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United States Deputy Secretary of Defense

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
United States Department of Defense Seal.svg
Seal of the Department
Flag of the United States Deputy Secretary of Defense.svg
Flag of the Deputy Secretary
Incumbent
David Norquist
Acting

since January 1, 2019
United States Department of Defense
Office of the Secretary of Defense
StyleMr. Deputy Secretary
StatusChief operating officer
Reports toSecretary of Defense
SeatThe Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 132
Formation1949[1]
First holderStephen Early[1]
May 2, 1949
Succession1st in SecDef succession
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level II[2]
Websitewww.defense.gov

The Deputy Secretary of Defense (acronym: DEPSECDEF) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 132) and the second-highest-ranking official in the Department of Defense of the United States of America.

The deputy secretary is the principal civilian deputy to the Secretary of Defense, and is appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The deputy secretary, by statute, is designated as the DoD Chief Management Officer and must be a civilian, at least seven years removed from service as a commissioned officer on active-duty at the date of appointment.[3]

The Deputy Secretary of Defense position is currently held by Patrick M. Shanahan.[4] Effective January 1, 2019, Shanahan became the Acting Secretary of Defense upon Jim Mattis's resignation from that office. While Shanahan serves in that role, he has selected David Norquist to perform the duties of Deputy Secretary of Defense, effective January 1, 2019.[5]

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  • ✪ Statesmen's Forum: The Honorable Ashton B. Carter, Deputy Secretary of Defense
  • ✪ Closing Session — 2017 Reagan National Defense Forum
  • ✪ Army Strategy Conference 2015

Transcription

Contents

History

Public Law 81-36, April 2, 1949, originally established this position as the Under Secretary of Defense, however Public Law 81-2 16, August 10, 1949, a.k.a. the 1949 Amendments to the National Security Act of 1947, changed the title to Deputy Secretary of Defense. Former assistant to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Stephen Early, became the first officer holder when he was sworn-in on May 2, 1949.[1]

Public Law 92-596, October 27, 1972, established a Second Deputy Secretary of Defense position, with both deputies performing duties as prescribed by the Secretary of Defense. The second deputy position was not filled until December 1975. Robert F. Ellsworth, serving from December 23, 1975, until January 10, 1977, was the only one to ever hold that office. Public Law 95-140, October 21, 1977, established two Under Secretaries of Defense and abolished the second deputy position.[1]

Responsibilities

By delegation, the Deputy Secretary of Defense has full power and authority to act for the Secretary of Defense and to exercise the powers of the Secretary of Defense on any and all matters for which the Secretary is authorized to act pursuant to statute or executive order.[1] The deputy secretary is first in the line of succession to the office of Secretary of Defense.

The typical role of the Deputy Secretary of Defense is to oversee the day-to-day business and lead the internal management processes of the $500-billion-plus Department of Defense budget, that is as its chief operating officer; while the Secretary of Defense as the chief executive officer focuses on the big issues of the day, ongoing military operations, high-profile congressional hearings, attending meetings of the National Security Council, and directly advising the President on defense issues.

Prior to February 1, 2018, the Deputy Secretary of Defense also served as the department's chief management officer, to whom the deputy chief management officer reported, but those responsibilities were split into a new Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense position.[6]

The deputy secretary, among the office's many responsibilities, chairs the Senior Level Review Group (SLRG), before 2005 known as Defense Resources Board (DRB), which provides department-wide budgetary allocation recommendations to the Secretary and the President. Traditionally, the deputy secretary has been the civilian official guiding the process of the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR).

The Deputy Secretary of Defense chairs the Special Access Program Oversight Committee (SAPOC), which has oversight responsibilities and provides recommendations with respect to changes in status of the Department's Special Access Programs, for either the Deputy Secretary Defense or the Secretary of Defense to make.

