To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Timeline of town creation in the Hudson Valley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Senate House, in Kingston, is where the U.S. state of New York was founded in 1777.[1] The predecessors of Hudson Valley towns predate the state.
The Senate House, in Kingston, is where the U.S. state of New York was founded in 1777.[1] The predecessors of Hudson Valley towns predate the state.

The towns and cities of the Hudson Valley were created by the U.S. state of New York as municipalities, in order to perform the services of local government.[2] In 1683, prior to the creation of modern towns, the Province of New York was divided into twelve counties for administrative purposes by the Colonial Governor of New York. In the Hudson Valley, these divisions included Dutchess, Orange, and Ulster counties. Dutchess and Orange remained unorganized until 1713, with Dutchess administered from Ulster;[3] Orange would be administered from New York County.[4] Future counties would be formed and towns exchanged over time, with Rockland County split from Orange in 1799, at which time the southern towns of Ulster were transferred to Orange as compensation for the loss; and Putnam County from Dutchess in 1812, these county's towns can trace their origins to towns and precincts that were formed in their parent counties.[3] Another change that occurred was the transfer of Dutchess County's northern section, the Livingston Manor, to Columbia County. Greene County was formed in 1800 by the combination of the southernmost towns of Albany County with the northernmost towns of Ulster. The history of the towns of Greene and Columbia counties can be found at the Timeline of town creation in New York's Capital District.

New York experimented with different types of municipalities before settling upon the current format of towns and cities occupying all the land in a county,[5] and all previous forms were transformed into towns (or divided into multiple towns) in 1788 when all of the state of New York was divided into towns.[2] Some early forms of government in earlier years included land patents with some municipal rights, districts,[6] precincts,[7] and boroughs.[8] Though originally intended to be mere "…involuntary subdivisions of the state, constituted for the purpose of the more convenient exercise of governmental functions by the state for the benefit of all its citizens" as defined by the courts in 1916 (Short v. Town of Orange), towns gained home rule powers from the state in 1964, at which time towns became "a municipal corporation comprising the inhabitants within its boundaries, and formed with the purpose of exercising such powers and discharging such duties of local government and administration of public affairs as have been, or, maybe [sic] conferred or imposed upon it by law."[9]

The following is a timeline showing the creation of the current towns from their predecessors stretching back to the earliest municipal entity over the area. The timelines only represent which town(s) a particular town was created from and do not represent annexations of territory to and from towns that already existed. All municipalities are towns unless otherwise noted as patent, township, borough, district, or city.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    793
    2 277 414
    427
    3 530 990
    10 422 223
  • Hudson River: Currents in Time, 1976
  • Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21
  • Mines and Mysteries: Exploring a Cement Mine
  • America Before Columbus (Full Documentary)
  • Native America before European Colonization

