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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Type Radial aero engine
National origin Soviet Union
Manufacturer Tumansky
First run 1938
Developed into Tumansky M-88

The Tumansky M-87 was a Soviet air-cooled aircraft radial engine that was developed in the late 1930s. It was a development of their licensed Gnome-Rhone 14K engines that started with the M-85.


In 1934, USSR licensed the French Gnome-Rhone 14K aircraft engine producing 800 hp (595 kW), which entered production as the M-85.[1] The engine was subsequently modified to M-86 which produced 960 hp (715 kW) at takeoff thanks to increased supercharging and a higher compression ratio.[1] The M-87 was created to further increase the power output. Cylinders and pistons were revised to increase the compression ratio and the supercharger was redesigned. The resulting engine had better high-altitude performance and entered production in 1938. However, the engine proved unreliable and suffered from failure of gears in the reduction gearbox.[1] Later the M-88 was designed to address the shortcomings of the M-87. At first the M-88 was not a success, but the designers persisted, and the M-88 was made into a reliable and widely produced engine. The M-87 was used in Ilyushin Il-4 and Sukhoi Su-2 bombers, and the Polikarpov I-180 fighter.

Specifications (M-87)

Family tree of Tumansky engines
Family tree of Tumansky engines

General characteristics



See also

Related development

Related lists


  1. ^ a b c "DB-3". Retrieved 2007-01-08. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
This page was last edited on 1 May 2021, at 19:24
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