To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Touchstone Pictures

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Touchstone Pictures
FormerlyTouchstone Films (1984–1986)
Company typeLabel[1]
IndustryMotion pictures
FoundedFebruary 15, 1984; 40 years ago (1984-02-15)
FounderRon W. Miller
DefunctSeptember 2, 2016; 7 years ago (2016-09-02)
Headquarters500 South Buena Vista Street, ,
Area served
Key people
Sean Bailey[2] (2010–2016)
ProductsMotion pictures
ParentWalt Disney Studios
DivisionsTouchstone Home Entertainment

Touchstone Pictures was an American film production label of Walt Disney Studios, founded and owned by The Walt Disney Company. Feature films released under the Touchstone label were produced and financed by Walt Disney Studios, and featured more mature themes targeted at adult audiences than typical Walt Disney Pictures films.[3][4] As such, Touchstone was merely a pseudonym label for the studio and did not exist as a distinct business operation.[1]

Established on February 15, 1984,[5] by then-Disney CEO Ron W. Miller as Touchstone Films, Touchstone operated as an active film production division of Disney during the 1980s through the early 2010s, releasing a majority of the studio's PG-13 and R-rated films. In 2009, Disney entered into a five-year, thirty-picture distribution deal with DreamWorks Pictures under which DreamWorks' productions would be released through the Touchstone banner; the label then distributed DreamWorks' films from 2011 to 2016.[6][7] Following the release of The Light Between Oceans, the final film of the DreamWorks deal, the Touchstone label became defunct.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    11 383
    42 978
    6 060
    112 804
    21 698
  • You Didn’t Know These Movies Were Disney Movies — Touchstone & Hollywood Pictures Explained
  • Touchstone Pictures Logo 1990
  • Touchstone Pictures / Mandeville Films (The Proposal)
  • Touchstone Films logo
  • Touchstone Pictures | Production Logo | 1992



Background and conception

Due to the increased public assumption that Disney films were aimed at children and families, films produced by Walt Disney Productions began to falter at the box office.[5] This began in 1975 with the release of Escape to Witch Mountain and its 1978 sequel. In late 1979, Walt Disney Productions released The Black Hole, a science-fiction movie that was the studio's first production to receive a PG rating (the company, however, had already distributed via Buena Vista Distribution its first PG-rated film, Take Down, almost a year before the release of The Black Hole).[8]

Over the next few years, Disney experimented with more PG-rated fare, such as the horror-mystery The Watcher in the Woods, the spy-themed comedy Condorman,[citation needed] and the Paramount Pictures co-produced fantasy epic Dragonslayer. With Disney's 1982 slate of PG-rated films, which included the thriller drama Night Crossing and the science-fiction film Tron, the company lost over $27 million. Tron was considered a potential Star Wars-level success by the production company.

In late 1982, Disney vice president of production Tom Wilhite announced that they would produce and release more mature films under a new brand. Wilhite elaborated to The New York Times: "We won't get into horror or exploitive sex, but using a non-Disney name will allow us wider latitude in the maturity of the subject matter and the edge we can add to the humor." He stated that one of the first films that would be released under this new brand was Trenchcoat, a comedy caper starring Margot Kidder and Robert Hays;[9] however, the new brand had not yet been created by the time of the film's release in March 1983, so it was instead released by Walt Disney Productions, but with no production company credited in the released prints.

The company registered a loss of $33 million in 1983, resulting primarily from such films as the adaptation of Ray Bradbury's horror-fantasy novel Something Wicked This Way Comes, the horror-comedy The Devil and Max Devlin starring Elliott Gould and Bill Cosby, and the dramas Tex and Never Cry Wolf, the latter a PG release that featured male nudity, which did well as the studio downplayed the film's association with the Disney brand.[5]

Touchstone Films

Touchstone Films was founded by then-Disney CEO Ron W. Miller on February 15, 1984, as a label for their PG films, with an expected three to four movies released under the label. Touchstone's first film was Splash, a huge hit that grossed $68 million at the domestic box office that year. Touchstone was a brand chosen from over 1,200 potential names; the runner-up name was "Silver Wind".[5][10][11] Incoming Disney CEO Michael Eisner and film chief Jeffrey Katzenberg considered renaming the label to "Hollywood Pictures", which went on to become a separate Disney film label on February 1, 1989.[12]

