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2006 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2006 United States House of Representatives elections

← 2004 November 7, 2006 2008 →

All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and 4 (of the 5) non-voting members
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
Pelosi Official Photograph.JPG
Leader Nancy Pelosi Dennis Hastert
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 3, 2003 January 3, 1999
Leader's seat California 8th Illinois 14th
Last election 202 232
Seats before 201 229
Seats won 233 202
Seat change Increase 31 Decrease 27
Popular vote 42,338,795 35,857,334
Percentage 52.3% 44.3%
Swing Increase 5.5% Decrease 5.1%

  Third party
Party Independent
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 1
Popular vote 417,895
Percentage 0.5%
Swing Decrease 0.1%

2006 House elections.svg
Results:      Democratic hold      Democratic gain      Republican hold

Speaker before election

Dennis Hastert

Elected Speaker

Nancy Pelosi

The 2006 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 7, 2006, to elect members to the United States House of Representatives. It took place in the middle of President George W. Bush's second term in office. All 435 seats of the House were up for election. Those elected served in the 110th United States Congress from January 3, 2007, until January 3, 2009. The incumbent majority party, the Republicans, had won majorities in the House consecutively since 1994, and were defeated by the Democrats who won a majority in the chamber, ending 12 years of Republican control in the House.

The Republicans had won a 232-seat majority in 2004, and by election day 2006 the party held 229 seats, the Democrats had 201 and there was 1 Independent (who caucused with the Democrats). There were also four vacancies. Republicans held a 28-seat advantage, and Democrats needed to pick up 15 seats to take control of the House, which had had a Republican majority since January 1995. The public's perception of George W. Bush, the handling of the war in Iraq, and a series of political scandals involving mostly congressional Republicans took their toll on the party at the ballot box.[1]

The final result was a 31-seat pickup for the Democrats, including the pickup of the Vermont at-large seat, previously held by Independent Bernie Sanders (who ran instead for U.S. Senate), who caucused with the Democrats. Democrats defeated 22 Republican incumbents and won eight open Republican-held seats. Republicans won no seats previously held by Democrats and defeated no Democratic incumbents for the first time since the Republican party's founding.[2] It was the largest seat gain for the Democrats since the 1974 elections. Among the new Democrats were the first Muslim in Congress (Keith Ellison) and the first two Buddhists (Mazie Hirono and Hank Johnson). As a result of the Democratic victory, Nancy Pelosi became the first woman and the first Californian House Speaker.[3]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ U.S. House General Election Debate