Transcription

The river runs past many lives. It leads it's own parade in time. It has been here a near eternity. A source of change and wealth. It has been a sea of inspiration and war. It will witness and direct the future as it has our past. Another heaven and earth would have to pass before such a thing could be created again. And no other river has such a claim on our emotions and history as the Hudson. The river begins in time. The rocks that flowed from the Earth and covered ancient seas are worn in the 70 million years of the river's rushing. The river has known and cradled life. It witness the glacial northern ice that covered the world, and it too changed in the flow of time. But, the river existed in its own terms and we know it only in ours. To the different people who have known the river it has meant different things. Man defines the time and space it occupies. We give it a name - The Hudson. Even if man were not here the Hudson River would still have nature's purpose. We are just a passing chapter in the river's history. It has plenty to do without us. I'm Ann LaBastille an ecologist, a conservationist and an Adirondack guide. The river begins in the high peaks area of the Adirondack Mountains where few marks have been made by man. It starts way up on the shoulders of Mount Marcy in a little pond called Lake Tear of the Clouds. And from this humble beginning, the river meanders through rocky gorges and deep woods to its main body. Where it first becomes it's own master, the Hudson is very powerful and frantic. Further downstream when it reaches Glen Falls the river gentles down and begins to feel the impact of man. And along with man's touch there is the tainting of the water. Towns and industry multiply now as the river moves southward. And as it approaches Albany and Troy it is joined by the Mohawk. It's largest tributary. At the high dam and locks at Troy the river is first influenced by the sea. There are tides even this far inland and traces of the ocean's salt in the water. South of Albany the river widens, it flattens out, touches Catskill, Hudson, Kingston and Poughkeepsie. In the Hudson Highlands are the great cliffs and hills around Storm King and Bear Mountain. And just south is Haverstraw Bay. The Hudson River flows southward to the Palisades and eventually, the city. And then finally it enters the Hudson River canyon, a deep trough etched into the continental shelf before disappearing into the abyss of the ocean. The Hudson is roughly 315 miles long. From it's source at Lake Tear of the Clouds in the Adirondacks to where it reaches the Battery on Manhattan Island. It's a changeable river from a high mountain torrent to a deep implacable current, and of course it's a beautiful river. Especially up here in it's wildness and it's purity. And here of course there's the precious commodity, silence. The first man to perceive and define the river called it Muhhekummetuk and to them the river was seen as a living power. These people of the river journeyed from the west some 6,000 years ago and there is a legend that their god told them to journey eastward till they reached a river that flowed both ways. And that this would be a fertile land. Where their people would prosper. There are no Indians living along the river now. But there was a time when there were many villages along it's banks. My name is Goddiane. I am from a Seneca Iroquois village in upstate New York. I am part Mahican and the Mahicans lived in the northern reaches of the Hudson River. The people lived in the valley before western colonization were not really a nation. But, rather they shared a common language Algonquian. And the tribes that lived along the banks were the Leni Lenape called later by the English the Delaware. And from south to north there were the Unalachtigo then the Unami and Munsee. North of them they were the Esopus. The Mahicans up to Albany. On the other bank were Wiechquaeskeck and Canarsie to the south. Muhhekunnetuk or "River of the Mahicans" was revered as a river of power. The villages were small perhaps no more than a 100 people living in any one settlement and the smaller villages were simply kinship groups or extended families. And to these people the idea of a nation in the European sense or even in the context of the later Iroquois League was strange. There were ceremonies directed toward harvest, what they got out of the water and the land. And the life of these people along the river seems in retrospect an idyllic one. By the time western colonization began in earnest the paradise whether real or imagined was gone. The Algonquian river Indians found themselves crushed between western man pushing from the east and south and the Iroquois nations harassing them from the northwest. They were good fighters some of the river Indians. My great grandfather was a Mahican. I was told that when the French were given a choice between the Iroquois and the Mahican, they chose the Mahican as the better warrior every time. But the river Indians were not politically organized and within 200 years after contact with western man they were exhausted. Emotionally, culturally, politically exhausted. Caught in between the vice of the Iroquois and the Europeans they disappeared. Toward the end of their tenure, a Delaware spokesman said to the English, "You take the land. There is no body living on it. We have lost ourselves. We have disappeared like a breathe of homeless wind. There is nobody living here. You take it. [speaking in Algonquian]." The first western man to record seeing the Hudson was Giovanni de Verrazzano, a Florentine navigator sailing under the patronage of Francis I of France. After charting the coasts of the Carolinas, Verazzanno sailed north in the spring of 1524. And on April the 17th his ship LaDauphine sailing before a soft southwest wind entered what we now call New York Bay. This river he called the Great River and the surrounding land Angouleme in honor of the queen mother, Louise de Savoie, Duchess d'Angouleme and he recorded his discovery in a brief account. "We past up with our boat into the said river and saw the country very well peopled. The people are almost like unto the others and clad with feathers of fowls of diverse colors. They came towards use very cheerfully, making great shouts of admiration. Showing us where we might come to land most safely with our boat. We entered up the said river into the land about half a league. Where it made a most pleasant lake about three league in compass. On the which they road from the one side to the other. To the number of 30 of their small boats and behold a contrary flaw of wind coming from the sea. We were then forced to return to our ship leaving this land to our great discontentment. For the great commodity and pleasantness there of which we suppose is not without some riches." Fearing the winds that might destroy his ship in the narrows, Verrazzano