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Timeline of the 2020 United States presidential election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Timeline of the 2020 United States presidential election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →

The following is a timeline of major events leading up, during, and after the 2020 United States presidential election, the 59th quadrennial United States presidential election. President Donald Trump of the Republican Party, who was elected in 2016, was seeking reelection to a second term. The presidential primaries and caucuses were held between February and August 2020, staggered among the 50 states, Washington, D.C., and U.S. territories. On April 8, former vice president Joe Biden became the presumptive nominee of the Democratic Party. The general election was held on November 3, with voters directly selecting their state's members to the U.S. Electoral College. On November 7, most national media organization projected that Biden had clinched enough electoral votes to be named the U.S. president-elect. The formal voting by the Electoral College is planned for December 14. The U.S. Congress is then scheduled to certify the electoral result on January 6, 2021, and the new president inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

Podcaster and businessman Spike Cohen
Green Party co-founder Howie Hawkins
Former ATU Local 998 Legislative Director Angela Walker

2017

  • February 17: Republican incumbent president Donald Trump informally announces his candidacy for a second term and holds the first of a series of occasional reelection campaign rallies in Melbourne, Florida.[1]
  • July 28: Representative John Delaney of Maryland officially announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party,[2] breaking the record for the earliest official presidential candidacy declaration in history.[3]
  • November 6: Tech entrepreneur Andrew Yang of New York announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party.[4]

2018

  • January 16: Anti-war activist Adam Kokesh announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Libertarian Party. Hours after the announcement, he was pulled over twice and subsequently arrested on possession-related charges.[5][6]
  • May 3: The Republican National Committee eliminates their debate committee for the 2020 election cycle, signaling that they do not plan to sanction any debates between Trump and possible primary challengers.[7]
  • July 3: Former Libertarian National Committee vice-chair Arvin Vohra announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Libertarian Party.[8]
  • July 18: Charlotte, North Carolina is chosen as the host city of the 2020 Republican National Convention[9]
  • August 25: Democratic Party officials and television networks begin discussions as to the nature and scheduling of the following year's debates and the nomination process.[10] Changes were made to the role of superdelegates, deciding to only allow them to vote on the first ballot if the nomination is uncontested[11]
  • November 6: In the midterm elections, the Democrats capture control of the U.S. House of Representatives with a net gain of 41 seats. The Republicans hold their majority in the U.S. Senate with a net gain of two seats.[12]
  • November 7: President Trump confirms that Mike Pence will remain vice presidential pick[13]
  • November 11: West Virginia state senator Richard Ojeda announces candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party. He ultimately would become the first candidate to withdraw from the race, suspending his campaign on January 25, 2019, more than a year before the Iowa caucus (see below).[14]
  • December 12: Former secretary of housing and urban development Julian Castro forms a presidential exploratory committee for a possible run for the nomination of the Democratic Party[15]
  • December 31: Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts forms an exploratory committee for a possible run for the nomination of the Democratic Party.[16] She would ultimately decide to commit to an official campaign in February 2019 (see below).

2019

January 2019

Kamala Harris launched her campaign on January 21, 2019
Kamala Harris launched her campaign on January 21, 2019

February 2019

Bill Weld announcing the formation of an exploratory committee on February 15, 2019, becoming Trump's first official Republican challenger
Bill Weld announcing the formation of an exploratory committee on February 15, 2019, becoming Trump's first official Republican challenger
  • February 1: On Twitter, Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party[28]
  • February 9: Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts announces her candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party, soon after forming an exploratory committee.[29]
  • February 10: Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota announces her candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party[30]
  • February 12: The first mass-rally of the Trump campaign of the year takes place in El Paso, Texas. A counter-rally led by former Democratic U.S. representative Beto O'Rourke of Texas takes place less than a mile away.[31] O’Rourke would later enter the race in March for the Democratic nomination (see below).
  • February 13–15: Winter meeting of the Democratic National Committee, in which the rules of the upcoming primary are promulgated[32]
  • February 15: Former Massachusetts governor Bill Weld announces the formation of an exploratory committee, becoming Trump's first official challenger in the Republican primaries[33]
  • February 18: Youngstown Board of Education member Dario Hunter announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Green Party.[34]
  • February 19: Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party.[35]

March 2019

Elizabeth Warren (right) being interviewed by Anand Giridharadas at South by Southwest, March 2019
Elizabeth Warren (right) being interviewed by Anand Giridharadas at South by Southwest, March 2019

April 2019

Joe Biden launched his campaign on April 25, 2019, increasing the number of major Democratic candidates to 20[47]
Joe Biden launched his campaign on April 25, 2019, increasing the number of major Democratic candidates to 20[47]
  • April 1 : Eight Democratic candidates attend the We the People Membership Summit at the Warner Theatre in Washington, D.C., discussing Democracy reform.[48][49]
  • April 3–5: National Action Network convention. The second so-called "cattle call" event of the campaign. Twelve candidates show up and speak.[50][51]
  • April 4: Representative Tim Ryan of Ohio announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination.[52]
  • April 8:
    • Senator Mike Gravel of Alaska announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination.[53]
    • Representative Eric Swalwell of California announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination.[54]
  • April 14: Buttigieg officially announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination,[55] having previously formed an exploratory committee earlier in January (see above).
  • April 15: Weld officially announces his candidacy for the Republican Party nomination,[56] having previously formed an exploratory committee earlier in February (see above).
  • April 22: Representative Seth Moulton of Massachusetts announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination.[57]
  • April 24: Eight Democratic candidates attend the She the People Presidential Forum at Texas Southern University in Houston, Texas, discussing issues affecting women of color.[58][59]
  • April 25: Former vice president Joe Biden announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination. He becomes the 20th major Democratic candidate to enter the race.[47]
  • April 27: Several Democratic candidates attend the National Forum on Wages and Working People at Enclave in Las Vegas, Nevada, discussing economic issues affecting low-income Americans.[60][61]

