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Timeline of town creation in New York's Capital District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Opening paragraph of the Dongan Charter creating the city of Albany, New York, the oldest municipality in New York's Capital District
Opening paragraph of the Dongan Charter creating the city of Albany, New York, the oldest municipality in New York's Capital District

The towns and cities of New York's Capital District were created by the U.S. state of New York as municipalities in order to give residents more direct say over local government.[1] The Capital District is an 11 county area, which consists of the counties of Albany, Schenectady, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schoharie, Warren, Washington, Columbia, Montgomery, Fulton, and Greene.[2] New York experimented with different types of municipalities before settling upon the current format of towns and cities occupying all the land in a county.[3] Districts were created for Albany and Tryon counties in 1772;[4] all were transformed into towns (or divided into multiple towns) in 1788 when all of the state of New York was divided into towns.[1] Two years before that, in 1786, all of what Washington County encompassed at that time was divided into townships with the same legal status, abilities, and responsibilities as districts[5] with their status as towns confirmed in 1788.[1] Some other forms of government in earlier years included land patents with some municipal rights and boroughs. The following timelines show the creation of the current towns from their predecessors stretching back to the earliest municipal entity over the area. The timelines only represent from which town(s) a particular town was created from and does not represent annexations of territory to and from towns that already existed. All municipalities are towns unless otherwise noted as patent, township, borough, district, or city. Unless otherwise sourced with a footnote all dates of incorporation represent those stated in the 1860 Gazetteer of the State of New York by John H. French.

