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Lệ Thiên Anh Hoàng hậu
Empress Lệ Thiên
Empress Mother of Nguyễn Dynasty
PredecessorEmpress Mother Từ Dụ
SuccessorEmpress Mother Từ Minh
Grand Empress Mother of Nguyễn Dynasty
PredecessorGrand Empress Mother Từ Dụ
SuccessorGrand Empress Mother Khôn Nguyên
Empress consort of Nguyễn Dynasty
TenureEmpress title granted posthumously
PredecessorEmpress Nghi Thiên
SuccessorEmpress Từ Minh
Born20 June, 1828
Lệ Thủy District, Quảng Bình Province, Vietnam
DiedJune 3, 1903(1903-06-03) (aged 74)
Huế, Vietnam
SpouseEmperor Tự Đức
IssueDục Đức (adoptive-son)
Full name
Vũ Thị Duyên (武氏緣) or Vũ Thị Hài (武氏諧)
Posthumous name
Short: Lệ Thiên Anh Hoàng hậu 儷天英皇后
Full: Lệ Thiên Phụ Thánh Trang Ý Thuận Hiếu Cần Thứ Ôn Từ Hiền Minh Tĩnh Thọ Anh hoàng hậu
HouseNguyễn (by marriage)
FatherVũ Xuân Cẩn
MotherLady Trần

Trang Ý (Hán tự: 莊懿, 20 June 1828 – 3 June 1903), born Vũ Thị Hài or Vũ Thị Duyên, was the wife of Tự Đức and adopted-mother of Dục Đức.[1]

She was a daughter of Vũ Xuân Cẩn. She had no child with Tự Đức, and adopted Dục Đức. After Tự Đức's death, she was granted the title Empress Khiêm (Vietnamese: Khiêm Hoàng hậu), and elevated to the position of one of the "Tam Cung" (三宮) together with Từ Dụ and Học phi.[2]

Tôn Thất Thuyết decided to launch the Cần Vương movement against French colonists. "Tam Cung" fled to Tomb of Tự Đức together with Emperor Hàm Nghi. Thuyết decided to take them to a mountain base at Tân Sở, and then went to China to hide and seek reinforcements.[3] "Tam Cung" refused, and came back to Huế.[1]

She was granted the title Empress Dowager Trang Ý (Vietnamese: Trang Ý hoàng thái hậu) by Đồng Khánh in 1887, and elevated to Grand Empress Dowager Trang Ý (Vietnamese: Trang Ý thái hoàng thái hậu) by Thành Thái in 1889. She died in 1903, and was given the posthumous name Empress Lệ Thiên.


  • Chapuis, Oscar (2000). The Last Emperors of Vietnam: from Tu Duc to Bao Dai. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31170-6.
This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 19:58
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