May 2019

Beto O'Rourke speaking at the 2019 California State Democratic Convention, held from May 31 to June 2
Beto O'Rourke speaking at the 2019 California State Democratic Convention, held from May 31 to June 2

June 2019

Donald Trump officially kicking-off his re-election campaign in Orlando, Florida on June 18, 2019
Donald Trump officially kicking-off his re-election campaign in Orlando, Florida on June 18, 2019

July 2019

Bernie Sanders campaigning at the Ames, Iowa July 4 parade, 2019
Bernie Sanders campaigning at the Ames, Iowa July 4 parade, 2019
  • July 5: Issues affecting public schools are discussed by Democratic candidates at the Strong Public Schools Presidential Forum at the George R. Brown Convention Center in Houston, Texas.[94][95]
  • July 8: Swalwell becomes the second candidate, after Ojeda on January 25, to drop out of the Democratic nomination race. Swalwell says that he wanted to narrow the crowded Democratic field after he felt that he did not have a path to winning it himself.[96]
  • July 9: Hedge fund manager Tom Steyer of California announces his candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party.[97]
  • July 11: Issues affecting Hispanic and Latino Americans are discussed by Democratic candidates at the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Presidential Candidates Forum at the Wisconsin Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[98][99]
  • July 11–13: Castro, Gillibrand, Inslee, and Warren make appearances at the Netroots Nation at the Pennsylvania Convention Center Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by the Netroots Foundation.[100]
  • July 15–20: Twenty Democratic candidates make appearances at the Iowa Presidential Candidate Forums in Des Moines, Davenport, Cedar Rapids, Sioux City, and Council Bluffs.[101]
  • July 18: CNN announces the lineup for the second Democratic debate to be held July 30–31.[102]
  • July 24: Ten Democratic candidates appear at the 2020 Presidential Candidates Forum in Detroit, Michigan.[103]
  • July 30: Democratic governor Gavin Newsom of California signs a bill into state law requiring presidential candidates to release their tax returns for the past five years in order to qualify for the California primary ballot. It is intended to force President Trump to reveal his taxes, which he has refused to do since his 2016 campaign. Republicans view this as unconstitutional, claiming that a state cannot mandate additional eligibility requirements for the presidency beyond what is stated in Article Two of the US Constitution.[104]
  • July 30–31: The second Democratic debate commences with a two-night debate at the Fox Theatre in Detroit, airing on CNN.[105]

August 2019

Andrew Yang at the Presidential Gun Sense Forum on August 10, 2019
Andrew Yang at the Presidential Gun Sense Forum on August 10, 2019
  • August 1: Gravel becomes the third candidate to drop out of the Democratic nomination race, citing a failure to qualify for either Democratic debates.[106]
  • August 3: Nineteen Democratic candidates attend the Public Service Forum at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.[107]
  • August 5–6: Lawsuits are filled to challenge California's new law that will prevent President Trump from appearing on the state's primary ballot unless he releases his tax returns. The first lawsuit is filled by the conservative activist group Judicial Watch on behalf of four California voters.[108] Additional lawsuits are filed on August 6 by the Trump campaign, the Republican National Committee, and the California Republican Party.[109]
  • August 8–18: The Iowa State Fair takes place, and is attended by at least twenty of the candidates.[110]
  • August 10: Seventeen Democratic candidates discuss gun issues at the Gun Sense Forum in Des Moines, Iowa.[111]
  • August 15: Hickenlooper becomes the fourth candidate to drop out of the Democratic nomination race. His campaign cites low poll numbers, lack of donors, a large turnover of campaign staff in July, and the likelihood of not qualifying for the third Democratic debate in September.[112]
  • August 19: In the Iowa State Fair Straw Poll, Biden edged Warren by 10 votes among Democratic primary candidates, while Trump won at least 96 percent of the vote among Republican primary candidates.[113][114]
  • August 19–20: Democratic candidates discuss issues affecting Native Americans at the Frank LaMere Native American Presidential Forum at Orpheum Theater in Sioux City, Iowa.[115]
  • August 21: Inslee becomes the fifth candidate to drop out of the Democratic nomination race.[116] Unlikely to qualify for the third Democratic debate in September, he decides to instead run for another term as governor of Washington.[117]
  • August 23: Moulton becomes the sixth candidate to drop out of the Democratic primary. Never able to gather enough fundraising or to register in the polls, he decides to instead run for another term in the House of Representatives.[118]
  • August 25: Former congressman Joe Walsh from Illinois announces his candidacy for the Republican Party nomination, becoming Trump's second official primary challenger after Weld.[119]
  • August 28:
    • Gillibrand becomes the seventh candidate to drop out of the Democratic primary, citing her inability to qualify for the third Democratic debate in September.[120]
    • Only 10 candidates qualify for the third Democratic debate. Both Gabbard and Steyer criticize its stricter polling criteria that led to their disqualification.[121]
  • August 31: Due to security concerns, the Democratic National Committee orders both the Iowa and Nevada Democratic state parties to scrap their plans for "virtual caucuses", which would have allowed those unable to physically attend the Iowa or Nevada Democratic caucuses to participate online or by teleconference.[122]

September 2019

Amy Klobuchar speaking at the New Hampshire Democratic state convention on September 7, 2019
Amy Klobuchar speaking at the New Hampshire Democratic state convention on September 7, 2019

