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Organization of Turkic States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Organization of Turkic States
  • Azerbaijani:Türk Dövlətləri Təşkilatı
    Hungarian:Türk Államok Szervezete
    Kazakh:Түркі мемлекеттерінің ұйымы
    Türkı memleketterınıñ ūiymy
    Kyrgyz:Түрк мамлекеттер уюму
    Turkish:Türk Devletleri Teşkilatı
    Turkmen:Türki Döwletleriň Guramasy
    Uzbek:Turkiy Davlatlar Tashkiloti
Emblem
Motto: 
Together We Are Stronger!
  • Biz Birlikdə Daha Güclüyük! (Azerbaijani)
  • Erősebbek Vagyunk Együtt! (Hungarian)
  • Біз Бірге Мықтымыз
    Bız Bırge Myqtymyz!
     (Kazakh)
  • Биз Бирге Дагы Күчтүүбүз! (Kyrgyz)
  • Biz Birlikte Daha Güçlüyüz! (Turkish)
  • Biz Bilelikde Has Güýçli! (Turkmen)
  • Biz Birgalikda Kuchliroqmiz! (Uzbek)
Conseilturcique.svg
  Members
  Observer States
Political centres
Largest cityIstanbul
Official languages
Working languagesEnglish
Other languages
Demonym(s)Turkic
TypeRegional organization
Membership[1]
Leaders
• Secretary-General
Kazakhstan Baghdad Amreyev
• Chairman
Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
• Honorary Chairman
Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
Establishment
• Nakhchivan Agreement
3 October 2009
• Last polity admitted
12 November 2021
Area
• Total
4,242,362 km2 (1,637,985 sq mi) (unranked)
Population
• 2021 estimate
172,452,843
  1. Parliamentary Assembly
  2. Europe Office
  3. General Secretariat
  4. Regional Diaspora Center
  5. Turkic Academy
  6. Spiritual capital

The Organization of Turkic States, formerly called the Turkic Council or the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States, is an international organization comprising prominent independent Turkic countries: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey and Uzbekistan. It is an intergovernmental organization whose overarching aim is promoting comprehensive cooperation among Turkic-speaking states. First proposed by Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev in 2006, it was founded on October 3, 2009, in Nakhchivan.

The General Secretariat is in Istanbul. Turkmenistan is currently an observer state. However, by virtue of its Turkic heritage, it is a possible full future member of the council.[2] Turkmenistan received the observer status at the 8th summit in Istanbul.[3]

During the 8th summit in Istanbul (held on November 12, 2021), the council reformed into an organization, with the name Turkic Council being changed to Organization of Turkic States.[4][5][6][7]

History

The organization was established on October 3, 2009 as the Cooperation Council of the Turkic Speaking States (Turkic Council), by the Nakhchivan Agreement signed among Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey. According to Halil Akıncı, the founding Secretary-General of the organization the "Turkic Council has become the first voluntary alliance of Turkic states in history".[This quote needs a citation]

In 2012, the flag of the Turkic Council was adopted.

On April 30, 2018, it was announced that Uzbekistan would join the Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States[8] and attend the upcoming summit of the organisation in Bishkek.[9] It formally applied for membership on September 12, 2019.[10]

Since late 2018, Hungary has been an observer and may request full membership.[11]

In November 2021, the organization was renamed the Organization of Turkic States.[12]

Mission and objectives

The Preamble of the Nakhchivan Agreement reaffirms the will of Member States to adhere to the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, and defines the main objective of the Organization of Turkic States as further deepening comprehensive cooperation among Turkic Speaking States, as well as making joint contributions to peace and stability in the region and in the world. Member States have confirmed their commitment to democratic values, human rights, the rule of law, and principles of good governance.