- Good evening, I'm Dale Bohren, executive of the Casper Star Tribune. Welcome to the 2016 US Representative General Election Debate sponsored by Wyoming PBS, Casper College, and the Casper Star Tribune. We're in the beautiful Wheeler Music Concert Hall and the campus of Casper College. I wanna thank our readers, viewers, and listeners of the sponsors from across Wyoming who submitted topics and questions for tonight's debate. A three person panel use those submissions to curate and prioritize some of tonight's questions. The question panel for tonight's debate is Craig Blumenshine, public affairs producer for Wyoming PBS. Erich Frankland, chairman of the political science department at Casper College, and Bob Beck, news director of Wyoming Public Radio. Thank you for being here. This will be a classic debate with opening and closing statements, each candidate will answer direct questions and have the opportunity to respond or comment on other candidates' questions. The question panel may ask for clarifications or otherwise interact with the candidates. The candidates have agreed to pre-negotiated rules for the debate in which the moderator has total discretion to settle any dispute. We would ask you, the audience, to refrain from applauding or heckling during the event, so that we can best use the short time allotted for this important debate. Position on stage and the order for opening statements and questions were determined by drawing names from a hat 15 minutes prior to this debate, and now it is my honor and pleasure to introduce to you, from left to right, using introductions submitted by the candidates, and the candidates running for the Wyoming lone seat in the US House of Representatives and on this stage for this debate, Liz Cheney is a fourth-generation Wyomingite. She attended Park Elementary and Dean Morgan Junior High here in Casper and today, she lives in Wilson with her husband and five kids. She is a mother, author, and former Fox News contributor who has practiced law and served in the State Department focusing on US policy in the Middle East. She is a member of the International Board of Advisors at the University of Wyoming, and has also served as the chairman of Keep America Safe, a nonprofit organization that was instrumental in preventing the transfer of terrorists to the United States. On her left is Ryan Greene. Ryan Greene helped turn one welding truck into a 250 employee energy services company. Today, Greene's energy service provides labor and construction to all of Wyoming's energy producers from the coal mines to the oil patch. Over 18 years, Ryan Greene worked from welder to operations director of the company. Ryan's wife, Lindsey, works in a Wyoming public school and the company are proud to raise their own two children in their hometown of Rock Springs. On Ryan's left is Lawrence Struempf. Lawrence is a moderate libertarian who believes in protecting our individual liberties while cutting government waste. He was raised on a cattle ranch west of Riverton and graduated from the University of Wyoming. He has worked for Fortune 500 companies, incorporated and managed his own corporation, and worked for the government. Mr. Struempf has been an active leader in the community and around Wyoming. He is actively involved with Rotary and Kiwanis as well as other organizations that work to make the nation and Wyoming a better place. And finally, on your far right, Daniel Cummings. On his website, Daniel Cummings of Casper says he's been fascinated by the Constitution of the United States since his older childhood and began a serious and in-depth study of it at the age of 14 that has continued to present. This study has included constitution history, constitutional law, current events concerning the problems of our time, foreign policy, and the challenge of America's enemies and the sound free market economies of its enemies. That study has never ceased and continues today. Daniel Cummings has learned much in recent years and continues to grow by years in his understanding of America's problems both foreign and domestic. Our candidates for the US House of Representatives. (audience applauding) We'll begin tonight's debate with opening statements by the candidates, 50 seconds, Mrs. Cheney. - Well, thank you very much, Dale, it's wonderful to be here. It's very fitting be here tonight. This is the 20th candidate forum that we've had now that I've participated in in the last eight and a half months since we launched our campaign in Gillette back in February and it's been an amazing eight and a half months, and as I've talked to thousands of you all across the state, it's absolutely clear to me that there's no question, but that Wyoming has been hurt more than any other state by the last eight years of this presidency, and we have to make sure that we send to Washington a representative who will be able to lead a national effort to roll back the damage that's been done, to undo the devastating policies, somebody who will fight on behalf of our constitution, of our second amendment rights, somebody who will never give in, some who will never compromise, but who will be an unyielding defender of our rights and our freedoms in Wyoming, thank you very much. - Mr. Greene. - Hi, everyone, I'm Ryan Greene. Thanks to our sponsors for making this possible and thanks to the audience for skipping Thursday Night Football. So, I'm a Wyoming democrat, but I don't agree with every democrat and I won't defend every democrat. I only agree with one person 100% of the time, that's my wife, Now, I run a small business and I felt the impact of overreaching government policies, that's why I'm in this race. Now, folks, anyone can trash-talk the president and parties, but that's not the job that we're applying for. Wyoming has one US House seat and we need a congressman that knows our industries from the inside, a homegrown official that we know will represent our people, defend our way of life, and work for Wyoming values not New York donors or DC bureaucrats, thank you. - My name is Lawrence Struempf. I grew up on a cattle ranch near Riverton. First of all, I'd like to thank Casper Star, Casper College, and Wyoming PBS for sponsoring this debate. I have a bachelor's degree from the University of Wyoming, computer science and a master's in management. I'm a single father and I'm a teacher. I'm moderate libertarian who believes in less government and more liberties similar to 1970s, 1980s republican. I believe the biggest problem in our country and in our government is a broken two-party system 'cause regardless of what they believe in the Democratic Party or the Republican Party, they always seem to be suaded to do what their party tells them to do and I believe that as a libertarian party would be the strongest and best third party in our nation, and as a libertarian candidate, yeah. - [Bohren] Mr. Cummings. - My name is Daniel Cummings. I represent the Constitution Party of the United States and of Wyoming. I'm a candidate for congress, the House of Representatives. The Congress of the United States is the body charged by the Constitution with solving national problems. The Congress should give us answers that are best for the country as a whole, I believe that I have that national viewpoint, I have lived in the east and in the west, in the north and in the south, in the mountains, in the plains, in republican states and democratic states, and in Washington itself, and I've lived many years here in Wyoming, my favorite state, where I have lived, and I've lived here long enough to understand Wyoming's needs also and how to stand against the oppression of our federal government, thank you. - Thank you all and good luck, here's the first question for Liz Cheney from Craig Blumenshine. - Thank you, Dale. Ms. Cheney, in the republican primary debate on this stage, you said the following, "People who have been in the state legislature "for many years have got to explain to the people of Wyoming "how it is that we are at a crisis moment," what mistakes were you referring to that the Wyoming legislature has made that has caused Wyoming to be in this, as you say, crisis moment? - I think that the issue that we're facing today and we're in the general election now, as you know, not the primary, but in the primary, I had opponents who were arguing that they were gonna go to Washington and make change and my point was simply you have to look at somebody's record in the state legislature in order to know whether they're really gonna be able to make change. Where we are today is a different situation in terms of this general election and the choice for the people of Wyoming is very different, the choice now is whether we're gonna send to Washington someone who every single day will fight on behalf of our rights and our freedoms to roll back the federal government or whether we're gonna send somebody, my opponent to my left, who caucus for Bernie Sanders and who now has endorsed Hillary Clinton both of whom want to end the extraction of all fossil fuels on our federal lands, but that's the decision that people need to make today. - You said that the state legislature for many of years, those people need to explain to the citizens of Wyoming, what mistakes were you referring to? - Well, there were several. I think SF 104 was one of the key ones. I think that that bill, which two of my opponents in that race were fundamental to supporting, stripped away the constitutional rights of the people of Wyoming, when they took away the power of the people to elect the superintendent of public instruction, they stripped the duties out of that office, that was only one. I think that the key point though is who's going to make change, and people who are watching tonight who are deciding between those of us on the stage have to understand the very real choice they have between someone who will be able to bring a national focus and attention to our issues, somebody who will fight on behalf of our fossil fuel industry versus someone who's endorsed Hillary Clinton for president. - Well, if I may, I was at that debate and I watched that and in Ms. Cheney's opening statement she blamed our economy on the president and then in her closing statement, she blamed our state legislature, and so it's clear that I believe Ms. Cheney will blame anybody that's around. Now, look, I work in the industry, I work in the coal industry, so certainly, I have absolutely no intent of harming our fossil fuel industry regardless of what Ms. Cheney says. - Well, my opponent may have no intent, but he's endorsed Hillary Clinton and Hillary Clinton was asked whether she would support a ban on the extraction of fossil fuels from all federal lands and her answer was two words, "That's a done deal." Now, that ban by the candidate that you've endorsed for president will cost this state 32,500 additional lost jobs, it will cost us over $800,000 in royalties, it will be devastating to this state, so you can say that you understand the industry, but in my view, the fact that you work in the industry and you don't believe there's a war on coal and you supported Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton, calls your judgement into serious question. - Absolutely not, well, first of all-- - This next question, time is up for that question, I'm sorry. The next question is for Ryan Greene-- - [Struempf] Don't I get to respond to that question? - You missed your opportunity to respond, but you know what, we'll make an exception, if you would like to, part of what we agreed to before was that it's not an automatic response, if you want to respond, you have to catch my eye and I will make sure that I recognize you. - [Struempf] Okay. - As Mr. Greene did, but in the interest of fairness since this is the first debate for Mr. Struempf, Mr. Struempf, would you like to respond? - I was gonna say I've worked a lot with our state house and state senate representatives and I think that they're doing a very good job and I have great respect for them and those who are in my community, it's the federal government we need to really work on and try to break the partisan divide. - Okay, and Mr. Cummings. - Most of the problems with the coal industry are coming from Washington from overreach of a government that's out of control, only minimal, if any, problems from the coal industry are coming from Cheyenne. - Does everybody understand now? - [Cummings] Yes. - Next question is for Ryan Greene from Erich Frankland. - Mr. Greene, with the recent economic downturn, a lot of attention in Wyoming's been focusing on the loss of energy sector jobs, but many people in Wyoming work in service jobs, and recently, Congress, yet again, failed to address the minimum wage issue, how would you address minimum wage and related wage concerns for Wyomingites who aren't in the energy sector? - Yeah, certainly, the minimum wage, I believe needs to be increased. Now, the federal minimum wage has not been increased since 2009 and a lot of folks believe that this is an issue of entry-level jobs, but it's not, especially in Wyoming's economy, we have folks that are coming in from the oilfields and the mines that can't find any other jobs, and not every company is Walmart, so I think we need to, the mission of our next congressman, we need to have those discussions where we are providing a livable wage without crippling small businesses and I believe we need to start the discussion at $10 an hour. - I also agree that we need to increase the minimum wage, I was thinking $12 is what they show would be an acceptable livable wage for 40 hours a week nationwide. - Mr. Cummings. - I believe in the free market, wages should be determined by negotiation between employers, employees, and the marketplace in general. There is no constitutional authority for Congress to meddle in the marketplace and this welfare mentality, it's entirely out of line. - [Bohren] Ms. Cheney. - I think it would be a disaster for the economy if we mandated an increase for the minimum wage, what we need to do is roll back the federal government, we need to get the regulation off of our back, We need to get back to a place where we've got pro-growth economic policies, so that people are able to keep more of their own money, we've gotta repeal Obamacare, we need to reduce taxes, we need to create a situation where jobs are coming back to our state because our energy industry is off of its back and the federal government is out of the way, but we should not be mandating an increase in the minimum wage. - [Bohren] Okay, and 30 seconds for a followup. - Well, I believe that we do need to increase the minimum wage at least 2% to keep up with inflation. Look, we have folks working 40 hours a week that can't make it and so we need to have a balance between doing what's right, providing a livable wage, but without crippling our small businesses or doubling their payroll, and it starts with a discussion. - Okay, next question is for Lawrence Struempf from Bob Beck. - Mr. Struempf, what do we do about equal pay for equal work and is there a realistic solution at the federal level? - I believe I strongly in pushing more of the control from the federal level to the state level and so, as US representative, I would not have the United States address that as much. It is important that people are treated equally and get fair wages. Some of the issues that I work with is where you don't have as many women, perhaps, in a certain job sector and that varies, and so if you have one area that pays more and there aren't as many women in it, it's gonna influence that, but for the same job, it is logical that they should receive the same pay. - [Bohren] For followup, Mr. Cummings. - No two people are alike. There is no such thing as equal work for any two persons, people are different, they find their value in the marketplace, these matters should not be dictated by a fascist control-freak congress in Washington, they should be dictated by the free market, by free interchange and negotiations. - [Bohren] Mr. Greene? - Yes, I believe we need equal pay for equal work. Wyoming has in the gender wage, we're the second highest gender wage gap out there. Now, look, this is the equality state, we need to move beyond a slogan and actually back it with action, and we own an energy services company and it doesn't matter if you're a woman or man, if you provide that service, you get equal pay, and so I would support a constitutional amendment for equal pay for equal work, it's the right thing to do. It's 2016, we need to roll up our sleeves and get this done. - Ms. Cheney? - I think we all on this stage agree that people outta be paid equally for the jobs that they do, but I think that the statistics that are driving this debate are fundamentally flawed, they come from the Census Bureau, they don't take into account anything in terms of the types of jobs people are working, who leaves the work force, the types of training we're providing people, I mean, here in our own home state, it tends to be men, nine out of 10 accidents in the workplace, injuries in the workplace happen to men. They take on jobs, in many cases, that are more dangerous and there's a pay differential for that. I don't think the government should be involved in mandating pay. I think that's something that outta be negotiated between employers and employees and the government doesn't have any business being in the middle of it. - Okay, would you like a followup? - No, I agree. - Okay, our fourth question goes to Daniel Cummings from Craig Blumenshine. - Mr. Cummings, 13% of Wyoming's children and 10% of all Wyoming residents live in poverty. In this country, there are 43 million people that are living in poverty, what should Congress do about that? - Congress has no constitutional authority to deal with poverty. Poverty belongs to state governments and to charitable institutions. We have had a war on poverty since the days of Johnson and we have more poverty now than we did then, the more deeply the federal government gets involved in so-called improving poverty, the worse the situation gets. - Ms. Cheney. - I think this is a very important question and I think as a nation, we have an obligation to do everything we can to lift people out of poverty and I think as republicans, we have an obligation to do a better job at explaining why it is free enterprise, why the free enterprise system, why policies that allow people to keep more of their own money, so they can invest, why lowering the tax burden and the regulatory burden are the exact policies that will create jobs and economic growth, that's what we need to do about poverty is create opportunity in this nation and in this state, and in this state, the best solution to poverty and budget issues is to unleash the unbelievable resources we have in our fossil fuel industry, that today are being really strangled by the Obama administration. - Mr. Greene. - Well, I believe the first practical step and my campaign's always been about practical solutions not big promises, so I believe one big or the first practical step that we can do is raise the minimum wage, and I think that's realistic, it's achievable, and we can get that done. It's a bipartisan issue, we need to go to work, roll up our sleeves and get it done. - And I believe that we need to do a mixture of both. We need to build the economy, so that there are jobs out there. Many of the people who are unemployed and living in poverty are there 'cause they've lost their jobs, and so if we can work to help the energy industry and other things to foster the economy, we can help resolve poverty. - [Bohren] Mr. Cummings, would you like a followup? - Thank you. The free enterprise system that we have in America has blessed us with wealth that is absolute unimaginable to people throughout history of the world up to about 50 years ago, the poor today live better than the rich in the past 6,000 years, and the reason is the free market not government action. - Thank you, the next questions is for Ms. Cheney from Erich Frankland. - Ms. Cheney, there's a call for a balance between needed environmental and health protections for Wyoming and the United States, but also promoting economic development for Wyoming and the United States, how do you see that balance? - I don't think that the two things are in conflict. I think that what's happened today is we've had radical environmentalist in too many instances who have really captured agencies like the EPA, who have captured pieces of legislation like the Endangered Species Act, and who are exploiting those in order to end all productive use of our land, and in some instances, to end all human use of our land. I think the reality is if you visit a coal mine and you see the area that's been reclaimed, it's unbelievable, it's impressive, it is in many instances better than when we started. I think if you look at the stewardship of our farmers and our ranchers all across this state, they know best how to care for the land and the environment, and those are the issues that outta be controlled here, that outta be handled by our state DEQ, the EPA is doing far more damage today to our environment than good, and I think it needs to be severely restricted and the budget needs to be cut, and we need to make sure that we're doing everything we can to phase it out. - Mr. Greene. - Well, we have a responsibility to be good stewards of the land and the environment, but also protect our energy sector as well, and the folks that work in the energy sector, they hunt, they fish, they use the land, they're good stewards, so we can strike a balance. You look at what happened under Governor Dave Freudenthal, Governor Sullivan, they balanced energy development with conservation, we do a pretty good job of this in Wyoming and as your next congressman, I would do the same to strike a balance. Obviously, we can't cripple the coal industry, we need to have clean, oh, am I out of time, sorry. - [Bohren] You are. - I'm sorry. - [Bohren] Mr. Cummings? - I'm gonna go. - I was gonna say, go ahead if you want. - Yeah, I thought I'd, anyhow, we need clean air, we need clean water, so the EPA does need to have a certain level of control and management over it, but they, a lot of waste has occurred with the EPA overreaching and affecting regulations and so forth that influence production and the economy overall. - It's delusional to think we will get better environmental answers from Washington, from bureaucrats there who do not know our territory, do not know our state, do not know the region, do not know the nature here, the best answers will come locally and in our state from our legislature. Cheyenne, the state legislature, is the state to solve Wyoming's problems. - Would you like a followup? - Yes, the problem that we have today is that these federal agencies are not operating in good faith. They're not operating in a way that demonstrates that they really work together even to obey the law. If you look at the BLM, for example, they're supposed to manage for multiple use, but what's happening today instead is they are ignoring comments that are coming in from our cooperating agencies, they are listening to radical environmental groups and our lands are being destroyed, our resources are being destroyed, so this is an area where we have to ensure that we get control of those agencies and that we return authority for managing our land and our resources where it belongs which is in our local communities. - [Bohren] The next question goes to Ryan Greene from Bob Beck. - Mr. Greene, economists almost universally point to a carbon tax as the most market-friendly efficient way to address climate change. Many major energy companies are currently pushing a carbon tax including Shell, Exxon, and BP, do you support this and if not, how do you propose to address the problem of carbon emissions without a tax? - I do not support a carbon tax. I don't believe that the answer to our problems are to punish the producers of this. Look, I think we've got some of the best engineers in the world, I work with these folks every day, let them have a seat at the table, let's have a conversation between industry and the government because I believe that's the missing link, these folks can fix the problem. They go to work on it every day. Currently, right now, all of the coal standards have been met, so these folks can do the job, let them have the problem, let them take that, and let them reduce the emissions, they'll find the solutions without a doubt. - We need all of the energy we can get to grow America, to grow our economies, and natural gas is very clean, I cannot see us ever not wanting to use natural gas and so, the free market should pretty much work it out, we're very effective at having cleaner coal. I believe we should do more research on coal to liquid, so we can use it for diesel, but we need to let the free market work more and work more with exporting our natural resources. - Mr. Cummings. - Many good scientists don't buy the argument that carbon dioxide is the main cause of increasing temperatures. It has been noticed and fairly well established from T-rings, ice drillings in Antarctica, and otherwise that the sun has been going through 1500 year cycles of up and down and up and down about 750 years of each for 10s of thousands of years, we're in upswing now, it's going to get warmer because the sun is heating up and carbon dioxide is not going to have a very relevant part of that. - Ms. Cheney. - We are the target here in Wyoming absolutely of a war on coal and a war on fossil fuels is coming, and we cannot take the position that we're sort of all gonna try to work together because we know that this president and we know that Hillary Clinton and we know that Nancy Pelossi have decided they're gonna kill our coal industry, and we are feeling the impact of that every single day, so I believe we need legislation that prevents the EPA from regulating carbon dioxide as a pollutant. I believe we need to repeal the Clean Power Plan, we need to repeal the Mercury and Air Toxic Standards, and we need to return authority for managing these issues to the state because the EPA is devastating us. - I'm beginning to think you don't like the president. (laughter) Look, the reality is that a carbon tax is not the answer, but let energy fix energy, certainly not the government. - [Bohren] The next question is for Lawrence Struempf from Craig Blumenshine. - Mr. Struempf, what action will you take in your first year to reduce gun violence and mass shootings and as an extension to that, under the Obama administration, do you feel that your 2nd Amendment rights have been infringed? - I do not feel that my 2nd Amendment rights have been infringed. There haven't been that many issues that have been successful. Of course, Obama has had a House and a Senate to work with him, so even if he wanted to cause problems in that area, he was not allowed to. - So, what might you do to reduce gun violence and mass shootings? - Education. And of course, I believe in less federal government, more control at the state government, and so I really believe that that should be more at the state level, but then when you look at like Chicago has the strongest gun laws in the nation and yet they have the highest gun crimes, and so I don't think there's a direct correlation between gun regulation and gun crimes. - Mr. Cummings. - The founding fathers put the 2nd Amendment in the Constitution as a defensive liberty and self-defense, it was not about hunting, although, I have no animus against hunters, I think hunting is fine, but the key issue here is America's liberty. People who cannot defend themselves against tyrannical government are in danger of losing their freedom. Look at the