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U.S. Open (golf)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

U.S. Open
2020 U.S. Open (golf) logo.png
2020 logo
Tournament information
LocationMamaroneck, New York
in 2020
Established1895, 125 years ago
119 Editions
Course(s)Winged Foot Golf Club in 2020
Par70 in 2020
Length7,477 yd (6,837 m) in 2020
Organized byUSGA
Tour(s)PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play
Prize fund$12,500,000 in 2020
Month playedJune
Tournament record score
Aggregate268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par−16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
Current champion
United States Bryson DeChambeau
2020 U.S. Open (golf)

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all four major championships and tied for largest of all PGA Tour events (The Players Championship also with $12.5 million).[1]


The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.[2][3]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.
U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004-2014.

U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.


The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.[4] Players (male or female)[4] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. The current exemption categories are:[5][6]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date, except for the U.S. Amateur. On August 5, 2019, the USGA announced a rule change stating a player may turn professional and still retain his U.S. Open exemption. Note that this tournament typically takes place after the collegiate season has ended, so players may turn professional immediately after their last collegiate event (typically the end of the NCAA final of their senior year) in order to maximize the number of FedEx Cup points they may score before the August cutoff.[8]

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).[9]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates.[9] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.[10]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

USGA special exemptions

The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966.[11] Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010).[12]

Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In the 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004).[13] In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997).[14]


The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).

In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years. They are also automatically invited to play in The Players Championship for the next five years, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.

Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.

Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff format

Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Since 2018, the USGA adopted a two-hole aggregate playoff format, after consulting fans, players and media partners. Sudden death will still be played if the playoff ends tied.[15]


Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each.[16] Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990.[17] The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months, 14 days in 1911.[17]