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Transcription

Episode 23: The Rise of the Industrial Economy Hi I’m John Green this is Crash Course U.S. History and today we’re going to discuss economics and how a generation of- Mr. Green, Mr. Green, is this going to be one of those boring ones no wars or generals who had cool last words or anything? Alright, Me From The Past, I will give you a smidge of Great Man history. But only a smidge. So today we’re gonna discuss American industrialization in the decades after the Civil War, during which time the U.S. went from having per capita about a third of Great Britain’s industrial output to becoming the richest and most industrialized nation on earth. Libertage Meh, you might want to hold off on that Libertage, Stan because this happened mostly thanks to the Not Particularly Awesome Civil War, which improved the finance system by forcing the introduction of a national currency and spurred industrialization by giving massive contracts to arms and clothing manufacturers. The Civil War also boosted the telegraph, which improved communication, and gave birth to the transcontinental railway via the Pacific Railway Act of 1862, all of which increased efficiency and productivity. So thanks, Civil War! Intro If you want to explain America’s economic growth in a nutshell chalk it up to G, D, and L: Gerard, Depardieu, and Lohan. No, Geography, Demography and Law. However, while we’re on the topic, when will Gerard, Depardieu, and Lindsay Lohan have a baby? Stan, can I see it? Yes. Yes. Geographically, the U.S. was a huge country with all the resources necessary for an industrial boom. Like, we had coal, and iron and, later, oil. Initially we had water to power our factories, later replaced by coal. And we had amber waves of grain to feed our growing population which leads to the Demography. America’s population grew from 40 million in 1870 to 76 million in 1900 and 1/3 of that growth was due to immigration. Which is good for economies. Many of these immigrants flooded the burgeoning cities, as America shifted from being an agrarian rural nation to being an industrial, urban one. Like, New York City became the center of commerce and finance and by 1898 it had a population of 3.4 million people. And the industrial heartland was in the Great Lakes region. Chicago became the second largest city by 1900, Cleveland became a leader in oil refining, and Pittsburgh was a center of iron and steel production. And even today, the great city of Pittsburgh still employs 53 Steelers. Last but not least was the Law. The Constitution and its commerce clause made the U.S. a single area of commerce – like a giant customs union. And, as we’ll see in a bit the Supreme Court interpreted the laws in a very business friendly way. Also, the American constitution protects patents, which encourag4B-es invention and innovation, or at least it used to. And despite what Ayn Rand would tell you, the American government played a role in American economic growth by putting up high tariffs, especially on steel, giving massive land grants to railroads and by putting Native Americans on reservations. Also, foreigners played an important role. They invested their capital and involved Americans in their economic scandals like the one that led to a depression in 1893. The U.S. was at the time was seen by Europeans as a developing economy; and investments in America offered much higher returns than those available in Europe. And the changes we’re talking about here were massive. In 1880, for the first time, a majority of the workforce worked in non-farming jobs. By 1890 2/3 of Americans worked for wages, rather than farming or owning their own businesses. And, by 1913 the United States produced 1/3 of the world’s total industrial output. NOW bring out the Libertage, Stan. Libertage Awesome. And even better, we now get to talk about the perennially underrated railroads. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. Although we tend to forget about them here in the U.S., because our passenger rail system sucks, railroads were one of the keys to America’s 19th century industrial success. Railroads increased commerce and integrated the American market, which allowed national brands to emerge, like Ivory Soap and A&P Grocery Stores. But railroads changed and improved our economy in less obvious ways, too: For instance, they gave us time zones, which were created by the major railroad companies to make shipping and passenger transport more standard. Also because he recognized the importance of telling time, a railroad agent named Richard Warren Sears turned a $50 dollar investment in watches into an enormous mail order empire, and railroads made it possible for him--and his eventual partner Roebuck--to ship watches, and then jewelry, and then pretty much everything, including unconstructed freaking houses throughout the country. Railroads were also the first modern corporations. These companies were large, they had many employees, they spanned the country. And that meant they needed to invent organizational methods, including the middle manager--supervisors to supervise supervisors. And for the first time, the owners of a company were not always day-to-day managers, because railroads were among the first publicly traded corporations. They needed a lot of capital to build tracks and stations, so they sold shares in the company in order to raise that money, which shares could then be bought and sold by the public. And that is how railroads created the first captains of industry, like Cornelius “They Named a University after Me” Vanderbilt and Andrew “Me Too” Carnegie (Mellon) and Leland “I Named a University After My Son” Stanford. The Railroad business was also emblematic of the partnership between the national government and industry. The Transcontinental Railroad, after all, wouldn’t have existed without Congressional legislation, federal land grants, and government sponsored bond issues. Thanks, Thought Bubble. Apparently it’s time for the Mystery Document. The rules here are simple. I guess the author of the Mystery Document and if I’m wrong, which I usually am, I get shocked. Alright. “The belief is common in America that the day is at hand when corporations far greater than the Erie – swaying such power as has never in the world’s history been trusted in the hands of mere private citizens, controlled by single men like Vanderbilt...