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Canceled denominations of United States currency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The United States has several coins and banknotes which were proposed at one time but never adopted.

Banknotes

A three dollar bill was proposed two times during the 1860s. A design was engraved for a potential $3 United States Note, and a 1865 law called for a $3 National Bank Note, but neither proposal came to fruition.

Denomination Obverse Reverse Notes
$3 note
Three Dollar United States Note proof, obverse.jpg
Three Dollar United States Note proof, reverse.jpg
Not to be confused with fake or privately issued obsolete notes or the three-dollar Continental currency banknotes issued during the American Revolution

Coinage

There have been several United States coins which were proposed but never adopted. Most of the coins listed below, although never adopted, were produced in limited numbers as patterns.

Denomination Obverse Reverse Weight Diameter Material Edge Minted Notes
Silver center cent
1792 Silver center cent pattern, obverse.jpg
1792 Silver center cent pattern, reverse.jpg
4.48 g 24.00 mm Cu (ring)
Ag (plug)
reeded 1792 The first and only US bi-metallic coin until the 2000 Library of Congress ten dollar coin.
Ring cent
1850 P1C One Cent, Judd-119 Original, Pollock-134, Low R.6.jpg
1850 P1C One Cent, Judd-119 Original, Pollock-134, Low R.6 rev.jpg
various weights 90% Cu

10% Agα

various 1850–1851, 1853β, 1884–1885 196 ring cents (originals and restrikes) are known to exist.[1] Examples exist with or without a hole.
Aluminum cent
1974Aluminumfront.jpg
1974Aluminumback.jpg
0.937 g 19.05 mm 96% Al
4% trace metals
plain 1973–1975
Two-cent billon
1836 P2C Two Cents (Judd-52) (obv).jpg
1836 P2C Two Cents (Judd-52) (rev).jpg
3.84 g ~13.00 mm 90% Cu
10% Ag
plain 1836
Two and a half cent piece
2.5¢
unknown unknown unknown unknown never minted Proposed in 1916 by US mint director Robert W. Woolley.[2]
Civil War tokens of this denomination exist.
Three-cent bronze
1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Restrike, Pollock-384, R.5.jpg
1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Restrike, Pollock-384, R.5 rev.jpg
10.89 g 28.57 mm 95% Cu
5% Zn
plain 1863
Ring nickel
1884 ring nickel (obverse).jpg
1884 ring nickel (reverse).jpg
plain 1884–1885 [3][4]
Gold ring half dollar
50¢
1852 gold ring half dollar (obverse).jpg
1852 gold ring half dollar (reverse).jpg
1852 [5]
Gold ring dollar
$1
1852 gold ring dollar (obverse).jpg
1852 gold ring dollar (reverse).jpg
1849, 1852 [6][7]
Two dollar piece
$2
unknown unknown unknown unknown never minted Proposed but not minted.[8] Some privately struck renditions exist.[9]
Stella
$4
1879 Flowing Hair Stella obverse.png
1879 Flowing Hair Stella reverse.png
7.00 g 22 mm 6.00g Au
0.30g Ag
0.70g Cu
reeded 1879–1880
Half-union
$50
1877 $50 Fifty Dollar pattern (Judd-1547, Pollock-1720) Obverse.jpg
1877 $50 Fifty Dollar pattern (Judd-1547, Pollock-1720) Reverse.jpg
83.58 g 50.80 mm 90% Au
10% Cuγ
reeded 1877 Commemorative coins of this denomination were issued in 1915.

Several bullion coins are produced in this denomination.

Union
$100
Proposed $100 Gold Union, obverse.jpg
Proposed $100 Gold Union, reverse.jpg
unknown unknown 90% Au
10% Cu
unknown never minted Cancelled before any patterns could be minted (fantasy coin shown).

Some commemorative and bullion coins are minted in this denomination.

Notes

Pattern coins for the ring cent were struck in various metals, including copper, aluminum, and nickel, as well as billon.
1853 ring cents are restrikes dated 1850, although they can be distinguished from the original 1850 cents in that they use a different reverse design.
Although circulation strikes of the Half Union were to be 90% gold 10% copper, only two of the twenty known pattern coins were struck with this composition. The other 18 were struck in 100% copper, although some were later plated with gold by the mint.[10]

References

  1. ^ "1792-1856". uspatterns.stores.yahoo.net. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
  2. ^ "Mint proposed 2.5-cent piece in 1916". Coin World. Retrieved 2019-03-22.
  3. ^ "J1724/P1934". uspatterns.com. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  4. ^ "J1742/P1954". uspatterns.com. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  5. ^ "J135/P162". uspatterns.com. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  6. ^ "J115/P130". uspatterns.com. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  7. ^ "J136/P163". uspatterns.com. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  8. ^ "Dr. Sol Taylor: Our Odd-Denomination Coins". Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Coin Designs by Daniel Carr. 1987-2001 Apollo Astronaut dollar, two dollar bi-metallic circulating coins". Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Fifty Dollar". uspatterns.stores.yahoo.net. Retrieved 2019-03-27.


This page was last edited on 30 September 2019, at 16:48
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