To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An umm walad (Arabic: أم ولد, lit.'mother of the child') was the title given to a slave-concubine in the Muslim world after she had born her master a child. She could not be sold, and became automatically free on her master's death.[1][2] The offspring of an umm walad were free and considered legitimate children of their father, including full rights of name and inheritance.[2]

The practice was a common way for slave girls endowed with beauty and intelligence to advance in the court, especially if they gave birth to sons; under the Caliphates, quite a few of them were raised in rank to queen.[2][3] Few of them had been fortunate enough to be valide sultan (mother of the king).

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
    1 062
  • The Virtuous Manner of Hassan Askari (as)
  • Alwida Mere Maula Alwida Mere Aaqa || 8 Rabeul Awwal || Lyrics || Zeya Jalalpuri


Unacknowledged slave mother

If an unmarried slave bore a child and the slave owner did not acknowledge parenthood, then the slave had to face zina charges.[4]

Failure of economically maintaining female slave

Islamic jurisprudence was complicated, if a male owner failed to provide economic maintenance to female slave or if the owner goes missing, then the situation of female slave could get precarious if a local judge did not rule to free them.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Bowen 1928, p. 13.
  2. ^ a b c "Umm al-Walad". The Oxford Dictionary of Islam.
  3. ^ Urban, Elizabeth (2012). The early Islamic mawālī: A window onto processes of identity construction and social change (Thesis). ProQuest 1027764937.
  4. ^ a b De la Puente, Cristina (2013). "Free fathers, slave mothers and their children : a contribution to the study of family structures in Al-Andalus". Free Fathers, Slave Mothers and Their Children : A Contribution to the Study of Family Structures in Al-Andalus: 27–44.


This page was last edited on 17 March 2023, at 18:56
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.