left the harbor and sailed northeast to chart the coast of New England. He never returned to this land of great commodity and pleasantness, and his failure to to further explore the great river was one of the missed opportunities in the exploration of the New World. But, the river was discovered. The Dutch and English would follow. They would define it further. For the first European navigators, the Hudson was viewed as a possible route to the riches of the Orient. Even before Verrazzano's discover, John Cabot sailing under the English flag may have explored the great river. A Portuguese mariner, Esteban Gomez sailing for the Spanish crown noted the river in 1525 while searching for a northwest passage. There were probably other unrecorded visitors. But it was not until 1609 that Henry Hudson, an English navigator sailing for the Dutch East Indian Company charted the river to present day Albany. Europeans now realized that this was not a northwest passage but as Verrazzano had conjectured it was a land not without some riches. In the four weeks that Hudson's Half Moon explored the river valley, Robert Juvet a ship's officer kept a detailed log of the adventure. He noted the corn and oysters. The beans and tobacco traded to them by the Indians. He observed that the lands were pleasant with grass and flowers and goodly trees as ever they had seen. As he charted the harbors he saw many salmons and mullets, and rays, basses and barbels. And at the Half Moon northern most river anchorage the people can flocking aboard and brought us grapes which we bought for trifles. And many brought us beaver skins and otter skins which we bought for beads, knives and hatchets. The Dutch being good businessmen made the most of these observations and they were to give the river a new meaning. By the mid 1600s the patterns of Dutch settlement had taken form. Some forts and villages were established. As well as some farms and larger feudal land holdings called patroonships. But large scale colonization of the river valley was never their primary purpose. The Dutch viewed the valley in terms of goods that could be traded in the European markets furs, lumber and grains. And the river which they called Mouritse or the North River was the road to these riches. In the 50 years they controlled the river the Dutch never really consolidated their power and like the Indians before them were soon easily displaced. A small British fleet in 1664 forced New Amsterdam to surrender. The city became New York. Fort Orange became Fort Albany. Kingston became Wittwijck and although the river has still referred to by many as the North River, the English preferred to call it after their countryman Hudson's River and unlike the Dutch the English successfully colonized the river valley. Although the Dutch assimilated somewhat with the growing English population they retained a good deal of their own identity and character and much remains of the Dutch in the valley. Their homes, their names and their legends. 200 years after the Dutch first came to the valley one of American's first men of letters, Washington Irving penned the Knickerbocker history a musical satire which he titled A History of New York from the Beginning of the World to the end of the Dutch Dynasty containing among surprising and curious matters the unutterable pondering of Walter the Doubter, the disastrous projects of William the Testy, and the chivalric achievements of Peter the Headstrong. The three Dutch governors of New Amsterdam. Being the only authentic history of the times that had ever been published. Washington Irving's settled here at Sunnyside on the banks of the river. The writer himself said "the Hudson here is in a manor my first and last love. And after all my wanderings and seeming infidelities I return to it with a heartfelt preference over all the other rivers in the world." Some of his most romantic tales were contained n a collection of stories called The Sketchbook which he made further use of Dutch characters and legends. It was here in the highlands that Irving's Rip Van Winkle encountered the ghosts of Hendrick Hudson crew. Where the crash of their 9 pins echoed among the mountains like rumbly pins of thunder. And there are older legends. There is a ghost ship that hundreds of years ago was seen to enter the lower river and although fired upon with cannon and carrying no sails vanished into the upper river where some say it still can be seen on stormy nights. And there are other ghosts on the river. On a still night the spirit of a oarsmen can be seen rowing endlessly on the river. Condemned for eternity for having broken a Sabbath 200 years ago and some believe in other spirits still roams about. The same one Irving's Ichabod Crane encountered one dark evening centuries ago- the spirit of the headless horseman. The river continues in time. Events and men change its meaning but the definition they give are often only for a moment. The cemetery has been here for about 100 years here on Mount Saint Gabriel at Peekskill above the Hudson. But a 100 years before that, this was temporary homes for the soldiers of the Continental Army. I'm Dina Link an archaeologist and this is my site where my students and I are excavating the remains of one of these barracks. Gun flints, muskets balls, the pieces of ceramics and pipe. Are the pieces that we may be coming up with. It comes so much closer to the real history. Here you are touching something physical which was there. Prior to the war, the Hudson Highlands was looked upon as a barren wasteland but with the war effort it gained major strategic importance, and it had been referred to as the key to the continent by General Washington. If control of the Hudson had been maintained by the British they really would of split the colonies and could of dealt with each section individually. The British campaign of 1777 involved three armies, one coming south from Canada, another going east from Oswego along the Mohawk River and another coming North from New York. What happened was that the army coming from the west was defeated at Oriskany. The army from New York under General Howe failed to receive its orders and went to the Chesapeake instead and the third army under General Burgoyne reached Saratoga and at Saratoga he was routed by the American forces due to not receiving the support from other armies. While the Battle of Saratoga was going on news of it reached General Clinton in New York who had been left behind in place of General Howe. And, Clinton tried to aid Burgoyne's problem at Saratoga by attacking the forts in the Highlands. He was entirely successful in this and gained the highlands in a matter of a couple of days. After the Battle of Saratoga was over and General Burgoyne had surrendered, Clinton feeling insecure in the highlands and knowing that he could no longer help Burgoyne left the highlands and returned to New York City, and