Year Champion Country Venue Location Score Winning
Runner(s)-up Winner's
share ($)
2020 Bryson DeChambeau  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 274 (−6) 6 strokes United States Matthew Wolff 2,250,000
2019 Gary Woodland  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 271 (−13) 3 strokes United States Brooks Koepka 2,250,000
2018 Brooks Koepka (2)  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 281 (+1) 1 stroke England Tommy Fleetwood 2,160,000
2017 Brooks Koepka  United States Erin Hills Erin, Wisconsin 272 (−16) 4 strokes Japan Hideki Matsuyama
United States Brian Harman
2016 Dustin Johnson  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 276 (−4) 3 strokes United States Jim Furyk
Republic of Ireland Shane Lowry
United States Scott Piercy
2015 Jordan Spieth  United States Chambers Bay University Place, Washington 275 (−5) 1 stroke United States Dustin Johnson
South Africa Louis Oosthuizen
2014 Martin Kaymer  Germany Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 271 (−9) 8 strokes United States Erik Compton
United States Rickie Fowler
2013 Justin Rose  England Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 281 (+1) 2 strokes Australia Jason Day
United States Phil Mickelson
2012 Webb Simpson  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California 281 (+1) 1 stroke Northern Ireland Graeme McDowell
United States Michael Thompson
2011 Rory McIlroy  Northern Ireland Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 268 (−16) 8 strokes Australia Jason Day 1,440,000
2010 Graeme McDowell  Northern Ireland Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 284 (E) 1 stroke France Grégory Havret 1,350,000
2009 Lucas Glover  United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York[N 1] 276 (−4) 2 strokes United States Ricky Barnes
United States David Duval
United States Phil Mickelson
2008 Tiger Woods (3)  United States Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course La Jolla, California[N 2] 283 (−1) Playoff United States Rocco Mediate 1,350,000
2007 Ángel Cabrera  Argentina Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 285 (+5) 1 stroke United States Jim Furyk
United States Tiger Woods
2006 Geoff Ogilvy  Australia Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 285 (+5) 1 stroke United States Jim Furyk
United States Phil Mickelson
Scotland Colin Montgomerie
2005 Michael Campbell  New Zealand Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 280 (E) 2 strokes United States Tiger Woods 1,170,000
2004 Retief Goosen (2)  South Africa Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 276 (−4) 2 strokes United States Phil Mickelson 1,125,000
2003 Jim Furyk  United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 272 (−8) 3 strokes Australia Stephen Leaney 1,080,000
2002 Tiger Woods (2)  United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York[N 1] 277 (−3) 3 strokes United States Phil Mickelson 1,000,000
2001 Retief Goosen  South Africa Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 276 (−4) Playoff United States Mark Brooks 900,000
2000 Tiger Woods  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 272 (−12) 15 strokes South Africa Ernie Els
Spain Miguel Ángel Jiménez
1999 Payne Stewart (2)  United States Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 279 (−1) 1 stroke United States Phil Mickelson 625,000
1998 Lee Janzen (2)  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 280 (E) 1 stroke United States Payne Stewart 535,000
1997 Ernie Els (2)  South Africa Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 276 (−4) 1 stroke Scotland Colin Montgomerie 465,000
1996 Steve Jones  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 278 (−2) 1 stroke United States Tom Lehman
United States Davis Love III
1995 Corey Pavin  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 280 (E) 2 strokes Australia Greg Norman 350,000
1994 Ernie Els  South Africa Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 279 (−5) Playoff Scotland Colin Montgomerie
United States Loren Roberts
1993 Lee Janzen  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (−8) 2 strokes United States Payne Stewart 290,000
1992 Tom Kite  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 285 (−3) 2 strokes United States Jeff Sluman 275,000
1991 Payne Stewart  United States Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 282 (−6) Playoff United States Scott Simpson 235,000
1990 Hale Irwin (3)  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 280 (−8) Playoff United States Mike Donald 220,000
1989 Curtis Strange (2)  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 278 (−2) 1 stroke United States Chip Beck
United States Mark McCumber
Wales Ian Woosnam
1988 Curtis Strange  United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 278 (−6) Playoff England Nick Faldo 180,000
1987 Scott Simpson  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 277 (−3) 1 stroke United States Tom Watson 150,000
1986 Raymond Floyd  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 279 (−1) 2 strokes United States Chip Beck
United States Lanny Wadkins
1985 Andy North (2)  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 279 (−1) 1 stroke Canada Dave Barr
Taiwan Chen Tze-chung
Zimbabwe Denis Watson
1984 Fuzzy Zoeller  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 276 (−4) Playoff Australia Greg Norman 94,000
1983 Larry Nelson  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 280 (−4) 1 stroke United States Tom Watson 72,000