– will ultimately succeed in directing government itself. Under the American form of society, there is now no authority capable of effective resistance.” Corporations directing government? That’s ridiculous. So grateful for federal ethanol subsidies brought to you by delicious Diet Dr. Pepper. Mmm I can taste all 23 of the chemicals. Anyway, Stan, I’m pretty sure that is noted muckraker Ida Tarbell. No! Henry Adams? HOW ARE THERE STILL ADAMSES IN AMERICAN HISTORY? That makes me worry we’ll never escape the Clintons. Anyway, it should’ve been Ida Tarbell. She has a great name. She was a great opponent of capitalism. Whatever. AH! Indeed industrial capitalists are considered both the greatest heroes and the greatest villains of the era, which is why they are known both as “captains of industry” and as “robber barons,” depending on whether we are mad at them. While they often came from humble origins, took risks and became very wealthy, their methods were frequently unscrupulous. I mean, they often drove competitors out of business, and generally cared very little for their workers. The first of the great robber barons and/or captains of industry was the aforementioned Cornelius Vanderbilt who rose from humble beginnings in Staten Island to make a fortune in transportation, through ferries and shipping, and then eventually through railroads, although he once referred to trains as “them things that go on land.” But the poster boy of the era was John D. Rockefeller who started out as a clerk for a Cleveland merchant and eventually became the richest man in the world. Ever. Yes, including Bill Gates. The key to Rockefeller’s success was ruthlessly buying up so many rivals that by the late 1880s Standard Oil controlled 90% of the U.S. oil industry. Which lack of competition drove the price of gasoline up to like 12 cents a gallon, so if you had one of the 20 cars in the world then, you were mad. The period also saw innovation in terms of the way industries were organized. Many of the robber barons formed pools and trusts to control prices and limit the negative effects of competition. The problem with competition is that over time it reduces both prices and profit margins, which makes it difficult to become super rich. Vertical integration was another innovation – firms bought up all aspects of the production process – from raw materials to production to transport and distribution. Like, Philip Armour’s meat company bought its own rail cars to ship meat, for instance. It also bought things like conveyor belts and when he found out that animal parts could be used to make glue, he got into the glue-making business. It was Armour who once proclaimed to use “everything but the squeal.” Horizontal integration was when big firms bought up small ones. The best example of this was Rockefeller’s Standard Oil, which eventually became so big incidentally that the Supreme Court forced Standard Oil to be broken up into more than a dozen smaller oil companies. Which, by the way, overtime have slowly reunited to become the company known as Exxon-Mobil, so that worked out. U.S. Steel was put together by the era’s giant of finance, J.P. Morgan, who at his death left a fortune of only $68 million – not counting the art that became the backbone of the Metropolitan Museum of Art – leading Andrew Carnegie to remark in surprise, “And to think he was not a rich man.”[1] Speaking of people who weren’t rich, let us now praise the unsung heroes of industrialization: workers. Well, I guess you can’t really call them unsung because Woody Guthrie. Oh! Your guitar! And my computer! I never made that connection before. Anyway, then as now, the benefits of economic growth were shared...mmm shall we say...a smidge unevenly. Prices did drop due to industrial competition, which raised the standard of living for the average American worker. In fact, it was among the highest in the world. But due to a growing population, particularly of immigrant workers, there was job insecurity. And also booms and busts meant depressions in the 1870s and 1890s, which hit the working poor the hardest. Also, laborers commonly worked 60 hours per week with no pensions or injury compensation, and the U.S. had the highest rate of industrial injuries in the world: an average of over 35,000 people per year died on the job. These conditions and the uncertainty of labor markets led to unions, which were mostly local but occasionally national. The first national union was the Knights of Labor, headed by Terence V. Powderly which grew from 9 members in 1870 to 728,000 by 1884. The Knights of Labor admitted unskilled workers, black workers, and women, but it was irreparably damaged by the Haymarket riot in 1886. During a strike against McCormick Harvesting Company, a policeman killed one of the strikers and in response there was a rally in Chicago’s Haymarket Square at which a bomb killed seven police officers. Then, firing upon the crowd, the police killed four people. Seven anarchists were eventually convicted of the bombing, and although Powderly denounced anarchism, the public still associated the Knights of Labor with violence. And by 1902, its membership had shrunk considerably--to 0. The banner of organized labor however was picked up by the American Federation of Labor under Samuel L. Gompers. Do all of these guys have great last names? They were more moderate than the anarchists and the socialist International Workers of the World, and focused on bread and butter issues like pay, hours, and safety. Founded in 1886, the same year as the Haymarket Riot, the AFL had about 250,000 members by 1892, almost 10% of whom were iron and steel workers. And now we have to pause to briefly mention one of the most pernicious innovations of the era: Social Darwinism: a perversion of Darwin’s theory that would have made him throw up. Although to be fair, almost everything made him throw up. Social Darwinists argued that the theory of survival of the fittest should be applied to people and also that corporations were people. Ergo, big companies were big because they were fitter and we had nothing to fear from monopolies. This pseudoscience was used to argue that government shouldn’t regulate business or pass laws to help poor people. It assured the rich that the poor were poor because of some inherent evolutionary flaw, thus enabling tycoons to sleep at night. You know, on a big pile of money, surrounded by beautiful women. But, despite the apparent inborn unfitness of workers, unions continued to grow and fight for better conditions, sometimes violently. There was violence at the Homestead Steel Strike of 1892 and the Pullman Rail strike of 1894 when strikers were killed and a great deal of property was destroyed. To quote the historian Michael Lind: “In the late 1870s and early 1880s, the United States had five times as many unionized workers as Germany, at a time when the two nations had similar populations.”[2] Unions wanted the United States and its citizens to imagine freedom more broadly, arguing that without a more equal economic system, America was becoming less, not more, free, even as it became more prosperous. If you’re thinking that this free-wheeling age of fast growth, uneven gains in prosperity, and corporate heroes/villains resembles the early 21st century, you aren’t alone. And it’s worth remembering that it was only 150 years ago that modern corporations began to form and that American industry became the leading driver in the global economy. That’s a blink of an eye in world history terms, and the ideas and technologies of post Civil War America gave us the ideas that still define how we--all of us, not just Americans--think about opposites like success and failure, or wealth and poverty. It’s also when we people began to discuss the ways in which inequality could be the opposite of freedom. Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. The associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history teacher, Raoul Meyer, Rosianna Halse Rojas, and myself. And our graphics team is Thought Café. Each week there’s a new caption for the Libertage. You can suggest captions in comments where you can also ask questions about today’s video that will be answered by our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course. Make sure you’re subscribed. And as we say in my hometown, don’t forget to be awesome. Industrial Economy - ________________ [1] Brands, American Colossus p 6. [2] Lind, Land of Promise 171

