To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Truman Balcony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Truman Balcony on the second floor of the White House
The Truman Balcony on the second floor of the White House
The portico before construction of the balcony (photo c. 1910-1935)

The Truman Balcony is the second-floor balcony of the Executive Residence of the White House, which overlooks the South Lawn. It was completed in March 1948, during the presidency of Harry S. Truman.

Controversy over construction plans

This photograph, taken at Franklin D. Roosevelt's fourth Inaugural Address, shows the White House's south face before the Truman Balcony was built. The awnings that Truman disliked are visible.
This photograph, taken at Franklin D. Roosevelt's fourth Inaugural Address, shows the White House's south face before the Truman Balcony was built. The awnings that Truman disliked are visible.

Truman's plans to build a balcony off the Yellow Oval Room were controversial.

Truman argued that the addition of a balcony would provide shade for the first floor portico, avoiding the need for awnings, and would balance the White House's south face by breaking up the long verticals created by the columns.[1] Truman had previously had a request for an extension to the West Wing rejected by Congress.[2] Though Truman had told Howell G. Crim, the White House Chief Usher, and J. B. West, Crim's assistant, of his ideas for a balcony, he had kept his plans secret until the announcement by his press secretary, Charlie Ross. The plans were executed by William Adams Delano, who had carried out alterations to the house during the presidency of Calvin Coolidge.[2] Critics of the proposal, including members of the Commission of Fine Arts, argued that the Classic Greek style of the building would be undermined in order to create a leisure space for the First Family. The Commission's chairman, civil engineer and landscape architect Gilmore David Clarke, wrote to Truman to voice his opposition to the balcony. Truman responded, restating his belief that the residence would be enhanced by the project especially as it presented an opportunity to replace unattractive awnings, which he said collected dirt and constituted an eyesore,[3] with wooden shades that could be rolled up under the new balcony.[1]

Contemporary political cartoonists satirized the President's balcony project, suggesting that it might even cost him the 1948 presidential election.[4][5]

Construction and subsequent history

President George W. Bush entertaining Mexican President Vicente Fox on the Truman Balcony in September 2001
President George W. Bush entertaining Mexican President Vicente Fox on the Truman Balcony in September 2001

Plans for the balcony were approved by architect William Adams Delano.[1] No request was made to Congress for the $16,050.74 (equivalent to $170,800.33 in 2019) cost of constructing the balcony, as Truman had saved a sufficient sum from his household account.[6] Once the balcony was completed, several of those who had opposed the project wrote to the President acknowledging that the balcony had in fact improved the south face of the Residence.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Truman Balcony: Background Information". Harry S. Truman Library and Museum. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  2. ^ a b Robert J. Donovan (1996). Conflict and Crisis: The Presidency of Harry S. Truman, 1945-1948. University of Missouri Press. p. 350. ISBN 978-0-8262-1066-1.
  3. ^ Truman, Harry (November 1947). "The Truman Balcony Letters: President Truman's response to a letter from Gilmore Clarke, Chairman of the Commission of Fine Arts, November 1947". Harry S. Truman Library and Museum. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  4. ^ "Truman's Balcony -- Cartoon 3". Harry S. Truman Library and Museum. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  5. ^ "Truman's Balcony -- Cartoon 4". Harry S. Truman Library and Museum. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  6. ^ "Truman Balcony: Background Information (continued)". Harry S. Truman Library and Museum. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  7. ^ King, Deloevare (1948-04-29). "Truman's Balcony -- Letter 4". Retrieved 26 January 2010.

Further reading

  • Conflict and Crisis: The Presidency of Harry S. Truman, 1945-1948, By Robert J. Donovan, University of Missouri Press, 1996.
  • The President's House: A History, Vol. II, by William Seale, The White House Historical Association, Washington, D.C., 1986.
  • The White House and Its Thirty-Four Families, by Amy La Follette Jensen, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1965.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 January 2021, at 08:34
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.