October 2019

Pete Buttigieg at a town hall at Roosevelt High School in Des Moines, Iowa on October 12, 2019
Pete Buttigieg at a town hall at Roosevelt High School in Des Moines, Iowa on October 12, 2019
  • October 1: Twelve candidates qualify for the fourth Democratic debate.[147]
  • October 2:
    • Sanders undergoes an unexpected heart surgery to treat a blocked artery, postponing his campaign events for at least a few days.[148]
    • Nine Democratic candidates appear at the Gun Safety Forum in Las Vegas, Nevada[149][150]
  • October 10: Nine Democratic candidates appear at the LGBTQ Forum in Los Angeles, California[151][152][153]
  • October 15: The fourth Democratic debate takes place at Otterbein University in Westerville, Ohio.[154][155]
  • October 24: Ryan becomes the ninth candidate to drop out of the Democratic primary, deciding to instead run for another term as House representative of Ohio.[156]
  • October 25–27: At Benedict College in Columbia, South Carolina, the 20/20 Bipartisan Justice Center gives Trump an award for criminal justice reform. This causes Harris and several other Democratic candidates to threaten to boycott the Second Step Presidential Justice Forum, also being held at Benedict. Harris and the others then agree to rejoin the event after the 20/20 Bipartisan Justice Center removes its sponsorship of the forum.[157][158]
  • October 26:
  • October 28: Forbes sponsors a non-RNC-sanctioned debate between Sanford, Walsh, and Weld at the Masonic Temple in Detroit, Michigan.[161]
  • October 31:
    • The House of Representatives votes to establish procedures for public hearings in the Trump impeachment inquiry, with two Democrats and all Republicans voting against the measure.[162][163]
    • The Minnesota Republican Party submits its "determination of candidates" for its primary ballot to the Minnesota secretary of state, listing only Trump. Sanford and Walsh criticize the move for their exclusion from the Minnesota ballot.[164] Minnesota Republican state party chairwoman Jennifer Carnahan claims that Trump was the only campaign to contact the state party for filing.[165]

November 2019

Michael Bloomberg officially launched his campaign on November 24, 2019
Michael Bloomberg officially launched his campaign on November 24, 2019
  • November 1:
    • O'Rourke becomes the tenth candidate to drop out of the Democratic primary, saying that he could not raise enough money to stay competitive in the race.[166]
    • Several Democratic candidates appear at the Iowa Democratic Party's Liberty and Justice Celebration in Des Moines.[167]
  • November 3: Delaney, Gabbard, Williamson, and Weld appear at the non-partisan group No Labels's Problem Solver Convention in Manchester, New Hampshire.[168][169]
  • November 8:
  • November 12: Sanford becomes the first major candidate to drop out of the Republican primary, blaming the Trump impeachment inquiry for making it impossible to raise other issues in the debate.[172]
  • November 13, 15, 19–21: The House Intelligence Committee holds public investigative hearings in the Trump impeachment inquiry.[173][174]
  • November 13: Ten candidates qualify for the fifth Democratic debate.[175]
  • November 14: Former Massachusetts governor Deval Patrick announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination, hours before filing for the New Hampshire primary.[176]
  • November 16: Eight Democratic candidates appear at the California Democratic Party's Fall Endorsing Convention at the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center in Long Beach, California.[177]
  • November 17:
  • November 20:
    • The fifth Democratic debate takes place at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta.[181][182]
    • Messam becomes the eleventh candidate to drop out of the Democratic primary, citing poor poll numbers and inability to break through with voters.[183]
  • November 21:
    • Bloomberg announces the formation of an exploratory committee.[184]
    • The California Supreme Court unanimously strikes down the July 30 state law that required presidential candidates to release their tax returns in order to qualify for the California primary ballot.[185]
  • November 24: Bloomberg officially enters the Democratic primary race. Because of his late entry, he decides to skip the first four contests (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina) and instead starts aiming at those states holding primaries next on the schedule on Super Tuesday, March 3.[186]

December 2019

The House of Representatives votes on the two articles to impeach Trump, cementing it as a major issue in the 2020 elections
  • December 1: Sestak drops out of the Democratic primary, conceding that he could not gain traction after his relatively late entry into the contest.[187]
  • December 2: Bullock drops out of the Democratic primary, after struggling to gain enough money or garner enough support.[188]
  • December 3: Harris drops out of the Democratic primary, with her campaign running low on cash.[189]
  • December 7: Several Democratic candidates appear at the Teamsters Union Forum in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.[190]
  • December 10–13: The House Judiciary Committee unveils, holds hearings, and votes along party lines to send two articles of impeachment against Trump to the full House.[191][192]
  • December 11: The Hawaii Republican Party officially scraps its state's Republican caucus, declaring Trump the winner by default, after he is the only candidate to declare for its ballot by the December 2 deadline. Because this is the first of the cancelled Republican state races that directly binds its delegates to the national convention (as opposed to a walking subcaucus-type system), Trump automatically is awarded his first pledged delegates of the nomination campaign.[193][194][195]
  • December 12: With the prospect of a Senate impeachment trial conflicting with the Democratic debate in January, the Democratic National Committee announces that they will work with the candidates to evaluate its options if they need to reschedule.[196]
  • December 13–17: After seven candidates qualify for the sixth Democratic debate, they all announce they will boycott it if an ongoing worker strike at its Loyola Marymount University venue in Los Angeles remains unresolved.[197] This labor dispute is then resolved four days later, allowing the debate to proceed.[198]
  • December 14: Six Democratic candidates appear at the Public Education Forum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[199]
  • December 16: Gabbard, Patrick, Walsh, and Weld discuss mental health issues at the Unite for Mental Health: New Hampshire Town Hall in Manchester, New Hampshire.[200]
  • December 18: The full House of Representatives formally votes along party lines to impeach Trump. Gabbard, in her capacity as a House representative of Hawaii, is the lone congressperson to vote "present".[201] A defiant Trump rallies supporters in Battle Creek, Michigan.[202]
  • December 19: The sixth Democratic debate takes place on the campus of Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles.[203]