The Nakhchivan Agreement sets out the main purposes and tasks of the Organization as follows:

  • Strengthening mutual confidence and friendship among the Parties;
  • Developing common positions on foreign policy issues;
  • Coordinating actions to combat international terrorism, separatism, extremism and cross-border crimes;
  • Promoting effective regional and bilateral cooperation in all areas of common interest;
  • Creating favorable conditions for trade and investment;
  • Aiming for comprehensive and balanced economic growth, social and cultural development;
  • Expanding interaction in the fields of science, technology, education, health, culture, sports and tourism;
  • Encouraging interaction of mass media and other means of communication;
  • Promoting exchange of relevant legal information and enhancing legal cooperation.

Structure and operation

Main organs of the Organization of Turkic States include:[13]

  • Council of Heads of State
  • Council of Foreign Ministers
  • Senior Officials Committee
  • Council of Elders (Aksakals)
  • The Secretariat

The main decision-making and governing body of the Organization of Turkic States is the Council of Heads of State, which is presided over by the President whose country holds the chairmanship. The chairmanship rotates on an annual basis. All activities of the Organization of Turkic States are coordinated and monitored by its Secretariat, which is located in Istanbul in accordance with the Nakhchivan Agreement. Presidents meet once a year in a previously determined Turkic city. Senior officials, Aksakals, as well as other Ministers and government officials, all meet on a regular basis.

Projects

Since its founding agreement defines comprehensive cooperation among Turkic states as the organization's main objective and raison d'être, the Organization of Turkic States is working on a variety of projects. The projects are grouped under six cooperation processes, which are: economy, culture, education, transport, customs, and diaspora. Examples of the projects include establishing the Turkic University Union[14] and writing a common history textbook. The Organization of Turkic States also works on ways to boost economic development in underdeveloped regions of Member States. The Secretariat brings together Economy Ministers, Education Ministers, Transport Ministers, Heads of Customs Administrations, and other senior officials from different ministries and agencies in order to work on ways to promote cooperation in relevant spheres. Prior to being brought before ministers and heads of administrations, projects and issues of cooperation are elaborated by working groups. One recently launched project is the establishment of a mechanism for closer cooperation among Turkic diasporas all over the world.

Joint investment fund

In November 2020, Kyrgyz Minister of Foreign Affairs Ruslan Kazakbaev pointed that Organization of Turkic States members have to strengthen their economic relations, they have to establish a joint investment fund and build its center on Kyrgyzstan on his meeting with Turkish Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu.[15] Baghdad Amreyev visited Minister of Treasury and Finance of Turkey Lütfi Elvan and sides talked about establishment of Joint Investment Fund.[16] In September 2021, on meeting of Turkic ministers responsible for the economy, sides negotiated about a Turkic Joint Investment Fund feasibility work and agreement to establish the fund.[17]

Affiliated bodies and organizations

The Turkic-speaking areas
The Turkic-speaking areas

The Organization of Turkic States functions as an umbrella organization for all other cooperation mechanisms like:

Flag

The current flag of the Organization of Turkic States was adopted at its 2nd Summit, which took place in Bishkek on 23 August 2012 and officially raised on 12 October 2012.[18] The flag combines the symbols of the four founding member states: the light blue color of the flag of Kazakhstan which also evokes the traditional Turkic color of turquoise, the sun of the flag of Kyrgyzstan, the star of the flag of Azerbaijan and the crescent of the Turkish flag.

Summits

7th Summit of Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States in Baku
7th Summit of Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States in Baku

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the newly independent Turkic States of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as well as Turkey organized Summits of the Heads of Turkic Speaking States, the first of which took place in 1992 in Ankara. With the establishment of Turkic Council, at the 10th Summit it was decided to rename the top-level meetings to Turkic Council Summits.