List of Deputy Secretaries of Defense

No. Image Name Term of Office Secretaries of Defense serving under: President appointed by:
Began Ended Days of Service
1
Portrait of Stephen T. Early.jpg
Stephen Early May 2, 1949
August 10, 1949[1]
August 9, 1949[a]
September 30, 1950[b][1]
516 Louis A. Johnson
George Marshall
Harry S. Truman
2
Robert Lovett, photo portrait, 1951.jpg
Robert A. Lovett October 4, 1950 September 16, 1951 316 George Marshall
3
WilliamCFoster.jpg
William Chapman Foster September 24, 1951 January 20, 1953 484 Robert A. Lovett
4
Roger-M-Kyes-DepSecDef.jpg
Roger M. Kyes February 2, 1953 May 1, 1954 453 Charles E. Wilson Dwight D. Eisenhower
5
Robert B Anderson (cropped).jpeg
Robert B. Anderson May 3, 1954 August 4, 1955 458
6
Reuben-B-Robertson-Jr-DepSecDef.jpg
Reuben B. Robertson Jr. August 5, 1955 April 25, 1957 629
7
Donald A. Quarles.jpg
Donald A. Quarles May 1, 1957 May 8, 1959 737 Charles E. Wilson
Neil H. McElroy
8
Thomas Gates official DoD photo.jpg
Thomas S. Gates June 8, 1959 December 1, 1959 176 Neil H. McElroy
9
James H. Douglas Jr. (cropped).jpg
James H. Douglas Jr. December 11, 1959 January 24, 1961 410 Thomas S. Gates
Robert McNamara
10
Roswell Gilpatric.PNG
Roswell Gilpatric January 24, 1961 January 20, 1964 1091 Robert McNamara John F. Kennedy
11
CyrusVanceSoS.jpg
Cyrus Vance January 28, 1964 June 30, 1967 1249 Lyndon B. Johnson
12
Paul Nitze.jpeg
Paul Nitze July 1, 1967 January 20, 1969 569 Robert McNamara
Clark Clifford
13
David-Packard-DepSecDef.jpg
David Packard January 24, 1969 December 13, 1971 1053 Melvin R. Laird Richard Nixon
14
Kenneth-Rush-1977.jpg
Kenneth Rush February 23, 1972 January 29, 1973 341
15
Bill Clements.jpg
Bill Clements January 30, 1973 January 20, 1977 1451 Elliot Richardson
James R. Schlesinger
Donald Rumsfeld
16
Robert F. Ellsworth.jpg
Robert Ellsworth December 23, 1975[7] January 10, 1977[7] 384 Donald Rumsfeld Gerald Ford
17
Secretary Duncan (cropped).jpg
Charles Duncan Jr. January 31, 1977 July 26, 1979 906 Harold Brown Jimmy Carter
18
W. Graham Claytor 1984.jpg
W. Graham Claytor Jr. August 24, 1979 January 16, 1981 511
19
Frank Carlucci.jpg
Frank Carlucci February 4, 1981 December 31, 1982 695 Caspar Weinberger Ronald Reagan
20
W-Paul-Thayer-portrait.jpg
W. Paul Thayer January 12, 1983 January 4, 1984 357
21
William Howard Taft IV, Deptuty Secretary of Defense, official portrait (cropped).jpg
William Howard Taft IV February 3, 1984 April 22, 1989 1905 Caspar Weinberger
Frank Carlucci
Dick Cheney
22
Donald J. Atwood, Jr.jpg
Donald J. Atwood Jr. April 24, 1989 January 20, 1993 1367 Dick Cheney George H. W. Bush
23
William Perry official DoD photo.jpg
William J. Perry March 5, 1993 February 3, 1994 335 Les Aspin Bill Clinton
24
John Deutch, Undersecretary of Defense, 1993 official photo (cropped).JPEG
John M. Deutch March 11, 1994 May 10, 1995 425 William J. Perry
25
John P. White, official DoD portrait (cropped).jpg
John P. White June 22, 1995 July 15, 1997 754 William J. Perry
William Cohen
26
Deputy Secretary of Defense John Hamre, official portrait (cropped).jpg
John Hamre July 29, 1997 March 31, 2000 976 William Cohen
27
Rudy de Leon, official military photo, 1997 (cropped).jpg
Rudy de Leon March 31, 2000[8] March 1, 2001[8] 335 William Cohen
Donald Rumsfeld
28
Paul Wolfowitz (cropped).jpg
Paul Wolfowitz March 2, 2001[9] May 13, 2005[9] 1533 Donald Rumsfeld George W. Bush
29
Gordon England portrait (cropped).jpg
Gordon R. England May 13, 2005
January 4, 2006[9]
January 3, 2006[c]
February 11, 2009[9]
236
1134
Donald Rumsfeld
Robert Gates
30
Deputy Secretary of Defense Lynn (cropped).jpg
William J. Lynn III February 12, 2009[9] October 5, 2011[9] 965 Robert Gates
Leon Panetta
Barack Obama
31
Ashton Carter DOD photo (cropped).jpg
Ash Carter October 6, 2011[9] December 4, 2013[9] 789 Leon Panetta
Chuck Hagel
Acting
Christine Fox (cropped).jpg
Christine Fox December 5, 2013[9] May 1, 2014[9] 149 Chuck Hagel
32
Robert O. Work DoD photo (cropped).jpg
Robert O. Work May 1, 2014 July 14, 2017 1170 Chuck Hagel
Ash Carter
Jim Mattis
33
Patrick M. Shanahan official portrait (cropped).jpg
Patrick M. Shanahan July 19, 2017 612 Jim Mattis
Himself (Acting)
Donald Trump
Acting
David L. Norquist official portrait (cropped).jpg
David Norquist January 1, 2019 81 Patrick M. Shanahan (Acting)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ As "Under Secretary of Defense"
  2. ^ As "Deputy Secretary of Defense"
  3. ^ Served as Acting Deputy Secretary of Defense

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Department of Defense Key Officials 1947–2015: p. 15.
  2. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5313.
  3. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 132.
  4. ^ "U.S. Department of Defense > Our Story > Meet the Team > Deputy Secretary of Defense". Defense.gov. U. S. Department of Defense. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  5. ^ "Performing the Duties of Deputy Secretary of Defense". US Dept of Defense. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  6. ^ "Report to Congress: Restructuring the Department of Defense Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Organization and Chief Management Officer Organization" (PDF). August 1, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  7. ^ a b Department of Defense Key Officials 1947–2015: p. 16.
  8. ^ a b Department of Defense Key Officials 1947–2015: p. 17.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Department of Defense Key Officials 1947–2015: p. 18.

Sources

External links

This page was last edited on 23 March 2019, at 23:39
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