Germans under Hitler, look at the Soviets under Stalin, and the Cambodians under Pol Pot, 10s of millions dead. - Ms. Cheney. - This is another issue that is really at stake in this election. Just last night in the presidential debate, Secretary Clinton criticized the Heller decision, that's the decision that was written by Justice Scalia that affirmed that we have an individual right to keep and bear arms, so my opponent can act like, gosh, we're all on the same page here, but we really aren't, and the fact that he's endorsed Hillary Clinton who will nominate and appoint benches or judges to the Supreme Court that will do everything they can to undo our 2nd Amendment rights is something that people need to be very focused on as we go forward in this campaign. - Look, I support the 2nd Amendment, my dad taught me to shoot and I'm teaching my kids how to shoot, it's about responsible gun ownership, and we do that here in Wyoming. My father-in-law has his licensed firearm dealer, he's a licensed firearm dealer, so of course I support it, but I do support background checks like we do here in Wyoming and I support no fly, no buy rule, which I'm not alone, both presidential candidates, which you've endorsed the other one, support that as well. - I was gonna say one thing that people don't seem to realize is that it's not just the ability to own guns, it's the ability to have access to ammunition and places to use your firearms. I know that when I grew up, my friends and I, every day after school, we'd go shoot 22s, you can't even buy 22 shells anymore, how better to stop people in the United States from learning how to use guns and firearms than get rid of 22 shells, so our children can't learn how to shoot properly. - Next question is for Daniel Cummings from Erich Frankland. - Mr. Cummings, in a recent forum in Jackson, former governor Mike Sullivan and former senator Al Simpson addressed the issue of civility and compromise being essential for democratic politics in the United States and lamented the rise of hatred in American politics today, so how would you respond to that assessment of American politics, do we need civility and compromise or should we pursue the path of hatred that's gotten so much attention recently? - I am dedicated to decreasing the power and interference of the federal government in the most civil way that we can possibly do it. As to compromise, compromises for the last 50 years have always been leftward, have always been more government, have always been more authority, have always been more rules and regulations, have always been more interference in our personal lives and in our businesses, I think it's time that compromises went the other way, let the left, the liberals compromise with less government, let's reduce the size, let them do some compromising, and let them be civil for a while. (audience applauding) - Mr. Struempf. - I believe that the biggest problem with our country is the two party system, we need a third party 'cause you got, the rights always gonna vote with the right, the party on the left is always gonna vote with the left, regardless of what is right, and we need a third party to break that and to bring them together, so a fiscally conservative, socially liberal, moderate libertarian party is the ultimate party for the United States to help get our government back on track. - [Bohren] Mr. Greene. - Well, certainly, this has been a staple of my campaign because we need to work together and the reality is that Wyoming's problems do not belong to either party, we want gun rights, but we want Medicaid expansion, too. We want to sell our coal, but we want to keep public lands in public hands. Senator Enzi recently called for a more bipartisan approach in Congress and I could not agree with him more because the legislative solutions will only come from those that are willing to work together. - I think it's-- (applause) - May I remind the audience that we've asked you to refrain from applauding just so we can keep the time for responses from the candidates. - I think it's very important for us to work together, but I also think it's very important for us to know where we stand and I think there are some issues on which we cannot compromise. I don't agree with no fly, no buy, I don't think the people's constitutional rights should be taken away from them without due process and that's what no fly, no buy does, it takes 'em away without due process. I also don't think that we outta put our public lands in Hillary Clinton or Nancy Pelosi's hands which is what my opponent wants to do. I think there are some critical issues on which we gotta make sure we know where we stand and that we lead and build coalitions around those things that matter to us in this state, so we can defend out way of life and our rights and our freedoms. - [Bohren] You've had a followup, I'm sorry, would you like to followup, Mr. Cummings? - Can I have his? - Sure. - Thanks for asking. - Good try. - The next question is for Ms. Cheney from Bob Beck. - Ms. Cheney, I've been hearing you talk about climate change where your reference is Junk Science, I know you're not a big fan of the EPA, talking about dismantling it, do you favor any environmental regulation? - I do, Bob. I think that the kind of environmental regulation that happens at the state level is where it outta happen. When you talk about climate change, I think the important question for us to ask is whether those who accept the administration's set of beliefs, whether or not the policies they're putting in place have any impact on those, and even the EPA administrator admits that the Clean Power Plan which will kill our coal industry and the move to keep all of our fossil fuels in the ground which will kill the state, even if those things succeed, the effect on global temperature is negligible, and so then you have to ask yourself what is it they're trying to accomplish, and in my view, it is much more important for us to do all we can to ensure that we get access to our resources in a responsible way, so we can get the economy growing again and so we can bring jobs back to our-- - [Beck] But what kind of environmental regulation do you support? - Energy companies have made tremendous progress. I think that when you look at things like the rule for reclamation for example, when you look at the advances that have been made in clean coal technology already, I think that those things have been tremendously important, what I don't support is wasting hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars on renewables, we have to be for all of the above, but right now, these renewables are being subsidized in a way that makes it impossible for anybody else to compete and frankly, that is a complete loss of our taxpayer money. - [Bohren] Mr. Greene. - Ms. Cheney, that's kind of fascinating because one of your top donors is wind power and so you claim that you're going to help our coal industry, but Philip Anschutz, who owns the largest wind farm in America is one of your top donors, and so I don't believe you're gonna stand with our miners when you're funded by wind and so I don't believe that, but look, she calls it junk science, I stand with the 99% of scientists that says it's real and I also stand with former president George W. Bush, who said, "Global warming is caused "in large part by human activity. "I believe climate change is real "and that man has played a role in it." - [Bohren] Mr. Struempf. - I believe it is very important that we respect education in science and we look at what science says. At the same time, we need to do a cost-benefit analysis even if climate change is caused by man, how much effect will it have versus the economy. We're gonna have to use all the energy we can eventually. We need everything we can to help the world grow and so we need coal, we need natural gas, we need wind power, we need it all, and so anyhow, in order for us to grow, we need all aspects. - [Bohren] Mr. Cummings. - If the environmental science is so strong, why do these scientists treat minority dissenters so badly? Such as slashing tires at scientific conventions, changing history in Wikipedia and other activities that are hard to call civil in any way. We don't treat the flat-earthers that way, we ignore them. If their position is so strong, why do they treat their dissenters so abominably? - Thank you, your follow? - My opponent has just expressed a very typical liberal perspective which is not understanding the difference between saying we need to make sure that we're taking advantage of all of the above which I believe and saying we need to spend hundreds of millions of dollars of taxpayers' money to subsidize renewables. Now, somebody who's been working in energy industry and who says that we should elect him because he's been working in the energy industry, but then says there's no war on coal, it's not just that he doesn't think that you can take these issues on, he doesn't think we need to take 'em on, he seems to think everything is just fine. Now, not everybody in our state has the job security of being able to work in their parent's company for their whole career like my opponent, but it is a big thing in this state to make sure - not everybody was - that we defend ourselves - given a spot at - To make sure - at the State Department - we defend ourselves - because their father vice president. - [Bohren] Time's up. - I need to respond to that. It's very important - the next question that we make sure that we send somebody to Washington who is gonna fight for all of us not somebody who's decided all of the sudden that he's gonna stand up and say there's no war on coal, we're not gonna take on the democrats, we are at a crucial moment in the lives of the state - [Bohren] time's up. - and he seems unaware of that. - That's not true. - Time's up and we're moving on. Next question is for Ryan Greene from Craig Blumenshine. - Mr. Greene, where should Congress set the limits of surveillance by the US government on Wyomingites and really, in fact, all Americans? - [Greene] I didn't, could you-- - Where should Congress set the limits of surveillance by the US government on Wyomingites and really all Americans? - One more time, I can't hear, I'm sorry. - Where should Congress set the limits of surveillance? - Should they cut surveillance? - [Cheney] Where should limits? - [Blumenshine] Set the limits of surveillance by the US government-- - Thank you, thank you, I appreciate that. It's a large echo. I believe in privacy, this is a privacy issue, and we should not have surveillance on your phones and your tablets and your computers. I believe that you have a right to your privacy, you have a right to your information that's secured on your computers, and in no way should the government be allowed to take a look at this, so I completely believe in your right to privacy and that we should limit any surveillance. - I believe that having privacy is part of our rights as an American and I believe that the government has greatly overstepped their boundaries in surveillance, whether it be of our phone calls or emails or whatever else is monitored, I do not believe that that is within the constitution. - Mr. Cummings. - The right to privacy is a variation on the one great general right which is to be left alone, all other rights are variations on the right to be left alone. Most of what privacy is about is exactly that, the government has gone way beyond what is proper, what fosters liberty, and what fosters national security, and its present surveillance state, and should be cut back drastically. - [Bohren] Ms. Cheney. - We're at war, we're at war with radical Islam, and we absolutely have a right to our privacy, but I don't believe that terrorists have a right to make communications overseas to plot and to plan freely and I think that puts our nation at risk, and I think it's hugely important for us to make sure that we are using every element of our national armory in order to make sure that we can defeat those who are attempting to defeat us and to destroy our civilization, and I think that the notion that we are not gonna surveil terrorists is just simply naive. - [Bohren] Followup, Mr. Greene? - No. - Next question is for Lawrence Struempf from Erich Frankland. - Mr. Struempf, this election is set to be the most expensive in American history, if you're adding everything together, how would you plan to get rid or minimize the impact of money in politics and restore trust in our political system? - Well, I think one of the most important things is to overturn Citizens United and realize that corporations are not people and cannot buy politicians. I believe people should be elected on their merit and what they do not by how much money they have. If four people are running, they should all pretty much have the same options and same media coverage for the election. It is unconstitutional that you can buy an election by having big donors, more specifically big corporate donors. - Mr. Cummings. - I hope in attacking Citizens United, my colleague will also take down unions with it, they should be considered in the same boat, corporations and unions should be able to campaign together or should be restricted together out of fairness, but the idea that we can take a group of candidates and give them equal opportunity will not happen without a fascist control-freak police state, people are different, they campaign differently, they're blocks are different, people are different. - Would you like to follow? Oh, you'd like to speak? - Yeah, I'm sorry, I didn't know if it was to anyone or not. Yeah, this is a huge problem, we see it in this race. I mean, when Ms. Cheney raises 90% of funds outside of the state, LA, New York, DC, and Chicago, and let's be honest, folks, they don't give a hoot about Wyoming issues, they want a candidate that can push their agenda because they're investing in something, so I completely think we should overturn Citizens United and have transparency in all campaign spending. I'll be honest, I got a donation from a guy in Pittsburgh, he's a republican, works in the energy sector, he's my brother, and he expects me to pay him back. (laughter) - [Cummings] Is that a donation or a loan? - Good point, it's a loan. - I am really proud to have raised 10 times more money in Wyoming than my competitors, and more money in Wyoming than all of my competitors combined in the primary and in this general election, and what I believe in is absolute complete transparency. I'd like to see a system where as soon as you get a donation or a contribution, you have to immediately disclose it. I think that's the way to ensure we know how money is being spent without limiting 1st Amendment rights, and I would say that the donations that I've had from around the country give you evidence that I am the only candidate on this stage who will be able to get a national focus and a national attention to our issues, that I'll be able to lead the kinda national coalition we need if we're gonna prevail in saving our energy industry, saving our ag industry, repealing Obamacare, saving our families and our small businesses. - Would you like your followup? - I would just like to say that I don't think that how much money you can get from around the nation represents how well you will represent the people of this state. - Next question is for Daniel Cummings from Bob Beck. - Mr. Cummings, what should be done to strengthen the social security system, so it can keep supporting retirees now and in the future? - I'm not trying to strengthen social security, but if you really wanna strengthen it and make it last, raise the retirement age to about 85. Our demographics are disastrous for social security, the people who want to collect from it are not having children, our birthrate, our fertility is down to about 2.1, that's not even replacement. Social security is a Ponzi scheme that depends upon children and grandchildren which we're not producing. It's a national suicide and I don't want to be responsible for the bloodshed that will come fighting over social security. - Mr. Struempf. - It is important, we need to reform social security, I do not have all the answers on how to do it, but it is on a dead-end trail and so we need to either raise the age, cut the caps, or some other aspect to help address the social security problem. - Mr. Greene. - I was recently endorsed by the Alliance for Retired Americans and I'm honored to have their endorsement. There's 4,000 men and women in Wyoming and I complete defend social security. There's a lot of talk about these are entitlement programs, but you've earned them, you've bought 'em, you've paid for 'em, you've put 'em on layaway, and I believe you should get what you paid for. We've got to look at where we're spending our dollars, but Congress gave the Pentagon $3 billion more than it asked for last year, that's a lot of social security. - Ms. Cheney. - I think that we have a solemn obligation to ensure that social security is there. One of the most important things we need to do to save it is stop raiding it. You've seen consistently over the last eight years, this administration raiding social security in order to pay for things like Obamacare, we can't allow that to continue to happen, we've gotta make sure that we begin to take reforms for people who are not at or near retirement, we shouldn't touch that benefit for people who depend on it or who are about to depend on it, but we have to understand that it will not be there for people who are younger if we don't move immediately to begin reforms. - Do we have time for one more question? - We have time for one last question? - [Cummings] Do I get a followup? - [Bohren] Yes, you do, yes, sorry. - Social security might've been paid for, might've been arranged, but Congress has dissipated it, that doesn't mean it should be a problem for our children. I want my children to grow up free of that burden. I am way past the retirement age and I am still working for a living, putting services into this community that are of value, that's what America should do, getting back to the work ethic. Retirement is not a virtuous goal to be pursuing on a federal basis. - Okay, we have time for one last question, it goes to Liz Cheney from Craig Blumenshine. - Ms. Cheney, what do you think the main reason why supporters of your opponents would not support and/or vote for you and what would you say to assure them that if elected that reason would not prevent you from doing what is best for Wyoming? - Well, I obviously am very proud of the support that I've got around the state and very proud of the hard work that's been done on behalf of my campaign and what I see around the state is very much a sense that we have to have change, and it could be, I suppose, that perhaps people who are supporting my opponent don't understand the threat that we're facing, they don't understand that the threat or they haven't felt, perhaps, the threat to our freedom from Washington DC and the threat to our freedom from overseas, but I think there's just absolutely no question that we can't send someone to Washington who's simply gonna sit there and who's gonna caucus with Nancy Pelosi, and said he supports Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton, we've got to make sure that our next representative is somebody who's gonna fight for our issues and our rights and our way of life and our freedom. - [Bohren] Mr. Greene. Up here on this stage, I think only one of us knows Nancy Pelosi and it's not me. The reality is look, yeah, we do have challenges that we're facing in this, but big promises are not gonna solve this. Ms. Cheney believes that she can walk into government and start rolling back committees. Last congressional session, freshman congressman, there were 721 bills introduced by freshman, 21 became law, and of those 21, seven were renaming post offices, so the reality is that she's gonna go in and gut the EPA on day one and BLM on day two and the Department of Education on day three is just simply not true, maybe day seven, she'll rest, I don't know, but the reality is we have to be practical with what we can and can't get accomplished in Congress. - Thank you. Mr. Struempf? - It is important that we address every problem with a project management aspect. We need with the people who have different views, in everything, you're never gonna get 100% agreement on anything, you need someone who can come between the parties and work with and to get a consensus that's best for the people of the United States, that knows how to research, understand science, and will work hard to do what is needed for the people of this country and of this state. - Mr. Cummings. - The effectiveness of Congress should not be measured by how many bills are passed. We have way too many bills, way too many laws, way too many regulations interfering with our lives and with our businesses. Congress has the responsibility to do that which is best for America. I believe what is best for America is liberty, I also believe that is what is best for Wyoming, and that is my goal, fewer laws, fewer regulations, more individual freedom. - [Bohren] Thank you, sir. - The candidate in this race who can't be trust is my opponent. He tells you now that he's a Wyoming democrat, he tells you that he's a moderate, he tells you he'll fight for our issues, he caucused for Bernie Sanders and he said-- - Did you caucus here or where you in Virginia? - And he said that Bernie Sanders' socialist way of thinking is a way forward for Wyoming and now he endorses Hillary Clinton. Hillary Clinton, who will end the extraction of fossil fuels on public lands. Now, he can says he's gonna work with everybody, but we need somebody who's gonna fight for us and it may be that a green freshman member of Congress cannot do those things, but we need a leader, someone who's gonna be able to bring a national focus and attention to these issues. - That concludes the direct question portion of our debate and so at this time, we'll start with the closing statements. The order of the closing statements were determined by random draw before the debate and we'll go from right to left, Mr. Cummings, you have the first closing statement. - Thank you. - I represent the Constitution Party which obviously in this debate is the party of liberty. We have a left party that is almost universally left, we have a right party that spends half of its time moving leftward, we have a libertarian party that has lost its way, I am more libertarian than the libertarian presidential candidate and the congressional candidate. I am the candidate for individual liberty, for smaller government, for peaceful coexistence with one another, and ask that you awaken within yourselves the spirit of our founding fathers who pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor not to build a rich and prosperous nation, not to build a nation with military might, but the American ideal, individual liberty, that is my goal, thank you. - As your libertarian candidate, I believe in less government and more liberties, less federal government and more state control. I believe in protecting all of your individual rights and freedoms. I believe in being fiscally responsible and yet protecting social liberties. I have over my life worked very hard within the communities through leadership activities with community organizations and state organizations to help serve the people of my communities and of this state and of the country. I believe that you need someone who can go to Congress, who will work for you and fight for your rights, who has work experience in different areas, and who knows and understand the people of Wyoming, everything from the cattle ranchers to the teachers to the firefighters to the doctors to the business people, you need a manager, someone management education and experience in Washington to get the job done, someone who knows how to get things completed and who knows how to work with both the left and the right to get a consensus, and yes, I am a moderate libertarian, but we don't need extremist, we have extremists in the democrat, we have extremists in the republican, we have enough extremists in our country, we need more moderate-thinking people to bring the right and left together. - Thank you, sir. Ryan Greene. - Folks, there's enough chaos in Congress, Wyoming doesn't need to contribute to it. We don't need a bomb thrower or a flamethrower in the US House, we need a persuader, a worker, because at the end of the day, we're never gonna agree on everything, but we have to talk. If you ask me we need less money, less hostility, and less gridlock in Congress, we need more Wyoming, we need more real world experience. You know, Ms. Cheney is long on political ambition, but short on Wyoming experience, and during this campaign, she has questioned my loyalty, but folks, I've been loyal to Wyoming my entire life, I run a small business in Rock Springs, I work with the coal mines and the oilfields, and I don't have all the answers, but I know Wyoming's industries and concerns, and I'll work with senators Enzi and Barrasso to make a real impact. You know, this is just a two-year term, so if I don't make Wyoming proud, you can vote me out in two years, getting a democrat out of office in Wyoming, it's not that hard. But if we elect Ms. Cheney and we don't like the results we're getting, we're never gonna budge her. Folks, we've asked a lot of questions tonight, but I wanna ask one more, should your next congressman want to make a difference for Wyoming or want Wyoming to make a difference for them? I'm Ryan Greene and I would be honored to work for you in Congress. - Thank you, sir. Liz Cheney. - It has been truly, as I said, an incredible eight and a half months since we launched our campaign in Gillette. Over those eight and half months, my family and I have been so blessed by the outpouring of support all across the state, it is absolutely the blessing of our lives, of all of our lives, that we get to live here in this time and in this place where we're guided by our faith, by our family, and by absolute dedication to freedom, and where we have all the resources we need to prosper and grow right here in Wyoming, but it is exactly those freedoms and those resources that are under assault from Washington DC, from a massive out of control federal government. Now, you cannot expect somebody to solve a problem when he doesn't even seem to think there is a problem. At this perilous moment, when the stakes are as high as they are, we have to send someone to Washington to represent us who will lead an effort on behalf of our constitutional rights. On behalf of restoring our freedoms, on behalf of bringing back jobs to our state, not someone who is gonna be a foot soldier in Hillary Clinton's or Nancy Pelosi's army. The stakes could not be higher and it would be the honor of my life to be your representative in Washington DC. With your help and with your support, I will work every single day, standing shoulder to shoulder with all of you to restore our freedoms, defend our constitution, bring back our way of life, so that we can hand this state and all that we love and hold dear onto the next generation. Thank you, God bless you, God bless Wyoming, and God bless the United States of America. - Thank you for attending this debate. Thank you for attending this debate, we hope that it helps you make a considered decision on who you wish to represent you in the US House of Representatives, and at this time on behalf of Wyoming Public Television, Casper College, and the Casper Star Tribune, thank you to the candidates and I hope you'll join me in thanking the candidates for their time this evening. - Bob, thank. - Thank you, good job.



