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Topanga, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Topanga, California
Topaa'nga (Tongva)
View of Topanga Canyon from one of the hiking trails
View of Topanga Canyon from one of the hiking trails
Location of Topanga in California and Los Angeles County
Location of Topanga in California and Los Angeles County
Topanga is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Topanga is located in California
Topanga (California)
Topanga is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Topanga (the Los Angeles metropolitan area)
Coordinates: 34°05′23″N 118°36′16″W / 34.08972°N 118.60444°W / 34.08972; -118.60444
CountryUnited States
CountyLos Angeles
Named forTopaa'nga, a Tongva word perhaps meaning "where the mountain meets the sea" or "the place above"
 • SenateHenry Stern (D)
 • AssemblyRichard Bloom (D)
 • U. S. CongressTed Lieu (D)
 • Total19.137 sq mi (49.563 km2)
 • Land19.129 sq mi (49.543 km2)
 • Water0.008 sq mi (0.020 km2)  0.04%
1,084 ft (330 m)
 • Total8,560
 • Density450/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)310/424, 747/818
GNIS feature ID2583164[2]
FIPS code06-78960

Topanga (Tongva: Topaa'nga) is an unincorporated community in western Los Angeles County, California, United States.[2] Located in the Santa Monica Mountains, the community exists in Topanga Canyon and the surrounding hills. The narrow southern portion of Topanga at the coast is between the city of Malibu and the Los Angeles neighborhood of Pacific Palisades. As of the 2020 census the population of the Topanga CDP was 8,560.[3] For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined Topanga as a census-designated place (CDP). The ZIP code is 90290 and the area code is primarily 310, with 818 only at the north end of the canyon. It is in the 3rd County Supervisorial district.


Topanga is the name given to the area by the Native American indigenous Tongva tribe,[4] and may mean "where the mountain meets the sea"[5] or "a place above." The name in the Tongva language, Topaa'nga, has a root topaa'- that likely comes from the Chumash language.[6] It was the western border of their territory, abutting the Chumash tribe that occupied the coast from Malibu northwards. Bedrock mortars can be found carved into rock outcroppings in many locations.

Topanga was then colonized by Mexicans in 1839.[7] In the 1920s, Topanga Canyon became a weekend getaway for Hollywood stars with several cottages built for that purpose. The rolling hills and ample vegetation served to provide both privacy and attractive surroundings for the rich and famous. During the 1960s, Topanga Canyon became a magnet to many new artists.

In 1965, Wallace Berman settled in the area. For a time, Neil Young lived in Topanga, first living with producer David Briggs then later buying his own house. He recorded most of his After the Gold Rush album in his basement studio in 1970. Charles Manson had previously been living in Topanga, where he had briefly befriended both Neil Young and Dennis Wilson of The Beach Boys. Members of the Manson Family began their campaign of murder on July 31, 1969, with the murder of Topanga resident Gary Hinman, a music teacher who had opened his home to anyone needing shelter.

On Monday January 10, 2005, a 25-foot, 300-ton boulder rolled down a hillside and landed in Topanga Canyon Blvd, in Topanga, CA.[8] It occurred after heavy rains the day before. Pictures of the boulder were in the news around the world.[9] The huge boulder blocked traffic for most of that week illustrating the drama of torrential rains and mudslides in Southern California. On people tried unsuccessfully to gather support to save the boulder. They argued that the boulder brought serenity back to the canyon by cutting off thru traffic between the San Fernando Valley and the Pacific Coast Highway.[10] 6-foot holes were drilled into the boulder, then low-yield explosives were used to partially blow up the boulder. A previous attempt with dynamite failed due to heavy saturation from rain.[8]


Topanga Canyon

Map shows Los Angeles, Santa Monica and Hollywood depicted with grids. The mountains and Topanga Canyon are done with hatch marks.
1915 road map of Los Angeles to Topanga Canyon & Return

Topanga Creek drains Topanga Canyon and is the third largest watershed entering the Santa Monica Bay.[11] The creek is one of the few remaining undammed waterways in the area, and is a spawning ground for steelhead trout.[12] The area typically receives about 22 inches (560 mm) of rain annually.[13] Topanga Beach[14] lies on the coast at the outlet of Topanga Creek. Topanga Canyon Boulevard, State Route 27, is the principal thoroughfare, connecting the Ventura Freeway (US 101) to the north with Pacific Coast Highway (SR 1) on the south. The southern portion of the boulevard largely follows Topanga Creek. North of the Old Topanga Canyon Road intersection, the boulevard traverses the Santa Monica Mountains.