In 1986, Down and Out in Beverly Hills was another early success for Touchstone and was Disney's first R-rated film. It was followed in 1987 by Disney's first PG-13-rated film, Adventures in Babysitting. Disney increased the momentum with additional PG-13 and R-rated films with Ruthless People (1986), Outrageous Fortune (1987), Tin Men (1987), and other top movies.[10] In April 1986, movies by Touchstone Films were licensed to Showtime/The Movie Channel for five years, starting in 1987.[13]

Touchstone Pictures

Touchstone Films was renamed Touchstone Pictures after the release of Ruthless People in 1986. With the Touchstone movies, Disney moved to the top of box office receipts, beating out all the other major film studios by 1988.[10] On April 13, 1988, Touchstone became a unit of Walt Disney Pictures under newly appointed president Ricardo Mestres.[14]

On October 23, 1990, The Walt Disney Company formed Touchwood Pacific Partners I to supplant the Silver Screen Partners partnership series as their movie studios' primary funding source.[15]

With several production companies getting out of film production or closing shop by December 2, 1988, the Walt Disney Studios announced the formation of the Hollywood Pictures division, which would only share marketing and distribution with Touchstone, to fill the void. Mestres was appointed president of Hollywood.[12] On July 27, 1992, Touchstone agreed to an exclusive, first-look production and distribution agreement with Merchant Ivory Productions for three years.[16]

Following the success of the Disney-branded PG-13-rated Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl in 2003 and other films that in the 1980s and 1990s would have been released as Touchstone or Hollywood Pictures films, Disney weighed distribution of films more toward Disney-branded films and away from Touchstone Pictures, though not entirely disbanding them as it continued to use the Touchstone label for R and most PG-13-rated fare.[1] In 2006, Disney limited Touchstone's output to two or three films in favor of Walt Disney Pictures titles due to an increase in film industry costs.[17] Disney indicated scaling back on using multiple brands in 2007 with the renaming of Touchstone Television to ABC Television Studio in February and the outright elimination of the Buena Vista brand in April.[18][16] On January 14, 2010, Sean Bailey was appointed president of live-action production at Walt Disney Studios, overseeing all films produced by Walt Disney Pictures and Touchstone.[2]

Distribution label

In 2009, Disney repurposed Touchstone as a distribution label for films produced by DreamWorks Studios.[7][19] Disney provided $100 million in financing to DreamWorks productions and an additional $75 million credit line if DreamWorks could not get additional equity funding. In January 2012, Disney was reportedly in the early stages of considering Touchstone's fate, including a possible sale.[20]

Following Disney's decision not to renew their long-standing deal with Jerry Bruckheimer Films in 2013, producer Jerry Bruckheimer revealed that he insisted on revitalizing the Touchstone label for production. Disney was uninterested, with studio chairman Alan Horn admitting that Touchstone's output had been reduced to only distributing DreamWorks' films as those films were in the label's interest.[21] In addition to DreamWorks' films, Touchstone also released non-Disney-branded animated films such as Gnomeo & Juliet, The Wind Rises, and Strange Magic.[22]

By the end of the DreamWorks deal in August 2016, Disney had distributed 14 of DreamWorks' original 30-picture agreement, with thirteen through Touchstone.[23][24] The deal ended with The Light Between Oceans being the final theatrical film released by Disney under the Touchstone banner. Universal Pictures then replaced Disney as DreamWorks' distributor.[25][26] Disney retained the film rights to these DreamWorks films in perpetuity as compensation for the studio's outstanding loan.[27]

Following the release of The Light Between Oceans, the label became defunct. Since then, several other Disney divisions have produced or are developing television series and films based on previous Touchstone properties—such as Turner & Hooch, High Fidelity, Three Men and a Baby, Sister Act, and Real Steelfor Disney+ and Hulu.[28][29][30][31]

Film library

Some well-known Touchstone Pictures releases include Beaches, Turner & Hooch, Splash, The Color of Money, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Good Morning, Vietnam, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Dead Poets Society, Dick Tracy, Pretty Woman, Sister Act, Ed Wood, Up Close & Personal, The Waterboy, The Insider, The Royal Tenenbaums, Sweet Home Alabama, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The Prestige, The Help, War Horse, Lincoln, and Bridge of Spies. Its highest-grossing film release is Armageddon. Although animated films produced by Walt Disney Studios are primarily released by Walt Disney Pictures, Touchstone's animated releases include the original theatrical release of The Nightmare Before Christmas, Gnomeo & Juliet, The Wind Rises, and Strange Magic. Six Touchstone films have received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Picture: Dead Poets Society, The Insider, The Help, War Horse, Lincoln, and Bridge of Spies.[32]

Through Touchstone, Disney's first R-rated film, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, was released on January 31, 1986, and was a box office success. Ruthless People followed on June 27, 1986, and was also very successful. Both of these pictures starred Bette Midler, who had signed a six-picture deal with Disney and became a major film star again with these hits as well as Beaches and Outrageous Fortune.