2020

January 2020

Buttigieg campaigning in Des Moines, Iowa, January 12, 2020
Buttigieg campaigning in Des Moines, Iowa, January 12, 2020
Biden speaking to supporters at his campaign office in Des Moines, Iowa, January 13, 2020
Biden speaking to supporters at his campaign office in Des Moines, Iowa, January 13, 2020
  • January 2:
    • Castro drops out of the Democratic primary, after failing to gain traction in the race and struggling to raise enough money to stay solvent.[204]
    • Struggling financially, Williamson lays off her entire campaign staff but pledges to stay in the race with just volunteers.[205]
  • January 6: Former Rhode Island governor and senator Lincoln Chafee announces his candidacy for the Libertarian Party nomination.[206]
  • January 10:
    • Williamson drops out of the Democratic primary, eight days after laying off her entire campaign staff.[207]
    • Six candidates qualify for the seventh Democratic debate.[208]
  • January 13: Struggling financially, and facing the prospect of being forced off the campaign trail to attend the impeachment trial of Donald Trump in his capacity as a senator, Booker drops out of the Democratic primary.[209]
  • January 14: The seventh Democratic debate takes place at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa.[210]
  • January 15–16: The House of Representatives appoints impeachment managers, who then formally present the articles of impeachment to the Senate to begin the impeachment trial of Donald Trump. This forces the remaining senators running for the Democratic nomination (Bennet, Klobuchar, Sanders, and Warren) off the campaign trail on the days when the trial is in session.[211][212]
  • January 17:
  • January 18:
    • Start of early voting: Vermont,[215] Virginia Democratic primary (In-Person Absentee)[216]
    • The first of a series of North Dakota Republican Party district conventions, which elect delegates to the state party convention. The North Dakota Republican Party does not hold any presidential preference caucus or primary per se, but instead selects their national convention delegates directly at the state party convention.[217][218]
  • January 20: Eight Democratic candidates appear at the Iowa Brown and Black Forum in Des Moines, Iowa.[219]
  • January 21: The first case of COVID-19 in the U.S. is confirmed in Washington state.[220]
  • January 25: Start of early voting: Michigan[221]
  • January 28: The Lesser-Known Candidates Forum takes place at New Hampshire Institute of Politics on the campus of Saint Anselm College in Goffstown, New Hampshire, featuring 17 Republican and 33 Democratic minor candidates.[222]
  • January 30: The World Health Organization (WHO) declares the COVID-19 outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.[223]
  • January 31:
    • Unable to gain traction, Delaney drops out of the Democratic race, stating that he does not want to take support from other candidates in the upcoming Iowa caucuses.[224]
    • The Democratic National Committee removes the donor qualification requirements for the ninth and subsequent Democratic debates, paving the way for Bloomberg to participate since he is primarily using his own money instead of accepting individual donations. Several of Bloomberg's opponents complain that this is basically changing the rules in the middle of the game.[225]
    • A group of six Democratic National Committee members discuss potential rule changes designed to weaken Sanders's surging campaign and head off a brokered convention. A DNC spokesman later dismisses the idea.[226]
  • January 31: The Kansas Republican Convention assembles, where the second delegation to the national convention is chosen and officially bound to Trump.[227][228][229][230]

February 2020

Biden at a rally in Des Moines, Iowa, February 2, 2020
Biden at a rally in Des Moines, Iowa, February 2, 2020
Sanders at a rally in Las Vegas, Nevada, February 15, 2020
Sanders at a rally in Las Vegas, Nevada, February 15, 2020
Trump at a rally in Phoenix, Arizona, February 19, 2020
Trump at a rally in Phoenix, Arizona, February 19, 2020