Contents

Albany and Rensselaer counties, with Niskayuna (Schenectady County)

Beverwyck
village
1652[0]
(Albany
in 1664)
 
Albany
city
1686[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
West
Manor
district
1779-
1788[A]
 
Watervliet
1788[1]
-1896[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rensselaer-
ville

1790[A]
 
Berne
1795[A]
 
Knox
1822[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Westerlo
1815[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Coeymans
1791[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bethlehem
1793[A]
 
New
Scotland

1832[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Guilderland
1803[A]
 
Manor[A]
district
1772-
1779
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Colonie[A]
1808-1815
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Niskayuna
1809[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cohoes[A]
city 1869[6]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Colonie
1895[7][A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Green Island
1896[8][A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
North
Greenbush

1855[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Watervliet
city
1896[8][A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
Clinton
1855[D]
(East
Greenbush

in 1858)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Greenbush
1795-
1897[D]
 
 
Rensselaer
city
1897[9][D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
East
Manor
district
1779-
1784[A]
 
Rensselaer-
wyck
district[A]
1784-1788
 
Rensselaer-
wyck[C]
1788[1]-
1795
 
 
Schodack
1795[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sand
Lake
[D]
1812
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brunswick
1807[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Troy
1791-
1816[D]
 
 
Troy
city
1816[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Poesten-
kill

1848[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lansing-
burgh

1807-1901[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stephentown
district
1784-1788[A]
 
Stephentown
1788[1][C]
 
Petersburgh
1791[D]
 
 
Grafton
1807[D]
 
 
 
 
Berlin
1806[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Philips-
town
1806[D]
(Nassau
in 1808)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Schagh-
ticoke
district
1772-
1788[A]
 
Schagh-
ticoke

1788[1][C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pittstown
1788[1][a][C]
 
Hoosick
district
1772-
1788[A]
 
Hoosick
1788[1][C]
 

Notes

[0]= A part of New Netherland, a Dutch territory, until 1664, thereafter part of the English colony of New York,
and within Albany County from its formation in 1683.
[A] = A part of Albany County.
[B] = A part of Schenectady County when formed from Albany County in 1809.
[C] = A part of Albany County until 1791 when Rensselaer County was formed.
[D] = A part of Rensselaer County.

Schoharie and Greene counties, with Duanesburgh (Schenectady County)

Hurley
township[9]
1708-1788
 
Woodstock
township[10]
1787-1788[9]
 
Woodstock
1788[1][9]
 
Windham
1798[10]
 
Greenland
1813[F]
(Hunter in 1814)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jewett
1849[F]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Goshen[F]
January 17, 1813
(Lexington
in March 19, 1813)
 
Halcott
1851[F]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prattsville
1833[F]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ashland
1848[F]
 
 
 
 
 
 
Great Imboght
District[A]
1772-1788
 
Catskill 1788[2]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Athens 1815[F]
 
 
 
 
 
Coxsackie
District
1772-1788[A]
 
Coxsackie 1788[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Canton 1803[F]
(Cairo 1808)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Baltimore
1811[F]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Freehold 1790[C]
change to
Durham 1805
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Greenfield 1803[F]
(Freehold in 1808)
(Greenville 1809)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duanesburgh
patent[A]
1765[11]-1772
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duanesburg
1789[12][D]
 
 
Conesville
1836[8]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United Districts
of Duanesburgh
and Schoharie
1772[4]-1788[A]
 
Schoharie
1788[1][E]
 
 
Bristol 1797[G]
change to
Broome 1808
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gilboa 1848[G]
 
 
Schoharie[A]
patent
1714[13]-1772
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blenheim 1797[G]
 
Jefferson
1803[G]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Richmondville
1845[G]
 
 
Summit 1819[G]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cobleskill 1797[G]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carlisle 1807[G]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sharon 1797[G]
 
Seward 1840[G]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Middletown 1797
Middleburgh 1801[G]
 
Fulton 1828[G]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wright 1846[G]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Esperance 1846[G]
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Albany County.


[2] = A part of Albany County until 1798, then part of Ulster County until 1800 when Greene County was formed.

[C] = A part of Albany County until 1800 when Greene County was formed.
[D] = A part of Albany County, until 1809 when Schenectady County was formed.
[E] = A part of Albany County until 1797 when Schoharie County was formed.
[F] = A part of Greene County
[G] = A part of Schoharie County
[H] = Schoharie County annexed a portion of the town of Durham (Greene County) in 1836,
that portion was joined with a part of the town of Broome to become Conesville.


[9] = A part of Ulster County.
[10] = A part of Ulster County until 1800 when Greene County was formed.