One of the most notable producers of Touchstone films was Jerry Bruckheimer, who had a production deal with Disney from 1993 to 2014.[33][34] Touchstone films produced by Bruckheimer include The Ref, Con Air, Armageddon, Enemy of the State, Gone in 60 Seconds, Coyote Ugly, and Pearl Harbor. Bruckheimer also produced several other films released under the Disney and Hollywood labels.

Releases from Touchstone Pictures were distributed theatrically by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures and through home media platforms by Buena Vista Home Entertainment (branded as "Touchstone Home Entertainment").[35]

Highest-grossing films

Highest-grossing films in North America[36]
Rank Title Year Box office gross
1 Signs 2002 $227,966,634
2 Armageddon 1998 $201,578,182
3 Pearl Harbor 2001 $198,542,554
4 Lincoln 2012 $182,207,973
5 Pretty Woman 1990 $178,406,268
6 The Help 2011 $169,708,112
7 Wild Hogs 2007 $168,273,550
8 Three Men and a Baby 1987 $167,780,960
9 The Proposal 2009 $163,958,031
10 The Waterboy 1998 $161,491,646
11 Who Framed Roger Rabbit 1988 $154,112,492
12 Sister Act 1992 $139,605,150
13 Ransom 1996 $136,492,681
14 Bringing Down the House 2003 $132,716,677
15 Sweet Home Alabama 2002 $127,223,418
16 Good Morning, Vietnam 1987 $123,922,370
17 The Village 2004 $114,197,520
18 Enemy of the State 1998 $111,549,836
19 Phenomenon 1996 $104,636,382
20 Dick Tracy 1990 $103,738,726
21 Gone in 60 Seconds 2000 $101,648,571
22 Con Air 1997 $101,117,573
23 Gnomeo & Juliet 2011 $99,967,670
24 Dead Poets Society 1989 $95,860,116
25 Unbreakable 2000 $95,011,339
Highest-grossing films worldwide
Rank Title Year Box office gross
1 Armageddon 1998 $553,709,788
2 Pretty Woman 1990 $463,406,268
3 Pearl Harbor 2001 $449,220,945
4 Signs 2002 $408,247,917
5 Who Framed Roger Rabbit 1988 $351,500,000
6 The Proposal 2009 $317,375,031
7 Ransom 1996 $309,492,681
8 Real Steel 2011 $299,268,508
9 Lincoln 2012 $275,293,450
10 The Village 2004 $256,697,520
11 Wild Hogs 2007 $253,625,427
12 Enemy of the State 1998 $250,649,836
13 Unbreakable 2000 $248,118,121
14 Gone in 60 Seconds 2000 $237,202,299
15 Dead Poets Society 1989 $235,860,116
16 Sister Act 1992 $231,605,150
17 Con Air 1997 $224,012,234
18 Flightplan 2005 $223,387,299
19 The Help 2011 $216,639,112
20 King Arthur 2004 $203,567,857
21 Need for Speed 2014 $203,277,636
22 Gnomeo & Juliet 2011 $193,967,670
23 The Waterboy 1998 $185,991,646
24 Sweet Home Alabama 2002 $180,622,424
25 War Horse 2011 $177,584,879

Related units

Touchstone Television

Touchstone Television served as Touchstone Pictures' counterpart label for television programming, producing television series including The Golden Girls, Blossom, Home Improvement, My Wife and Kids, Desperate Housewives, Lost, Grey's Anatomy, Scrubs, Criminal Minds, and Monk. In 2007, the company was renamed ABC Studios as part of a move by Disney to re-align its studios around core brands such as ABC.[18]