March 2020

Democratic primary and caucus calendar maps
Scheduled races as of March 12, 2020
Rescheduled races due to the COVID-19 pandemic
  February
  March 3 (Super Tuesday)
  March 10
  March 14–17
  March 24–29
  April 4–17
  April 28
  May
  June–August
Canceled Republican primaries/caucuses: Alaska,[269] Arizona,[130] Hawaii,[193] Kansas,[126] Nevada,[126] New York,[270] South Carolina,[126] Virginia[271]
Sanders at a rally in San Jose, California, March 1, 2020
Sanders at a rally in San Jose, California, March 1, 2020
Biden at a campaign event in Bel Air, California, March 5, 2020
Biden at a campaign event in Bel Air, California, March 5, 2020
Trump participates in a town hall event hosted by Fox News in Scranton, Pennsylvania, March 5, 2020
Trump participates in a town hall event hosted by Fox News in Scranton, Pennsylvania, March 5, 2020
  • March 1: Following his fourth-place finish in the South Carolina Democratic primary, Buttigieg drops out of the race.[272]
  • March 2: Klobuchar drops out of the Democratic race. Both she and Buttigieg then endorse, and urge moderate Democrats to rally around, Biden.[273]
  • March 3 (Super Tuesday):
  • March 4:
  • March 5: After an overall poor performance on Super Tuesday, including in her home state of Massachusetts, Warren drops out of the Democratic race.[279]
  • March 10:
    • Due to concerns regarding the COVID-19 outbreak, both Biden and Sanders cancel their Ohio rallies.[280] The Democratic National Committee also announces that the 11th Democratic debate on March 15 will be held without an audience.[281]
    • Voting period ends in the Democrats Abroad primary, with counting expected to be completed on March 23.
    • Democratic primaries/caucuses:
    • Republican primaries/caucuses:
  • March 11: The WHO declares COVID-19 a pandemic.[287]
  • March 12: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Democratic National Committee moves the 11th Democratic debate on March 15 from Phoenix, Arizona to the CNN studios in Washington, D.C.[288]
  • March 13:
    • Trump declares a national emergency regarding the COVID-19 pandemic.[289]
    • Louisiana becomes the first state to postpone its primaries because of the COVID-19 pandemic, moving them from April 4 to June 20.[290]
  • March 14:
    • Northern Mariana Islands Democratic caucuses are won by Sanders.[291]
    • The Guam Republican Convention directly holds the territory's national delegate selection process, officially pledging all of its delegates to Trump.[292]
    • Georgia moves its primaries from March 24 to May 19 after a public health emergency is declared in the state due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[293]
  • March 15:
    • The Northern Mariana Islands Republican caucuses select national delegates bound to Trump.[294]
    • Eleventh Democratic debate, CNN studios in Washington, D.C.[288]
  • March 16:
    • After a 13-day delay in counting all the mail-in ballots, Biden is declared the winner of the Washington Democratic primary, narrowly beating Sanders by 21,000 out of over 2 million votes.[295]
    • Kentucky moves its primaries from May 19 to June 23 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[296]
    • After an Ohio judge denies Governor Mike DeWine's attempt to move his state's primaries from March 17 to June because of the COVID-19 pandemic, DeWine and Ohio's health department still orders all polling places to remain closed.[297]
  • March 17:
    • The Ohio Supreme Court allows DeWine to proceed with postponing their primaries to June 2.[298]
    • Maryland becomes the fifth state to postpone its primaries because of the COVID-19 pandemic, moving them from April 28 to June 2.[299]
    • The Democratic National Committee calls for more states to allow voting-by-mail to cut down the number of postponed races.[300]
    • Democratic primaries: Biden wins all three states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois[301]
    • Republican primaries: Trump wins both Florida and Illinois, clinching enough delegates to officially become the Republican Party's presumptive nominee.[302]
  • March 18:
    • With Trump clinching enough Republican delegates, Weld drops out of the race.[303]
    • American Samoa Republican caucuses
    • The North Dakota Republican Party cancels its state convention and formal presidential selection meeting, originally scheduled for March 27–29, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The party states it will schedule an alternate mail-only option.[304][305]
  • March 19:
    • Gabbard drops out of the Democratic race and endorses Biden.[306]
    • Connecticut postpone its primaries because of the COVID-19 pandemic, moving them from April 28 to June 2.[307]
  • March 20:
    • Indiana moves its primaries because of the COVID-19 pandemic, postponing them from May 5 to June 2.[308]
    • The April 4 in-person voting in the Hawaii Democratic primary is canceled in favor of mail-in voting.[309]
  • March 21: The Puerto Rico Democratic primary is moved from March 29 to April 26 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[310]
  • March 22: The April 4 in-person voting in the Wyoming Democratic caucuses is canceled in favor of mail-in voting. The deadline is extended to April 17.[311]
  • March 23:
  • March 24: Delaware moves its primaries from April 28 to June 2 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[315]
  • March 25: After previously moving their primaries from March 17 to June 2, Ohio decides to cancel in-person voting, and moves the deadline for mail-in voting back to April 28.[316]
  • March 26: Pennsylvania moves its primaries from April 28 to June 2 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[317]
  • March 27: Mail-in voting in the Hawaii Democratic primary is extended to May 22.[318]
  • March 28: New York becomes the last of the originally scheduled April 28 "Acela primary" states to postpone their primaries because of the COVID-19 pandemic, moving theirs to June 23.[319]

April 2020

  • April 1: West Virginia moves its primaries from May 12 to June 9 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[320]
  • April 2:
  • April 4: Voting begins in the U.S. Virgin Islands Republican caucuses
  • April 5: Lincoln Chafee drops out of the Libertarian race.[323]
  • April 6:
  • April 7: The Wisconsin primaries are held, with the results delayed to April 13 per the district court's ruling.[325]
  • April 8:
    • Sanders suspends his campaign, acknowledging that his "path toward victory is virtually impossible", effectively making Biden the Democratic Party's presumptive nominee. Sanders also announces that he is still staying on the ballot in the remaining primaries, collecting as many national convention delegates as he can so they can significantly influence the Democratic Party's platform.[326]
    • New Jersey moves its primaries from June 2 to July 7 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[327]
  • April 9: After previously moving it from April 24 to May 19 because of the COVID-19 pandemic, Georgia moves its primaries further to June 9.[328]
  • April 10: Mail-in voting ends in the Alaska Democratic primary. Biden is declared the winner.[329]
  • April 13:
    • Sanders gives his endorsement to Biden in a livestream broadcast.[330]
    • The results of the Wisconsin primaries are announced. Trump had run unopposed in the Republican primary.[331] Biden is declared the winner in the Wisconsin Democratic primary.[332]
  • April 14:
    • Trump pledges to halt U.S. funding to the WHO while reviewing its role in "severely mismanaging and covering up the spread of the coronavirus."[333]
    • After previously moving it from April 4 to June 20 because of the COVID-19 pandemic, Louisiana moves its primaries further to July 11.[334]
  • April 17:
    • After previously moving it from April 28 to June 2 because of the COVID-19 pandemic, Connecticut moves its primaries further to August 11.[335]
    • Mail-in voting ends in the Wyoming Democratic caucuses. Biden is declared the winner after the results are completed two days later.[336]
  • April 27: After previously being moved from April 28 to June 23 because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the New York Democratic primary is canceled altogether. New York State election officials say that Biden is the only viable candidate left in the race, and canceling it would save the state millions of dollars from printing the extra sheet on the ballot.[337]
  • April 28:
    • Mail-in voting ends in the Ohio primaries. Trump had run unopposed in the Republican primary.[338] Biden is declared the winner in the Ohio Democratic primary.[339]
    • United States congressman Justin Amash announces a presidential exploratory committee for the Libertarian nomination.[340]
  • April 30: Biden announces that his vice presidential selection committee will consist of former senator Chris Dodd of Connecticut, mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles, former counsel to the vice president Cynthia Hogan, and representative Lisa Blunt Rochester of Delaware.[341]

May 2020

Protesters gather in downtown Minneapolis over the killing of George Floyd, May 28, 2020
Protesters gather in downtown Minneapolis over the killing of George Floyd, May 28, 2020

