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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Turnham Green
Turnham Green Church 3.jpg

Christ Church, Turnham Green
Turnham Green is located in Greater London
Turnham Green
Turnham Green
Location within Greater London
Population11,448 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ212786
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtW4
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°29′31″N 00°15′58″W / 51.49194°N 0.26611°W / 51.49194; -0.26611

Turnham Green is a public park on Chiswick High Road, Chiswick, London; historically, it was one of the four villages in the Chiswick area, the others being Old Chiswick, Little Sutton, and Strand-on-the-Green. Christ Church, a neo-Gothic building designed by George Gilbert Scott and built in 1843,[2] stands on the eastern half of the green. A war memorial stands on the eastern corner. On the south side is the old Chiswick Town Hall.

The green is the site of local community events, including a travelling funfair, church events and charity table-top sales.

The nearest London Underground station is Chiswick Park on the District line.

Turnham Green tube station is actually on Chiswick Common, some 1 km (0.6 mi) to the east, on a street named Turnham Green Terrace which does not touch the park it is named after.

History

Turnham Green was a village on the main road between London and the west. It was recorded as 'Turneham' in 1235 and 'Turnhamgrene' in 1369.[3]

On 13 November 1642, the Battle of Turnham Green was fought nearby during the First English Civil War resulting in the Parliamentarians blocking the King's advance on London.[4]

In 1680 the homicidal Philip Herbert, 7th Earl of Pembroke murdered a watchman, William Smeeth, after a drunken evening in the local tavern.[5] A similar but far less serious episode in the tavern, the Old Packhorse Inn, in 1795 saw the young Daniel O'Connell arrested for drunken and riotous behaviour.[6]

From 1912 until its closure in 1959, the Chiswick Empire theatre stood facing the north side of Turnham Green.[7]

Buildings

At the eastern end of the green stands Chiswick war memorial. It is in the form of a stone obelisk at the top of a flight of five steps, encircled by a metal fence and a yew hedge. It was unveiled on 13 November 1921 by the 9th Duke of Devonshire and Arthur Winnington-Ingram, the Bishop of London. It is made of Cornish granite. It was designed by a local architect, Edward Willis. It was given Grade II listed status in 2015.[8]

In the middle of the green stands the tall Christ Church, Turnham Green, designed in the Gothic revival style by George Gilbert Scott and opened in 1843. The chancel was extended in 1887.[9]

Along the southern side of the green is Heathfield Terrace; its largest buildings are the Italianate 1876 Chiswick Town Hall, designed by W. J. Trehearne, and the former Army and Navy Furniture Repository, built around 1900, and now converted into flats. Further west, at the corner with Heathfield Gardens, is the red brick 1913 Turnham Green Church Hall with Arts and Crafts style decoration; it was built here as residents objected to having it in the park beside the church. It is now used as a school.[10][11] Facing the southwestern corner of the green is Fromow's Corner, an "attractively detailed"[12] curved red brick building with brick pilasters; a plaque at the corner of the roofline proclaims "Fromow & Sons Estd 1829, Erectd 1889".[12]

In 2021, Hounslow Council reappraised the Turnham Green Conservation area.[12] This is adjacent to the Chiswick High Road conservation area (which is further east), covering the part of the High Road from Chiswick Road in Gunnersbury to the west, via the whole of Turnham Green common and the buildings facing its north side along the High Road, to Clifton Gardens in the east. It takes in a substantial area to the south of the common, and was extended in 2019 to include the streets between Sutton Court Road and Duke's Avenue down to the Great West Road.[12]

In culture

Highwayman

The 18th century highwayman broadside ballad "Alan Tyne of Harrow" includes the couplet:[13]

"One night by Turnham Green I robbed a revenue collector,
and what I took from him I gave to a widow to protect her".[13]

Charles Dickens's novel A Tale of Two Cities, set in the time of the French Revolution at the end of the 18th century, mentions "that magnificent potentate, the Lord Mayor of London, [who] was made to stand and deliver on Turnham Green, by one highwayman, who despoiled the illustrious creature in sight of all his retinue."[14]

Other mentions

The song "Suite In C" on the eponymous album McDonald and Giles, which alludes to places in London, includes the line "The sun shone 'til Turnham Green".[15]

The song "Junkie Doll" by Mark Knopfler includes the line "Turnham green, Turnham green, You took me high as I've ever been".[16]

Residents

References

  1. ^ "Hounslow Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  2. ^ Robbins, Michael (2003). Middlesex. Phillimore. p. 234. ISBN 978-1-86077-269-6.
  3. ^ Clegg, Gillian: "The Chiswick Book", Historical Publications Ltd, 2004, ISBN 0-948667-96-6.
  4. ^ Robinson , Wayne. "The Battle of Turnham Green, November 13, 1642"/ 29 April 2010. — official site of The Pike and Musket Society
  5. ^ David L. Smith, 'The infamous seventh earl of Pembroke, 1653–1683' (a sub-section of 'Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician') in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (OUP, 2004)
  6. ^ Geoghegan, Patrick M. (2008). King Dan Daniel O'Connell 1775-1829: The Rise of King Dan. Gill Books. pp. 50–51. ISBN 978-0-7171-5156-1.
  7. ^ Pain, Christina (2001). "The Chiswick Empire". Brentford and Chiswick Local History Journal (10).
  8. ^ Historic England. "Chiswick War Memorial (1424996)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  9. ^ Bolton, Diane K.; Croot, Patricia E. C.; Hicks, M. A. (1982). Baker, T. F. T.; Elrington, C. R. (eds.). A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7. London: Victoria County History. pp. 90–93.
  10. ^ Cherry, Bridget; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1991). The Buildings of England. London 3: North West. London: Penguin Books. pp. 394, 406. ISBN 978-0-14-071048-9. OCLC 24722942.
  11. ^ Clegg, Gillian. "Business". Gill Clegg's Chiswick History Web Pages. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d "Turnham Green Conservation Area Appraisal". London Borough of Hounslow. January 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  13. ^ a b "(Alan) Tyne of Harrow / Valentine O'Hara". Mainly Norfolk: English Folk and Other Good Music. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  14. ^ Dickens, Charles, A Tale of Two Cities Book I, ch. 1.
  15. ^ McDonald, Ian; Giles, Michael. "McDonald and Giles - Suite in C Lyrics". SongLyrics. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  16. ^ Knopfler, Mark. "Junkie Doll". Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  17. ^ The American quarterly register, American Education Society, 1841, p200, accessed April 2009
  18. ^ Kustow, Michael (17 October 2013). Peter Brook: A Biography. A&C Black. pp. 5–7. ISBN 978-1-4088-5228-6. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  19. ^ Moffat, Wendy (2011). E. M. Forster: A New Life. Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781408824276.
  20. ^ "E.M. Forster 9 Arlington Park Mansions, Sutton Lane, Chiswick, London". Notable Abodes. 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  21. ^ Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Review Volume 97, Part 2. 1827. pp. 566–569. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  22. ^ "England / Players / Patsy Hendren". ESPN. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  23. ^ Manton, Colin (2006). "Harold Piffard of Bedford Park, Artist and Aviator Extraordinaire". Brentford & Chiswick Local History Journal. 15. Archived from the original on 1 November 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
This page was last edited on 23 August 2021, at 02:57
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