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Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States
Under Secretary of Defense
for Personnel and Readiness
Flag of the U.S. Under Secretary of Defense.svg
Matthew Donovan

since 23 March 2020
First holderEdwin Dorn
WebsiteOfficial website

The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, or USD (P&R), is a high-ranking civilian position in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) within the United States Department of Defense[1] responsible for advising the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense on recruitment, career development, pay and benefits, and oversight of the state of military readiness. The Under Secretary is appointed from civilian life by the President and confirmed by the Senate to serve at the pleasure of the President.

Matthew Donovan is the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, confirmed by the United States Senate on 23 March 2020. Additionally, he exercises day-to-day supervision of the Department of Defense Education Activity and the Defense Commissary Agency.[2]

The previous most recent Under Secretary to serve was Robert Wilkie, who served from 30 November 2017 to 30 July 2018.


The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (OUSD(P&R)) is the principal staff element for the Department of Defense for all human resources, human capital development, and personnel logistics matters. The USD(P&R) has oversight of the Defense Commissary Agency, Department of Defense Education Activity, Defense Human Resources Activity, the Military Health System, and the Defense Travel Management Office. The USD(P&R) is also responsible for training, health affairs, National Guard and Reserve affairs, personnel requirements for weapons support, and military and civilian family matters, subject to the authority of the Secretary of Defense.[3] Through the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Military Personnel Policy, the United States Military Entrance Processing Command also reports to the Under Secretary.[4]

With the rank of Under Secretary, the USD(P&R) is a Level III position within the Executive Schedule. Since January 2010, the annual rate of pay for Level III is $165,300.


The position was first mandated by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (P.L. 103-160), signed by President Clinton on 30 November 1993.[5] Defense Directive 5124.2, passed 17 March 1994, officially established the position, incorporating the functions of the Assistant Secretary of Defense(Force Management and Personnel) and authorizing authority over the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs.[6] Since the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 was signed on 5 October 1999, the Under Secretary has been responsible for establishing standards on deployment of units away from assigned duty stations, the length of time they may be away for a deployment away from assigned duty stations, and for establishing systems for reporting tracking deployments.[7]

When created in 1993, the USD(P&R) assumed authority primarily over three DoD offices: the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs, and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management Policy. The ASD(FMP) has since been abolished, its responsibilities assumed by other officials reporting to the USD(P&R).

Reporting officials

Officials reporting to the USD (P&R) include:


Budget totals

The annual budget for the USD (P&R) is contained in the Office of the Secretary of Defense's (OSD) budget, under the Defense-Wide Operation and Maintenance (O&M) account.

USD Personnel and Readiness Budget, FY 10-12 ($ in thousands)[8]
Line Item FY10 Actual FY11 Estimate FY12 Request
Core OSD Operating Program[9]
Civilian Pay and Benefits, USD (P&R) 23,688 35,457 24,816
Program Structure[10]
Contracts and other Support Services 1,000 1,007 995
Advancing Diversity and Equal Opportunity Program 8,500 8,925 9,667
Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) 2,219 2,393 1,131
Assistant Secretary of Defense (Reserve Affairs) 2,364 2,691 2,018
Combatant Commander's Exercise 688,632 760,837 766,450
Defense Safety Oversight Council 10,692 12,615 12,550
Defense Readiness Reporting System 13,354 6,900 3,882
Lost Work Days System 3,230 3,060 3,032
Military Personnel Policy Naturalization Support 5,799 6,345 6,463
Military Spouse Intern Program 0 17,500 16,689
Studies Program 0 2,820 2,792
Training Transformation 6,563 6,035 5,112
Wounded Warrior Care and Transition Policy 43,664 79,412 77,623
Travel 1,338 1,402 817
Overseas Contingency Operations[11]
OCO OUSD (Intel) 2,064 0 0
Total Budget 813,107 947,399 934,037

Budget features

  • Contracts and other Support Services - Funds contracts and other support services for mission requirements, including Intergovernmental Personnel Act requirements
  • Advancing Diversity and Equal Opportunity Program - Funding to increase the number of people with targeted disabilities in the federal civilian workforce to support the DoD goal of two percent DoD-wide, emphasizing the benefit for wounded service members
  • Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) - ASD (HA) is the principal medical staff advisor to the Secretary of Defense and principal program manager for all DoD health matters to include medical readiness, health care delivery, preventive medicine, medical military construction, and the procurement, development, training and retention of medical military and civilian personnel
  • Assistant Secretary of Defense (Reserve Affairs) - Funds managed by ASD (RA) are utilized to conduct valuable research and analysis for specific topics and issues that arise related to the National Guard and military Reserve components
  • Combatant Commander's Exercise Engagement and Training Transformation (CE2T2) - The program was established as a result of direction from the Quadrennial Defense Review that re-aligned and consolidated joint training programs and applies resulting efficiencies against new mission areas and existing joint training shortfalls
  • Defense Safety Oversight Council (DSOC) - Supports safety initiatives to reduce and prevent injuries to Defense Department personnel
  • Defense Readiness Reporting System (DRRS) - Allows for quick analysis of force capability issues, effective program oversight, operator training, and data maintenance
  • Lost Work Days System - Lost Work Days aims to increase operational readiness by providing data and analysis to eliminate preventable mishaps
  • Military Personnel Policy (MPP) Naturalization Support - Funding to pay U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services in the United States Department of Homeland Security to not charge fees to military members applying for naturalization to become US citizens
  • Military Spouse Intern Program - Assists eligible spouses of active duty military in obtaining positions in federal agencies by paying the spouses' salary and benefits for the first year of employment
  • Studies Program - The Department contracts for assistance in facilitating studies that improve the overall operation and efficiency of the OUSD(P&R) and the programs over which it exercises oversight
  • Training Transformation - Provides oversight of the Department's Joint training effort
  • Wounded Warrior Care and Transition Policy (WWCTP) - Funds WWCTP operations that provide OSD-level oversight of the development and implementation of comprehensive disability, non-medical care and case management, and transition programs, policies and standards Department-wide
  • Travel - Funds employee travel to support USD(P&R) mission