A number of organizations and individuals made predictions about the election, some for the House as a whole and some for both that and individual races.

233 202
Democratic Republican
President Bush meets with Nancy Pelosi and Steny Hoyer (then House Minority Leader and Minority Whip, respectively) at the Oval Office in the White House. The President congratulated Pelosi and Hoyer on their newfound majority and vowed to work with them until his presidency was over. Regarding Pelosi's elevation to Speaker of the House, Bush commented "This is a historic moment".
President Bush meets with Nancy Pelosi and Steny Hoyer (then House Minority Leader and Minority Whip, respectively) at the Oval Office in the White House. The President congratulated Pelosi and Hoyer on their newfound majority and vowed to work with them until his presidency was over. Regarding Pelosi's elevation to Speaker of the House, Bush commented "This is a historic moment".
Summary of party changes   3–5 Democratic seat pickup   1–2 Democratic seat pickup
Summary of party changes
  3–5 Democratic seat pickup
  1–2 Democratic seat pickup
e • d Summary of the November 7, 2006, United States House of Representatives election results
Party Seats Popular vote
2004 2006 Net
% Vote % +/−
Democratic Party 202 233 Increase 31 53.6% 42,338,795 52.3% +5.5%
Republican Party 232 202 Decrease 30 46.4% 35,857,334 44.3% −5.1%
  Libertarian Party 656,764 0.8% −0.1%
  Independent 1 0 Decrease 1 - 417,895 0.5% −0.1%
  Green Party 243,391 0.3% -
  Constitution Party 91,133 0.1% −0.1%
  Independence Party 85,815 0.1% -
  Reform Party 53,862 0.1% -
  Peace and Freedom Party 27,467 <0.1% -
  Socialist Workers Party 17,089 <0.1% -
  Unity Party 5,508 <0.1% -
  Conservative Party 4,468 <0.1% -
  Withdraw Troops Now Party 3,176 <0.1% -
  Impeach Now Party 3,005 <0.1% -
  Natural Law Party 2,882 <0.1% -
  Pirate Party 2,201 <0.1% -
  Diversity Is Strength Party 1,619 <0.1% -
  Moderate Choice Party 1,363 <0.1% -
  Patriot Movement Party 1,179 <0.1% -
  Politicians Are Crooks Party 998 <0.1% -
  American Freedom Party 996 <0.1% -
  A New Direction Party 992 <0.1% -
  Liberty Union Party 721 <0.1% -
  Remove Medical Negligence Party 614 <0.1% -
  Pro Life Conservative Party 586 <0.1% -
  American Party 475 <0.1% -
  Socialist Party 385 <0.1% -
  Other parties 1,154,824 1.4% −0.1%
Totals 435 435 100.0% 80,975,537 100.0%
Voter turnout: 36.8%
Sources: Election Statistics - Office of the Clerk
Popular vote
House seats

Voter demographics

Vote by demographic subgroup
Demographic subgroup DEM GOP Other % of
total vote
Total vote 52 44 4 100
Liberals 87 11 2 20
Moderates 60 38 2 47
Conservatives 20 78 2 32
Democrats 93 7 n/a 38
Republicans 8 91 1 36
Independents 57 39 4 26
Men 50 47 3 49
Women 55 43 2 51
Marital status
Married 48 51 1 68
Unmarried 64 34 2 32
Gender by marital status
Married men 47 51 2 35
Married women 48 50 2 33
Unmarried men 62 36 2 14
Unmarried women 66 32 2 18
White 47 51 2 79
Black 89 10 1 10
Asian 62 37 1 2
Other 55 42 3 2
Hispanic (of any race) 69 30 1 8
Gender by race
White men 44 53 3 39
White women 49 50 1 40
Non-white men 75 23 2 9
Non-white women 78 21 1 11
Protestant 44 54 2 55
Catholic 44 55 1 26
Jewish 87 12 1 2
Other religion 71 25 4 6
None 74 22 4 11
Religious service attendance
More than weekly 38 60 2 17
Weekly 46 53 1 28
Monthly 57 41 2 12
A few times a year 60 38 2 25
Never 67 30 3 15
White evangelical or born-again Christian
White evangelical or born-again Christian 28 70 2 24
Everyone else 59 39 2 76
18–29 years old 60 38 2 12
30–44 years old 53 45 2 24
45–59 years old 53 46 1 34
60 and older 50 48 2 29
Sexual orientation
LGBT 75 24 1 3
Heterosexual 52 46 2 97
Not a high school graduate 64 35 1 3
High school graduate 55 44 1 21
Some college education 51 47 2 31
College graduate 49 49 2 27
Postgraduate education 58 41 1 18
Family income
Under $15,000 67 30 3 7
$15,000–30,000 61 36 3 12
$30,000–50,000 56 43 1 21
$50,000–75,000 50 48 2 22
$75,000–100,000 52 47 1 16
$100,000–150,000 47 51 2 13
$150,000–200,000 47 51 2 5
Over $200,000 45 53 2 5
Union households
Union 64 34 2 23
Non-union 49 49 2 77
Northeast 63 35 2 22
Midwest 52 47 1 27
South 45 53 2 30
West 54 43 3 21
Community size
Urban 61 37 2 30
Suburban 50 48 2 47
Rural 48 50 2 24

Source: CNN exit poll[4]

Open seats

Winning margins in all House races
Winning margins in all House races

In the election, there were 32 open seats: 28 incumbents not seeking re-election and four vacancies. Of the 28 incumbents, 18 were Republicans, 9 Democrats, and 1 an independent.

The four vacancies were New Jersey's 13th congressional district, to be filled at the same time as the general election with the winner taking office in November immediately after the votes were certified; Texas's 22nd congressional district, with a separate special election on the same day; and Ohio's 18th congressional district and Florida's 16th congressional district, which did not have special elections to fill the vacancies before January 2007. New Jersey's 13th congressional district had been held by Democrat Bob Menendez, Texas's 22nd congressional district had been held by Republican Tom DeLay, Ohio's 18th congressional district had been held by Republican Robert Ney, and Florida's 16th congressional district had been held by Republican Mark Foley.

In addition to the open seats, two incumbents (Democrat Cynthia McKinney in Georgia's 4th congressional district and Republican Joe Schwarz in Michigan's 7th congressional district), were defeated in their party's respective primaries, adding two seats to the number of races where the incumbent was not up for re-election in November.

Election predictions

The following table rates the competitiveness of selected races from around the country according to Sabato's Crystal Ball. Races not included should be considered safe for the incumbent's party. (Incumbents not running for re-election have parentheses around their name.)

District Incumbent Crystal Ball[5] Rothenberg Political Report[6] Result
AZ-1 Renzi (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Renzi (R)
AZ-5 Hayworth (R) Tossup Democratic Gain Tossup/Tilt D Mitchell (D)
AZ-8 (Kolbe) (R) Likely D Democrat Favored Giffords (D)
CA-4 Doolittle (R) Leans R Tossup/Tilt R Doolittle (R)
CA-11 Pombo (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup McNerney (D)
CA-50 Bilbray (R) Leans R Republican Favored Bilbray (R)
CO-4 Musgrave (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt R Musgrave (R)
CO-5 (Hefley) (R) Safe R Republican Favored Lamborn (R)
CO-6 Tancredo (R) Likely R Safe R Tancredo (R)
CO-7 (Beauprez) (R) Likely D Democrat Favored Perlmutter (D)
CT-2 Simmons (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Courtney (D)
CT-4 Shays (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Shays (R)
CT-5 Johnson (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Murphy (D)
FL-8 Keller (R) Likely R Safe R Keller (R)
FL-9 (Bilirakis) (R) Likely R Safe R Bilirakis (R)
FL-13 (Harris) (R) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Buchanan (R)
FL-16 (Foley) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Mahoney (D)
FL-22 Shaw (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Klein (D)
GA-8 Marshall (D) Leans D Tossup/Tilt D Marshall (D)
GA-12 Barrow (D) Tossup Democratic Hold Tossup/Tilt D Barrow (D)
ID-1 (Otter) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt R Sali (R)
IL-6 (Hyde) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Roskam (R)
IL-8 Bean (D) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Bean (D)
IL-10 Kirk (R) Lean R Safe R Kirk (R)
IN-2 Chocola (R) Lean D Lean D Donnelly (D)
IN-3 Souder (R) Likely R Safe R Souder (R)
IN-7 Carson (D) Likely D Safe D Carson (D)
IN-8 Hostettler (R) Likely D Democrat Favored Ellsworth (D)
IN-9 Sodrel (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Hill (D)
IA-1 (Nussle) (R) Lean D Lean D Braley (D)
IA-2 Leach (R) Lean R Safe R Loebsack (D)
IA-3 Boswell (D) Lean D Lean D Boswell (D)
KS-2 Ryun (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Boyda (D)
KY-2 Lewis (R) Lean R Republican Favored Lewis (R)
KY-3 Northup (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Yarmuth (D)
KY-4 Davis (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt R Davis (R)
LA-3 Melanchon (D) Likely D Safe D Melanchon (D)
MI-7 (Schwarz) (R) Likely R Safe R Walberg (R)
MN-1 Gutknecht (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Walz (D)
MN-2 Kline (R) Likely R Safe R Kline (R)
MN-6 (Kennedy) (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Bachmann (R)
NE-3 (Osborne) (R) Tossup Republican Hold Republican Favored Smith (R)
NV-2 (Gibbons) (R) Leans R Republican Favored Heller (R)
NV-3 Porter (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Porter (R)
NH-1 Bradley (R) Likely R Safe R Shea-Porter (D)
NH-2 Bass (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Hodes (D)
NJ-7 Ferguson (R) Lean R Lean R Ferguson (R)
NM-1 Wilson (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Wilson (R)
NY-3 King (R) Likely R Republican Favored King (R)
NY-19 Kelly (R) Tossup Republican Hold Republican Favored Hall (D)
NY-20 Sweeney (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Gillibrand (D)
NY-24 (Boehlert) (R) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Arcuri (D)
NY-25 Walsh (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Walsh (R)
NY-26 Reynolds (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Reynolds (R)
NY-29 Kuhl (R) Lean R Tossup/Tilt R Kuhl (R)
NC-8 Hayes (R) Lean R Safe R Hayes (R)
NC-11 Taylor (R) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Shuler (D)
OH-1 Chabot (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Chabot (R)
OH-2 Schmidt (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Schmidt (R)
OH-6 (Strickland) (D) Likely D Safe D Wilson (D)
OH-12 Tiberi (R) Likely R Lean R Tiberi (R)
OH-15 Pryce (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Lean D Pryce (R)
OH-18 (Ney) (R) Lean D Lean D Space (D)
PA-4 Hart (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Altmire (D)
PA-6 Gerlach (R) Lean D Pure Tossup Gerlach (R)
PA-7 Weldon (R) Lean D Lean D Sestak (D)
PA-8 Fitzparick (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Murphy (D)
PA-10 Sherwood (R) Lean D Lean D Carney (D)
TX-17 Edwards (D) Likely D Safe D Wilson (D)
TX-22 (DeLay) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Lampson (D)
TX-23 Bonilla (R) Lean R Lean R Rodriguez (D)
VT-AL (Sanders) (D) Likely D Democrat Favored Welch (D)
VA-2 Drake (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Drake (R)
VA-10 Wolf (R) Lean R Safe R Wolf (R)
WA-8 Reichert (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Reichert (R)
WV-1 Mollahan (D) Likely D Safe D Mollahan (D)
WV-2 Capito (R) Likely R Safe R Capito (R)
WI-8 (Green) (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Kagen (D)
WY-AL Cubin (R) Tossup Republican Hold Republican Favored Cubin (R)

Seats that changed party

Thirty Republican seats were picked up by Democrats, and one seat held by an independent was picked up by a Democrat. No Democratic seats were picked up by Republicans.