June 2020

  • June 1:
  • June 2:
  • June 3: In a piece published by The Atlantic, former defense secretary Jim Mattis criticizes Trump's response to the George Floyd protests, and states that he became "angry and appalled" about the events leading up to the violent treatment of noncombative protesters near the White House for the purpose of Trump's photo-op at St. John's Church.[367][368][369]
  • June 5: The Republican Party of Puerto Rico holds an online vote of party leaders in lieu of an actual primary, awarding all 23 of its pledged delegates Trump.[370][371]
  • June 6: Biden wins both Democratic caucuses in Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands, clinching enough delegates to officially become the Democratic Party's presumptive nominee.[372][373]
  • June 9:
  • June 10: Trump's presidential campaign demands that CNN withdraw and apologize for its latest opinion poll showing Biden leading by 14 points, claiming it was "designed to mislead American voters through a biased questionnaire and skewed sampling". CNN vice-president David Vigilante defends its poll methodology and rejects the allegations, stating that "this is the first time in its 40-year history that CNN had been threatened with legal action because an American politician or campaign did not like CNN's polling results".[376][377]
  • June 11: The Republican National Committee announces that Jacksonville, Florida will be the new host city of the Republican National Convention. Due to contractual obligations, official convention business will still be conducted in Charlotte.[378]
  • June 15: Louis DeJoy is sworn in as postmaster general. Upon taking office he immediately begins taking measures to reduce costs, such as banning the use of overtime and extra trips to deliver mail.[379][380]
  • June 17: Biden addresses a small group of socially distant reporters and local lawmakers during an in-person campaign event in Darby, Pennsylvania.[381]
  • June 18: Trump begins pushing for four debates against Biden, rather than just the three originally scheduled in the fall, citing an expected surge in mail and absentee voting because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[382]
  • June 20:
    • Hawkins wins both Green primaries in Michigan and Kentucky, clinching enough delegates to officially become the Green Party's presumptive nominee.[383]
    • At the BOK Center in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Trump held his first public rally since the wider activation of the COVID-19 pandemic.[384] It was originally planned for June 19 but was moved because it coincided with Juneteenth, which was deemed insensitive due to both the 1921 Tulsa race massacre and the Floyd killing.[385] The total attendance of the rally was lower than was expected; roughly a week prior, Trump claimed that "almost one million" people had requested tickets.[386] However, Tulsa's fire department and the Trump campaign each reported crowd estimates of 6,200 and 12,000, respectively — less than the arena's capacity of around 19,000.[387][388][389] It was reported that TikTok users and members of the K-pop fandom had credited themselves with falsely requesting tickets for the rally, as part of a coordinated effort to "troll" Trump.[390][391] Trump's campaign advisors blamed the media for repeatedly warning people away because of both COVID-19 and protesters.[392][388] Fox News on the other hand claimed that its coverage of the rally was its highest Saturday primetime viewership in network history, drawing 7.7 million viewers.[393]
  • June 22: Biden rejects Trump's request for a fourth debate, committing to only the three originally scheduled in the fall.[394]
Trump speaking at the Dream City Church in Phoenix, Arizona, June 23, 2020
Trump speaking at the Dream City Church in Phoenix, Arizona, June 23, 2020
  • June 23:
  • June 24:
    • A three-member D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals panel grants Flynn's petition for a writ of mandamus, ordering Judge Sullivan to dismiss United States v. Flynn.[401]
    • The Democratic National Committee announces that the Democratic National Convention will be scaled back due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with most events taking place instead via videoconferencing. With all the party's state delegations being asked to participate virtually, the venue will be moved from the Fiserv Forum to the smaller Wisconsin Center. Biden still plans to accept the party's nomination in person instead of also staying home.[402][403]
  • June 30: Biden announces that he does not plan to hold anymore campaign rallies due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[404]

July 2020

Trump speaks at a Mount Rushmore fireworks celebrations event, July 3, 2020
Trump speaks at a Mount Rushmore fireworks celebrations event, July 3, 2020
Kanye West (left) at his presidential campaign rally in North Charleston, South Carolina, July 19, 2020
Kanye West (left) at his presidential campaign rally in North Charleston, South Carolina, July 19, 2020