Panorama from Viewpoint Trail in Topanga State Park

Topanga Canyon contains lands of Topanga State Park, the largest park in the Santa Monica Mountains and one of the largest open space preserves surrounded by a city in the world,[citation needed] as well as the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy. It is part of the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. It primarily represents a California coastal sage and chaparral ecoregion, with large areas of the California oak woodland plant community, and a wide variety of native plants.[15]


This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Topanga has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[16]


The 2010 United States Census[17] reported that Topanga had a population of 8,289. The population density was 433.2 inhabitants per square mile (167.3/km2). Topanga had a median household income of $120,711, with only 5.9% of the population living below the poverty line. The racial makeup of Topanga was 7,313 (88.2%) White (84.5% Non-Hispanic White),[18] 117 (1.4%) African American, 35 (0.4%) Native American, 353 (4.3%) Asian, 3 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 125 (1.5%) from other races, and 343 (4.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 534 persons (6.4%).

The Census reported that 8,289 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 3,442 households, out of which 996 (28.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,772 (51.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 262 (7.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 140 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 239 (6.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 49 (1.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 903 households (26.2%) were made up of individuals, and 256 (7.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41. There were 2,174 families (63.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.87.

The population was 1,682 people (20.3%) under the age of 18, 333 people (4.0%) aged 18 to 24, 1,917 people (23.1%) aged 25 to 44, 3,188 people (38.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,169 people (14.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

There were 3,750 housing units at an average density of 196.0 per square mile (75.7/km2), of which 2,589 (75.2%) were owner-occupied, and 853 (24.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.8%. 6,597 people (79.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,692 people (20.4%) lived in rental housing units.

Topanga, California, as viewed from the Topanga Overlook

Lower Topanga Canyon

The bottom of Topanga Canyon, where it meets Pacific Coast Highway and the ocean, was owned for many years[when?] by the Los Angeles Athletic Club, a wealthy private club in downtown Los Angeles. The 1,659-acre (6.71 km2) parcel was rented out to a variety of businesses and residents for decades at remarkably low rents, considering that it borders the city of Malibu. Thus Lower Topanga became unique as one of the last outposts of the classic Topanga Canyon bohemian hippie lifestyle.

The Chumash people considered Lower Topanga a sacred, economic, and cultural meeting place for tribes all along the coast. One of the main neighborhoods, the "Rodeo Grounds", takes its name from an actual rodeo arena that existed there on a Mexican ranch in the 1800s.

In the early 1900s, Lower Topanga was a Japanese fishing village. William Randolph Hearst owned the property for a time and turned it into a weekend getaway spot with beach shacks for his and Marion Davies' guests.

In the '60s, a lively community of artists and surfers sprang up in Lower Topanga. They maintained their houses without assistance, sometimes digging them out of the mud after floods or setting backfires to prevent a spreading wildfire from burning down their neighborhood. The roads remained unpaved.[19]

In 2001, Lower Topanga was sold to California State Parks. Even though the Lower Topanga community occupied less than 2% of the total purchased land, State Parks had an aggressive policy to relocate everyone and bulldoze all of the houses. (State Parks had already evicted residents who lived directly on Topanga Beach in the late '70s.[20])

A group of 10 Lower Topanga poets calling themselves the "Idlers of the Bamboo Grove" published a book of the same name in 2002, celebrating their community and lamenting the prospect of having to leave. Their publisher, Brass Tacks Press, continued publishing works about Lower Topanga, as well as maintaining an online Lower Topanga Photo Archive.