  • Arizona's 5th congressional district: Early in the cycle, incumbent J. D. Hayworth (R) appeared on his way to an easy reelection. However, his seat may have become more competitive after the Congressional Page scandal broke. Democrats fielded a locally well-known candidate in State Senator Harry Mitchell, a former Mayor of Tempe. Mitchell has been a political force in his home town, one of the largest communities in the district, and Democrats became enthusiastic about his candidacy. The 5th leans Republican, but not overwhelmingly. The district includes, in addition to Tempe, Scottsdale, the prime real estate of the Phoenix area. On election night, Mitchell defeated Hayworth, 50% to 46%.
Campaign signs including for Graf (R), Giffords (D) and Quick (I)
Campaign signs including for Graf (R), Giffords (D) and Quick (I)
  • Arizona's 8th congressional district: Incumbent Jim Kolbe (R) announced on November 23, 2005, that he would not seek re-election in 2006.[citation needed] His district, located in Southeastern Arizona and based in the suburbs of Tucson, is Republican-leaning, but competitive: President Bush won the district with 53% of the vote in 2004 (although only 50% in 2000). The Democratic primary in September was won by former State Senator Gabrielle Giffords, who resigned from the Arizona Legislature on December 1, 2005, in preparation for the campaign. Randy Graf, a former state Representative who lost to Kolbe in the 2004 primary, won the September 2006 Republican primary. He defeated current state Representative Steve Huffman, whom both Kolbe and the National Republican Congressional Committee supported. The NRCC reportedly became concerned that Graf (a supporter of the Minuteman Project, and a sponsor of an unsuccessful bill that would let patrons carry guns into bars and restaurants), was too conservative to win the district. The NRCC committed $122,000 for a television ad in support of Huffman, which ran the week before the primary. The Democratic party shared that assessment — prior to the primary, it spent nearly $200,000, "a large part of that for advertisements critical of Mr. Huffman in an effort to help Mr. Graf's candidacy."[7] In late September, the national GOP canceled about $1 million in advertising support.[8] Libertarian David Nolan and independent Jay Quick also ran for the seat. Giffords went on to win by a 54% to 42% margin. (For details, see 2006 Arizona's 8th congressional district election.)
  • California's 11th congressional district: Longtime incumbent Richard Pombo (R) won reelection in 2004 by a reasonably comfortable 61% to 39% margin. However, Pombo became associated with the ethical and legal scandals revolving around Jack Abramoff and became the subject of an investigation, which eroded his popular support. In addition, Rolling Stone listed him as one of the ten worst congressmen. The Democratic candidate who garnered the 39% in 2004, Jerry McNerney, joined that race as a write-in candidate two weeks before the primary election. In 2006, McNerney was challenged in the primary by Steve Filson. Filson was backed by the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee but was upset by McNerney in the primary. Pombo was challenged for the Republican nomination by former Representative Pete McCloskey. Pombo won 63% of the primary vote to 32% for McCloskey.[9] McCloskey eventually endorsed McNerney.[10] The eleventh district is largely composed of Oakland suburbs and leans Republican. McNerney defeated Pombo 53% to 47% on election night.
  • Colorado's 7th congressional district: Incumbent Bob Beauprez (R) was reelected to a second term in 2004 with 55% of the vote, after winning his first term by only 121 votes. His retirement to make an unsuccessful run for Governor of Colorado made this seat highly competitive. The 7th District is located in the northern and eastern Denver suburbs. State education chairman Rick O'Donnell was unopposed for the Republican nomination, while State Senator Ed Perlmutter won a three-way Democratic primary. On election night, Perlmutter won Beauprez's old seat as expected, 55% to 42%. (For details, see 2006 Colorado's 7th congressional district election.)
  • Connecticut's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Rob Simmons (R), a Vietnam War veteran and former CIA agent, won reelection by 54% to 46% in 2004, in a Democratic-leaning district encompassing eastern Connecticut, including Norwich and New London. The 2002 nominee, former state Representative Joe Courtney, decided to make another run. Even though in the past Simmons had been able to win elections in the Democratic-leaning district by painting himself as a moderate, the seat is perennially competitive. The results were so close on election night that the race was not settled until a week later. A recount was completed on November 14, 2006, with the final results giving Joe Courtney an 83-vote victory over Rob Simmons.[11] It was the closest house race of 2006.
  • Connecticut's 5th congressional district: Although incumbent Nancy Johnson (R) won with at least 60% of the vote in 2004 and faced a difficult challenge (running against a fellow incumbent in a redrawn district) in 2002, winning with just 54%, she was still a Republican in a swing district. While the 5th is Connecticut's most conservative region, John Kerry won the district by about 1100 votes in 2004 and Al Gore won it when Johnson represented it as the 6th District in 2000. The district is located in Northwestern Connecticut and includes a large portion of Waterbury, Danbury, the wealthy western suburbs of Hartford, and small rural towns. Johnson faced a credible challenge from state Senator Chris Murphy. She was popular in the district, but with Bush's rating in New England at rock bottom, a Democratic victory was possible. Early in the cycle, this race was considered the least competitive of the three Republican-held seats in Connecticut, but Murphy defeated Johnson on election night, winning 56% to 44%.
  • Florida's 16th congressional district: This Republican-leaning South Florida district, which includes West Palm Beach and Port St. Lucie on the state's east coast, and Port Charlotte on the west coast, was represented by Mark Foley, head of the Missing and Exploited Children's Caucus. However, Foley resigned September 29, 2006, due to revelations of inappropriate contacts of a sexual nature with underage male congressional pages. The scandal immediately ballooned to include the Republican leadership's involvement in a possible cover-up, and it soon brought down Republicans nationwide. Florida law bars state parties from replacing candidates on the ballot. Within the district, the scandal created strong backlash against any Republican replacement due to Foley's name remaining on the ballot, and, by extension, made the race, which had earlier been written off by most as a "safe" Republican seat, highly competitive. Businessman Tim Mahoney, a surprisingly well-funded challenger in a seemingly uncompetitive race, quickly became favored to win. The Republican replacement, businessman Joe Negron, ran an effective "Punch Foley for Negron" campaign, but lost in a closer than expected race, with 48% to Mahoney's 49%.[12]
  • Florida's 22nd congressional district: Republican E. Clay Shaw had been in Congress since 1981, and had represented the 22nd District since 1993. The district voted for John Kerry over George Bush in 2004, but re-elected Shaw with 63% against a last minute replacement Democrat. In 2000, Shaw won a close race by 599 votes in a district that Al Gore won by 4%, but in 2002, he was redistricted into a slightly less Democratic district and scored an easy victory. The district includes wealthy areas of Palm Beach County and Broward County including Boca Raton and parts of Fort Lauderdale The revelation that Shaw was being treated for a second time for lung cancer may have affected his re-election chances. This year, Shaw faced a challenge from well-funded state senator Ron Klein. Klein won on election day 51% to 47%.
  • Indiana's 2nd congressional district: Chris Chocola (R) was first elected in 2002 by a 50% to 46% margin. Democrat Joe Donnelly, who lost to Chocola 54% to 45% in 2004, ran again in 2006. Democrats blamed Donnelly's 2004 loss on a lack of funding from the national party that allowed Chocola to outspend Donnelly by a two-to-one margin. President Bush visited the South Bend-centered district seven times between 2000 and 2006, suggesting that Chocola was vulnerable. Chocola's popularity was also affected by the unpopularity of GOP Governor Mitch Daniels; among other things, Daniels decided to lease a toll road that runs through the district to a foreign corporation. Daniels also pushed to move the entire state to daylight saving time, which was opposed by local residents. In the campaign, Chocola attacked Donnelly for being delinquent in paying property taxes. On election night, Donnelly defeated Chocola 54% to 46%.
  • Indiana's 8th congressional district: John Hostettler (R), who had only a 34% approval rating, was challenged by Vanderburgh County Sheriff Brad Ellsworth in this swing district that includes Evansville and Terre Haute. Hostettler had a history of winning tough reelections, but Ellsworth was considered to be his strongest opponent. The district has been nicknamed "The Bloody Eighth" due to its frequent ousting of incumbent congressmen, which has occurred in 1958, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1994, and 2006. Despite the competitive nature of the district, Hostettler was traditionally slow to raise money and lagged far behind his opponent in fundraising totals throughout the election. Rumors circulated in September that Hostettler had essentially given up on his campaign when he failed to hold any events on Labor Day weekend, the traditional kickoff of the campaign season. In the end, Ellsworth defeated Hostettler by a 61%–39% margin, the most lopsided loss for a House incumbent since 1994.
  • Indiana's 9th congressional district: In 2004, incumbent Mike Sodrel (R) defeated then-incumbent Baron Hill by only 1,425 votes, the smallest winning percentage in any congressional race that year.[13] Hill ran in 2006 to reclaim his seat in this Southeast Indiana district that includes Bloomington and New Albany. He defeated anti-war challenger Gretchen Clearwater in the May 2 primary. Factors cited in the race included Sodrel being a self-described staunch Republican Party loyalist in an evenly divided district, Hill lacking the advantages of incumbency in 2006, and (according to Democrats) Hill's superior constituent service compared to Sodrel's. Hill defeated Sodrel 50% to 46%.
  • Iowa's 1st congressional district: Incumbent Jim Nussle (R) left his seat in Congress to run for governor. This district is Democratic-leaning, and of the open seats was one of the most likely to change hands. It contains most of northeastern Iowa including large cities such as Dubuque, the Quad Cities and Waterloo. Nussle had been reelected in 2000 and 2004 with 55% of the vote but Al Gore and John Kerry won the district in those same years. In 2006, businessman Mike Whalen won the Republican nomination while attorney Bruce Braley was the Democratic nominee. Braley defeated Whalen 55 percent to 43 percent. (For details, see 2006 Iowa's 1st congressional district election.)
  • Iowa's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Jim Leach (R) received 59% of the vote in 2004. Before the election, this was the most Democratic seat held by a Republican, as measured by presidential candidates' performances in the district. However, Leach had consistently won here since 1976, helped by his reputation for strong integrity. Also helping him was his status as one of the most liberal Republicans in the House. As a result, Leach traditionally won large numbers of crossover votes from Democrats and was expected to do so again. The Democrats nominated David Loebsack, a political science professor at small Cornell College in Mount Vernon, Iowa. Despite Leach's appeal and seniority, Loebsack prevailed on election night by a 51% to 49% margin. Leach's defeat made him the most senior House member to lose re-election in 2006 and the most senior member to lose re-election since 36-year incumbent Phil Crane lost in 2004 in an upset to Melissa Bean.
  • Kansas's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Jim Ryun (R), a leading conservative, won re-election by 56% to 41% in 2004 and had held his seat for five terms. This year, Ryun faced a rematch with Democrat Nancy Boyda, who also ran against him in 2004. The district is home to Topeka, Manhattan (location of Kansas State University), Leavenworth, Pittsburg, and half of the liberal college town of Lawrence, home of the University of Kansas. Despite being held by Ryun, the seat had a history of electing Democrats and before 1994, Democrats held the seat for 20 out of 24 years. However, gerrymandering had made the seat tilt more Republican, and Ryun was thought to be secure. However, Ryun faced controversy over a Washington, D.C. real estate purchase, and in the wake of scandals that rocked Washington, D.C., this had a major effect on local voters, far more than had been expected. Boyda was also helped by the reelection of popular Democratic Governor Kathleen Sebelius. Boyda defeated the incumbent Ryun 51% to 47%, in one of the most shocking results of the night.
  • Kentucky's 3rd congressional district: Incumbent Anne Northup (R) had been a target for the Democrats since her election in 1996; in 2004 and 2000, John Kerry and Al Gore both won her Louisville-centered congressional district by two percent, and Bill Clinton won the district by double-digit margins during the 1990s. While Northup had generally run close races, she won 60% of the vote in the 2004 election. Redistricting after the 2000 census added a few more suburban Republicans to the district, according to Congressional Quarterly. The Democratic candidate was John Yarmuth, the founder of local free publication LEO. In spite of Northup's electoral success, excellent constituent services, and popularity among blue-collar voters in southern Louisville, Democrats saw this race as winnable, calling attention to Northup's 91% lockstep voting record with an unpopular President Bush. Northup led in most polls until October, when Yarmuth began to gain. By election night, the race had become highly competitive. House Majority Leader John Boehner referred to Northup as the Republicans' "canary in the coal mine", meaning that her fortunes would portend the outcome of House elections nationwide. This proved to be a correct assessment, as on election night, Yarmuth defeated Northup 51% to 48% and Republicans lost control of the House.
  • Minnesota's 1st congressional district: Incumbent Gil Gutknecht (R) was reelected in his Southern Minnesota district with 60% of the vote in 2004. A member of the 1994 Republican Revolution, Gutknecht had promised not to run for a seventh term when first elected. Though not expected to be significant, the broken promise proved to be a factor in his defeat. Geography teacher Tim Walz was the Democratic nominee and ran a much stronger campaign than expected, helped by the massive decline in President George W. Bush's popularity in Minnesota. Walz defeated Gutknecht 53%–47%.[14]
  • New Hampshire's 1st congressional district: Republican incumbent Jeb Bradley was seeking a third term. Rochester Democratic chair Carol Shea-Porter won the nomination in a major upset against better funded and party-favored state House Democratic Leader Jim Craig. Although this was the one house district in New England Bush carried in 2004, and Bradley had won it handily in the past, the President was highly unpopular throughout New England, which gave Democrats an opening. Still, most thought that Bradley was the strong favorite to win. Shea-Porter defeated Bradley 52% to 48% in the most shocking upset of the night, along with the victories of David Loebsack and Nancy Boyda.
  • New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Charles Bass (R) won reelection in 2004 with 58% percent of the vote, even as his district was won by John Kerry 52% to 47%. Bass, a political moderate, easily defeated primary challenges from Berlin Mayor Bob Danderson and Mary Maxwell. The Democratic nominee, Paul Hodes, an attorney, was also the 2004 Democratic nominee. In late September, a top Bass staffer resigned after news stories that a U.S. Government computer in Bass's DC office had been used to post anonymous concern troll messages to NH blogs. In these messages, "IndyNH" claimed to be a supporter of Paul Hodes who was discouraged by Bass's unbeatable lead. Hodes defeated Bass on election day, 53% to 46%.
  • New York's 19th congressional district: Incumbent Sue Kelly (R) had rarely faced stiff competition since her initial election in 1994, but the Democratic primary attracted six contenders in 2006, two of whom dropped out before the primary. Former Ulster County Legislator John Hall, who was once a member of the popular rock band, Orleans, won the Democratic nomination with 49% of the vote in a multi-candidate primary. An October 26 Majority-Watch poll had him leading 49% to 47%.[15] Several factors played into Kelly's defeat, including the extremely weak GOP showing in the senatorial and gubernatorial races, her reluctance to answer questions about the Mark Foley Page Scandal (notoriously, she literally ran away from television cameras at one point), and Hall's quirky campaign style, which included an appearance on the satirical Comedy Central program The Colbert Report. Hall defeated Kelly 51% to 49%. Following Hall's election, Stephen Colbert took credit for the victory and attributed it entirely to Hall's appearance on the show. Hall appeared several days later to satirically thank the host for his seat in Congress.
  • New York's 20th congressional district: Incumbent John E. Sweeney (R) had never faced a particularly competitive election until 2006. His competitive district fueled a strong challenge from attorney Kirsten Gillibrand. In April 2006, Sweeney was allegedly sighted intoxicated at a fraternity party.[16] On October 31, a week before the election, police report surfaced that documented a 911 call from his wife asking for help because her husband was "knocking her around the room". Despite denials from both Sweeney and his wife, the report proved to be a turning point and Gillibrand was victorious on election night, 53% to 47%. (For details, see 2006 New York's 20th congressional district election.)
  • New York's 24th congressional district: Incumbent Sherwood Boehlert (R) announced his retirement after 24 years, making this a seat of considerable focus for the Democrats in the run up to the mid terms. Boehlert is considered a moderate Republican, and the district is considered to be competitive. George Bush won by 53% in the 2004 election, but by only 3,000 votes in the 2000 presidential election. The Republican nominee was state Senator Ray Meier, while the Democratic nominee was Oneida County District Attorney Mike Arcuri. Both were locally popular and proven vote-getters and the race was a toss-up. Arcuri defeated Meier 54% to 45%.
  • North Carolina's 11th congressional district: Charles H. Taylor (R) won with 55% in 2004, far behind George W. Bush in the area. The district consists of the North Carolina Panhandle around Asheville. Dogged by ethics-related scandals, Taylor faced tougher competition from former professional quarterback Heath Shuler (D) in 2006. A July 10 poll by Public Policy Polling showed that Shuler led Taylor by 51% to 45% .[17] Shuler defeated Taylor 54%–46%.
  • Ohio's 18th congressional district: Bob Ney (R), the incumbent since 1995, part of the Jack Abramoff Indian lobbying scandal, withdrew from the race in early August 2006,[18] before pleading guilty a month later to criminal charges. Zack Space, the law director of the city of Dover, was the surprise winner of the Democratic nomination. Ney's formal withdrawal on August 14 resulted in a special election to choose his replacement; Ohio state Senator Joy Padgett won with about 65% of the vote. Her candidacy was subsequently damaged by news reports about her business and personal bankruptcies. Space defeated Padgett, 62% to 38%.
  • Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district: Jason Altmire (D) upset incumbent Republican Melissa Hart in a surprise victory for the Democrats in this suburban Pittsburgh district. Altmire's background was in health care policy and legislative relations; he was overseer of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's Office of Charitable Giving before leaving to run for office in June 2005. Hart had seemed untouchable only a few months before the election, and Hart had seemed untouchable only a few months before the electionwas still generally expected to win on Election Day. Hart blamed her defeat on Altmire's campaign ads that tied her with the locally unpopular president.[19] Altmire defeated Hart, 52% to 48%.
  • Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district: Curt Weldon (R) won reelection with 59% of the vote in 2004, but represents a Democratic-leaning district that incorporates much of Delaware County in suburban Philadelphia. He faced retired Navy Vice Admiral Joe Sestak (D). On October 13, it was reported that Weldon and his daughter were being investigated by the FBI, and two days later the FBI raided his daughter's residence.[20][21] Between Sestak's fundraising abilities,[22] and the investigation of Weldon and his daughter, Sestak defeated Weldon, 56% to 44%.
  • Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district: Mike Fitzpatrick (R) won election for the first time in 2004 by a wide 56–42 margin over Virginia "Ginny" Schrader, but his district, based in suburban Bucks County, is politically moderate, having voted for Democratic presidents and Republican congressmen since 1992. His Democratic opponent in 2006 was retired Captain Patrick Murphy, an Iraq War veteran of the Army's 82nd Airborne. The Iraq War was the major issue of the campaign. In 2005, Murphy proposed a plan for phased withdrawal; Fitzpatrick stood by President Bush's stay-the-course policy through most of the campaign, before calling for a new plan. Ultimately, Murphy defeated Fitzpatrick by 1,518 votes.
  • Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district: Don Sherwood (R) had strong backing as a result of redistricting in this heavy GOP district. The Democrats didn't even field a candidate to run against him in 2002 and 2004. But in 2005 details were made public regarding a five-year affair between Sherwood and Cynthia Ore, who sued Sherwood for $5.5 million alleging physical abuse. On November 8, 2005, the two settled out of court for an undisclosed amount. Sherwood was expected to win the Republican primary easily over teacher Kathy Scott, as she had very little money or campaign staff, but she polled a surprising 44% of the vote against him. His Democratic opponent was professor and U.S. Naval Reserve officer Chris Carney. Carney led in the polls for most of the fall. Carney defeated Sherwood 53% to 47%. For details, see 2006 Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district election.
  • Texas's 22nd congressional district: Incumbent former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay (R) won the primary, then retired, leaving his seat vacant, and dropped out of the re-election race. These events followed a number of corruption charges that made DeLay the focus of a September 28, 2005, indictment by a grand jury in Travis County (which includes Austin) over his campaign finances related to Texans for a Republican Majority (TRMPAC) and another political action committee, ARMPAC. In 2004, DeLay won 55% of the vote against a relatively unknown Democrat, environmental lawyer Richard Morrison, even though George W. Bush carried the suburban Houston district with 64% of the vote. Democrats sued to keep DeLay as the Republican nominee when he withdrew, citing a lack of proof of residence outside the district, since Texas law does not allow a party to replace its nominee unless the candidate cannot run due to extraordinary circumstances or if he or she moves away. The Democrats won the suit, and DeLay was forced to remain on the ballot or leave his party without a nominee. Republicans quickly rallied around Shelley Sekula-Gibbs to run a write-in campaign to defeat Nick Lampson the Democratic nominee. Lampson defeated Sekula-Gibbs 52%–42%.
  • Texas's 23rd congressional district: In 2004, incumbent Henry Bonilla (R) received nearly 70% of the vote. However, his district, which includes several heavily Republican suburbs of San Antonio, as well as Big Bend National Park and much of Texas' border with Mexico, had to be changed after a mid-2006 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that the redistricting efforts of the Texas Legislature violated Voting Rights Act protection of minorities — largely Hispanic Laredo was in the 23rd District until the redistricting. On August 4, a federal court redrew the district and removed the portion of Webb County that was in the district, eliminating the possibility of a rematch with Cuellar, and added a heavily Democratic portion of San Antonio, the home base of liberal former congressman Ciro Rodriguez. Rodriguez ran against Bonilla in the all-candidate primary on November 7.[23] The winner of the now somewhat irrelevant Democratic primary, Vietnam War combat veteran Rick Bolanos, also ran in the November 7 election. The realigned district is less Republican than the previous version, but Bonilla was still favored against the crowded field of six Democrats, including Rodriguez and Bolanos, and one Independent candidate. A majority was required in this special election to avoid a runoff between the top two contenders. Bonilla won the November 7 election with 49% of the vote, but failed to get the needed 50% of the vote to avoid the runoff. In that runoff, he faced Rodriguez, who got 20% of the special election vote. Bonilla was seen as being the favorite. He ignored Rodriguez until the final days, then ran TV ads portraying him as politically aligned with some Islamic terror supporters, which backfired. In the special election however, Rodriguez was able to portray himself as part of an incoming majority, which would help retain federal funding for programs in the district. Rodriguez defeated Bonilla in the runoff 54% to 46%.
  • Vermont's at-large congressional district: Incumbent Bernie Sanders (I), a democratic socialist who represented the entire state of Vermont, ran for the Senate seat being vacated by Senator Jim Jeffords. Vermont state Senate President Pro Tempore Peter Welch (D-Windsor County), the Democratic nominee, faced former Vermont Adjutant General Martha Rainville, Major General, USANG (ret.), the Republican nominee. Welch was helped when state Representative David Zuckerman decided not to wage a third-party campaign. Keith Stern, a businessman and zoning board member from Springfield, ran as an Independent; Jane Newton, a retired nurse, ran on the socialist Liberty Union line; and Jerry Trudell[24] ran as an Independent. Welch defeated Rainville 53% to 45%.
  • Wisconsin's 8th congressional district: Incumbent Mark Green (R) — Green ran for governor, and his seat, in northeastern Wisconsin, was Republican-leaning, although it has elected a Democratic congressman as recently as 1996 and is centered around the cities of Green Bay and Appleton. State Assembly Speaker John Gard won the September 12 Republican primary as expected, in which he faced state Assemblywoman Terri McCormick. The Democratic nominee, Steve Kagen M.D., defeated business consultant Jamie Wall and former De Pere Mayor and Brown County Executive Nancy Nusbaum after a very competitive primary. Kagen defeated Gard 51% to 49%. (For details, see 2006 Wisconsin's 8th congressional district election.)