with that move the Americans came back immediately and refortified in the highlands taking advantage of all of their past mistakes. And in essence prevented the British from ever again having a chance for the Hudson River as they had before. The last attempt for the highlands was by strategy. It involved the turning over of West Point by its commander General Arnold. General Benedict Arnold of the American armies felt that his activities, his valor was not justly appreciated by the Americans and feeling as he did so strongly he conspired to turn over West Point to the British. This again luckily failed for a number of simple reasons the most blatant being that Arnold's courier Andre was captured at Tarrytown with notes from General Arnold dealing with betrayal of the American cause. The events leading up to Andre's capture were rather complex and small and yet had they not occurred in the way they did the British would of gained the highlands and with control of the highlands could of subdued the rebellion. It's interesting how so many small things can effect such a great cause. And just for that brief moment in time the whole destiny of the American colonies hung on control of the river. People have come to the river because it provides food. A place to live and for some money. But in the back of almost every human being's mind is also just a little sense of beauty and a sense of the past. Pete Seeger lives in Beacon on the Hudson. He has always loved the river and the boats that have graced it. The people who live here thousands of years ago my guess is they felt very very very close to this river. As some people do today. And their canoes were not usually birch bark but a dug out canoe which we are trying to make out here on the waterfront. My guess from the old pictures we have seen that when looking at the Hudson River almost anywhere between Albany and New York a 100 years ago it would of been dotted with sails. Little sloops, big cargo boats. You would of seen rafts with logs on them. Would of been fisherman's boats. occasional whaling ships. The Hudson river was just dotted with sails in those days and the Clearwater is a replica of one of these mid 19th century sloop. The Dutch sloops were board in the beam and bluff in the bow like they say the Dutch women were. But in the 19th century the ocean going boats got too big to sail up the river. A specialized form of sloop was invented. They were built for speed. Acaptain owned his boat, he'd pick up produce up river, take it to New York sell it. Then he'd have a list of things he had to buy well here's what Mr. Livingston wants to get a new stove, somebody else wants to get 5 sacks of plaster. He'd go around make his shopping list up and drop them off. But a 100 years ago there were 4 or 500 boats like the Clearwater that carried bricks, sand, lumber actually most of New York's brownstone houses are built with materials hauled on sloops- Connecticut brownstone and Haverstraw brick and Catskill lumber. But the steamboats first took the passenger business, later on in the 20th century they took all the business and the last few Hudson River sloops were towed away and sunk somewhere, or rotted away in a mud bank. But ordinary human beings, no one claiming to be a genius ended up creating some of the most beautiful works of art. I believe that humankind has ever produced. I call the Clearwater a symphony of curves. There are very few straight lines on it. Even the mast bends in a strong breeze. When we wanted to build the Clearwater we showed the blueprints to a millionaire. He could of built a whole boat in one year and never missed the money. He said oh it's a beautiful boat but what do you want to sail on the Hudson for? i sail in the Virgin Islands without knowing it he gave us the best reason for building a boat because there are people here who are not going to run away and these people are going to save the Hudson and people have come back to this river in spite of all the bad things that have gone on. I'm convinced that 100 years from now this river is going to be very, very clean. Admittedly, it might happen in two ways. The human race is going to straighten up and fly right and we'll get rid of the pollution or we won't straighten up and fly right in which case we'll be back to the stone age in a 100 years and this hundred will be clean as a whistle. It's noticeably cleaner, but has a long way to go. The river has produced great wealth as does any natural resource. The lumber of the Adirondacks and Catskills, the revenues from trade and commerce on the Erie Canal, but often what remains of prosperous times disappears as quickly as the faces of dead merchants. There were the land controllers, the Patroons of early centuries. The robber barons and railroad magnates of later times and many who amast great wealth choose the very scenic beauty of the river as a back drop for their affluence. One of the charms of the Hudson is its diversity of scenery for one thing and its diversity of architectural styles. Ben Frazer owns an antique shop in Cold Spring but some of his favorite antiques can't be found here. They are old houses. And one of the notable one's he saved from destruction was Boscobel, an early 19th century mansion. Well I think an area which has something from the past that has absolutely no character at all and I always felt that this area it deserved a rather special effort. A large number of early houses were of course farmhouses. There was the Dutch influence, English influence and New Paltz has that street of Huguenot houses. The interesting thing to me is that they were almost uniformly attractive, well proportioned and dignified no matter how small they were. The 19 century houses did exhibit a much greater display of wealth although they remain dignified and formal. i was motivated in the case of Boscobel by the fact that the building was unique. That there was really nothing like it in the whole country and that it was so strikingly beautiful that it just shouldn't be allowed to be destroyed. We payed the rector a 1,000 for it and the government sold it to him for $35 so he made quite a nice profit without having to lift a finger. in the Victorian period the river probably appealed to a large number of people as a romantic and beautiful spot. Harking back to the English standards of country places. Secondly, the Hudson provided the method of transportation to the country and was greatly enhanced by the railroad. Olana, I think is possibly the high point of the Romantic period in which Frederick Church who has traveled a great deal built a Persian or Moorish Victorian house the situation is spectacular and romantic. The whole place definitely should be preserved forever because no one will ever see such a thing again. The Roosevelt house, the name of which is actually Springwood started off about 1830 but it's been tinkered with and altered out of