August 2020

Biden and Harris at their first event since the announcement of her selection as his running mate, August 12, 2020
Biden and Harris at their first event since the announcement of her selection as his running mate, August 12, 2020
The Wisconsin Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the official site of the Democratic National Convention
The Wisconsin Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the official site of the Democratic National Convention
The Chase Center on the Riverfront (background) in Wilmington, Delaware, the site where Biden and Harris made their respective acceptance speeches
The Chase Center on the Riverfront (background) in Wilmington, Delaware, the site where Biden and Harris made their respective acceptance speeches
The Charlotte Convention Center in Charlotte, North Carolina, the site of official business of the Republican National Convention
The Charlotte Convention Center in Charlotte, North Carolina, the site of official business of the Republican National Convention
The Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium in Washington, D.C., the primary venue of the nightly events of the Republican National Convention
The Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium in Washington, D.C., the primary venue of the nightly events of the Republican National Convention
A stage being assembled in front of the southern side of the White House on August 23, where Trump would make his acceptance speech four days later
A stage being assembled in front of the southern side of the White House on August 23, where Trump would make his acceptance speech four days later
Spike Cohen speaking at a campaign event in Tempe, Arizona, August 28, 2020
Spike Cohen speaking at a campaign event in Tempe, Arizona, August 28, 2020
  • August 1:
    • Although Biden had previously announced that he planned to decide his vice presidential candidate during the first week of August,[435][436] various media outlets report that he might delay it until the week of August 10.[437][438]
    • The Republican National Committee announces that the Republican Convention in late August in Charlotte will be closed to the press, citing the social distancing rules imposed by the North Carolina government due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[439] Associated Press writer Zeke Miller, in his capacity as the head of the White House Correspondents' Association, called this move as an "ill-advised decision".[440]
    • The Jorgensen/Cohen campaign launches a nationwide "Brake the Bus Tour".[441]
  • August 3: Manhattan district attorney Cyrus Vance Jr. submits a new federal court filing under the parameters set forth by the U.S. Supreme Court's July 9 ruling in Trump v. Vance. In addition to urging the federal court to toss out Trump's new legal efforts to prevent the release of his tax returns, Vance also argues that Trump could be investigated for possible insurance and bank fraud.[442]
  • August 3–15: Delegates to the 2020 Democratic National Convention conduct official convention business virtually, primarily online voting of both the party's platform and the formal presidential nomination. They officially choose Biden for their presidential nominee.[443]
  • August 5:
    • The Nation publishes a piece by James Zogby, a former member of the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee, who reports that a majority of Sanders delegates "felt left out" during the planning of the virtual events of Democratic National Convention, and that the process was "lacking in transparency and input".[444]
    • The Trump campaign files a lawsuit to stop Nevada from its plan to conduct the November election almost entirely by mail-in voting, claiming, among others, the vote counting will be delayed beyond a reasonable time frame.[445]
    • Biden announces that he will participate remotely in the Democratic National Convention instead of traveling in person to Milwaukee.[446]
    • Trump announces that he will participate remotely in the Republican National Convention instead of traveling in person to Charlotte. He also suggests that he will make his nomination acceptance speech at the White House for security reasons. Senate Republican whip John Thune questions whether making this particular speech at the White House is still legal under the Hatch Act of 1939, which prohibits employees in the executive branch from engaging in some forms of political activity.[447] Pelosi also criticizes, saying that it would "degrade" the White House.[448]
  • August 6:
  • August 7: Over 300 convention delegates sign a statement urging Biden to select House representative Karen Bass of California "to help unify our party and move our nation forward".[451]
  • August 10: In an op-ed piece published by the San Francisco Examiner, former San Francisco mayor Willie Brown advises Kamala Harris to decline any offer to be Biden's vice presidential pick, arguing that "historically, the vice presidency has often ended up being a dead end" and that she would be more effective becoming U.S. Attorney General.[452]
  • August 11:
    • Biden officially selects Kamala Harris as his vice presidential running mate.[453]
    • The Connecticut primaries, the last of these races delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, are held, marking the first time that the presidential primary season extended into August. With delegates to the Democratic National Convention already conducting official convention business virtually since August 3, and the Republican National Convention two weeks away, they essentially become pro forma races. Trump still wins the state's Republican primary and Biden wins the state's Democratic Primary.[454]
  • August 12: Biden and Harris make their first official appearance as the presumptive Democratic ticket at Alexis I. duPont High School in Wilmington, Delaware.[455]
  • August 13: The House of Representatives votes for an emergency grant of $25 billion to the post office to facilitate the predicted flood of mail ballots.[456] Trump concedes that the post office would need additional funds to handle the additional mail-in voting, but said he would block any additional funding for the post office because he wanted to prevent any increase in balloting by mail.[457]
  • August 17: The first night of the 2020 Democratic National Convention is held (see also 2020 Democratic National Convention § Schedule), with the theme "We the People". Although officially centered at Wisconsin Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, each night of the convention consists of two hours each night of a mix of pre-recorded segments and live broadcasts from sites across the country.[458] The Wisconsin Center is still used for the convention's broadcast and production,[459] but the emcees host each night from Los Angeles.[460] This first night is highlighted by speeches by governor Andrew Cuomo of New York, governor Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan, former governor John Kasich of Ohio, Sanders, and former first lady Michelle Obama.
  • August 18:
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee, after three years, finally issues its report on Russian interference in the 2016 election. The report does find that then-Trump campaign head Paul Manafort shared polling data with Russian/Ukrainian political operative Konstantin Kilimnik.[461] The committee also concludes that it "found absolutely no evidence that then-candidate Donald Trump or his campaign colluded with the Russian government to meddle in the 2016 election."[462][463]
    • New Jersey becomes the second state after Nevada on August 5 to be sued by the Trump campaign for its plans to only use mail-in voting.[464]
    • With at least 21 states threatening to sue the postal service regarding potential widespread delays in mail-in-voting, DeJoy announces that he would roll back his cost-cutting changes until after the November election. This includes reinstating overtime hours, rolling back service reductions, and halting the removal of mail-sorting machines and collection boxes.[465] However, 95 percent of the mail sorting machines that were planned for removal have already been removed,[466] and according to Pelosi, DeJoy states that he has no intention of replacing them.[467]
    • Based in their online voting during the past weeks, Democratic convention delegates officially adopt the Democratic Party's 2020 platform, consisting of hundreds of liberal policy proposals initially drafted by a joint Biden/Sanders task force, considered the most progressive for any major political party in U.S. history.[468][469]
    • The second night of the Democratic National Convention, with the theme "Leadership Matters", is highlighted by the formal roll call of states, with Biden officially winning the nomination with 3,558 delegate votes versus Sanders' 1,151, 5 Abstains, and 35 delegates who did not vote.[470] Speakers include senate minority leader Chuck Schumer, former president Bill Clinton, former secretaries of state John Kerry and Colin Powell, and a speech made by Jill Biden from Brandywine High School in Wilmington, Delaware where she had been an English teacher from 1991 to 1993.[471]
  • August 19: The third night of the Democratic National Convention, with the theme "A More Perfect Union", is highlighted by speeches by former secretary of state Hillary Clinton, Pelosi, Warren, and former president Barack Obama. Harris makes her acceptance speech from the Chase Center on the Riverfront in Wilmington, Delaware.[472]
  • August 20:
    • Former White House chief strategist Steve Bannon, U.S. Air Force veteran Brian Kolfage, and two others are charged for conspiring to commit wire fraud, money laundering, and defrauding hundreds of thousands of donors though their We Build The Wall fundraising campaign.[473]
    • The fourth and final night of the Democratic National Convention, with the theme "America's Promise", is highlighted by speeches by Buttigieg and Bloomberg. Biden makes his acceptance speech from the Chase Center on the Riverfront in Wilmington, Delaware.[472]
  • August 21: DeJoy testifies before the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs regarding his recent cost-cutting changes and subsequent August 18 rollbacks, promising that the Postal Service would fulfill its "sacred duty" to deliver election mail in November.[474][475]
  • August 21–23: The Republican National Committee business meeting, to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina.[476]
  • August 23–24: Twenty-nine year old African-American Jacob Blake is shot seven times by Kenosha, Wisconsin police, paralyzing him from the waist down, sparking protests in the city and across the country throughout the night and into the early morning of August 24 (Eastern Time).[477]
  • August 24:
  • August 25:
    • The second night of the Republican National Convention, with the theme "Land of Promise", features a speech by First Lady Melania Trump from the White House.[479] Secretary of State Mike Pompeo appears remotely from the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, Israel, while still on a diplomatic trip, causing the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations under Democrat Joaquin Castro of Texas to open an investigation as to whether Pompeo also violated the Hatch Act.[484] Mary Ann Mendoza, the mother of police officer Brandon Mendoza who was killed in 2014 by an illegal immigrant, was scheduled to speak, but her appearance is canceled after she posts a tweet in support of an anti-semitic conspiracy theory.[485]
    • During his network's coverage of the Republican National Convention, CNN commentator Don Lemon opines on air to his colleague Chris Cuomo that Biden needs to start addressing the Kenosha protests instead of saying silent, noting that it is becoming a top issue in recent polls and accusing Democrats of "ignoring this problem or hoping that it will go away".[486] Biden eventually starts to address the protests the following afternoon in a tweet, calling for an end to the violence.[487][488]
  • August 26:
  • August 27:
    • Pelosi urges Biden to skip the presidential debates, claiming that Trump will "probably act in a way that is beneath the dignity of the presidency ... [and] belittle what the debates are supposed to be about". Biden responds by saying that he wants to go ahead and participate so that he can "be a fact-checker on the floor while I'm debating [Trump]".[496]
    • The National Hockey League announces the postponement of their games for August 27 and 28 after its players decide not to play because of the Blake shooting.[497] All NBA and seven MLB games originally scheduled for this day are also postponed as those leagues' players continue to sit out in protest for a second consecutive day.[498]
    • The fourth and final night of the Republican National Convention, with the theme "Land of Greatness", features Trump's acceptance speech from the White House.[479]
  • August 28:
  • August 29: During the Floyd protests in Portland, Oregon, clashes erupt between Trump supporters and Black Lives Matter protesters. A member of the right-wing Patriot Prayer group, later identified as Aaron Danielson, ends up being shot and killed, and several others arrested.[501][502][503]
  • August 31:
    • The results of an Emerson College poll taken in the days following the Republican National Convention are released, indicating Biden's lead over Trump has decreased to just within the margin of error.[504]
    • In its en banc hearing, the entire D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals rules to overturn the court's three-member panel's previous June 24 decision, rejecting Flynn's request to dismiss the charges against him in United States v. Flynn.[505]
    • Biden and Trump publicly accuse each over the recent violence during the Floyd protests in Portland, Oregon, with, among other traded barbs, Trump claiming that Biden "is unwilling to lead", and Biden claiming Trump is "rooting for chaos and violence".[506]

