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Type 072 landing ship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Class overview
Builders: Zhonghua Shipyard
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
Preceded by: L-1511
Succeeded by: Type 072II class
Active: 3
General characteristics [1]
Type: Landing Ship, Tank
Displacement: 3,100 tonnes (standard)
4,170 tonnes (full load)
Length: 120 m (390 ft)
Beam: 15.3 m (50 ft)
Draft: 2.9 m (10 ft)
Ramps: 17 m (56 ft) foldable bow ramp
Installed power: Two 12E390 diesel engines (2 × 9,600 hp)
Propulsion: Two shafts; fixed-pitch propellers
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) (maximum)
14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) (economical)
Range: 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) at 14 knots
Capacity: 10–11 tanks and 100–120 troops, or
200 troops and 82~mm anti-tank gun company, or
500 tonnes of cargo
Complement: 130
Armament: 4 × Type 66 dual-57mm/70
4 × Type 61 dual-25mm/60
MANPADs (optional)

The Type 072 landing ship (NATO designation Yukan class) are large landing ships built by Shanghai-based Zhonghua Shipyard (now Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding) in the 1980s to replace the aging World War II-era ex-US Navy L-1511 tank landing ships in service with the PLA Navy.[1] The Type 072 is the PLA Navy’s first indigenous large landing ship. A total of 3 Type 072 are in service all of them are in service with the East Sea Fleet of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN ESF).

Ships of the class

Number Pennant Number Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
1 927 云台山 / Yuntai Shan Zhonghua 19 October 1977 November 1978 East Sea Fleet Active.
2 928 五峰山 / Wufeng Shan Zhonghua 1980 East Sea Fleet Active.
3 929 紫金山 / Zijin Shan Zhonghua 1982 East Sea Fleet Active.

Yantai class

Three Type 072 class landing ships were converted by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding to ammunition ships which entered service in 1992, and received NATO reporting name as the Yantai class. In comparison to the original Type 072 class landing ship, these Yantai class ammunition ships have shorter forecastles and, blunter bow-form, but lack bow-doors. Cranes are installed fore and aft, tending two holds forward of the bridge superstructure and one aft. Specification:[2]

  • Displacement (t): 3300
  • Length (m): 115
  • Width (m): 15.6
  • Draft (m): 3
  • Speed (kn): 18
  • Range: 3000 nmi @ 14 kn
  • Propulsion: 2 SEMT Pielstick 12 PA6 V280 diesel @ 9600 hp
  • Armament: twin 37 mm gun x 1,
  • Radar: 1 former-USSR Fine Curve or Chinese Type 756 navigational radar
  • Crew: 100

See also

References

External links

This page was last edited on 12 July 2020, at 13:24
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