1982 Tom Watson  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 282 (−6) 2 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus 60,000
1981 David Graham  Australia Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 273 (−7) 3 strokes United States George Burns
United States Bill Rogers
1980 Jack Nicklaus (4)  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (−8) 2 strokes Japan Isao Aoki 55,000
1979 Hale Irwin (2)  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 284 (E) 2 strokes United States Jerry Pate
South Africa Gary Player
1978 Andy North  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 285 (+1) 1 stroke United States J. C. Snead
United States Dave Stockton
1977 Hubert Green  United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 278 (−2) 1 stroke United States Lou Graham 45,000
1976 Jerry Pate  United States Atlanta Athletic Club, Highlands Course Duluth, Georgia[N 5] 277 (−3) 2 strokes United States Al Geiberger
United States Tom Weiskopf
1975 Lou Graham  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 287 (+3) Playoff United States John Mahaffey 40,000
1974 Hale Irwin  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 287 (+7) 2 strokes United States Forrest Fezler 35,000
1973 Johnny Miller  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 279 (−5) 1 stroke United States John Schlee 35,000
1972 Jack Nicklaus (3)  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 290 (+2) 3 strokes Australia Bruce Crampton 30,000
1971 Lee Trevino (2)  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 280 (E) Playoff United States Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1970 Tony Jacklin  England Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 281 (−7) 7 strokes United States Dave Hill 30,000
1969 Orville Moody  United States Champions Golf Club, Cypress Creek Course Houston, Texas 281 (+1) 1 stroke United States Deane Beman
United States Al Geiberger
United States Bob Rosburg
1968 Lee Trevino  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 275 (−5) 4 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1967 Jack Nicklaus (2)  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 275 (−5) 4 strokes United States Arnold Palmer 30,000
1966 Billy Casper (2)  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 278 (−2) Playoff United States Arnold Palmer 26,500
1965 Gary Player  South Africa Bellerive Country Club St. Louis, Missouri[N 6] 282 (+2) Playoff Australia Kel Nagle 26,000
1964 Ken Venturi  United States Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 278 (−2) 4 strokes United States Tommy Jacobs 17,000
1963 Julius Boros (2)  United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 293 (+9) Playoff United States Jacky Cupit
United States Arnold Palmer
1962 Jack Nicklaus  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 283 (−1) Playoff United States Arnold Palmer 17,500
1961 Gene Littler  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1) 1 stroke United States Bob Goalby
United States Doug Sanders
1960 Arnold Palmer  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 280 (−4) 2 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus (a) 14,400
1959 Billy Casper  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 282 (+2) 1 stroke United States Bob Rosburg 12,000
1958 Tommy Bolt  United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 283 (+3) 4 strokes South Africa Gary Player 8,000
1957 Dick Mayer  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 282 (+2) Playoff United States Cary Middlecoff 7,200
1956 Cary Middlecoff (2)  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 281 (+1) 1 stroke United States Julius Boros
United States Ben Hogan
1955 Jack Fleck  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 287 (+7) Playoff United States Ben Hogan 6,000
1954 Ed Furgol  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 284 (+4) 1 stroke United States Gene Littler 6,000
1953 Ben Hogan (4)  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 283 (−5) 6 strokes United States Sam Snead 5,000
1952 Julius Boros  United States Northwood Club Dallas, Texas 281 (+1) 4 strokes United States Ed Oliver 4,000
1951 Ben Hogan (3)  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 287 (+7) 2 strokes United States Clayton Heafner 4,000
1950 Ben Hogan (2)  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 287 (+7) Playoff United States Lloyd Mangrum (2nd),
United States George Fazio (3rd)
1949 Cary Middlecoff  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 286 (+2) 1 stroke United States Clayton Heafner
United States Sam Snead
1948 Ben Hogan  United States Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, California[N 7] 276 (−8) 2 strokes United States Jimmy Demaret 2,000
1947 Lew Worsham  United States St. Louis Country Club Ladue, Missouri 282 (−2) Playoff United States Sam Snead 2,500
1946 Lloyd Mangrum  United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 284 (−4) Playoff United States Vic Ghezzi (T2)
United States Byron Nelson (T2)
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941 Craig Wood  United States Colonial Country Club Fort Worth, Texas 284 (+4) 3 strokes United States Denny Shute 1,000
1940 Lawson Little  United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 287 (−1) Playoff United States Gene Sarazen 1,000
1939 Byron Nelson  United States Philadelphia Country Club, Spring Mill Course Gladwyne, Pennsylvania 284 (−4) Playoff United States Craig Wood (2nd),
United States Denny Shute (3rd)