On August 10, 2020, Disney announced that it would revive the Touchstone Television brand as a renaming of Fox 21 Television Studios as part of its phase-out of the "Fox" brand from the studios it acquired from 21st Century Fox. At the same time, the existing ABC Studios merged with the previous iteration of ABC Signature Studios to form the current iteration of ABC Signature.[37][38]

However, about four months later, on December 1, 2020, Disney announced the revived Touchstone Television label would be folded into 20th Television.[39]

Touchstone Interactive

Touchstone Interactive
IndustryVideo games
Founded2007; 17 years ago (2007)
FounderRichard Berger Edit this on Wikidata
Defunct2008; 16 years ago (2008)
ParentDisney Interactive Studios

By the end of 2007, Disney's video game subsidiary Buena Vista Games had begun to produce material under its own short-lived Touchstone imprint. As is the case with its motion picture and television counterparts, Touchstone Interactive merely acted as a brand label of Disney Interactive and not its own entity. The only title it released was the Turok video game in 2008.

Touchmark Comics

In the early 1990s, after having pulled their comic licenses from Gladstone Publishing and begun to create comics based on Disney properties themselves through the Disney Comics label, the company additionally considered an expansion into the burgeoning adult comics market (the expansion also included Hollywood Comics, modeled after Hollywood Pictures, and Vista Comics, offering stories based on Disney's superhero and adventure films). Former DC Comics editor Art Young led the nascent effort, which was aided by his contacts within the British and American comic markets. The new label was dubbed Touchmark Comics, echoing the Touchstone brand used for films and television.[40] Proposed titles included Enigma by Peter Milligan and Sebastian O by Grant Morrison. The brand got as far as a promotional booklet given out at the 1991 San Diego Comic-Con.[41]

Before the idea could progress further, however, the so-called "Disney Implosion" (the result of poor sales and aggressive overexpansion) forced the company to cut back on its comic book ambitions, and Touchmark was scrapped.[42] Young subsequently returned to DC and helped launch the Vertigo imprint in 1993, using many of the intended projects from Touchmark.[43] Now as Marvel Comics.