all architectural recognizance. The Vanderbilt house was built in 1895 or 1897 and is very definitely the most ostentatious. They didn't mind in the least letting people know that they had it. They really ends the great period of building on the Hudson and i think it's very interesting that until certainly about the Depression these large estates particularly on the east bank, they practically touched one another almost from New York to Albany. And, when they still ticked as they were meant to do the result was a magnificent parade. Well that time is gone forever but the houses remain as long as they are maintained as a pleasant reminder of this vanished era. The source of the Hudson was not discovered until the last half of the 19th century. It's ironic because the river had already been central to the lives of so many people and ideas. And yet no one had bothered to trace it to it's beginnings. It's ironic also because the discovery of the source took place at a time when some men where occupied with taking wealth out of the land, while others like the discoverers of the source were evoking an image of the land that would extend into our present time and redefine man's relation to the natural world. In 1872 a surveying expedition under the supervision of an Adirondack guide William Nye followed the Hudson's head waters back into the high country near the summit of Mount Marcy. The director of the expedition Van Planck Cauldron recorded the event in his notes. "We commence to ascend the stream, hurrying along on the slippery boulders, leaping from one rock to another. Suddenly before us through the trees gleamed a sheet of water for there were Marcy's slopes beyond while the water of the lake was studded with those rocks which we had looked at with our telescopes from Marcy. It was the lake and flowed not to the ausable and Saint Lawrence, but to the Hudson. First seen as we then saw it dark and dripping with the moisture of the heavens it seemed in it's minuteness and prettiness a variable Tear of the Clouds the summit water as I named it." The conservation movement although its historic roots reached to men like Thoreau took substantial shape by the late 19th century and it's basic question of what is man's proper relation to nature? was shared by another 19th century movement that expressed it's ideas in a different form. The Hudson River School as we use the term today describes the landscape painters that developed around New York City during the middle portion of the 19th century and if you're a landscape painter you want to paint the nearest, most beautiful thing as a rule. I'm John Hallet. I'm curator of American paintings and sculpture at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The role of man in the great majority of these landscape paintings is small or non existent. Man is assumed by the artist to be the viewer and to be surrounded by nature. They believed strongly in the romantic tradition if you will that the hand of God was everywhere in nature and it was their aim. Their stated aim to isolate if possible the essence of this godliness in nature in their landscape paintings. The great majority of the Hudson River School of Landscapes were produced between 1825 when Thomas Cole was discovered through 1875. The patrons for the landscape painters were primarily commercial men, business men who grew rich with the opening of the Erie Canal and Thomas Cole's patrons were one was a grocer who made a fortune. Another was a banker in Baltimore. It was such men that provided support for the artists. The period from about 1875 through 1945 practically, the Hudson River School of pictures languished in basements in museums and homes all over the country because no one wanted to look at them. They were indeed in disfavor. i think the best of the Hudson River School of paintings can be called great paintings of course the taste and perception of quality in art changes from generation to generation. My personal feeling toward these pictures is that they are very beautiful indeed to me. Charlie?How many of these have you gotten this year? This is the fourth or the fifth. What's the total length? 7 foot 4 inches. Although some stretches of the Hudson are still polluted, overall it's cleaner than it was a few years ago. And some fish have responded by increasing in numbers such as the Atlantic Sturgeon and few men have contributed more to the river than writer conservationist Bob Boyle. You want to start cleaning it? You have to clean it in a special way because it's like a leather skin. What do you think of the meat? It looks beautiful. Why? Because it's pink! Ha. Because it's fresh. What different dishes would you make from it? Put mushrooms and shallots, a little white wine. You could really treat it the same way you treat veal. You tell me it had Bluefish up this far? Oh yeah. Charley fished a lot this time last year they were all over the river. The river is loaded with fish. Properly managed you could probably feed Japan out of this river. But the point is that it would take another Heaven and Earth to pass to come again before you could recreate these biological components of the river system. You known rivers are very symbolic of life. The river is born, river reaches maturity, river dies. i think the appeal of the river such as the Hudson is very strong to many people. Particularly to the river fishermen at Ver Planck. Charley White goes out for Sturgeon not to make money at it but like Ahab going after Moby Dick. It's their holy grail. It's their passion and men who work very closely with nature such as Charley White and Jimmy Carey and the other fishermen at Ver Planck really feel as though they have their hand on the pulse of god. But the hands of other men are still strong on the river where some pollutants are removed. New ones appear like the industrial chemicals referred to as PCBs. The presence of which in fish make them inedible and the river which is necessary to the lives of so many people is threatened again. No river in American history has more devotees than the Hudson. Devotees of all kinds, from the Sturgeon fishermen at Ver Planck to turn back the clock to Thomas Cole and the artists of the Hudson River School. A feeling for nature in this country was born on the Hudson River. Winslow Homer did his finest work when fishing the upper Hudson in the Adirondacks. It's always brought forth a deep response from man, Washington Irving reading his folktales, modern day conservationists or just the everyday person who happens to look at the river. You would have to be utterly devoid of feeling to journey along the river valley and not be moved by what he sees. The river exists without us as it has for millennia but without it to reflect and act upon our past and our future would be less. The river continues in time and defines it's own reality even as it gives itself endlessly to the sea. [music].

