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U.S. Route 75 in Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

US Highway 75 marker

US Highway 75
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length 76.158 mi[1] (122.564 km)
Existed 1927 – present
Major junctions
South end I-345 / Spur 366 in Dallas
  I-635
Pres. George Bush Tpk. in Richardson
US 380 in McKinney
US 82 in Sherman
US 69 in Denison
North end US-75 / US-69 near Denison
Highway system
SH 74SH 75

In the U.S. state of Texas, U.S. Highway 75 (US 75) is a U.S. Highway that begins in Dallas and heads north to the Oklahoma state line.

History

In the initial assignment of state highways in 1917, Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston were connected by a branch of State Highway 2 (the Meridian Highway), which ran via Waco and Bryan and continued on to Galveston. The more direct route followed by US 75 was not initially part of the system between Richland (connected to Dallas by SH 14) and Huntsville (connected to Houston by SH 19).[2][3] This Richland-Huntsville cutoff was added by 1919 as SH 32,[4] and US 75 was assigned to the alignment, as well as SH 6 north of Dallas, in 1926.[5] The branch of SH 2, which US 75 followed between Houston and Galveston, eventually became part of SH 6,[6] and these numbers were dropped in the 1939 renumbering.

Prior to the coming of the Interstate Highway System in the late 1950s, the only improvements to US 75 in Texas beyond building a two-lane paved roadway were in the Houston and Dallas areas.[7] However, the highways in and near these cities included some of the first freeways in the state: the Gulf Freeway (Houston, opened to traffic on October 1, 1948) and the Central Expressway (Dallas). When Interstate 45 was built in the 1960s, its alignment bypassed many of the towns and built-up areas between downtown Dallas and Houston. The bypassed routes retained the US 75 designation until the designation was truncated to downtown Dallas in 1987. Many of the original alignments continue to exist under other designations.

In Dallas, the route followed what is now the Good Latimer Expressway (formerly Spur 559)[8] southeast, out of downtown, along US 175 and south along State Highway 310.[9]

Near Ferris, Trumbull, Palmer, Ennis, and Corsicana Interstate 45 veers east to avoid the more populated areas. The old US 75 alignments through these towns, decommissioned in 1987, now carry the following designations:

A 1960s-era sign for US 75 in downtown Dallas.  Taken at the corner of Ross Ave and Leonard St, facing southeast on Leonard St toward the now-decommissioned segment of US 75.
A 1960s-era sign for US 75 in downtown Dallas. Taken at the corner of Ross Ave and Leonard St, facing southeast on Leonard St toward the now-decommissioned segment of US 75.
  • Business Interstate Highway 45-J (originally Loop 560) through Ferris[10]
  • Loop 561 through Trumbull[11]
  • Business Interstate Highway 45-H through Palmer (originally Loop 562)[12]
  • Spur 469, Business Interstate Highway 45-G (originally U.S. Highway 287 and Spur 563) through Ennis[13]
  • Business Interstate Highway 45-F (originally Loop 564) through Corsicana[14]

Through Streetman, Fairfield, Buffalo, Centerville, Madisonville, Huntsville, New Waverly, Willis, and Conroe, US 75 followed what is now State Highway 75.[15]

In Galveston, the alignment of State Highway 87 from 20th Street to the southern terminus Interstate 45 was also part of US 75 until its 1987 truncation.[16]

In other cases alignments were bypassed while US 75 remained in existence; they now carry the following designations:

Route description

US Route 75 enters Texas from Oklahoma just north of Denison, crossing the Red River. At this point it is concurrent with US Route 69, but the two separate about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the river. US 75 continues to the south and southwest to loop around the western side of Denison. The route continues south reaching Sherman and a limited-access three-level intersection with US Route 82. US 75 then continues southward to cross US Route 380 on the north side of McKinney. The stretch through McKinney is largely unchanged from its original design except for its intersection at the Sam Rayburn Tollway.[20] to replace the original interchange. Plans to upgrade the facility through and north of McKinney are under way with the reconstruction of the US Route 380 bridge. The highway continues southward into the northern suburbs of Dallas where it intersects the President George Bush Turnpike and I-635. The route reaches its southern terminus on the east side of downtown Dallas, intersecting Spur 366 and ending at unsigned Interstate 345.