1938 Ralph Guldahl (2)  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 284 (E) 6 strokes United States Dick Metz 1,000
1937 Ralph Guldahl  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1) 2 strokes United States Sam Snead 1,000
1936 Tony Manero  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course Springfield, New Jersey 282 (−2) 2 strokes EnglandUnited States Harry Cooper 1,000
1935 Sam Parks, Jr.  United States Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 299 (+11) 2 strokes ScotlandUnited States Jimmy Thomson 1,000
1934 Olin Dutra  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 293 (+13) 1 stroke United States Gene Sarazen 1,000
1933 Johnny Goodman (a)  United States North Shore Country Club Glenview, Illinois 287 (−1) 1 stroke United States Ralph Guldahl 1,000
1932 Gene Sarazen (2)  United States Fresh Meadow Country Club Queens, New York 286 (+2) 3 strokes Scotland Bobby Cruickshank
England Philip Perkins
1931 Billy Burke  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 292 (+4) Playoff United States George Von Elm 1,750
1930 Bobby Jones (a) (4)  United States Interlachen Country Club Edina, Minnesota 287 (−1) 2 strokes ScotlandUnited States Macdonald Smith 1,000
1929 Bobby Jones (a) (3)  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 294 Playoff United States Al Espinosa 1,000
1928 Johnny Farrell  United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 294 Playoff United States Bobby Jones (a) 500
1927 Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania 301 Playoff EnglandUnited States Harry Cooper 500
1926 Bobby Jones (a) (2)  United States Scioto Country Club Columbus, Ohio 293 1 stroke United States Joe Turnesa 500
1925 Willie Macfarlane  Scotland Worcester Country Club Worcester, Massachusetts 291 Playoff United States Bobby Jones (a) 500
1924 Cyril Walker  England Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 297 3 strokes United States Bobby Jones (a) 500
1923 Bobby Jones (a)  United States Inwood Country Club Inwood, New York 296 Playoff Scotland Bobby Cruickshank 500
1922 Gene Sarazen  United States Skokie Country Club Glencoe, Illinois 288 1 stroke Scotland John Black
United States Bobby Jones (a)
1921 Jim Barnes  England Columbia Country Club Chevy Chase, Maryland 289 9 strokes United States Walter Hagen
ScotlandUnited States Fred McLeod
1920 Ted Ray  Jersey Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 295 1 stroke United States Jack Burke Sr.
United States Leo Diegel
United States Jock Hutchison
Jersey Harry Vardon
1919 Walter Hagen (2)  United States Brae Burn Country Club, Main Course West Newton, Massachusetts 301 Playoff United States Mike Brady 500
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916 Chick Evans (a)  United States The Minikahda Club Minneapolis, Minnesota 286 2 strokes Scotland Jock Hutchison 300
1915 Jerome Travers (a)  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Revised Course Springfield, New Jersey 297 1 stroke United States Tom McNamara 300
1914 Walter Hagen  United States Midlothian Country Club Midlothian, Illinois 290 1 stroke United States Chick Evans (a) 300
1913 Francis Ouimet (a)  United States The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts 304 Playoff Jersey Harry Vardon (2nd),
Jersey Ted Ray (3rd)
1912 John McDermott (2)  United States Country Club of Buffalo Buffalo, New York 294 2 strokes United States Tom McNamara 300
1911 John McDermott  United States Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 307 Playoff United States Mike Brady (2nd),
United States George Simpson (3rd)
1910 Alex Smith (2)  Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 298 Playoff United States John McDermott (2nd),
Scotland Macdonald Smith (3rd)
1909 George Sargent  England Englewood Golf Club Englewood, New Jersey 290 4 strokes United States Tom McNamara 300
1908 Fred McLeod  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 322 Playoff Scotland Willie Smith 300
1907 Alec Ross  Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 302 2 strokes England Gilbert Nicholls 300
1906 Alex Smith  Scotland Onwentsia Club Lake Forest, Illinois 295 7 strokes Scotland Willie Smith 300
1905 Willie Anderson (4)  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 314 2 strokes Scotland Alex Smith 200
1904 Willie Anderson (3)  Scotland Glen View Club Golf, Illinois 303 4 strokes England Gilbert Nicholls 200
1903 Willie Anderson (2)  Scotland Baltusrol Golf Club, Original Course Springfield, New Jersey 307 Playoff Scotland David Brown 200
1902 Laurie Auchterlonie  Scotland Garden City Golf Club Garden City, New York 307 6 strokes Scotland Stewart Gardner
United States Walter Travis (a)
1901 Willie Anderson  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 331 Playoff Scotland Alex Smith 200
1900 Harry Vardon  Jersey Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 313 2 strokes England J.H. Taylor 200
1899 Willie Smith  Scotland Baltimore Country Club, Roland Park Course Baltimore, Maryland 315 11 strokes Scotland Val Fitzjohn
Scotland George Low
England Bert Way
1898 Fred Herd  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 328 7 strokes Scotland Alex Smith 150
1897 Joe Lloyd  England Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 162 1 stroke Scotland Willie Anderson 150
1896 James Foulis  Scotland Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 152 3 strokes England Horace Rawlins 150
1895 Horace Rawlins  England Newport Country Club Newport, Rhode Island 173 2 strokes Scotland Willie Dunn 150