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Alabama 1 R+12 Jo Bonner Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jo Bonner (Republican) 68.1%
  • Vivian Beckerle (Democratic) 31.8%
Alabama 2 R+13 Terry Everett Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 3 R+4 Mike D. Rogers Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 4 R+16 Robert Aderholt Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 5 R+6 Robert Cramer Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 6 R+25 Spencer Bachus Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 7 D+17 Artur Davis Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Alaska at-large R+14 Don Young Republican 1973 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Arizona 1 R+2 Rick Renzi Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 2 R+9 Trent Franks Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 3 R+6 John Shadegg Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Shadegg (Republican) 59.3%
  • Don Chilton (Democratic) 38.2%
  • Mark Yannone (Libertarian) 2.5%
Arizona 4 D+14 Ed Pastor Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 5 R+4 J. D. Hayworth Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Arizona 6 R+12 Jeff Flake Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jeff Flake (Republican) 74.8%
  • Jason Blair (Libertarian) 25.2%
Arizona 7 D+12 Raul Grijalva Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 8 R+1 Jim Kolbe Republican 1984 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Arkansas 1 R+1 Marion Berry Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Marion Berry (Democratic) 69.2%
  • Mickey Stumbaugh (Republican) 30.8%
Arkansas 2 EVEN Vic Snyder Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 3 R+11 John Boozman Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Boozman (Republican) 62.4%
  • Woodrow Anderson (Democratic) 37.6%
Arkansas 4 EVEN Mike Ross Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Mike Ross (Democratic) 74.5%
  • Joe Ross (Republican) 25.5%


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
California 1 D+10 Mike Thompson Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 2 R+13 Wally Herger Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Wally Herger (Republican) 64.2%
  • Arjinderpal Sekhon (Democratic) 32.5%
  • E. Kent Hinesley (Libertarian) 3.3%
California 3 R+7 Dan Lungren Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 4 R+11 John Doolittle Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Doolittle (Republican) 49.9%
  • Charles Brown (Democratic) 45.4%
  • Dan Warren (Libertarian) 5.0%
California 5 D+14 Doris Matsui Democratic 2005 Incumbent re-elected.
California 6 D+21 Lynn Woolsey Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Lynn Woolsey (Democratic) 70.3%
  • Todd Hopper (Republican) 26.1%
  • Rich Friesen (Libertarian) 3.6%
California 7 D+19 George Miller Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
California 8 D+36 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 1987 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Nancy Pelosi (Democratic) 80.4%
  • Mike DeNunzio (Republican) 10.8%
  • Krissy Keefer (Green) 7.4%
  • Phillip Berg (Libertarian) 1.4%
California 9 D+38 Barbara Lee Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Barbara Lee (Democratic) 86.4%
  • John den Dulk (Republican) 10.7%
  • James Eyer (Libertarian) 2.9%
California 10 D+8 Ellen Tauscher Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 11 R+3 Richard Pombo Republican 1992 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 12 D+22 Tom Lantos Democratic 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Lantos (Democratic) 76.1%
  • Michael Moloney (Republican) 23.9%
California 13 D+22 Pete Stark Democratic 1972 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Pete Stark (Democratic) 74.9%
  • George Bruno (Republican) 25.1%
California 14 D+18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Anna Eshoo (Democratic) 71.1%
  • Rob Smith (Republican) 24.3%
  • Brian Holtz (Libertarian) 2.3%
  • Carole Brouillet (Green) 2.3%
California 15 D+14 Mike Honda Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Mike Honda (Democratic) 72.4%
  • Raymond Chukwu (Republican) 27.6%
California 16 D+16 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Zoe Lofgren (Democratic) 72.8%
  • Charel Winston (Republican) 27.2%
California 17 D+17 Sam Farr Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Sam Farr (Democratic) 75.9%
  • Anthony DeMaio (Republican) 22.6%
California 18 D+3 Dennis Cardoza Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
California 19 R+10 George Radanovich Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 20 D+5 Jim Costa Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
California 21 R+13 Devin Nunes Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Devin Nunes (Republican) 66.6%
  • Steven Haze (Democratic) 30.1%
  • John Miller (Green) 3.3%
California 22 R+16 Bill Thomas Republican 1978 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
California 23 D+9 Lois Capps Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Lois Capps (Democratic) 65.2%
  • Victor Tognazzini (Republican) 34.8%
California 24 R+5 Elton Gallegly Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
California 25 R+7 Howard McKeon Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Howard McKeon (Republican) 60.1%
  • Robert Rodriguez (Democratic) 35.6%
  • David Erickson (Libertarian) 4.3%
California 26 R+4 David Dreier Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
California 27 D+13 Brad Sherman Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 28 D+25 Howard Berman Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Howard Berman (Democratic) 74.0%
  • Stanley Kesselman (Republican) 19.1%
  • Byron De Lear (Green) 3.5%
  • Kelley Ross (Libertarian) 3.4%
California 29 D+12 Adam Schiff Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 30 D+20 Henry Waxman Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
California 31 D+30 Xavier Becerra Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 32 D+17 Hilda Solis Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Hilda Solis (Democratic) 83.0%
  • Leland Faegre (Libertarian) 17.0%
California 33 D+36 Diane Watson Democratic 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
California 34 D+23 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 35 D+33 Maxine Waters Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
California 36 D+11 Jane Harman Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
California 37 D+27 Juanita Millender-McDonald Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 38 D+20 Grace Napolitano Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 39 D+13 Linda Sánchez Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
California 40 R+8 Ed Royce Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ed Royce (Republican) 66.8%
  • Florice Hoffman (Democratic) 30.7%
  • Philip Inman (Libertarian) 2.5%
California 41 R+9 Jerry Lewis Republican 1978 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jerry Lewis (Republican) 67.0%
  • Louis Contreras (Democratic) 33.0%
California 42 R+10 Gary Miller Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 43 D+13 Joe Baca Democratic 1999 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joe Baca (Democratic) 64.5%
  • Scott Folkens (Republican) 35.5%
California 44 R+6 Ken Calvert Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 45 R+3 Mary Bono Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 46 R+6 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
California 47 D+5 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 48 R+8 John Campbell Republican 2005 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Campbell (Republican) 60.0%
  • Steve Young (Democratic) 37.2%
  • Bruce David Cohen (Libertarian) 2.8%
California 49 R+10 Darrell Issa Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Darrell Issa (Republican) 63.4%
  • Jeeni Criscenzo (Democratic) 33.5%
  • Lars Grossmith (Libertarian) 3.1%
California 50 R+5 Brian Bilbray Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
California 51 D+7 Bob Filner Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bob Filner (Democratic) 67.5%
  • Blake Miles (Republican) 30.1%
  • Dan Litwin (Libertarian) 2.4%
California 52 R+9 Duncan Hunter Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
California 53 D+12 Susan Davis Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Susan Davis (Democratic) 67.6%
  • John Woodrum (Republican) 30.0%
  • Ernie Lippe (Libertarian) 2.4%


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Colorado 1 D+18 Diana DeGette Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 2 D+8 Mark Udall Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Mark Udall (Democratic) 68.3%
  • Rich Mancuso (Republican) 28.3%
  • Norm Olsen (Libertarian) 2.2%
  • Joe Calhoun (Green) 1.3%
Colorado 3 R+6 John Salazar Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 4 R+9 Marilyn Musgrave Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 5 R+16 Joel Hefley Republican 1986 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Colorado 6 R+10 Tom Tancredo Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Tancredo (Republican) 58.6%
  • Bill Winter (Democratic) 39.9%
  • Jack Woehr (Libertarian) 1.5%
Colorado 7 D+2 Bob Beauprez Republican 2002 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Connecticut 1 D+14 John Larson Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Larson (Democratic) 74.5%
  • Scott MacLean (Republican) 25.5%
Connecticut 2 D+8 Rob Simmons Republican 2000 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Connecticut 3 D+12 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Rosa DeLauro (Democratic) 76.0%
  • Joseph Vollano (Republican) 22.4%
  • Daniel Sumrall (Green) 1.6%
Connecticut 4 D+5 Chris Shays Republican 1987 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 5 D+4 Nancy Johnson Republican 1982 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Delaware at-large D+7 Michael Castle Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Florida 1 R+19 Jeff Miller Republican 2001 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jeff Miller (Republican) 68.5%
  • Joe Roberts (Democratic) 31.5%
Florida 2 R+2 Allen Boyd Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 3 D+17 Corrine Brown Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 4 R+16 Ander Crenshaw Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 5 R+5 Ginny Brown-Waite Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 6 R+8 Cliff Stearns Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 7 R+3 John Mica Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Mica (Republican) 63.1%
  • Jack Chagnon (Democratic) 36.9%
Florida 8 R+3 Ric Keller Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 9 R+4 Michael Bilirakis Republican 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Florida 10 D+1 Bill Young Republican 1970 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 11 D+11 Jim Davis Democratic 1996 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Florida 12 R+5 Adam Putnam Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 13 R+4 Katherine Harris Republican 2002 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Florida 14 R+10 Connie Mack IV Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 15 R+4 Dave Weldon Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 16 R+2 Vacant Incumbent Mark Foley (Republican) resigned September 29, 2006.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 17 D+35 Kendrick Meek Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 18 R+4 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 1989 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 19 D+21 Robert Wexler Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 20 D+18 Debbie Wasserman Schultz Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 21 R+6 Lincoln Diaz-Balart Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 22 D+4 E. Clay Shaw Jr. Republican 1980 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 23 D+29 Alcee Hastings Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 24 R+3 Tom Feeney Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 25 R+4 Mario Diaz-Balart Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.