Turkic Council Summit is the highlight of the year whereby Heads of State evaluate outcomes of the past period and set goals for the next year. The First Summit took place in Almaty, Kazakhstan, on 20–21 October 2011 and focused primarily on economic cooperation. The Second Summit was held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, on 22–23 August 2012 and concentrated on educational, scientific, and cultural cooperation. The Third Summit took place on 15–16 August 2013 in Qabala, Azerbaijan with a theme of transport and connectivity.[19]

On October 15, 2019, the Seventh Turkic Council Summit was organized in Baku with the participation of Presidents of member states Ilham Aliyev, Sooronbai Jeenbekov, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, as well as Purli Agamyradov as a guest, Viktor Orban as an observer and heads of Turkic cooperation institutions. The participants celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Nakhchivan Agreement on the establishment of the Turkic Council in addition to Uzbekistan’s joining the organization as a full-fledged member. The title of Honorary Chairman of the Turkic Council was given to the former President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev. In the conclusion of the Summit, the Heads of States signed Baku Declaration. Besides, the presidency in the Council officially passed to Azerbaijan.[20][21]

Extraordinary Summit

The Extraordinary Summit of the Turkic Council focused on the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic was conducted through videoconferencing by the initiative of the chairman of the organization Ilham Aliyev on April 10, 2020. The conference titled "Cooperation and solidarity in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic" was held with the participation of the Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus along with the head of states of the member countries. Participants discussed the measures taken at the national level to fight against the coronavirus epidemic, to improve multilateral cooperation in the field of healthcare, and to undertake the common challenges caused by the outbreak of COVID-19. Exchanging views on the ways of overcoming negative effects of coronavirus on the national and global economies, they touched upon trade relations and continuous transportation and they entrusted the Ministries of Commerce and Transport of the member States with reviewing the process via videoconferencing and with presenting practical solutions for the free flow of goods among Turkic Council states across the Trans-Caspian Corridor.[22][23] An 18-point list of mutual priorities of all member nations was outlined in the Baku Declaration.[24]

International cooperation

The Organization of Turkic States is an observer at the Economic Cooperation Organization. The Organization has also applied for an observer status at the United Nations and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Besides, Organization of Turkic States maintains close cooperative relations with the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia.

Members

Current

Country Accession Population (2021) Area (km2) GDP (nominal) 2021[25] GDP per capita (nominal) 2021[26]
 Azerbaijan Founder 10,139,136[27] 86,600 $49.914 billion $4,922
 Kazakhstan 19,038,528[28] 2,724,900 $187.836 billion $9,866
 Kyrgyzstan 6,663,600[29] 199,900 $7.470 billion $1,121
 Turkey 85,573,261[30] 783,562 $794.530 billion $9,327
 Uzbekistan 2019 35,202,467[31] 447,400 $61.203 billion $1,738
 Organization of Turkic States  156,616,392 4,242,362 $1.100.953 trillion $7,029

Observer states

Country Accession Population (2018)[32][33] Area (km2) GDP (nominal) GDP per capita
(nominal) (2021)[34]
 Hungary[35] 2018 9,707,499 93,030 $176,543 billion $18,142
 Turkmenistan[36] 2021 5,850,901 491,210 $54,218 billion $8,862

Possible future observers

In 2020, Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister Emine Ceppar stated Ukraine wanted to be an observer.[37] In 2022, Northern Cyprus President Ersin Tatar declared his intention for observer status, which is supported by President of Turkey.[38][39]

Former applicants

On May 3, 2021, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan officially applied for observer status.[40][41] Note that this was just before the Taliban replaced the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan with its Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, leaving the status of the application for observer status uncertain.