Schenectady County, except Niskayuna and Duanesburgh

 
Schenectady patent 1684-1765[A]
 
 
 
 
 
Schenectady borough 1765-1772[A]
 
 
 
 
 
Schenectady district 1772-1788[A]
 
 
 
 
 
Schenectady town 1788-1798[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princetown 1798[B]Schenectady city 1798[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Glenville 1820[C]Rotterdam 1820[C]

Notes

[A] = A part of Albany County.
[B] = A part of Albany County, until 1809 when Schenectady County was formed.
[C] = A part of Schenectady County.

Saratoga County, and Easton (Washington County)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charlton
1792[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Galway
1792[C]
 
Providence
1796[C]
 
Northfield
1801
(Edinburgh
in 1808)[C]
 
Corinth
1818[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ballstown
district
1775-
1788[A]
 
Ballston
1788[B]
 
 
Milton
1792[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Saratoga
district
1772-
1788[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Greenfield
1801[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Concord 1819
(Day in 1827)[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hadley
1801[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Saratoga
1788[B]
 
Northumberland
1798[C]
 
Moreau
1805[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wilton
1818[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Saratoga
Springs
town 1819-
1915[C]
 
Saratoga
Springs

city
1915[14][C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Easton
1789[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stillwater
1788[B]
 
Malta
1802[C]
 
 
 
 
Halfmoon
district
1772-
1788[A]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mechanicville
city 1915[15][C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Halfmoon
1788[B]
 
Waterford
1816[C]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Clifton 1828
(Clifton Park
in 1829)[C]
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Albany County.
[B] = A part of Albany County, until 1791 when Saratoga County was formed.
[C] = A part of Saratoga County.
[D]= A part of Albany County, until 1791 when annexed by Washington County

Washington County, except Easton

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jackson
1815[D]
 
 
Cambridge
patent[A]
1761-1788
 
Cambridge
1788[C]
 
 
White Creek
1815[D]
 
 
 
Kingsbury
patent[B]
1762-1786
 
Kingsbury[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Kingsbury
1788[D]
 
 
 
Argyle
patent[B]
1764-1786
 
Argyle[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Argyle
1788[D]
 
Greenwich
1803[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salem[B]
patent
1764-1786
 
Salem[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Salem[D]
1788
 
 
Fort Edward
1818[D]
 
 
 
 
Skenesborough
patent[B]
1765-1786
 
Whitehall[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Whitehall
1788[D]
 
 
 
Granville[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Granville
1788[D]
 
 
Hampton[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Hampton
1788[D]
 
 
Hebron[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Hebron
1788[D]
 
 
Westfield[D]
township
1786-1788
 
Westfield
1788[D]
(Fort Ann
in 1808)
 
Hartford
1793[D]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Putnam
1806[D]
 
South Bay[D]
March 15, 1822
(Dresden in
April 17, 1822)
 
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Albany County.
[B]= A part of Albany County until 1772 when Charlotte County was formed (name changed to Washington County in 1778).
[D]= A part of Albany County, until 1791 when annexed by Washington County
[D]= A part of Washington County.

Warren County

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Caldwell
1810[3]
(Lake George
in 1963[16])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chester
1799[3]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bolton
1799[3]
 
Rochester
1807[3](Hague
in 1808)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Horicon
1838[4]
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queensbury
patent[A]
1762-1786
 
Queensbury
township[B]
1786[5]-1788
 
Queensbury
1788[3][1]
 
Thurman[B][17]
1792-1813
 
 
Johnsburg
1805[3]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fairfield
1792[3]
(Luzerne
in 1808
Lake Luzerne
in 1963[16])
 
 
Athol[4]
1813-1852
 
Thurman
1852[4]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Glens Falls
city 1908[4]
 
 
Warrensburg
1813[4]
 
 
Stony Creek
1852[4]
 
 
 

Notes

[A]= A part of Albany County until 1772 when Charlotte County was formed (name changed to Washington County in 1778).
[B]= A part of Washington County.


[3] = A part of Washington County until 1813 when Warren County was formed.
[4] = A part of Warren County.