Contents

Dutchess County

Downtown Poughkeepsie as seen from across the Hudson River
Downtown Poughkeepsie as seen from across the Hudson River
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beacon
1913[10]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wappinger
1875[10]
 
Rombout
Precinct 1737–1788[10]
 
Fishkill
1788
 
 
East Fishkill
1849
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Freedom 1821
(LaGrange
from 1828)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Union Vale
1827
 
 
 
 
Beekman
Precinct 1737–1788
 
Beekman
1788
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pawling's
Precinct 1768–1788
 
Pawling
1788
 
Dover
1807
 
 
 
 
Crum Elbow
Precinct
1737–1762[10]
 
Amenia
Precinct 1762–1788
 
Amenia
1788
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charlotte
Precinct 1762–1788
(Clinton from 1786)
 
Washington
1788[2]
 
Stanford
1793[10]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pleasant Valley
1821
 
 
Rhinebeck
Precinct
1737–1788
 
 
 
 
 
 
Clinton
1788
 
 
Hyde Park
1821
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rhinebeck
1788
 
Red Hook
1812
 
 
 
 
Poughkeepsie
Precinct 1737–1788
 
Poughkeepsie
1788
 
Poughkeepsie
City 1854
 
 
 
North Precinct 1737–1746[3]
(Also known as Northeast)[7]
 
Northeast
1788
 
Milan
1818
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pine Plains
1823
 

Notes

  • Dutchess County was one of the twelve original counties formed in 1683 in the Province of New York; but was under the governance of Ulster County until a county government was erected in 1713 at which point it received separate representation in the General Assembly. [3] In 1737 Dutchess was divided into seven precincts,[7] six of which descended into the present towns of Dutchess County while the seventh became the progenitor of the towns of Putnam County.[3]

Putnam County

Patterson Town Hall
Patterson Town Hall
 
 
 
 
 
Fredericksburgh[A]
Precinct 1772–1788
 
Frederickstown[B] 1788
(Frederick from 1795
Kent from 1817)
 
Carmel[B] 1795
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franklin[B] 1795
(Patterson from 1808)
 
 
 
South Precinct[A]
1737–1772[10]
 
 
South East[A]
Precinct 1772–1788[6][10]
 
Southeasttown[B] 1788
(Southeast from 1795)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Philips[A]
Precinct
1772–1788
 
Philipstown[B]
1788
 
Quincy[C] 1839
(Putnam Valley
from 1840)
 
 
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Dutchess County.
[B] = A part of Dutchess County until 1812, thereafter Putnam County.
[C] = A part of Putnam County.