Georgia's delegation was redistricted in 2005.[citation needed]

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Georgia 1 R+14 Jack Kingston Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 2 D+2 Sanford Bishop Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 3 R+19 Lynn Westmoreland
Redistricted from the 8th district
Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 4 D+22 Cynthia McKinney Democratic 2002 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Hank Johnson (Democratic) 75.4%
  • Catherine Davis (Republican) 24.6%
Georgia 5 D+25 John Lewis Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 6 R+19 Tom Price Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Price (Republican) 72.4%
  • Steve Sinton (Democratic) 27.6%
Georgia 7 R+19 John Linder Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Linder (Republican) 70.9%
  • Allan Burns (Democratic) 29.1%
Georgia 8 R+8 Jim Marshall
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 9 R+24 Nathan Deal
Redistricted from the 10th district
Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Nathan Deal (Republican) 76.6%
  • John Bradbury (Democratic) 23.4%
Georgia 10 R+14 Charlie Norwood
Redistricted from the 9th district
Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 11 R+18 Phil Gingrey Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Phil Gingrey (Republican) 71.1%
  • Patrick Pillion (Democratic) 28.9%
Georgia 12 D+2 John Barrow Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 13 D+10 David Scott Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Hawaii 1 D+7 Neil Abercrombie Democratic 1986 (Special)
1988 (Lost renomination)
Incumbent re-elected.
Hawaii 2 D+10 Ed Case Democratic 2002 (Special) Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Idaho 1 R+19 C. L. Otter Republican 2000 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Idaho 2 R+23 Mike Simpson Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Illinois 1 D+35 Bobby Rush Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bobby Rush (Democratic) 84.1%
  • Jason Tabour (Republican) 15.9%
Illinois 2 D+35 Jesse Jackson Jr. Democratic 1995 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jesse Jackson Jr. (Democratic) 84.8%
  • Robert Belin (Republican) 11.8%
  • Anthony Williams (Libertarian) 3.3%
Illinois 3 D+10 Dan Lipinski Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 4 D+31 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 5 D+18 Rahm Emanuel Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 6 R+3 Henry Hyde Republican 1974 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Illinois 7 D+35 Danny Davis Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Danny Davis (Democratic) 86.7%
  • Charles Hutchinson (Republican) 13.3%
Illinois 8 R+5 Melissa Bean Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 9 D+20 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 10 D+4 Mark Kirk Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 11 R+1 Jerry Weller Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 12 D+5 Jerry Costello Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 13 R+5 Judy Biggert Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 14 R+5 Dennis Hastert Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 15 R+6 Tim Johnson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 16 R+4 Donald Manzullo Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 17 D+5 Lane Evans Democratic 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Illinois 18 R+5 Ray LaHood Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ray LaHood (Republican) 67.3%
  • Steve Waterworth (Democratic) 32.7%
Illinois 19 R+8 John Shimkus Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Indiana 1 D+8 Pete Visclosky Democratic 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 2 R+4 Chris Chocola Republican 2002 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Indiana 3 R+16 Mark Souder Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 4 R+17 Steve Buyer Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 5 R+20 Dan Burton Republican 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Dan Burton (Republican) 65.0%
  • Katherine Fox Carr (Democratic) 31.4%
  • Sheri Conover Sharlow (Libertarian) 3.6%
Indiana 6 R+11 Mike Pence Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 7 D+9 Julia Carson Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 8 R+9 John Hostettler Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Indiana 9 R+7 Mike Sodrel Republican 2004 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Iowa 1 D+5 Jim Nussle Republican 1990 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Bruce Braley (Democratic) 55.0%
  • Mike Whalen (Republican) 43.3%
  • James Hill (Pirate) 1.1%
  • Al Schoeman (Libertarian) 0.6%
Iowa 2 D+7 Jim Leach Republican 1976 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Iowa 3 D+1 Leonard Boswell Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 4 EVEN Tom Latham Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Latham (Republican) 57.4%
  • Selden Spencer (Democratic) 42.6%
Iowa 5 R+8 Steve King Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Kansas 1 R+20 Jerry Moran Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 2 R+7 Jim Ryun Republican 1996 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Kansas 3 R+4 Dennis Moore Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 4 R+12 Todd Tiahrt Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Kentucky 1 R+10 Ed Whitfield Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 2 R+13 Ron Lewis Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 3 D+2 Anne Northup Republican 1996 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Kentucky 4 R+12 Geoff Davis Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 5 R+8 Hal Rogers Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Hal Rogers (Republican) 73.8%
  • Kenneth Stepp (Democratic) 26.2%
Kentucky 6 R+7 Ben Chandler Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Louisiana 1 R+18 Bobby Jindal Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bobby Jindal (Republican) 88.1%
  • David Gereighty (Democratic) 7.4%
  • Stacey Tallitsch (Democratic) 3.4%
  • Peter Beary (Libertarian) 1.1%
Louisiana 2 D+28 Bill Jefferson Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected in runoff.[26]
  • Green tickY Bill Jefferson (Democratic) 30.1% (56.6%)
    Karen Carter (Democratic) 21.7% (43.4%)
    Derrick Shepherd (Democratic) 17.9%
    Joe Lavigne (Republican) 13.3%
  • Troy Carter (Democratic) 12.0%
  • Eric Bradley (Republican) 1.2%
  • Regina Bartholomew (Democratic) 1.2%
  • John Edwards (Democratic) 0.7%
  • Scott Barron (Democratic) 0.7%
  • Gregory "Rhumbline" Kahn (Libertarian) 0.4%
  • Vinnie Mendoza (Democratic) 0.4%
  • Lance von Udhe (Republican) 0.3%
  • Deven "D.C." Collins (Democratic) 0.1%
Louisiana 3 R+5 Charlie Melancon Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 4 R+7 Jim McCrery Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jim McCrery (Republican) 57.4%
  • Artis Cash (Democratic) 16.9%
  • Patti Cox (Democratic) 13.2%
  • Chester Kelley (Republican) 12.4%
Louisiana 5 R+10 Rodney Alexander Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 6 R+7 Richard Baker Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 7 R+7 Charles Boustany Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Maine 1 D+6 Tom Allen Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 2 D+4 Mike Michaud Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Mike Michaud (Democratic) 70.5%
  • Scott D'Amboise (Republican) 29.5%


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Maryland 1 R+10 Wayne Gilchrest Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 2 D+8 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 D+7 Ben Cardin Democratic 1986 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Maryland 4 D+30 Albert Wynn Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Albert Wynn (Democratic) 80.7%
  • Moshe Starkman (Republican) 18.6%
Maryland 5 D+9 Steny Hoyer Democratic 1981 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Steny Hoyer (Democratic) 82.7%
  • Steve Warner (Green) 16.5%
  • Peter Kuhnert (C/Write-in) 0.3%
Maryland 6 R+13 Roscoe Bartlett Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 7 D+25 Elijah Cummings Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 8 D+20 Chris Van Hollen Jr. Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Massachusetts 1 D+15 John Olver Democratic 1991 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 2 D+11 Richard Neal Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 3 D+11 Jim McGovern Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 4 D+17 Barney Frank Democratic 1980 Incumbent re-elected. Barney Frank (Democratic) Unopposed
Massachusetts 5 D+9 Marty Meehan Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 6 D+10 John Tierney Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7 D+18 Ed Markey Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 8 D+31 Mike Capuano Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 9 D+15 Stephen Lynch Democratic 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 10 D+8 Bill Delahunt Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Michigan 1 R+2 Bart Stupak Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bart Stupak (Democratic) 69.4%
  • Dan Hooper (Republican) 28.0%
  • Joshua Warren (Taxpayers) 0.9%
  • David Newland (Green) 0.9%
  • Ken Proctor (Libertarian) 0.8%
Michigan 2 R+9 Pete Hoekstra Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 3 R+9 Vern Ehlers Republican 1993 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Vern Ehlers (Republican) 63.1%
  • Jim Rinck (Democratic) 34.6%
  • Jeff Steinport (Libertarian) 1.4%
  • Rodger Gurk (Green) 0.9%
Michigan 4 R+3 Dave Camp Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 5 D+12 Dale Kildee Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Dale Kildee (Democratic) 72.9%
  • Eric Klammer (Republican) 25.2%
  • Ken Mathenia (Green) 1.0%
  • Steve Samoranksi II (Libertarian) 0.9%
Michigan 6 R+2 Fred Upton Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 7 R+2 Joe Schwarz Republican 2004 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Michigan 8 R+2 Mike Rogers Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 9 EVEN Joe Knollenberg Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 10 R+4 Candice Miller Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 11 R+1 Thad McCotter Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 12 D+13 Sander Levin Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 13 D+32 Carolyn Kilpatrick Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 14 D+33 John Conyers Jr. Democratic 1964 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 15 D+13 John Dingell Democratic 1955 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Minnesota 1 R+1 Gil Gutknecht Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Minnesota 2 R+3 John Kline Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 3 R+1 Jim Ramstad Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jim Ramstad (Republican) 64.9%
  • Wendy Wilde (Pareene) (Democratic) 35.0%
Minnesota 4 D+13 Betty McCollum Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 5 D+21 Martin Sabo Democratic 1978 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Minnesota 6 R+5 Mark Kennedy Republican 2000 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Minnesota 7 R+6 Collin Peterson Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 8 D+4 Jim Oberstar Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Mississippi 1 R+10 Roger Wicker Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 D+10 Bennie Thompson Democratic 1993 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 R+13 Chip Pickering Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 R+16 Gene Taylor Democratic 1989 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Gene Taylor (Democratic) 79.8%
  • Randy McDonnell (Republican) 20.2%


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Missouri 1 D+26 Lacy Clay Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 2 R+9 Todd Akin Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 3 D+8 Russ Carnahan Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Russ Carnahan (Democratic) 65.6%
  • David Bertelsen (Republican) 31.7%
  • Rob Christophel (Libertarian) 1.9%
  • David Sladky (Progressive) 0.8%
Missouri 4 R+11 Ike Skelton Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ike Skelton (Democratic) 67.6%
  • Jim Noland (Republican) 29.4%
  • Bryce Holthouse (Libertarian) 1.9%
  • Mel Ivey (Progressive) 1.0%
Missouri 5 D+12 Emanuel Cleaver Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 6 R+5 Sam Graves Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Sam Graves (Republican) 61.6%
  • Sara Jo Shettles (Democratic) 35.7%
  • Erik Buck (Libertarian) 1.9%
  • Shirley Yurkonis (Progressive) 0.7%
Missouri 7 R+14 Roy Blunt Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 8 R+11 Jo Ann Emerson Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jo Ann Emerson (Republican) 71.6%
  • Veronica Hambacker (Democratic) 26.4%
  • Brandon McCullough (Libertarian) 2.0%
Missouri 9 R+7 Kenny Hulshof Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Montana at-large R+11 Denny Rehberg Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Nebraska 1 R+11 Jeff Fortenberry Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 2 R+9 Lee Terry Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Lee Terry (Republican) 54.7%
  • Jim Esch (Democratic) 45.3%
Nebraska 3 R+24 Tom Osborne Republican 2000 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Nevada 1 D+9 Shelley Berkley Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Nevada 2 R+8 Jim Gibbons Republican 1996 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Nevada 3 D+1 Jon Porter Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jon Porter (Republican) 48.5%
  • Tessa Hafen (Democratic) 46.6%
  • Joshua Hansen (Independent American) 2.5%
  • Joseph Silvestri (Libertarian) 2.4%

New Hampshire

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
New Hampshire 1 EVEN Jeb Bradley Republican 2002 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New Hampshire 2 D+3 Charlie Bass Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

New Jersey

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
New Jersey 1 D+14 Rob Andrews Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 2 D+4 Frank LoBiondo Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 3 D+3 Jim Saxton Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 4 R+1 Chris Smith Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Chris Smith (Republican) 65.7%
  • Carol Gay (Democratic) 33.2%
  • Jay Edgar (Libertarian) 0.8%
  • Louis Wary (Independent) 0.3%
New Jersey 5 R+4 Scott Garrett Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 6 D+12 Frank Pallone Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 7 R+1 Mike Ferguson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 8 D+12 Bill Pascrell Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bill Pascrell (Democratic) 70.9%
  • Jose Sandoval (Republican) 28.4%
  • Lou Jasikoff (Libertarian) 0.7%
New Jersey 9 D+13 Steve Rothman Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 10 D+34 Don Payne Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 11 R+6 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 12 D+8 Rush Holt Jr. Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 13 D+23 Vacant Incumbent Bob Menendez (Democratic) resigned January 16, 2006 after being appointed to the U.S. Senate.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

New Mexico

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
New Mexico 1 D+2 Heather Wilson Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico 2 R+6 Steve Pearce Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Steve Pearce (Republican) 59.4%
  • Albert Kissling (Democratic) 40.5%
New Mexico 3 D+6 Tom Udall Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Udall (Democratic) 74.6%
  • Ron Dolin (Republican) 25.4%

New York

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
New York 1 D+3 Tim Bishop Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 2 D+7 Steve Israel Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 3 D+2 Peter King Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Peter King (Republican) 56.0%
  • David Mejias (Democratic) 44.0%
New York 4 D+9 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 5 D+18 Gary Ackerman Democratic 1983 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 6 D+38 Gregory Meeks Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 7 D+28 Joseph Crowley Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 8 D+28 Jerrold Nadler Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jerrold Nadler (Democratic) 85.0%
  • Eleanor Friedman (Republican) 13.6%
  • Dennis Adornato (Cons) 1.4%
New York 9 D+14 Anthony Weiner Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 10 D+41 Ed Towns Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 11 D+40 Major Owens Democratic 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Yvette Clarke (Democratic) 90.0%
  • Stephen Finger (Republican) 7.6%
  • Mariana Blume (Cons) 1.4%
  • Ollie McClean (Freedom) 1.0%
New York 12 D+34 Nydia Velazquez Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 13 D+1 Vito Fossella Republican 1997 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 14 D+26 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 15 D+43 Charles Rangel Democratic 1970 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 16 D+43 Jose Serrano Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 17 D+21 Eliot Engel Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Eliot Engel (Democratic) 76.4%
  • Jim Faulkner (Republican) 23.6%
New York 18 D+10 Nita Lowey Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Nita Lowey (Democratic) 70.7%
  • Richard A. Hoffman (Republican) 29.3%
New York 19 R+1 Sue Kelly Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 20 R+3 John Sweeney Republican 1998 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 21 D+9 Mike McNulty Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 22 D+6 Maurice Hinchey Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 23 EVEN John McHugh Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John McHugh (Republican) 63.1%
  • Robert Johnson (Democratic) 36.9%
New York 24 R+1 Sherwood Boehlert Republican 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 25 D+3 Jim Walsh Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 26 R+3 Tom Reynolds Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 27 D+7 Brian Higgins Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 28 D+15 Louise Slaughter Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 29 R+5 Randy Kuhl Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.

