To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Transport Innovation Fund

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Transport Innovation Fund (TIF) was a transport funding mechanism in England, that has been replaced by the Urban Challenge Fund in March 2010.[1] Its creation was announced by Her Majesty's Government in the July 2004 White Paper, ’The Future of Transport’.[2] The fund had two strands for supporting different types of project: Congestion TIF where local authorities bid for funds for their own schemes; and Productivity TIF where the DfT would identify schemes of national importance.

TIF represented a new approach by the Department for Transport (DfT) to allocating some of its budget for England. The fund did not apply to Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland but they would not lose out[dubious ] because the budget for the fund will come from England’s overall allocation, calculated by a mechanism known as the Barnett formula.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
    Views:
    507
    195 768
  • ✪ Future innovations in transport planning - Dr Matthew Burke
  • ✪ Elon Musk Predicts Innovations of the Future

Transcription

Yeah look I think according to the people I speak with we'll see a slow rollout of further semi-automation of vehicles. We are already seeing it with adaptive you know that cruise control and other technologies were cars are now helping us in our driving more and more. We are not going to go driverless fully yet. That's still a way off I think. I'm excited by it. I know that people are talking here Jeremy Clarkson sitter think this is the worst thing ever because the loo said feeling of control and what excites them driving I think from us that this will rapidly accepted we say we just gonna die the right we don't like my CAS their traffic will close at will have less congested beside for pedestrians b-side site I think the autonomous vehicles slowly as they shots a will be quite fast for me in the great change is obviously the rise of the electric vehicles what that like me with study hall waiting to see as we finally changed legislation cute auster State Transport Minister here elsewhere the riser electric bicycles starting to say small take up now in his hey if you look at what's happening in Europe especially in Asia electric bikes are really becoming a very don't me for lowest cycling in this the stranded at sea warily uses further Patrick distance is a great as great a road safety steps to I think we'll see more that the other great shift I think we'll see is in the regulatory space weekend follow trance everybody thought it was a major change to go 6850 club history our local straits that's nothing will probably end up at around thirty with the best the think cities across Europe a guy a 20 mile per hour 30k area straight strictly billion Brighton England just across the hall see and we'll start to see local legal jurisdiction pushing for these because it's a he lets kids play it straight again which is something vanished from restraint said i think is not the great losses experience last 30 is I straight cricketing I think we'll will start to see attorney at the time and Elaine very minor to life people as they exit the Acer maybe thirty seconds each day but I think will great right side

Contents

Congestion TIF schemes

The DfT was looking for packages that combine demand management with a coherent anti-congestion strategy. Demand management is a euphemism for increasing the cost of commuting by car to levels above those of public transport, thus reducing the demand for road space. They were most likely to fund packages that involve demand management through road pricing but they may "by exception, be prepared to consider bids involving a Workplace Parking Levy".[3]

Bidders

Preparing a bid to the fund would be very expensive, so as a first stage the DfT asked for bids for pump priming funds to pay for the research that would be needed to prepare a full bid. In July 2005, Alistair Darling announced that of the 21 groups bidding for pump priming funding, the following eight had been successful:[4]

Size of the Fund

The TIF was to be worth about £9.5bn over seven years, of which about £1.4bn (£200m[3] a year) would be available for Congestion TIF.[6]

08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 13/14 14/15
£290m £600m £930m £1300m £1680m £2100m £2550m

Other transport funding mechanisms

In the UK, spending on transport is too large for local authorities to raise the required revenue from local taxes. Instead, they obtain funds from central government through a number of mechanisms. For a large scheme, an authority must prepare a major scheme business case (MSBC). In this context, a large scheme is defined as one costing more than £5m. Authorities fund schemes costing less than £5m through The Local Transport Settlement. The size of their settlement is derived from a formula that relates the funding to a number of factors including population. However, the budget calculated from the formula is modified to account for the DfT’s assessment of the authority’s Local Transport Plan (LTP) and the authority’s record of delivering the elements of their previous plan. Over the period 2006 to 2011, Greater Manchester, a conurbation with a population of about 2.55 million, will receive a settlement of just under £50m a year[7]

Size of TIF compared to other funding mechanisms

Although TIF funding was to be smaller in total than the Local Transport Settlement, it will be shared between fewer authorities, so for an individual authority it would represent a very large amount of funding. In 2007/8, the Local Transport Settlement will be £1,254m shared by all the authorities in the country. TIF was to be worth about £290m[7] of which £200m will be available to Congestion TIF. According to the Manchester Evening News "The Association of Greater Manchester Authorities wants £1.2bn … virtually all of the £1.4bn currently due to be dished out[8]". So Greater Manchester's bid for TIF funding (£200 m a year) is roughly four times the size of its Local Transport Settlement (£50m a year).[7]

References

  1. ^ "Cities told transport strategies need to be bolder". Department for Transport. 2 March 2010.
  2. ^ http://www.dft.gov.uk/about/strategy/whitepapers/fot/thefutureoftransportwhitepap5710
  3. ^ a b Department for Transport - Executive Summary - TIF Business Case Guidance Archived 10 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ GNN - Government News Network (On web.archive.org from 2006-21-07)
  5. ^ "Proposal for Funding" (PDF). Cambridgeshire County Council. 3 October 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  6. ^ Department for Transport - Transport Innovation Fund
  7. ^ a b c Address 1 Archived 9 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Bid in for £3bn 'c-charge' cash - News - Manchester Evening News
This page was last edited on 8 July 2018, at 03:20
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.