Ulster County

Town and city boundaries within Ulster County in 1875
Town and city boundaries within Ulster County in 1875
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hurley[A]
Precinct
1708[3]–1788[2]
 
Hurley[A]
1788[2]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hardenburgh[A]
1859
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Woodstock[A]
township
1787[3]–1788[2]
 
Woodstock[A]
1788[2]
 
Shandaken[A]
1804
 
 
Denning[A]
1849
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Windham[D]
1788
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gardiner[A]
1853
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rochester[A]
Patent 1703–1788
 
Rochester[A]
1788
 
 
Wawarsing[A]
1806
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Paltz[A]
Patent 1677[3]–1788[2]
 
New Paltz[A]
1788[2]
 
Lloyd[A]
1845
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rosendale[A]
1844
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marbletown[A]
Patent 1703[3]–1788[2]
 
Marbletown[A]
1788[2]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Olive[A]
1823
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Esopus and Wiltwyck[B]
Village/town 1661[11]–1702
(Kingston from 1669)
 
Kingston[A]
Township 1702[3]–1788[2]
 
Kingston[A]
1788[2]
 
Kingston[A]
City 1872
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Saugerties[A]
1811
 
Shawangunk[A]
Precinct 1743–1788
 
Shawangunk[A]
1788
 
 
 
 
 
 
Esopus[A]
1811
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ulster[A]
1879
 
Highlands[A]
Precinct 1709[12]–1763
 
New Windsor[A]
Precinct 1763–1788
 
For further descendants
see Orange County[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Newburgh[A]
Precinct 1763–1788
 
Marlborough[A]
Precinct
1772–1788
 
Marlborough[A]
1788
 
Plattekill[A]
1800
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For further descendants
see Orange County[C]
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Ulster County.
[B] = A part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland until 1664, thereafter English, Ulster County after 1683.
[C] = A part of Ulster County until 1799, thereafter Orange County.
[D] = A part of Ulster County until 1800, thereafter Greene County. For further
descendants see Timeline of town creation in New York's Capital District.
  • Wiltwyck and Esopus were a dependency of the Village of Beverwyck (Court of Fort Orange and Beverwyck) prior to 1661.[3][13]
  • Dash lines are used for leading to the town of Olive from its antecendants only help in tracking those lines, which due to space constraints cross other town's lines. No significance should be interpreted with the use of dash lines leading to the town of Olive.

Orange County

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Highlands[A]
1872
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cornwall[A]
Precinct 1764–1788
 
New Cornwall[A] 1788[2]
(Cornwall from 1797)
 
Blooming Grove[A]
1799
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Woodbury[A] 1890[14]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chesecocks[A] 1799
(Southfield from 1801–1808
thereafter Monroe)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tuxedo[A] 1890[14]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warwick[A]
1788[2]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chester[A]
1845
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goshen[A] 1788[2]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goshen[A]
Precinct ?–1788
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hanover[B]
Precinct 1772–1788
(Montgomery after 1782)
 
Montgomery[C]
1788
 
Crawford[A]
1823
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hamptonburgh[A]
1830
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wallkill[B]
Precinct 1743–1788[12]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Windsor[B]
Precinct 1763–1788
 
New Windsor[C]
1788
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Highlands[B]
Precinct 1709[12]–1763
 
 
Newburgh[B]
Precinct 1763–1788
 
Newburgh[C]
1788
 
Newburgh[A]
City 1865[15]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For further descendants
see Ulster County section [B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wallkill[C] 1788
 
Middletown[C]
City 1888[16]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wawayanda[A]
1849
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Minisink[A]
1788[2]
 
 
Greenville[A]
1853
 
 
Calhoun[A] 1825
(Mount Hope
from 1833)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mamakating[B]
1788[2]
 
Deerpark[A]
1798
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Port Jervis[A]
City 1907[17]
 
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Orange County.
[B] = A part of Ulster County.
[C] = A part of Ulster County until 1799, thereafter Orange County.
  • In 1863 the Orange County Board of Supervisors erected two new towns from part of Monroe, named Highlands and Southfield. This was declared overruled by the state legislature in 1865 and therefore those towns are not shown here.[18]
  • Part of Monroe will become the Town of Palm Tree pursuant to a 2017 referendum but the effective date has not been determined (see Kiryas Joel, New York).

