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Trakia motorway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Trakia motorway shield

Trakia motorway
Автомагистрала „Тракия“
Trakia motorway highlighted in red and yellow
Route information
Part of E 80
Length360 km (220 mi)
Major junctions
FromSofia
ToBurgas
Location
Major citiesPazardzhik, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora, Yambol
Highway system
Motorways in Bulgaria

The Trakia motorway (Bulgarian: Aвтомагистрала „Тракия“, Avtomagistrala "Trakiya") or Thrace motorway, designated A1, is a motorway in Bulgaria. It connects the capital city of Sofia, the city of Plovdiv and the city of Burgas on the Black Sea coast. The motorway is named after the historical region of Thrace, the northern (Bulgarian) part of which it spans from west to east. The total length of Trakia motorway is 360 km (220 mi) and the final section opened on 15 July 2013[1] after 40 years of construction.[2]

Trakia motorway connects with the Sofia ring road at its west end, allowing fast access to the Hemus motorway (A2) and the Lyulin motorway (A6). Future interchanges at the ring road with the planned Kalotina motorway and Sofia Northern Bypass motorway are expected to ease the main transit traffic around Sofia.

At its east end, nearby Burgas, Trakia motorway will merge with the planned Cherno More motorway (A5) providing fast access from the south to the city of Varna and the beach resorts on the Black Sea.

Maritsa motorway (A4) branches off at Orizovo Interchange at kilometer 169 to link Trakia motorway with Turkey at the Kapitan Andreevo border crossing. The interchange is situated between Plovdiv and Chirpan, roughly 5 km north of Parvomay.

History

The construction of the motorway began in 1973 and the first 10 km from Sofia to Novi Han entered in service in 1978. In 1984 the motorway reached Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria. In 1995 a 32 km section between Plovdiv and Plodovitovo interchange was completed with EBRD co-financing.[3] In 2000 EIB loan was secured for the construction of two sections, between Orizovo interchange and Stara Zagora (lot 1), and lot 5, between Karnobat and Burgas, fourth largest city, situated at the Black sea coast. The motorway reached Stara Zagora in 2007, and lot 5 entered in service in 2006.

Meanwhile, in 2005 a controversial concession contract was signed by the Bulgarian government and a Portuguese-led consortium.[4] The concession was granted for 35 years without tender procedure and included 433 km from the Serbian border, at Kalotina border checkpoint, to Burgas. However, the contract was cancelled in 2008 and the sections between Stara Zagora and Karnobat (lots 2, 3 and 4) were approved for EU funds financing.

In 2009 and 2010, tenders for the construction of Stara Zagora - Nova Zagora, Nova Zagora - Yambol-west interchange, and Yambol-west interchange - Karnobat sections, totalling 116.8 km, were conducted and contracts were signed. The sections between Stara Zagora and Yambol-east interchange opened to traffic in mid-2012, while the last remaining section between Yambol-east interchange and Karnobat interchange was completed on 15 July 2013.[5]

Exits

Exit km Destinations Notes
AB-grün.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg
0 Sofia ring road, Tsarigradsko shose In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
5 Lozen, Ravno pole In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
5.5 Novi Han In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
24.4 Vakarel In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
35.2 Ihtiman-north In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
47.2 Ihtiman-south, Kostenets In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
61.7 Vetren In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
70 Tserovo, Velingrad In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
80.8 Kalugerovo, Dinkata In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
91 Pazardzhik, Panagyurishte In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
113 Tsalapitsa, Saedinenie In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
120 Plovdiv-west, Pamporovo (to and from west only) In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
122 Plovdiv-west, Pamporovo (to and from east only) In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
127 Plovdiv-north In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
134 Plovdiv-east In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
151 Belozem In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
166 Parvomay,Plodovitovo In service
AB-AS-grün.svg
169 Mw A4 BG.svg (Haskovo/Dimitrovgrad; Istanbul Turkey; Greece) In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
175 Chirpan-west In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
185 Chirpan-east, Stara Zagora-west In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
209 Stara Zagora,Haskovo Nat road 5 BG.svg E 85 In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
240 Nova Zagora In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
276 Yambol-west,Sliven In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
283 Rest area, Kabile In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
290 Yambol-east Nat road 7 BG.svg In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
326 Karnobat In service
AB-AS-blau.svg
352 Balgarovo, Neftochim oil refinery In service
AB-ende-grün.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg
360 Burgas, Vetren,Aytos Nat road 6 BG.svg E 87 In service

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Bulgaria Opens Monday Its First Completed HWY Trakiya". novinite.com. 15 July 2013.
  2. ^ http://www.publics.bg/en/news/10256/Bulgaria%E2%80%99s_1st_Fully_Accomplished_Motorway_Opened_July_15.html
  3. ^ "PM VIDENOV OPENS 32-KM SECTION OF TRAKIA MOTORWAY". hri.org. 17 November 1995. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Нова съдебна атака срещу концесията на "Тракия"". mediapool.bg (in Bulgarian). 2006-04-04. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  5. ^ ""Тракия" - първата цяла магистрала на България". btv.bg.

This page was last edited on 13 March 2021, at 18:39
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