this: Republicans couldn't win a national election by appealing to the better nature of the country; they could only win by appealing to the worst. Attributed to Richard Nixon, the media's all-purpose bad guy, this came to be known as "The Southern Strategy." It was very simple. Win elections by winning the South. And to win the South, appeal to racists. So, the Republicans, the party of Lincoln, were to now be labeled the party of rednecks. But this story of the two parties switching identities is a myth. In fact, it's three myths wrapped into one false narrative. Let's take a brief look at each myth in turn. Myth Number One: In order to be competitive in the South, Republicans started to pander to white racists in the 1960s. Fact: Republicans actually became competitive in the South as early as 1928, when Republican Herbert Hoover won over 47 percent of the South's popular vote against Democrat Al Smith. In 1952, Republican President Dwight Eisenhower won the southern states of Tennessee, Florida and Virginia. And in 1956, he picked up Louisiana, Kentucky and West Virginia, too. And that was after he supported the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education that desegregated public schools; and after he sent the 101st Airborne to Little Rock Central High School to enforce integration. Myth Number Two: Southern Democrats, angry with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, switched parties. Fact: Of the 21 Democratic senators who opposed the Civil Rights Act, just one became a Republican. The other 20 continued to be elected as Democrats, or were replaced by other Democrats. On average, those 20 seats didn't go Republican for another two-and-a-half decades. Myth Number Three: Since the implementation of the Southern Strategy, the Republicans have dominated the South. Fact: Richard Nixon, the man who is often credited with creating the Southern Strategy, lost the Deep South in 1968. In contrast, Democrat Jimmy Carter nearly swept the region in 1976 - 12 years after the Civil Rights Act of 1964. And in 1992, over 28 years later, Democrat Bill Clinton won Georgia, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and West Virginia. The truth is, Republicans didn't hold a majority of southern congressional seats until 1994, 30 years after the Civil Rights Act. As Kevin Williamson writes at the National Review: "If southern rednecks ditched the Democrats because of a civil-rights law passed in 1964, it is strange that they waited until the late 1980s and early 1990s to do so. They say things move slower in the south -- but not t hat slow." So, what really happened? Why does the South now vote overwhelmingly Republican? Because the South itself has changed. Its values have changed. The racism that once defined it, doesn't anymore. Its values today are conservative ones: pro-life, pro-gun, and pro-small government. And here's the proof: Southern whites are far more likely to vote for a black conservative, like Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina, than a white liberal. In short, history has moved on. Like other regions of the country, the South votes values, not skin color. The myth of the Southern Strategy is just the Democrats excuse for losing the South. And yet another way to smear Republicans with the label "racist". Don't buy it. I'm Carol Swain, professor of political science and law at Vanderbilt University, for Prager University.

Contents

1st Congressional District

Incumbent Democratic Congressman Mendel Jackson Davis of the 1st congressional district, in office since 1971, opted to retire. Tommy Hartnett, a Republican state senator from Charleston, defeated Thomas G. Moore in the Republican primary and Democrat Charles D. Ravenel in the general election.

Democratic primary

Democratic Primary
Candidate Votes %
Charles D. Ravenel 30,966 55.6
Wheeler Tillman 17,070 30.7
Charles B. Brassell 3,838 6.9
Benjamin Frazier, Jr. 3,786 6.8

Republican primary

Republican Primary
Candidate Votes %
Thomas F. Hartnett 10,510 75.4
Thomas G. Moore 3,428 24.6

General election results

South Carolina's 1st Congressional District Election Results, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Thomas F. Hartnett 81,988 51.6 +12.2
Democratic Charles D. Ravenel 76,963 48.4 -12.2
No party Write-Ins 10 0.0 0.0
Majority 5,025 3.2 -18.0
Turnout 158,961
Republican gain from Democratic

2nd Congressional District

Incumbent Republican Congressman Floyd Spence of the 2nd congressional district, in office since 1971, defeated Democratic challenger Tom Turnipseed.

Democratic primary

Democratic Primary
Candidate Votes %
Tom Turnipseed 28,490 71.6
Leigh J. Leventis 11,303 28.4

General election results

South Carolina's 2nd Congressional District Election Results, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Floyd Spence (incumbent) 92,306 55.7 -1.6
Democratic Tom Turnipseed 73,353 44.3 +1.6
No party Write-Ins 19 0.0 0.0
Majority 18,953 11.4 -3.2
Turnout 165,678
Republican hold

3rd Congressional District

Incumbent Democratic Congressman Butler Derrick of the 3rd congressional district, in office since 1975, defeated Republican challenger Marshall Parker.

General election results

South Carolina's 3rd Congressional District Election Results, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Butler Derrick (incumbent) 87,680 59.8 -22.1
Republican Marshall Parker 57,840 39.4 +21.3
Libertarian Boyce Lee Muller 1,118 0.8 +0.8
No party Write-Ins 4 0.0 0.0
Majority 29,840 20.4 -43.4
Turnout 146,642
Democratic hold

4th Congressional District

Incumbent Republican Congressman Carroll A. Campbell, Jr. of the 4th congressional district, in office since 1979, defeated Libertarian challenger Thomas P. Waldenfels.

General election results

South Carolina's 4th Congressional District Election Results, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Carroll Campbell (incumbent) 90,941 92.6 +40.5
Libertarian Boyce Lee Muller 6,984 7.1 +7.1
No party Write-Ins 248 0.3 +0.3
Majority 83,957 85.5 +79.6
Turnout 98,173
Republican hold

5th Congressional District

Incumbent Democratic Congressman Kenneth Lamar Holland of the 5th congressional district, in office since 1975, defeated Libertarian challenger Thomas Campbell.

General election results

South Carolina's 5th Congressional District Election Results, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ken Holland (incumbent) 99,773 87.5 +4.9
Libertarian Thomas Campbell 14,252 12.5 +12.5
No party Write-Ins 13 0.0 -0.2
Majority 85,521 75.0 -9.6
Turnout 114,038
Democratic hold

6th Congressional District

Incumbent Democratic Congressman John Jenrette of the 6th congressional district, in office since 1975, was defeated in his bid for re-election by Republican John Light Napier.

Democratic primary

Democratic Primary
Candidate Votes %
John Jenrette 38,565 45.3
Hicks Harwell 22,251 26.2
John W. Brassington 11,346 13.3
Erick B. Ficken 8,061 9.5
William T. McElveen, Sr. 4,887 5.7
Democratic Primary Runoff
Candidate Votes % ±%
John Jenrette 42,759 52.5 +7.3
Hicks Harwell 38,621 47.5 +21.3

Republican primary

Republican Primary
Candidate Votes %
John Light Napier 3,735 60.0
Edward Lunn Young 2,491 40.0

General election results

South Carolina's 6th Congressional District Election Results, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Light Napier 75,635 51.7 +51.7
Democratic John Jenrette (incumbent) 70,445 48.2 -51.5
No party Write-Ins 86 0.1 -0.2
Majority 5,190 3.5 -95.9
Turnout 146,166
Republican gain from Democratic

See also

This page was last edited on 14 January 2018, at 03:53
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