Columbia County

 
 
 
 
 
Hillsdale
District[A]
1782-1788
 
Hillsdale
1788[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hudson
city[A]
1785
 
Greenport
1837[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Claverack
District[A]
1772-1788
 
 
Claverack
1788[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
 
 
(1)
Stuyvesant
1823[B]
 
 
Stockport
1833[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kinderhook
District[A]
1772-1788
 
Kinderhook
1788[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ghent
1818[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chatham
1795[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Austerlitz
1818[2]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kings
District[A]
1772-1788
 
Canaan
1788[B]
 
New Lebanon
1818[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
German Camp[18]
(East Camp)
District[A]
1775-1788
 
Germantown
1788[B]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Clermont
1787[B]
 
 
Gallatin 1803
(Ancram 1814)[B]
 
Gallatin
1830[B]
 
 
 
 
Manor
of
Livingston

District[A]
1772-1788
 
 
Livingston
1788[B]
 
 
Granger 1803[B]
(Taghkanic 1814)
 
Copake
1824[B]
 
 
 

Notes

[A] = A part of Albany County until 1786 when Columbia County was formed.
[B]= A part of Columbia County.

Fulton, Montgomery, and Hamilton counties, with part of Herkimer County

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salisbury
1797
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oppenheim
1808
 
St. Johnsville
1838
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Manheim
1817
 
Stone
Arabia
1772-
1788
(Palatine
in 1773)
 
Palatine
1788
 
 
Ephratah
1827
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Canajoharie
district
1772-1788
 
Canajoharie
1788
 
Minden
1798
 
Danube
1812
 
Stark
1828
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bleecker
1831
 
 
Caroga
1842
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Root
1823
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gloversville
1840
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johnstown
1895
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohawk
district
1772-
1788
 
Mohawk
1788-
1793
 
Charleston
1793
 
Glen
1823
 
 
Johnstown
1793
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Florida
1793
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohawk
1837
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lake Pleasant
1812
 
Arietta
1836
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long Lake
1837
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Morehouse
1835
 
Inlet
1901
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Caughnawaga
district
1780-1788
 
Caughnawaga
1788-1793
 
 
Mayfield
1793
 
 
 
 
 
Wells
1805
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indian Lake
1858
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broadalbin
1793
 
Northampton
1799
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hope
1818
 
Benson
1860
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amsterdam
1793
 
Perth
1838
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gilman
1839-1860
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amsterdam
city
1885
 

See also

Notes

  • a. ^ Though many sources put Pittstown as incorporated as a township by patent on July 23, 1721 no law can be found incorporating it as such. [19] When Albany County was divided into districts Pittstown is not mentioned, though the land it currently occupies was included in Schaghticoke;[4] if Pittstown had been a municipality it ceased to be so in 1772 (or earlier); the current town of Pittstown was formed in 1788.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Laws of the State of New York, Vol. 2; 1785-1788. State of New York. 1886. p. 748. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  2. ^ "Capital District Community Loan Fund". Archived from the original on 2009-08-10. Retrieved 2009-09-6-09.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ "Governmental Units". John B. Deitz. Retrieved May 18, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c The Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. 5; 1769-1775. James B. Lyon (State of New York). 1894. p. 383. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  5. ^ a b Laws of the State of New York, Vol. 2; 1785-88. State of New York. 1886. p. 196. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  6. ^ Statutes at Large of the State of New York, Vol. 7; 1867-1870. Weed, Parsons & Company. 1870. p. 405. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  7. ^ Charles Lincoln (1906). The Constitutional History of New York; Vol. 4. The Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company. p. 401. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  8. ^ a b National Reporter System (1898). New York Supplement, Vol. 50. W.C. Little & Co. pp. 488–491. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  9. ^ New York State Session Laws, Vol. 1. State of New York. 1897. p. 323. 
  10. ^ Laws of the State of New York, Vol. 2; 1785-88. State of New York. 1886. p. 508. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  11. ^ Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association. New York State Historical Association. 1916. p. 255. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  12. ^ Laws of the State of New York, Vol. 2; 1788-92. Thomas Greenleaf (State of New York). 1792. p. 214. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  13. ^ Ruth Higgins (1931). Expansion in New York. Ohio State University. p. 52. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  14. ^ General Laws of the State of New York, passed in 1915. West Publishing Company. 1915. p. 803. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  15. ^ General Laws of the State of New York, passed in 1915. West Publishing Company. 1915. p. 795. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  16. ^ a b "Warren County Historical Society". Retrieved 2009-03-18. 
  17. ^ Laws of the State of New York, Vol. 2; 1788-92. Thomas Greenleaf (State of New York). 1792. p. 457. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  18. ^ The Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. 5; 1769-75. James B. Lyon (State of New York). 1894. p. 773. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  19. ^ State of New York (1894). Colonial Laws of New York, Vol. II; 1720-1737. James B. Lyon. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 

Further reading

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