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Torrejón de Ardoz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Torrejón de Ardoz
Aerial view of Torrejón de Ardoz
Aerial view of Torrejón de Ardoz
Flag of Torrejón de Ardoz

Flag
Coat of arms of Torrejón de Ardoz

Coat of arms
Torrejón de Ardoz is located in Spain
Torrejón de Ardoz
Torrejón de Ardoz
Torrejón de Ardoz is located in Community of Madrid
Torrejón de Ardoz
Torrejón de Ardoz
Coordinates: 40°27′41″N 3°29′52″W / 40.46139°N 3.49778°W / 40.46139; -3.49778Coordinates: 40°27′41″N 3°29′52″W / 40.46139°N 3.49778°W / 40.46139; -3.49778
CountrySpain
RegionCommunity of Madrid
Founded11th century
Government
 • MayorIgnacio Vázquez Casavilla (PP)
Area
 • Municipality84.1 km2 (32.49 sq mi)
Elevation
568 m (1,864 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Municipality129,729
 • Urban
127,132
 • Demonym
Torrejonero, -a
Time zoneUTC+1 (EST)
WebsiteTorrejon.es

Torrejón de Ardoz (Spanish pronunciation: [toreˈxon de aɾˈðoθ]) is a municipality in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain.

It is located 20 km east of the city of Madrid, on the Autovía A-2 (Madrid-Barcelona highway). It is essentially a dormitory town, mostly consisting of apartments, a large mall and a park containing models of many famous European landmarks.

The European Union Satellite Centre (SatCen), an agency of the European Union, is located in Torrejón de Ardoz. It is also the location of the headquarters of the Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), the Spanish space agency.

The Torrejon Air Base also lies on Torrejón de Ardoz. This military facility also receives business jets. For years, the United States Air Force jointly occupied the base under agreements made with Francisco Franco, protecting NATO's southern flank. One of the election platforms of Felipe González's Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) was to close the base to the American fighter wing. Once González became prime minister, the lease of the then 401st Tactical Fighter Wing (now the 401st Air Expeditionary Wing) was not renewed and the F-16 fighter wing left the base in the early 1990s.

History

Torrejón in Spanish means small or malformed tower. While there is no certainty of the origin of Torrejón de Ardoz, it probably dates from the 12th century, associated to fortifications built to protect Alcalá de Henares.[2]

In 1843 it was the place of a short battle between general Ramón Narvaez and senator Antonio Seoane, as part of the rebellion against Espartero.[3]

During the opening stages of the Spanish Civil War, the fields between Torrejón and Paracuellos del Jarama were the site of the Paracuellos massacre, in which many Nationalist soldiers and alleged civilian supporters were killed by Republican militiamen.

Recently, it was the birthplace of former Toronto Raptors forward Jorge Garbajosa, Real Madrid midfielder Guti, Oregon governor Kate Brown and professional wrestler and mayor of Knox County Glenn Jacobs, better known by his ring name Kane. The last two were children of US airmen based there.

Climate

Climate data for Torrejon de Ardoz 607m (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
24.2
(75.6)
28.2
(82.8)
31.7
(89.1)
36.9
(98.4)
40.4
(104.7)
41.6
(106.9)
40.8
(105.4)
39.0
(102.2)
32.2
(90.0)
25.0
(77.0)
20.5
(68.9)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
13.1
(55.6)
17.9
(64.2)
18.8
(65.8)
23.2
(73.8)
29.6
(85.3)
33.3
(91.9)
32.7
(90.9)
27.8
(82.0)
21.0
(69.8)
14.8
(58.6)
11.0
(51.8)
21.1
(70.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
7.3
(45.1)
10.5
(50.9)
12.4
(54.3)
16.4
(61.5)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
24.8
(76.6)
20.6
(69.1)
15.0
(59.0)
9.6
(49.3)
6.4
(43.5)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
1.4
(34.5)
3.8
(38.8)
5.9
(42.6)
9.6
(49.3)
14.1
(57.4)
17.1
(62.8)
16.9
(62.4)
13.4
(56.1)
9.0
(48.2)
4.3
(39.7)
1.7
(35.1)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F) −11.1
(12.0)
−13.8
(7.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
4.5
(40.1)
6.6
(43.9)
6.8
(44.2)
3.6
(38.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
−10.2
(13.6)
−13.8
(7.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.1)
31
(1.2)
23
(0.9)
40
(1.6)
48
(1.9)
19
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
9
(0.4)
25
(1.0)
50
(2.0)
49
(1.9)
42
(1.7)
385
(15.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 5 5 4 7 7 3 2 2 4 7 6 7 56
Average snowy days 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
Average relative humidity (%) 77 70 60 59 55 44 38 39 50 65 74 79 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149 163 202 216 268 320 359 332 241 189 149 124 2,712
Source: AEMET[4]

References

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ Torrejón Townhall website (in Spanish)
  3. ^ Torrejón Townhall website (in Spanish)
  4. ^ "Valores climatológicos normales. Torrejón de Ardoz".

See also

This page was last edited on 21 August 2019, at 06:16
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