Office holders

Under Secretaries of Defense (Personnel and Readiness)[6]
No. Portrait Name Tenure Secretary(ies) of Defense Served Under President(s) Served Under
Edwin Dorn 16 March 1994 – 7 July 1997 William Perry Bill Clinton
William Cohen
Rudy de Leon, official military photo, 1997.jpg
Rudy de Leon 5 August 1997 – 31 March 2000
- News Photo 970912-A-3569D-001.jpg
Charles Cragin (acting) 31 March 2000 – 23 May 2000
Bernard Rostker.jpg
Bernard D. Rostker 23 May 2000 – 19 January 2001
Dr David S C Chu.jpg
David S. C. Chu 1 June 2001 – 20 January 2009 Donald Rumsfeld George W. Bush
Robert Gates
- Gail H. McGinn (acting) 21 January 2009 – 8 February 2010 Barack Obama
Stanley Clifford.JPG
Clifford Stanley 9 February 2010 – 27 October 2011
Leon Panetta[12][13]
Jo Ann Rooney (acting)[14] 27 October 2011 – 8 June 2012
Erin C. Conaton USDPR.jpg
Erin C. Conaton[14] 8 June 2012 – 31 December 2012
Jessica Wright DOD 2012 photo.jpg
Jessica Wright 1 January 2013 – 31 March 2015
Chuck Hagel
Ash Carter
Brad carson23.jpg
Brad Carson (acting) 2 April 2015 – April 2016
Peter Levine (DOD) Headshot
Peter Levine (acting) April 2016 – January 2017
Jim Mattis Donald Trump
Kurta Anthony1.png
Anthony Kurta (acting) January 2017 – 30 November 2017
Robert Wilkie official photo (cropped).jpg
Robert Wilkie 30 November 2017 – 30 July 2018
James N. Stewart official photo (cropped).jpg
James N. Stewart (acting) 22 October 2018 – 13 December 2019
Mark Esper
Donovan PTDO USD P-R.jpg
Matthew Donovan (acting) 13 December 2019 - 2 March 2020
Alexis Lasselle Ross Picture.png
Alexis Lasselle Ross (acting) 3 March 2020 - 23 March 2020
Donovan PTDO USD P-R.jpg
Matthew Donovan 23 March 2020 – Present

Principal Deputy

The Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (PDUSD(P&R)) is the Under Secretary's chief staff assistant. PDUSD (P&R) is delegated full power and authority to act for the USD(P&R) and exercise the powers of the USD(P&R) on any and all matters that the USD(P&R) is authorized to act, except in those areas where delegation of the USD(P&R) authority is otherwise restricted by higher authority or prohibited by law.

Established as the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness) by the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2002 (P.L. 107-107), the post took over the duties of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management Policy, which was then abolished. The DUSD(P&R) was re-designated Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness), or PDUSD(P&R) in July 2003 by DoD Directive 5124.8.[6] As of 2012, the position again holds the rank of Principal Deputy Under Secretary.

Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense for Personnel and Readiness[6]
Name Tenure USD(P&R) served under SecDef(s) served under President(s) served under
Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness
Charles S. Abell 14 November 2002 – 11 July 2006 David S. C. Chu Donald H. Rumsfeld George W. Bush
Michael L. Dominguez 11 July 2006 – 20 January 2009
William J. Carr (acting) 20 January 2009 – 8 February 2010 Michael L. Dominguez (acting) Robert M. Gates Barack Obama
Lynn C. Simpson(Performing the duties of) 8 February 2010 – 2 June 2011 Gail McGinn (acting)
Jo Ann Rooney 2 June 2011 - 24 May 2012 Clifford Stanley Leon Panetta
Vacant 24 May 2012 – 30 July 2014 Jessica L. Wright (acting) Chuck Hagel
Laura Junor 31 July 2014 – 31 July 2015 Jessica L. Wright
Brad Carson (acting)
Chuck Hagel
Ashton Carter


  1. ^
  2. ^ "OSD P&R Leadership". Retrieved 17 October 2019. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ "US Code: Title 10,136. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness". Retrieved 21 September 2007.
  4. ^, accessed June 2010
  5. ^ "H.R.2401". Retrieved 21 September 2007.
  6. ^ a b c d "Department of Defense Key Officials" (PDF). Historical Office, OSD. 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  7. ^ "S.1059". Retrieved 21 September 2007.
  8. ^ "Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD)" (PDF). Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), OSD. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  9. ^ Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.664
  10. ^ Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.697-707
  11. ^ Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Budget Estimates, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), p.714
  12. ^ "Biographies". U.S. Department of Defense.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ a b "Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness".
This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 13:58
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