(a) denotes amateur

Summary by course, state and region

State totals – preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/Region No. Years hosted Geog.
Myopia Hunt Club 4 1908, 1905, 1901, 1898 MA
The Country Club 3 1988, 1963, 1913 MA
Worcester Country Club 1 1925 MA
Brae Burn Country Club 1 1919 MA
Total Massachusetts 9 NewEng
Newport Country Club 1 1895 RI
Total Rhode Island 1 NewEng
Total New England 10 NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club 6 2020, 2006, 1984, 1974, 1959, 1929 NY
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 5 2018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896 NY
Oak Hill Country Club 3 1989, 1968, 1956 NY
Bethpage Black Course 2 2009, 2002 NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club 1 1932 NY
Inwood Country Club 1 1923 NY
Country Club of Buffalo 1 1912 NY
Garden City Golf Club 1 1902 NY
Total New York 20 MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club 9 2016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973,
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
Merion Golf Club 5 2013, 1981, 1971, 1950, 1934 PA
Philadelphia Cricket Club 2 1910, 1907 PA
Philadelphia Country Club 1 1939 PA
Total Pennsylvania 17 MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club 7 1993, 1980, 1967, 1954, 1936,
1915, 1903
Englewood Golf Club 1 1909 NJ
Total New Jersey 8 MidAtl
Congressional Country Club 3 2011, 1997, 1964 MD
Baltimore Country Club 1 1899 MD
Columbia Country Club 1 1921 MD
Total Maryland 5 MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic 49 NEast
Total Northeast 59 USA
Pinehurst Resort 3 2014, 2005, 1999 NC
Total North Carolina 3 SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club 1 1976 GA
Total Georgia 1 SthAtl
Total South Atlantic 4 South
Total East South Central 0 South
Southern Hills Country Club 3 2001, 1977, 1958 OK
Total Oklahoma 3 WSC
Champions Golf Club 1 1969 TX
Colonial Country Club 1 1941 TX
Northwood Club 1 1952 TX
Total Texas 3 WSC
Total West South Central 6 South
Total South 10 USA
Medinah Country Club 3 1990, 1975, 1949 IL
Chicago Golf Club 3 1911, 1900, 1897 IL
Olympia Fields Country Club 2 2003, 1928 IL
North Shore Country Club 1 1933 IL
Skokie Country Club 1 1922 IL
Midlothian Country Club 1 1914 IL
Onwentsia Club 1 1906 IL
Glen View Club 1 1904 IL
Total Illinois 13 ENC
Inverness Club 4 1979, 1957, 1931, 1920 OH
Canterbury Golf Club 2 1946, 1940 OH
Scioto Country Club 1 1926 OH
Total Ohio 7 ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club 6 1996, 1985, 1961, 1951, 1937,
Total Michigan 6 ENC
Total East North Central 26 Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club 2 1991, 1970 MN
Interlachen Country Club 1 1930 MN
The Minikahda Club 1 1916 MN
Total Minnesota 4 WNC
Bellerive Country Club 1 1965 MO
St. Louis Country Club 1 1947 MO
Total Missouri 2 WNC
Erin Hills 1 2017 WI
Total Wisconsin 1 WNC
Total West North Central 7 Midwest
Total Midwest 33 USA
Cherry Hills Country Club 3 1978, 1960, 1938 CO
Total Colorado 3 Mtn
Total Mountain 3 West
Olympic Club 5 2012, 1998, 1987, 1966, 1955 CA
Pebble Beach Golf Links 6 2019, 2010, 2000, 1992, 1982,
Torrey Pines Golf Course 1 2008 CA
Riviera Country Club 1 1948 CA
Total California 13 Pac
Chambers Bay 1 2015 WA
Total Washington 1 Pac
Total Pacific 14 West
Total West 17 USA
Total U.S. Opens 120

The eighteenth state to host the tournament was Washington in 2015, followed by Wisconsin in 2017.