North Carolina

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
North Carolina 1 D+9 G. K. Butterfield Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 2 R+3 Bob Etheridge Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 3 R+15 Walter Jones Jr. Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 4 D+6 David Price Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY David Price (Democratic) 65.0%
  • Steven Acuff (Republican) 35.0%
North Carolina 5 R+15 Virginia Foxx Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 6 R+17 Howard Coble Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 7 R+3 Mike McIntyre Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 8 R+3 Robin Hayes Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 9 R+12 Sue Myrick Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 10 R+15 Patrick McHenry Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 11 R+7 Charles Taylor Republican 1990 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
North Carolina 12 D+11 Mel Watt Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 13 D+2 Brad Miller Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Brad Miller (Democratic) 63.7%
  • Vernon Robinson (Republican) 36.3%

North Dakota

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
North Dakota at-large R+13 Earl Pomeroy Democratic-NPL 1992 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Ohio 1 R+1 Steve Chabot Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 2 R+13 Jean Schmidt Republican 2005 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 3 R+3 Mike Turner Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 4 R+14 Mike Oxley Republican 1981 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Jim Jordan (Republican) 60.0%
  • Richard Siferd (Democratic) 40.0%
Ohio 5 R+10 Paul Gillmor Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 6 EVEN Ted Strickland Democratic 1992 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Ohio 7 R+6 Dave Hobson Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 8 R+12 John Boehner Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 9 D+9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Marcy Kaptur (Democratic) 73.6%
  • Bradley Leavitt (Republican) 26.4%
Ohio 10 D+6 Dennis Kucinich Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 11 D+33 Stephanie Tubbs Jones Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 12 R+1 Pat Tiberi Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 13 D+6 Sherrod Brown Democratic 1992 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Ohio 14 R+2 Steve LaTourette Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 15 R+1 Deborah Pryce Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 16 R+4 Ralph Regula Republican 1972 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 17 D+14 Tim Ryan Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tim Ryan (Democratic) 80.3%
  • Don Manning III (Republican) 19.7%
Ohio 18 R+6 Bob Ney Republican 1994 Incumbent retired and then resigned November 3, 2006.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Oklahoma 1 R+13 John Sullivan Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma 2 R+5 Dan Boren Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Dan Boren (Democratic) 72.7%
  • Patrick Miller (Republican) 27.3%
Oklahoma 3 R+18 Frank Lucas Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Frank Lucas (Republican) 67.5%
  • Susan Barton (Democratic) 32.5%
Oklahoma 4 R+13 Tom Cole Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Cole (Republican) 64.6%
  • Hal Spake (Democratic) 35.4%
Oklahoma 5 R+12 Ernest Istook Republican 1992 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Oregon 1 D+6 David Wu Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 2 R+11 Greg Walden Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 3 D+18 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 4 EVEN Peter DeFazio Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 5 D+1 Darlene Hooley Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Pennsylvania 1 D+36 Bob Brady Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2 D+39 Chaka Fattah Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 3 R+2 Phil English Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4 R+3 Melissa Hart Republican 2000 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 5 R+10 John Peterson Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 6 D+2 Jim Gerlach Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jim Gerlach (Republican) 50.7%
  • Lois Murphy (Democratic) 49.3%
Pennsylvania 7 D+4 Curt Weldon Republican 1986 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 8 D+3 Mike Fitzpatrick Republican 2004 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 9 R+15 Bill Shuster Republican 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 10 R+8 Don Sherwood Republican 1998 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 11 D+5 Paul Kanjorski Democratic 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 12 D+5 John Murtha Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 13 D+8 Allyson Schwartz Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 14 D+22 Mike Doyle Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 15 D+2 Charlie Dent Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Charlie Dent (Republican) 53.6%
  • Charles Dertinger (Democratic) 43.5%
  • Greta Browne (Green) 2.9%
Pennsylvania 16 R+11 Joe Pitts Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 17 R+7 Tim Holden Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tim Holden (Democratic) 64.5%
  • Matthew Wertz (Republican) 35.5%
Pennsylvania 18 R+2 Tim Murphy Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tim Murphy (Republican) 57.8%
  • Chad Kluko (Democratic) 42.2%
Pennsylvania 19 R+12 Todd Platts Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

Rhode Island

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Rhode Island 1 D+16 Patrick Kennedy Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Rhode Island 2 D+13 Jim Langevin Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
South Carolina 1 R+10 Henry E. Brown Jr. Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 R+9 Joe Wilson Republican 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joe Wilson (Republican) 62.6%
  • Michael Ray Ellisor (Democratic) 37.3%
South Carolina 3 R+14 J. Gresham Barrett Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 R+15 Bob Inglis Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bob Inglis (Republican) 64.2%
  • William Griffith (Democratic) 32.0%
  • John Cobin (Libertarian) 2.5%
  • Faye Walters (Green) 1.3%
South Carolina 5 R+6 John Spratt Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 D+11 Jim Clyburn Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jim Clyburn (Democratic) 64.4%
  • Gary McLeod (Republican) 34.2%
  • Antonio Williams (Green) 1.4%

South Dakota

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
South Dakota at-large R+10 Stephanie Herseth Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Tennessee 1 R+14 William L. Jenkins Republican 1996 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Tennessee 2 R+11 Jimmy Duncan Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 R+8 Zach Wamp Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Zach Wamp (Republican) 65.7%
  • Brent Benedict (Democratic) 34.3%
Tennessee 4 R+3 Lincoln Davis Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 D+6 Jim Cooper Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 R+4 Bart Gordon Democratic 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 R+12 Marsha Blackburn Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 EVEN John Tanner Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Tanner (Democratic) 73.2%
  • John Farmer (Republican) 26.8%
Tennessee 9 D+18 Harold Ford Jr. Democratic 1996 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.


Texas's 22nd district was held by Tom DeLay who had resigned. The Democratic Party sued to prevent the Republican Party from replacing Tom DeLay (who was determined to be the candidate in March 2006) with another candidate. The courts agreed with the Democratic Party and the Supreme Court has refused to hear the appeal. On August 8, 2006, Tom DeLay officially withdrew his name as the Republican candidate. (The court decision did not allow the Republican Party from changing its candidate, however it did not prevent Tom DeLay from withdrawing altogether.)[27]

Texas's 23rd district was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States, which ordered the district re-drawn. This affected the 15th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, and 28th districts, which had a blanket primary on Election Day, followed by a runoff on December 6 in District 23, where no candidate got a majority of the vote.

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Texas 1 R+17 Louie Gohmert Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Louie Gohmert (Republican) 68.0%
  • Roger Owen (Democratic) 30.3%
  • Donald Perkison (Libertarian) 1.7%
Texas 2 R+12 Ted Poe Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ted Poe (Republican) 65.6%
  • Gary Binderim (Democratic) 32.7%
  • Justo Perez (Libertarian) 1.7%
Texas 3 R+17 Sam Johnson Republican 1991 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 4 R+17 Ralph Hall Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ralph Hall (Republican) 64.4%
  • Glenn Melancon (Democratic) 33.4%
  • Kurt Helm (Libertarian) 2.1%
Texas 5 R+16 Jeb Hensarling Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jeb Hensarling (Republican) 61.8%
  • Charlie Thompson (Democratic) 35.6%
  • Mike Nelson (Libertarian) 2.6%
Texas 6 R+15 Joe Barton Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joe Barton (Republican) 60.5%
  • David Harris (Democratic) 37.1%
  • Carl Nulsen (Libertarian) 2.4%
Texas 7 R+16 John Culberson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 8 R+20 Kevin Brady Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 9 D+21 Al Green Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 10 R+13 Michael McCaul Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 11 R+25 Mike Conaway Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 12 R+14 Kay Granger Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Kay Granger (Republican) 66.9%
  • John Morris (Democratic) 31.1%
  • Gardner Osborne (Libertarian) 2.0%
Texas 13 R+18 Mac Thornberry Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Mac Thornberry (Republican) 74.4%
  • Roger Waun (Democratic) 23.0%
  • Jim Thompson (Libertarian) 2.6%
Texas 14 R+14 Ron Paul Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ron Paul (Republican) 60.2%
  • Shane Sklar (Democratic) 39.8%
Texas 15 D+3 Ruben Hinojosa Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 16 D+9 Silvestre Reyes Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 17 R+18 Chet Edwards Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 18 D+23 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 19 R+25 Randy Neugebauer Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Randy Neugebauer (Republican) 67.7%
  • Robert Ricketts (Democratic) 29.8%
  • Fred Jones (Libertarian) 2.4%
  • Mike Sadler (Write-in) 0.1%
Texas 20 D+8 Charlie Gonzalez Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 21 R+13 Lamar Smith Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Lamar Smith (Republican) 60.1%
  • John Courage (Democratic) 24.5%
  • Gene Kelly (Democratic) 9.0%
  • Tommy Calvert (Independent) 2.6%
  • James Arthur Strohm (Libertarian) 2.0%
  • Jim Peterson (Independent) 1.1%
  • Mark Rossano (Independent) 0.7%
Texas 22 R+15 Shelley Sekula-Gibbs Republican 2006 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Texas 23 R+4 Henry Bonilla Republican 1992

Incumbent lost re-election in run-off (district
was declared unconstitutional by
Supreme Court in August 2006
and redrawn). Democratic gain.
New member elected.

  • Green tickY Ciro Rodriguez (Democratic) 19.9% (54.3%)
  • Henry Bonilla (Republican) 48.6% (45.7%)
  • Alvert Uresti (Democratic) 11.8%
  • Lukin Gilliland (Democratic) 11.1%
  • Craig Stephens (Libertarian) 2.7%
  • Augie Beltran (Democratic) 2.1%
  • Rick Bolanos (Democratic) 2.1%
  • Adrian DeLeon (Democratic) 1.8%
Texas 24 R+15 Kenny Marchant Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Kenny Marchant (Republican) 59.8%
  • Gary Page (Democratic) 37.2%
  • Mark Frohman (Libertarian) 3.0%
Texas 25 D+1 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 26 R+12 Michael Burgess Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 27 R+1 Solomon Ortiz Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Solomon Ortiz (Democratic) 56.8%
  • Willie Vaden (Republican) 38.9%
  • Robert Powell (Libertarian) 4.3%
Texas 28 R+1 Henry Cuellar Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 29 D+8 Gene Green Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Gene Green (Democratic) 73.5%
  • Eric Story (Republican) 24.4%
  • Clifford Lee Messina (Libertarian) 2.0%
Texas 30 D+26 Eddie Bernice Johnson Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 31 R+15 John Carter Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 32 R+11 Pete Sessions Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Pete Sessions (Republican) 56.4%
  • Will Pryor (Democratic) 41.3%
  • John Hawley (Libertarian) 2.3%


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Utah 1 R+26 Rob Bishop Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Rob Bishop (Republican) 63.1%
  • Steven Olsen (Democratic) 32.4%
  • Mark Hudson (Constitution) 3.1%
  • Lynn Badler (Libertarian) 1.4%
Utah 2 R+17 Jim Matheson Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Utah 3 R+22 Chris Cannon Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Chris Cannon (Republican) 57.7%
  • Christian Burridge (Democratic) 32.2%
  • Jim Noorlander (Constitution) 8.8%
  • Philip Hallman (Libertarian) 1.3%


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Vermont at-large D+8 Bernie Sanders Independent 1990 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Virginia 1 R+9 Jo Ann Davis Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 2 R+6 Thelma Drake Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 D+18 Bobby Scott Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 R+5 Randy Forbes Republican 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Randy Forbes (Republican) 76.1%
  • Albert Burckard (Ind. Green) 23.4%
Virginia 5 R+6 Virgil Goode Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 R+11 Bob Goodlatte Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 R+11 Eric Cantor Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 D+14 Jim Moran Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 R+7 Rick Boucher Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 R+5 Frank Wolf Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 11 R+1 Tom Davis Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Davis (Republican) 55.5%
  • Andrew Hurst (Democratic) 43.6%
  • Fernando Greco (Ind. Green) 0.9%


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Washington 1 D+7 Jay Inslee Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jay Inslee (Democratic) 67.7%
  • Larry Ishmael (Republican) 32.3%
Washington 2 D+3 Rick Larsen Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 3 EVEN Brian Baird Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Brian Baird (Democratic) 63.1%
  • Michael Messmore (Republican) 36.9%
Washington 4 R+13 Doc Hastings Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 5 R+7 Cathy McMorris Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 6 D+6 Norm Dicks Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 7 D+30 Jim McDermott Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 8 D+2 Dave Reichert Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 9 D+6 Adam Smith Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Adam Smith (Democratic) 65.7%
  • Steve Cofchin (Republican) 34.3%

West Virginia

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
West Virginia 1 R+6 Alan Mollohan Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 2 R+5 Shelley Capito Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 3 EVEN Nick Rahall Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Wisconsin 1 R+2 Paul Ryan Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 2 D+13 Tammy Baldwin Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 3 D+3 Ron Kind Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 4 D+20 Gwen Moore Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Gwen Moore (Democratic) 71.5%
  • Perfecto Rivera (Republican) 28.5%
Wisconsin 5 R+12 Jim Sensenbrenner Republican 1978 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 6 R+5 Tom Petri Republican 1979 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 7 D+2 Dave Obey Democratic 1969 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 8 EVEN Mark Green Republican 1998 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.


District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
Wyoming at-large R+19 Barbara Cubin Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates

District Incumbent Party First
Results Candidates
American Samoa at-large Eni Faleomavaega Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
District of Columbia at-large Eleanor Holmes Norton Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Guam at-large Madeleine Bordallo Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
U.S. Virgin Islands at-large Donna Christian-Christensen Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

See also


  1. ^ "So Why Did the Democrats Win?". Time Magazine. November 15, 2006. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  2. ^ Rose, Don (December 26, 2006). "Democratic sweep may be long-lasting". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  3. ^ "Democrats win House, promise new direction". CNN. November 8, 2006. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  4. ^ " - Elections 2006". CNN. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  5. ^ [1], as of November 6, 2006
  6. ^ [2], As of November 6, 2006
  7. ^ Archibold, Randal C. (September 11, 2006). "In Cost and Vitriol, Race in Arizona Draws Notice". The New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  8. ^ Kamman, Jon (September 22, 2006). "GOP cancels $1 mil in Graf ad support". The Arizona Republic.
  9. ^ "California's 11th district primary election results". Archived from the original on 2006-06-16. Retrieved 2006-06-20.
  10. ^ "McCloskey Bucks GOP, Backs Democrat". A Stand for Justice. Associated Press. July 24, 2006.
  11. ^ "Recount Gives Courtney Win In 2nd District". NBC Connecticut. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.
  12. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives / Florida 16". America Votes 2006. CNN.
    Official results from Florida Secretary of State
  13. ^ Lee, Mara (July 2, 2006). "Candidates cash in on celebrities". Evansville Courier & Press.
  14. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives / Minnesota 01". America Votes 2006. CNN.
  15. ^ [3]
  16. ^ Tomlin, John (April 27, 2006). "Congressman Socializes with Students". Concordiensis. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008.
  17. ^ "Shuler keeps lead for US House" (PDF) (Press release). Public Policy Polling. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 15, 2006.
  18. ^ Stout, David (August 7, 2006). "Ohio Congressman Will Not Seek Re-election". The New York Times.
  19. ^ "Altmire Pulls Off Upset Against Melissa Hart". KDKA-TV. November 8, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.
  20. ^ Shiffman, John; Lipka, Mitch; Kerkstra, Patrick (October 16, 2006). "Agents raid homes of Rep. Curt Weldon's daughter, close friend". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on November 13, 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  21. ^ "FBI raids home of Weldon's daughter, friend in influence probe". WHDH-TV. Associated Press. October 16, 2006. Archived from the original on November 17, 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  22. ^ Giroux, Greg (October 13, 2006). "Navy Vet Sestak Coming Closer to Sinking Weldon in Pa. 7". Archived from the original on October 27, 2006.
  23. ^ [4]
  24. ^ [5]
  25. ^ Incumbent Mark Foley resigned on September 29, 2006, simultaneously withdrawing from the race. Republican leaders in this district chose Joe Negron to replace Foley, but due to Florida election law, Foley's name remained on the ballot, and all votes for Foley counted as votes for Negron.
  26. ^ Because Bill Jefferson did not win 50% of the vote in the November 7, 2006, election (technically an "open primary" in Louisiana), he faced a runoff election against Louisiana State Representative Karen Carter on December 9, 2006. Jefferson was victorious, earning 57% of the vote to Carter's 43%.
  27. ^ Gamboa, Suzanne (August 8, 2006). "DeLay to Make Way for Write-In Candidate". The Washington Post.

External links

See also

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