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AB069 Typhlops Head.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Infraorder: Scolecophidia
Superfamily: Typhlopoidea
Family: Typhlopidae
Subfamily: Typhlopinae
Genus: Typhlops
Oppel, 1811

Typhlops is a genus of blind snakes in the family Typhlopidae. The genus is endemic to the West Indies.[1] Some species which were formerly placed in the genus Typhlops have been moved to the genera Afrotyphlops, Amerotyphlops, Anilios, Antillotyphlops, Argyrophis, Cubatyphlops, Indotyphlops, Letheobia, Madatyphlops, Malayotyphlops, and Xerotyphlops.


Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name Geographic range
T. agoralionis Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 la Hotte blind snake
T. capitulatus Richmond, 1964 0 Haitian pale-lipped blind snake, Richmond's worm snake
T. eperopeus Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 Bahoruco blind snake
T. gonavensis Richmond, 1964 0 Gonâve Island worm snake
T. hectus Thomas, 1974 0 Tiburon Peninsula blind snake, Thomas's worm snake
T. jamaicensis (Shaw, 1802) 0 Jamaican blind snake, Jamaica worm snake
T. leptolepis Domínguez, Fong & Iturriaga, 2013 0
T. lumbricalisT (Linnaeus, 1758) 0 earthworm blind snake
T. oxyrhinus Domínguez & Díaz, 2011 0
T. pachyrhinus Domínguez & Díaz, 2011 0
T. proancylops Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 La Selle blind snake
T. pusillus Barbour, 1914 0 Hispaniola worm snake
T. rostellatus Stejneger, 1904 0 Puerto Rican worm snake
T. schwartzi Thomas, 1989 0 Schwartz's worm snake
T. silus Legler, 1959 0
T. sulcatus Cope, 1868 0 island worm snake
T. sylleptor Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 Pestel blind snake
T. syntherus Thomas, 1965 0 Barahona Peninsula blind snake, Barahona worm snake
T. tetrathyreus Thomas, 1989 0 Haitian worm snake
T. titanops Thomas, 1989 0 titan worm snake

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]


  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c "Typhlops ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 August 2007.

External links

Further reading

  • Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N (2014). "A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata)". Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1-61. (Amerotyphlops, Antillotyphlops, Asiatyphlops, Cubatyphlops, Indotyphlops, Madatyphlops, Malayotyphlops, Sundatyphlops, Xerotyphlops, new genera).
  • Oppel M (1811). Die Ordnungen, Familien und Gattungen der Reptilien, als Prodrom einer Naturgeschichte derselben [= The Orders, Families and Genera of the Reptiles, as a Prodromus of a Natural History of the same ]. Munich: J. Lindauer. xii + 86 pp. (Typhlops, new genus, pp. 54-55). (in German and Latin).
This page was last edited on 26 July 2020, at 11:54
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