There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website.[20]


Beginning with the 2020 tournament, NBCUniversal holds domestic television rights (with coverage on NBC and Golf Channel), having taken over the remainder of the 12-year deal with the USGA signed by Fox Sports in 2013 that gave it exclusive rights to USGA championships from 2015 through 2026. With the postponed 2020 U.S. Open Championship presenting a significant scheduling challenge due to its other fall sports commitments, Fox had held discussions with the USGA over broadcasting the tournament on their cable network FS1 or partnering with NBC. Ultimately, the issues led the network to transfer the final seven years of its contract entirely.[21][22][23]

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's first period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994.[24]

In Australia, from 2015 Fox Sports Australia is the exclusive broadcaster of the U.S. open until 2018.[25]

Future sites

Year Edition Course Location Dates Previous championships hosted
2021 121st Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course La Jolla, California June 17–20 2008
2022 122nd The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts June 16–19 1913, 1963, 1988
2023 123rd Los Angeles Country Club, North Course Los Angeles, California June 15–18
2024 124th Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina June 13–16 1999, 2005, 2014
2025 125th Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania June 12–15 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016
2026 126th Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York June 18–21 1896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018
2027 127th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California June 17–20 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019
2028 128th TBD TBD TBD TBD
2029 129th Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina TBD 1999, 2005, 2014, 2024

Pinehurst No. 2 is also slated to host the U.S. Open in 2035, 2041 and 2047.[26]

See also


  1. ^ a b Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  2. ^ La Jolla is a neighborhood within the city of San Diego that has a unique postal identity.
  3. ^ a b c d The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  4. ^ a b c The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  5. ^ The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  6. ^ The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  7. ^ Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.


  1. ^ Gray, Will (May 28, 2019). "USGA increases purses for U.S. Open, U.S. Women's Open". Golf Channel.
  2. ^ Brent Kelley. "First Winner of US Open Golf Tournament". Sports.
  3. ^ "US Open Golf History".
  4. ^ a b "112th U.S. Open Championship application form" (PDF). USGA. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  5. ^ "U.S. Open – Exemption List". USGA. Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Junior, Mid-Amateur Champs to Receive U.S. Open, Women's Open Exemptions" (Press release). USGA. October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  7. ^ a b "USGA - Changes Made To Exemptions For 2012 USGA Championships". USGA. February 23, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  8. ^ "New Exemption Changes for U.S. Women's and U.S. Amateur" (Press release). USGA. August 5, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "U.S. Open to expand world-ranking use". ESPN. Associated Press. February 5, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  10. ^ "USGA Announces Changes To Exemption Categories" (Press release). USGA. February 5, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  11. ^ "2012 U.S. Open Championship Media Guide" (PDF). United States Golf Association. p. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  12. ^ "U.S. Open: Special Exemptions". USGA. December 12, 2016.
  13. ^ Gray, Will (May 17, 2016). "Two-time champ Goosen gets U.S. Open exemption". Golf Channel.
  14. ^ Herrington, Ryan (March 14, 2018). "USGA gives Ernie Els, Jim Furyk special exemptions into 2018 U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills". Golf Digest.
  15. ^ "U.S. Open abandons 18 holes for 2-hole playoff". ESPN. Associated Press. February 26, 2018.
  16. ^ "Champions". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
  17. ^ a b "Age". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
  18. ^ a b "Rory McIlroy runs away with Open title". ESPN. June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
  19. ^ Murray, Scott (June 19, 2011). "US Open 2011 – day four as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  20. ^ "U.S. Open History – Records". USGA. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  21. ^ Lavner, Ryan (29 June 2020). "NBC reacquires broadcast rights to USGA's full slate of championships". Golf Channel.
  22. ^ Baysinger, Tim (August 7, 2013). "Fox Sports Reaches Rights Deal for Golf's U.S. Open". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  23. ^ "Fox reportedly asks out of USGA deal; U.S. Open will return to NBC". Awful Announcing. 29 June 2020.
  24. ^ Rosaforte, Tim (June 27, 1994). "See Ya Later". Sports Illustrated. p. 49. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  25. ^ Knox, David (April 9, 2015). "Fox Sports tees off with more Golf". TV Tonight. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  26. ^ Gray, Will (September 9, 2020). "USGA adding new facility, making Pinehurst 'anchor U.S. Open site'". Golf Channel. Retrieved September 9, 2020.

External links

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