To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ujazd

Ujest
Saint Andrew Church
Saint Andrew Church
Coat of arms of Ujazd
Coat of arms
Ujazd is located in Poland
Ujazd
Ujazd
Coordinates: 50°23′26″N 18°21′15″E / 50.39056°N 18.35417°E / 50.39056; 18.35417
Country Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyStrzelce
GminaUjazd
First mentioned1155
Town rights1223
Area
 • Total14.69 km2 (5.67 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total1,763
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
47-143
Websitehttp://www.ujazd.pl

Ujazd [ˈujast] (German: Ujest) is a town in Strzelce County in the Opole Voivodeship in southern Poland. Population 1,647.

The town lies on bank of the river Kłodnica.[2] Tourist attractions in the town include the Ujazd Castle (formerly used by bishops of Wrocław) and two churches: 17th-century Baroque Saint Andrew church and 19th-century Gothic Revival Visitation church.

History

Ruins of the medieval castle
Ruins of the medieval castle

The oldest known mention of Ujazd dates back to a document of Pope Adrian IV from 1155, when it was part of the Piast-ruled Kingdom of Poland.[3] It was granted town rights in 1223 by Bishop of Wrocław Wawrzyniec.[3] Already in the 13th century, a Catholic parish and municipal council existed in the town.[3] Its name is of Polish origin.

The town suffered during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) and the Silesian Wars (1740–1763) and in 1666, 1676, 1770 it was hit by fires.[3] It was captured by Prussia in 1740 and annexed afterwards. In 1838 the town passed to the family of HohenloheÖhringen, a branch (1823) of that of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen. Prince Hugo of Hohenlohe-Öhringen was the first to take the title of duke of Ujest in 1861, and in 1897 was succeeded by his son Christian Kraft (born 1848). The duke was an hereditary member of the upper houses of Württemberg and Prussia.[2] Since 1871, it was also part of Germany.

Until the end of the 18th century the town's population was overwhelmingly Polish, however, as a result of German colonization and Germanisation, in 1900, 75% of the populace was German-speaking.[3] In the 1921 Upper Silesia plebiscite, 1,384 (89.6%) residents of the town voted to remain in Germany and 161 (10.4%) voted to join Poland.[4] The town was captured by Polish insurgents during the Silesian Uprisings in 1921, however it remained part of Germany in the interwar period.

In 1937, during a massive Nazi campaign of renaming of placenames, it was renamed Bischofstal to remove traces of Polish origin.[3] In the final stages of World War II, on January 22, 1945, the Germans executed several dozen of prisoners of the Auschwitz concentration camp in the town.[5] 70% of the town infrastructure was destroyed in the war. After the war the town became again part of Poland and its original name was restored.

Twin towns – sister cities

See twin towns of Gmina Ujazd.

References

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  2. ^ a b Chisholm 1911, p. 564.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Rys historyczny". Gmina Ujazd (in Polish). Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Landsmannschaft der Oberschlesier in Karlsruhe". web.archive.org. 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  5. ^ Radosław Dimitrow. "Więźniowie z Auschwitz byli mordowani m.in. pod Jaryszowem i Ujazdem". plus.nto.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 21 March 2020.
Attribution

External links


This page was last edited on 25 July 2021, at 04:45
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.