Rockland County

Rockland County, with town and village boundaries
Rockland County, with town and village boundaries
Haverstraw[B]
Precinct 1719–1788
 
Haverstraw[C]
1788
 
New Hampstead[A]
1791
(Ramapo from 1791)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Clarkstown[A]
1791
 
Orangetown[C]
1788[2]
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stony Point[A]
1865[19]
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Rockland County.
[B] = A part of Orange County.
[C] = A part of Orange County until 1799, thereafter Rockland County.

See also

Citations

  1. ^ "Senate House State Historic Site". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Laws of the State of New York Passed at the Sessions of the Legislature Held in the Years 1785, 1786, 1787 and 1788, inclusive, Being the Eight, Ninth, Tenth and Eleventh, sessions. II. Weed, Parsons and Company/State of New York. 1886. p. 748. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k French 1860, p. 267.
  4. ^ "New York County Maps and Atlases". Genealogy, Inc. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  5. ^ "Governmental Units". Deitz, John B. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  6. ^ a b The Colonial Laws of the State of New York From 1664 to the Revolution, Including the Charters to the Duke of York, the Commissions and Instructions to the Colonial Governors, the Duke's Laws, the Laws of Dongan and Leisler Assemblies, the Charters of Albany and New York and the Acts of the Colonial Legislatures from 1691 to 1775 Inclusive. V. James B. Lyon (State of New York). 1894. p. 383 and 395. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  7. ^ a b c The Colonial Laws of the State of New York From 1664 to the Revolution, Including the Charters to the Duke of York, the Commissions and Instructions to the Colonial Governors, the Duke's Laws, the Laws of Dongan and Leisler Assemblies, the Charters of Albany and New York and the Acts of the Colonial Legislatures from 1691 to 1775 Inclusive. II. John B. Lyon. 1894. p. 956. 
  8. ^ Howell, George Rogers; Munsell, John H. (1886). History of the County of Schenectady, N.Y., from 1662 to 1886. W.W. Munsell & Company. 
  9. ^ "Local Government Handbook" (PDF) (5th ed.). New York State Department of State. 2008. pp. 60 (PDF 64). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Dutchess County Communities". Dutchess County Genealogical Society. 2006. Retrieved 2010-09-04. 
  11. ^ Schoonmaker, Marius (1888). The History of Kingston, New York from its Early Settlement to the Year 1820. Burr Printing Press. p. 59. 
  12. ^ a b c Clearwater, Alphonso T. (2007). The History of Ulster County, New York. 1. Heritage Books, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7884-1943-0. 
  13. ^ New International Encyclopedia. XIII. Dodd, Mead and Company. 1915. p. 254. 
  14. ^ a b Laws of the State of New York, Passed at the One Hundred and Thirteenth Session of the Legislature, Begun January Sixth, 1890, and Ended May Ninth, 1890, in the City of Albany. Banks & Brothers/State of New York. 1890. p. 1246. 
  15. ^ Reamy, Martha and Bill (2007). Pioneer Families of Orange County. Heritage Books, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58549-601-3. 
  16. ^ Laws of the State of New York, Passed at the One Hundred and Eleventh Session of the Legislature, Begun January Fourth, and Ended May Eleventh, 1888, Also, Laws Passed at the Extraordinary Session, July Seventeenth to Twentieth, 1888, in the City of Albany. Banks & Brothers/State of New York. 1888. p. 825. 
  17. ^ Laws of the State of New York, Passed at the One Hundred Thirtieth Session of the Legislature, Begun January Second, 1907, and Ended June Twenty-Sixth, 1907, in the City of Albany, and Including Extraordinary Session, Begun July Eighth, 1907, and Ended July Twenty-Sixth, 1907. II. J.B. Lyon Company/State of New York. 1907. p. 2114. 
  18. ^ Freeland, Daniel Niles (1898). Chronicles of Monroe in the Olden Times. The De Vinne Press. 
  19. ^ "Town History". Stony Point, New York. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 

References

This page was last edited on 2 July 2018, at 05:46
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.