  1. ^ a b c Letter signed by Archived August 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Thomas O. Staggs (Senior Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer, The Walt Disney Company) to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, March 1, 2007. Retrieved on May 6, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Graser, Marc (January 14, 2010). "Disney names Sean Bailey production chief". Variety. Archived from the original on October 27, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  3. ^ McClintock, Pamela (September 24, 2015). "Will Steven Spielberg Drop the DreamWorks Name?". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  4. ^ Deitchman, Beth (March 7, 2014). "It's Been 30 Years Since Touchstone Pictures' Splash-y Debut". Disney D23. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d Harmetz, Aljean (February 16, 1983). "Touchstone Label to Replace Disney Name on Some Films". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  6. ^ "The Walt Disney Company: 2011 Annual Financial Report" (PDF). The Walt Disney Company. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012. Page 12
  7. ^ a b Graser, Marc; Siegel, Tatiana (February 9, 2009). "Disney signs deal with DreamWorks". Variety. Archived from the original on October 8, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  8. ^ "Disney plans show for 'older' viewers". July 28, 1980. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  9. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (September 30, 1982). "Reporter's Notebook; Disney Banking on 'Tex' to Rewin Teen-Agers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on June 25, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c "The Walt Disney Company History". Company Profiles. Archived from the original on October 28, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
  11. ^ 1984 Yearly Chart for Domestic Grosses at Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved on May 25, 2007.
  12. ^ a b Harmetz, Aljean (December 2, 1988). "COMPANY NEWS; Disney Expansion Set; Film Output to Double". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  13. ^ "Two Studios Announce Exclusive Cable Deals". The New York Times. April 25, 1986. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  14. ^ "People: Los Angeles County". Los Angeles Times. April 13, 1988. Archived from the original on June 11, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  15. ^ "Disney, Japan Investors Join in Partnership : Movies: Group will become main source of finance for all live-action films at the company's three studios". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. October 23, 1990. Archived from the original on March 15, 2023. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
  16. ^ a b Fox, David J. (July 27, 1992). "An Unlikely Trio: Merchant, Ivory and Disney : Movies: The 'Howards End' team agrees to a three-year deal that will give their artful fare wider distribution. The studio will also release 'Sarafina!'". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on March 15, 2023. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  17. ^ Barnes, Brooks; Cieply, Michael (February 10, 2009). "Disney and DreamWorks form partnership". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  18. ^ a b Fixmer, Andy (April 25, 2007). "Disney to Drop Buena Vista Brand Name, People Say (Update1)". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
  19. ^ Barnes, Brooks; Cieply, Michael (February 9, 2009). "DreamWorks and Disney Agree to a Distribution Deal". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 26, 2022. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  20. ^ Atkinson, Claire (January 7, 2012). "Disney mulls future of sluggish Touchstone". New York Post. Archived from the original on December 11, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  21. ^ Masters, Kim (September 19, 2013). "Disney, Jerry Bruckheimer to Split in 2014". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 5, 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  22. ^ Butler, Karen (November 11, 2014). "Lucasfilm's animated 'Strange Magic' set for Jan. 23 release". UPI. Archived from the original on March 16, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  23. ^ McClintock, Pamela; Kilday, Gregg (December 16, 2015). "Steven Spielberg, Jeff Skoll Team to Form Amblin Partners, Strike Distribution Deal With Universal". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  24. ^ "DreamWorks Studios, Participant Media, Reliance Entertainment and Entertainment One Form Amblin Partners, a New Film, Television and Digital Content Creation Company" (Press release). Business Wire. Universal City, California. December 16, 2015. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015. Film projects in various stages of production include: "The BFG," and "The Light Between Oceans," scheduled for release by Disney in 2016.
  25. ^ Masters, Kim (September 2, 2015). "Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks to Split From Disney, in Talks With Universal (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  26. ^ McNary, Dave (September 2, 2015). "Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks to Leave Disney, Possibly for Universal". Variety. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  27. ^ Rainey, James (December 30, 2015). "Steven Spielberg Puts His Own Big Bucks Into the New Amblin Partners (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on January 1, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  28. ^ Barnes, Brooks (August 5, 2018). "Disney's Streaming Service Starts to Come Into Focus". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 22, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  29. ^ "Every Disney+ Announcement and More From the Disney Investor Day". D23. December 10, 2020. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  30. ^ Otterson, Joe (January 13, 2022). "'Real Steel' Series in Early Development at Disney Plus". Variety. Archived from the original on January 21, 2022. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  31. ^ Jackson, Angelique (December 10, 2020). "Whoopi Goldberg to Return for Disney Plus' 'Sister Act 3,' Produced With Tyler Perry". Variety. Archived from the original on February 25, 2021. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  32. ^ Tribou, Richard (January 16, 2014). "Not-so-golden year for Disney's chances at the Oscars". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on July 3, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  33. ^ Miller, Daniel (September 19, 2013). "Disney and Jerry Bruckheimer to end longtime partnership". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 15, 2023. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  34. ^ Lev, Michael (January 18, 1991). "2 Top Movie Producers Sign Disney Accord". The New York Times. Page D3.
  35. ^ "The Walt Disney Studios' Distribution Arm Buena Vista Pictures Commits Content to Christie". Christie. Archived from the original on March 15, 2023. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
  36. ^ "Box Office by Studio – Disney All Time". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  37. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (August 10, 2020). "Disney Television Studios Rebrands Its Three Units As 20th Television, ABC Signature & Touchstone Television". Deadline. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  38. ^ Low, Elaine (August 10, 2020). "Disney Rebrands TV Studios, 20th Century Fox TV to Become 20th Television". Variety. Archived from the original on February 17, 2021. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  39. ^ Holloway, Daniel (December 1, 2020). "Dana Walden Reorganizes Disney TV Team; Karey Burke Moves to 20th as Craig Erwich Adds ABC Entertainment". Variety. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
  40. ^ Klein, Todd (September 12, 2008). "Logos That Never Were: TOUCHMARK". Todd's Blog. Retrieved May 28, 2023.
  41. ^ Dan (February 17, 2014). "I Can Break Away: The Disney Comics Story (1990-1993): The Disney EXPLOSION!!!". I Can Break Away. Retrieved May 28, 2023.
  42. ^ Dan (June 30, 2014). "I Can Break Away: The Disney Comics Story (1990-1993): The Disney Implosion". I Can Break Away. Retrieved May 28, 2023.
  43. ^ Boney, Alex (July 2012). "From Such great Heights: The Birth of Vertigo Comics". Back Issue! (57). TwoMorrows Publishing: 68–69.

Further reading

This page was last edited on 26 June 2024, at 22:30
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.