Events

# Date Location Notes
Turkic Speaking States Summits
I October 30, 1992 Turkey Ankara First Turkic Speaking States Summit
July 12, 1993 Kazakhstan Almaty the Almaty Agreement for founding TURKSOY
II October 18, 1994 Turkey Istanbul Second Turkic Speaking States Summit
III August 28, 1995 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Third Turkic Speaking States Summit
IV October 21, 1996 Uzbekistan Tashkent Fourth Turkic Speaking States Summit
V June 9, 1998 Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan Fifth Turkic Speaking States Summit
VI April 8, 2000 Azerbaijan Baku Sixth Turkic Speaking States Summit
VII April 26, 2001 Turkey Istanbul Seventh Turkic Speaking States Summit
VIII November 17, 2006 Turkey Antalya Eighth Turkic Speaking States Summit
November 21, 2008 Turkey Istanbul the Istanbul Agreement for founding TURKPA
IX October 3, 2009 Azerbaijan Nakhchivan Ninth Turkic Speaking States Summit, the Nakhchivan Agreement for founding the Turkic Council
X September 15, 2010 Turkey Istanbul Tenth Turkic Speaking States Summit (The end of Non-Corporate Summits of Turkic-Speaking Countries State)
Turkic Council Summits
I October 21, 2011 Kazakhstan Almaty First Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Economic Area and Trade Area
II August 23, 2012 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Second Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Education, Science and Culture[42]
III August 16, 2013 Azerbaijan Qabala Third Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Transportation[43]
IV June 5, 2014 Turkey Bodrum Fourth Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Tourism[44]
December 24, 2014 Ukraine Kyiv Opening of the first Turkic Council Regional Diaspora Center[45]
V September 11, 2015 Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan Fifth Turkic Council Summit, Cooperation in Media and Information
VI September 2, 2018 Kyrgyzstan Cholpon Ata Sixth Turkic Council Summit
VII October 15, 2019 Azerbaijan Baku Seventh Turkic Council Summit
April 10, 2020 Teleconference Extraordinary Video Summit[46]
March 31, 2021 Teleconference Informal Video Summit[47]
VIII November 12, 2021 Turkey Istanbul Eighth Turkic Council Summit, organization status granted.[47][48]
Organization of Turkic States Summits
I November 11, 2022 Uzbekistan (TBD) First Organization of Turkic States Summit[49][50]

List of Secretaries-General

No. Name Country of origin Took office Left office Note
1 Halil Akıncı Turkey 15 September 2010 16 September 2014 End of extended term
2 Ramil Hasanov Azerbaijan 16 September 2014 3 September 2018 End of extended term
3 Baghdad Amreyev Kazakhstan 3 September 2018 incumbent

List of Chairmen

According to the Nakhchivan Agreement article 8, the state that hosts the regular summit, will assume the chairmanship until next meeting.[51]

No. Name Country of origin Took office Left office
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan 21 October 2011 23 August 2012
2 Almazbek Atambayev Kyrgyzstan 23 August 2012 16 August 2013[52]
3 Ilham Aliyev Azerbaijan 16 August 2013[52] 5 June 2014
4 Abdullah Gül Turkey 5 June 2014 28 August 2014
5 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 28 August 2014 11 September 2015
(1) Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan 11 September 2015 3 September 2018
6 Sooronbay Jeenbekov Kyrgyzstan 3 September 2018[53] 15 October 2019
(3) Ilham Aliyev Azerbaijan 15 October 2019[54] 12 November 2021[55]
(5) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Turkey 12 November 2021[55] incumbent

See also

References

  1. ^ "TURKSOY Official Web Site". Turkkon.org. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
  2. ^ "Turk Dili Konusan Ulkeler Isbirligi Konseyi'nin Kurulmasina Dair Nahcivan Anlasmasi" (PDF). Turkkon.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
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  7. ^ ""We are changing the name of the Turkic Council to the Organization of Turkic States"". Directorate of Communications. 12 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  12. ^ "Revamped Turkic group 'adds to extreme uncertainty' at China's door". South China Morning Post. 26 December 2021. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
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  40. ^ Hamdullah Mohib [@hmohib] (May 4, 2021). "Yesterday, Afghanistan proudly applied for observer status in the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (CCTS)..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  54. ^ "Chairman". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 13 November 2021. During the Baku Summit held in October 2019, the Republic of Azerbaijan took over the Chairmanship from the Kyrgyz Republic until the next Summit to be held in the second half of 2020 in Turkey.
  55. ^ a b "Eighth Summit of the Organization of Turkic States was held in Istanbul | News". Türk Keneşi. Retrieved 13 November 2021. At the Summit, the Chairmanship of the Organization was handed over from Azerbaijan to Turkey...

External links

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