Even though Lower Topanga residents were given money to leave, some fought bitterly against their relocation in court. However, the last holdouts were forced off the land in March 2006.[19] Currently there are active efforts by TreePeople and Mountains Restoration Trust to restore the area to its pristine condition as it was prior to development.


Topanga is known as a bohemian enclave attracting artists, musicians, filmmakers, and others. Numerous music festivals have been organized in the canyon, including the Topanga Days Festival and Topanga Earth Day. The Topanga Film Institute[21] hosts the annual Topanga Film Festival.

In the 1950s, blacklisted actor Will Geer had to sell his large Santa Monica home and move his family to a small plot in the canyon where they could grow their own produce. Geer's friend Woody Guthrie had a small shack on the property. They unintentionally founded what became an artists' colony. Since its founding in 1973, the Geer family has continued to operate the Will Geer Theatricum Botanicum. It has grown into an Equity theater, and occupies a natural outdoor amphitheater. It features Shakespearean plays, modern classics, and original productions, as well as musical concerts. Performers have included Pete Seeger, Arlo Guthrie, Della Reese, and Burl Ives.[citation needed] Odetta was part of the early music scene in the 1960s.[22]

A famous venue in the canyon was the Elysium Institute, also known as Elysium Fields, a nudist club started by Ed Lange in 1967.[23] After surviving extended battles with county officials the 9-acre (3.6 ha) property was sold in 2002 by its founder's heirs.[24]

Every Memorial Day weekend on the grounds of the Topanga Community House, Topanga has an annual fair and parade, called Topanga Days. Topanga Days Country Fair features music, belly dancing, over 80 unique craft vendors and a variety of food from Cajun to Mexican to vegan. A parade is held on Memorial Day.[citation needed]

Two outdoor shopping centers featuring local businesses form the hub of local commerce. There are no hotels, motels or gas stations in Topanga, nor are there any chain or big box stores.

The location of Topanga in the Santa Monica Mountains also makes the natural surroundings an important part of the culture. Streams, waterfalls, cliffs of exposed bedrock, landmark rock outcroppings, and overlooks with panoramic views of the mountains, Pacific Ocean and Los Angeles are common attractions. There are many trails for short walks, hiking, mountain biking, horseback riding, birdwatching, and rock climbing, all of which are important parts of the local community.

Government and infrastructure

The County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Topanga Library located on 122 N Topanga Canyon Blvd.[25]

The Los Angeles County Fire Department operates Fire Station No. 69 in Topanga as a part of Battalion 5.[26] During the 1960s and 1970s, "problematic firefighters" were placed here under the supervision of James O. Page.[27]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Malibu/Lost Hills Station in Calabasas, serving Topanga.[28][29]

The United States Postal Service Topanga Post Office is located at 101 South Topanga Canyon Boulevard.[30]

The California Highway Patrol, West Valley Area, handles the traffic on the State Route and in the unincorporated areas.[citation needed]

The Topanga Coalition for Emergency Preparedness (T-CEP) operates an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) near the Topanga Town Center.[citation needed]


Palisades Charter High School
William Howard Taft High School

Most Topanga residents are zoned to schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District.[31] LAUSD schools which have attendance boundaries including the majority of Topanga include:[32]

  • Topanga Elementary School
    • A teacher stated in a 1998 Los Angeles Magazine article that the fact that the parents are creative professionals contributes to the school's high test scores. As of 1998 many parents conduct music and art lessons at this school, as Topanga itself is an artists' colony.[33]
  • A choice between Revere Charter Middle School or Woodland Hills Academy (formerly known as Parkman Middle School)
  • A choice between Palisades Charter High School and Taft High School[34]

The area is within Board District 4.[35] As of 2010 Steve Zimmer represents the district.[36]

Some portions are in the Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District (SMMUSD).[31] Those portions are zoned to Webster Elementary School and Malibu High School.[37] Some are in the Las Virgenes Unified School District.[31]

Private schools:

  • Manzanita School at Big Rock Ranch
  • Viewpoint School in Calabasas

The County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Topanga Library.[38]

Notable people

In popular culture

The Tongva Valley, which appears in the 2013 videogame Grand Theft Auto V, is based on the Topanga Canyon.[39]

