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United States House of Representatives elections, 1914

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States House of Representatives elections, 1914

← 1912 November 3, 1914[a] 1916 →

All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party
 
ChampClark.jpg
James Robert Mann 1909.jpg
Leader Champ Clark James Mann
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since March 4, 1909 March 4, 1911
Leader's seat Missouri 9th Illinois 2nd
Last election 291 seats 134 seats
Seats won 230[1][2] 196[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 61 Increase 62

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Progressive Socialist
Last election 9 seats 0 seats
Seats won 6[1][2] 1[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 3 Increase 1

  Fifth party Sixth party
 
Party Prohibition Independent
Last election 0 seats 1 seat
Seats won 1[1][2] 1
Seat change Increase 1 Steady

Speaker before election

Champ Clark
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Champ Clark
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1914 were held in the middle of President Woodrow Wilson's first term for members of the 64th Congress.

The opposition Republican Party had recovered from the split they underwent during the 1912 presidential election, and they made large gains in seats from the Democratic Party, though not enough to regain control of the body. The burgeoning economy greatly aided Republicans, who pushed for pro-business principles and took credit for the success that had been reached in the industrial sector. Many former Progressives rejoined the Republican Party, but a number of the most liberal members of the House remained under this banner. In addition, William Kent was re-elected in California's 1st congressional district as an Independent, and a Prohibition Party member (Charles H. Randall) and a Socialist Party member (Meyer London) were elected in California's 9th congressional district and New York's 12th congressional district, respectively.

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Transcription

Contents

Election summaries

230 1 1 6 1 196
Democratic S I P Pn Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Progressive Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama Districts
+at-large
10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arizona At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 11 3 Steady 4 Decrease 1 2 Steady 2[b] Increase 1
Colorado Districts 4 3 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District 5 0 Decrease 5 5 Increase 5 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida Districts 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 12 12 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois Districts 27 10 Decrease 10 16 Increase 11 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 11 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 1 Decrease 2 10 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District 8 6 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 9 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District 8 7 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Maine[c] District 4 1 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 5 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 16 4 Decrease 3 12 Increase 3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan Districts 13 2 Steady 11 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Minnesota Districts 10 1 Steady 8 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Mississippi District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 16 14 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Montana At-large 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 3 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 0 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 12 4 Decrease 7 8 Increase 7 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Mexico At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 43 19 Decrease 12 22 Increase 11 1 Steady 1 Increase 1
North Carolina District 10 9 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Dakota District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio Districts 22 9 Decrease 10 13 Increase 10 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oklahoma Districts 8 7 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oregon District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts
+4 at-large
36 6 Decrease 6 30 Increase 8 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 3 1 Decrease 1 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota District 3 1 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 8 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Texas Districts
+2 at-large
18 18 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Utah District 2 1 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 9 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington Districts 5 1 Increase 1 4 Increase 1 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady
West Virginia Districts
+at-large
6 3 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 3 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Total 435 230
52.9%
Decrease 61 196
45.1%
Increase 63 6
1.4%
Decrease 3 3[d]
0.7%
Increase 2
House seats
Democratic
52.87%
Progressive
1.38%
Prohibition
0.23%
Republican
45.06%
Socialist
0.23%
Others
0.23%
  House seats by party holding plurality in state      80+% to 100% Democratic    80+% to 100% Republican     60+% to 80% Democratic    60+% to 80% Republican     Up to 60% Democratic    Up to 60% Republican
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  Net gain in party representation      6+ Democratic gain       6+ Republican gain     3-5 Democratic gain       3-5 Republican gain     1-2 Democratic gain    1-2 Progressive gain    1-2 Republican gain     no net change
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Progressive gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election date

Maine held its elections early, on September 14, 1914. There had previously been multiple states with earlier elections, but Maine was the only one remaining by 1914 (after Vermont stopped holding its elections early, after 1912). Maine would continue to hold elections early, in September, until 1958.