The exit numbers for US 75 are not based on mile markers; instead, the exits were numbered consecutively (the only remaining stretch of road in Texas with such a system). As the bypass route was completed around the Sherman-Denison area, the numbering system was continued for the new exits. Upon completion of the widened Central Expressway through Dallas, the exit numbering was changed for the section south of I-635 to correspond with the new (and fewer number of) exits, based on mileage, but the numbering system north of I-635 was left unchanged, thus explaining the gap in the current numbering system.

Exit list

CountyLocationmikmOld exitNew exitDestinationsNotes
DallasDallas0.000.00 I-45 south (via I-345) / Good-Latimer Expressway – Houston
1A To I-35E (via Spur 366) – Waco, DentonSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; I-45 exit 286A northbound
0.20.321-21AHall Street / Lemmon AvenueNo direct southbound exit
0.71.12-41BHaskell Avenue / Blackburn Street / Lemmon Avenue / Fitzhugh Avenue
1.62.64-62Knox Street / Henderson Avenue / Fitzhugh Avenue / Monticello Avenue
3.04.86-103 Mockingbird Lane / Monticello Avenue / SMU BoulevardAccess to Mockingbird Station
4.16.610-124ALovers Lane / SMU Boulevard / Southwestern Boulevard
4.87.7134BCaruth Haven LaneNo direct southbound exit (signed at exit 5A)
5.08.014-155A Loop 12 (Northwest Highway)
5.28.4165B NorthPark Boulevard / Park LaneAccess to Park Lane Station
6.19.817-186 Walnut Hill Lane / Meadow RoadAccess to Walnut Hill Station, Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, and Walnut Hill Medical Center
7.311.718-197Royal Lane / Meadow Road
8.113.020A8A Forest LaneNo direct southbound exit (signed at exit 20-20A), access to Forest Lane Station, Forest Park Medical Center - Dallas, and Medical City Dallas Hospital
8.313.420B8BCoit RoadNo direct southbound exit
8.714.020BChurchill WaySigned as exit 20-20A southbound
9.014.521 I-635High Five Interchange; I-635 exit 19A
10.416.722AFrontage RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
9.615.422Midpark Road
Richardson10.516.923 Spring Valley RoadAccess to Spring Valley Station
11.218.024Belt Line Road / Main Street
12.119.525 Arapaho Road / Collins BoulevardAccess to Arapaho Center Station
12.920.826Campbell Road / Collins Boulevard / Galatyn Parkway
Collin14.122.727 Renner Road / Galatyn ParkwaySigned as exit 27A northbound, access to Galatyn Park Station
RichardsonPlano line15.725.328B Pres. George Bush Tpk.
Plano15.424.828APlano Parkway
16.526.629 15th StreetFormer FM 544, access to Medical Center of Plano
17.327.829APark Boulevard
17.628.330 Parker RoadAccess to Parker Road Station
18.830.331Spring Creek Parkway
20.132.332Legacy Drive
Allen21.534.632AFrontage Road
22.135.633Bethany Drive
22.536.234McDermott DriveFormer FM 2170
23.638.035Allen DriveNo direct southbound exit
23.938.536 Exchange ParkwayAccess to Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Allen
FairviewAllen line24.439.337 FM 2786 (Stacy Road)
26.542.638ARidgeview Drive
26.642.838B Frontage RoadNorthbound exit only, access to Medical Center of McKinney
FairviewAllen
McKinney city tripoint
26.843.138C Sam Rayburn Tollway south to SH 5 (via Spur 399 east)No direct access from US 75 south to Spur 399 / SH 5
27.644.439 SH 121 south / Eldorado Parkway – Airport, Frisco, LewisvilleSouth end of SH 121 overlap; signed as exit 39A northbound, access to Medical Center of McKinney
McKinney28.946.540A Spur 359 east (Louisiana Street) / FM 3038 west (Virginia Parkway)
30.448.940BWhite AvenueNo direct southbound exit
31.250.241 US 380 – Greenville, Denton
31.751.042AWilmeth RoadSigned as exit 42B southbound
32.752.642BBloomdale RoadSigned as exit 42A southbound
33.453.843 FM 543 (Laud Howell Parkway)
Melissa35.457.04544 SH 121 north – BonhamNorth end of SH 121 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
35.757.54445Telephone Road / Davis Road
36.358.446Melissa Road
38.762.347Throckmorton Road / Foster Crossing Road
Anna41.266.348 FM 455 (Anna-Weston Road)
43.870.549Mantua Road
CollinGrayson
county line
Van Alstyne45.072.450County Line Road