See also


  1. ^ " – gazetteer". Archived from the original on February 20, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Topanga". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  3. ^ "QuickFacts: Topanga CDP, California". U.S. Census Bureau.
  4. ^ Bright, W. (1998). 1500 California Place Names 3rd Ed. UC Press. pg 155.
  5. ^ "Topanga Baby Name". Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  6. ^ Johnson, John R. "Ethnohistoric Overview for the Santa Susana Pass State Historic Park Cultural Resources Inventory Project" (PDF). Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  7. ^ "Topanga". Before the Spanish settled the area, land was given to Mexican soldiers. In 1828, the Mexican governor of Alta California, or upper California, gave Francisco Sepulveda 30,000 acres of land. The California State University Northridge. Archived July 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b "Topanga Tidbits: Boulder on the Boulevard". One Topanga - Topanga Town Council. Archived from the original on February 4, 2024. Retrieved February 4, 2024.
  9. ^ King, Anahita. "A boulder fell on Topanga Canyon Blvd". Topanga Historical Society Digital Archive. Archived from the original on February 1, 2023. Retrieved February 4, 2024.
  10. ^ Cleveland, Rick (January 14, 2005). "All Thins Considered: A Big Rock Hits Close to Home". NPR. Retrieved February 4, 2024.
  11. ^ "Department of Public Works". Archived from the original on May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  12. ^ Rainey, James (April 1, 2023). "Here's where California's remarkably wet year is bringing welcome recovery". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 8, 2023.
  13. ^ "Topanga Tidbits". Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "Topanga Beach". Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  15. ^ "Topanga SP". Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  16. ^ "Topanga, California Koppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  17. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Topanga CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  18. ^ "Topanga CDP QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Capra, Pablo. Idlers of the Bamboo Grove: Poetry from Lower Topanga Canyon. Brass Tacks Press, 2002.
  20. ^ Lovas, Paul. Topanga Beach Experience. Brass Tacks Press, 2011.
  21. ^ "Topanga Film Institute & Festival". Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  22. ^ McDonnell, Evelyn (October 9, 2018). Women Who Rock: Bessie to Beyonce. Girl Groups to Riot Grrrl. Hachette. ISBN 978-0316558860. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  23. ^ Slater, Eric (March 16, 1995). "Nudist Colony Founder Voted Citizen of Year". L.A.Times. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  24. ^ "Southern California Naturist Association First Press Release". Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  25. ^ Topanga Library. "Topanga Library". County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
  26. ^ Hometown Fire Stations. County of Los Angeles. Archived September 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Karns, Jameson (November 2018). "Between a Stethoscope and a Gavel -The legacy of James O. Page's early career". Journal of Emergency Medical Services. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  28. ^ "Malibu Lost Hills Station webpage". Archived from the original on September 7, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  29. ^ "American FactFinder". Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  30. ^ "Find Mail Services in 90290 – Topanga, CA". Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  31. ^ a b c "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Los Angeles County, CA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. p. 9 (PDF p. 10/19). Retrieved November 20, 2023.
    2010 map: "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Los Angeles County, CA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. p. 5. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  32. ^ Brenoff, Ann. "Topanga, mountain mellow but oh so pricey." Los Angeles Times. December 1, 2002. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  33. ^ Hardy, Terry. "Top of the Class" (education section). Los Angeles Magazine. Emmis Communications, October 1998. Vol. 43, No. 10. ISSN 1522-9149. Start: p. 52. CITED: p. 56.
  34. ^ "Palisades Charter High School Attendance Zone." Los Angeles Unified School District.
  35. ^ "Board District 4 Map" (PDF). Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
  36. ^ ""LAUSD Board Members". Los Angeles Unified School District – Board of Education. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  37. ^ "Malibu Boundaries." Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  38. ^ "Topanga Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved March 24, 2014. "122 N. Topanga Canyon Blvd. Topanga, CA 90290"
  39. ^ Mitra, Ritwik; Painter, Ben (May 19, 2024). "GTA 5 Locations That Are Based On Real-Life". Game Rant.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 July 2024, at 13:15
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