California

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William Kent Independent 1910 Incumbent re-elected. William Kent (Independent) 48.1%
Edward H. Hart (Republican) 38.3%
O. F. Meldon (Democratic) 10.8%
Henry P. Stripp (Prohibition) 2.8%
California 2 John E. Raker Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected. John E. Raker (Democratic) 64.7%
James T. Matlock (Republican) 31.2%
W. P. Fassett (Prohibition) 4.1%
California 3 Charles F. Curry Republican 1912 Incumbent re-elected. Charles F. Curry (Republican) 85.0%
David T. Ross (Socialist) 8.7%
Edwin F. Van Vlear (Prohibition) 6.3%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected. Julius Kahn (Republican) 69.1%
Henry Colombat (Democratic) 22.8%
Allen K. Gifford (Socialist) 6.6%
J. C. Westenberg (Prohibition) 1.5%
California 5 John I. Nolan Republican gain 1912 Incumbent re-elected. John I. Nolan (Republican) 83.3%
Mads Peter Christensen (Socialist) 11.4%
Frederick Head (Prohibition) 5.3%
California 6 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.
John A. Elston (Progressive) 44.4%
George H. Derrick (Republican) 37.7%
Howard H. Caldwell (Socialist) 13.9%
Harlow E. Wolcott (Progressive) 3.9%
California 7 Denver S. Church Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. Denver S. Church (Democratic) 49.9%
A. M. Drew (Republican) 31.8%
Henry M. McKee (Socialist) 9.9%
Don A. Allen (Prohibition) 8.3%
California 8 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected. Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 49.1%
Lewis Dan Bohnett (Progressive) 45.3%
Joseph Merritt Horton (Prohibition) 5.6%
California 9 Charles W. Bell Progressive 1912 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Prohibition gain.
Charles H. Randall (Prohibition) 30.9%
Charles W. Bell (Progressive) 30.3%
Frank C. Roberts (Republican) 27.7%
Henry A. Hart (Socialist) 11.1%
California 10 William Stephens Progressive 1910 Incumbent re-elected. William Stephens (Progressive) 38.4%
Henry Z. Osborne (Republican) 28.9%
Nathan Newby (Democratic) 15.5%
Ralph L. Criswell (Socialist) 13.0%
Henry Clay Needham (Prohibition) 4.3%
California 11 William Kettner Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. William Kettner (Democratic) 52.7%
James Carson Needham (Republican) 27.9%
James S. Edwards (Prohibition) 12.7%
Casper Bauer (Socialist) 6.7%

Florida

An at-large district had been created in 1912 for a newly apportioned seat. The at-large district was eliminated in 1914 and the 4th district created.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected. Stephen M. Sparkman (Democratic) 99.3%
H. B. Jeffers (Independent) 0.7%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected. Frank Clark (Democratic) 100%
Florida 3 Emmett Wilson Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. Emmett Wilson (Democratic) 98.8%
E. Wentworth (Independent) 1.2%
Florida 4 Claude L'Engle
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic 1912 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
William J. Sears (Democratic) 100%

South Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Richard S. Whaley Democratic 1913 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Richard S. Whaley (Democratic) 98.5%
Aaron P. Prioleau (Republican) 1.0%
William Eberhard (Socialist) 0.5%
South Carolina 2 James F. Byrnes Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected. James F. Byrnes (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected. Wyatt Aiken (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph T. Johnson (Democratic) 99.5%
J. W. Sexton (Republican) 0.3%
M. I. Ellenberg (Socialist) 0.2%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected. David E. Finley (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 6 J. Willard Ragsdale Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. J. Willard Ragsdale (Democratic) 100%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Asbury F. Lever (Democratic) 95.1%
I. S. Leevy (Republican) 4.1%
George F. Lee (Socialist) 0.8%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Maine held early elections on September 14, 1914.
  2. ^ 1 Prohibition Party member elected, and 1 Independent re-elected. Previous election saw the Independent elected.
  3. ^ Maine elections held early.
  4. ^ 1 Socialist, 1 Prohibition, and 1 Independent.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e Martis, pp. 168–169.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 11 October 2018, at 12:39
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