Grayson46.274.451 FM 121 (Van Alstyne Parkway)Due to confusion between this road and State Highway 121 to the south, southbound signs are marked "DFW TRAFFIC USE EXIT 38C"
Van AlstyneHowe
city line
49.780.052Blythe Road / West Farmington Road
Howe51.983.553 Spur 381 (Haning Street)
54.387.454 SH 5 south / FM 902
Sherman55.889.854AShepherd Drive
57.492.455Frontage Road
59.195.156 FM 1417
59.695.956ASouth Travis StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
59.996.456BFrontage RoadNorthbound exit only
60.597.457Park Street / Center Street
61.999.658 SH 56 (Lamar Street / Houston Street)
62.3100.359Washington Street
62.9101.260 FM 131 north (North Travis Street) / Taylor Street
63.2101.761 SH 91 north (Texoma Parkway)No direct southbound exit
63.9102.862Lamberth RoadNo direct southbound exit
64.3103.563 US 82 (Buck Owens Freeway) – Bonham, Gainesville
64.8104.364South Loy Lake Road / Fallon Drive
ShermanDenison
city line
67.2108.165 FM 691 west – Grayson County College, AirportAccess to Texoma Medical Center
Denison68.3109.966 Spur 503 east – DenisonSpur 503 to 75 north exit 596
68.8110.767North Loy Lake Road
70.1112.868Crawford Street
71.0114.369 FM 120 (Morton Street) – Lake Texoma
72.2116.270 FM 84 – Eisenhower State Park, Lake Texoma
73.3118.071Randell Lake Road
74.3119.672 SH 91 – Eisenhower State Park, Lake Texoma
75.3121.273 US 69 south – Denison, GreenvilleSouth end of US 69 overlap
76.1122.574Frontage RoadSouthbound exit and entrance
77.2124.275Texas Travel Info CenterSigned as exit 74 northbound; south end of NB US 69 overlap
77.4124.6 US-69 / US-75 north – DurantContinuation into Oklahoma
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 75". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  2. ^ Commerce Journal, Highway Commission Adopts 25 Highways, July 6, 1917
  3. ^ State Highway Department, Map Showing Proposed System of State Highways as Adopted June 1917 Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Texas State Highway Department, Highway Map: State of Texas Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machine., October 1, 1919
  5. ^ Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved November 7, 2013 – via University of North Texas Libraries. 
  6. ^ Conoco, Official Road Map of Texas, H.M. Gousha Company, 1933
  7. ^ Texas Highway Department, Official Travel Map, 1954 Edition
  8. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 559". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  9. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 310". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  10. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 560". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  11. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 561". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  12. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 562". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  13. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 563". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  14. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 564". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  15. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 75". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  16. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 87". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  17. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 3". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  18. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 5". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  19. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 93". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  20. ^ "http://www.ntta.org/NR/rdonlyres/8E3D7B19-FA6F-42F3-A450-869A4C8A04CB/0/SH121_US75_InterchangeMapLow_Final2.pdf", interchange design currently under construction by the NTTA

External links

KML is from Wikidata


U.S. Route 75
Previous state:
Terminus
Texas Next state:
Oklahoma
This page was last edited on 13 July 2018, at 07:00
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