September 2020

  • September 1:
    • Trump tours the damaged sites of the Kenosha protests, meeting with owners of damaged businesses and participating in a round table discussion on community safety.[507][508] Wisconsin governor Tony Evers, Kenosha Mayor John Antaramian, and the city's NAACP branch president had discouraged the trip, each respectively stating that his presence would only hinder efforts to "overcome division",[509] the trip was "ill advised",[510] and it would "only inflame tensions".[511]
    • In an interview published by Axios, the Democratic data and analytics firm Hawkfish warns that mail-in voting will likely delay the actual election results by days or even weeks. The firm states that if significantly more Biden supporters vote by mail than Trump supporters due to COVID-19 or other concerns, then any results reported on just election night may falsely skew towards a potential Trump landslide victory.[512]
    • In the second round of Trump v. Vance, a panel of the Second U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals grants Trump's request to delay Manhattan district attorney Vance from accessing his tax returns. Oral arguments in the case were also delayed to September 25.[513]
  • September 2: The results of a CNN poll taken from August 28 to September 1 are released, indicating no convention bounce for Trump.[514]
  • September 3:
    • Citing four anonymous sources, The Atlantic publishes an article by its editor-in-chief Jeffrey Goldberg claiming that Trump did not want to visit France's Aisne-Marne American Cemetery and Memorial in 2018 to honor U.S. troops buried there because he through they were "losers" and "suckers".[515] Trump denies these allegations, saying, "It is a disgraceful situation by a magazine that's a terrible magazine."[516] Various former and current White House officials also deny Trump ever said those comments.[517]
    • Biden visits the sites of the Kenosha protests, against the wishes of the local NAACP president and Kenosha County Executive. During this first campaign visit to Wisconsin, Biden meets with Jacob Blake's family and holds a community meeting.[518][519]
    • Trump holds a rally in Latrobe, Pennsylvania.[520]
    • Jorgensen postpones campaign stops until the following week due to the death of her mother.[521][522]
  • September 4:
    • Various North Carolina counties start to mail out absentee ballots to voters, arguably marking the official start of the general election despite early voting in the state not officially beginning for another six weeks.[523]
    • During a speech in Wilmington, Delaware, Biden blames Trump for the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, stating that it has widened the divisions between the rich and the poor.[524]
  • September 7: Biden visits the Pennsylvania branch of the AFL–CIO in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, participating in a Labor Day virtual town hall with labor leaders across the country.[525]
  • September 8:
  • September 9:
    • Biden makes a campaign stop in Warren, Michigan, addressing jobs.[528]
    • Promoting his forthcoming book Rage, scheduled for release on September 15, journalist and author Bob Woodward claims that Trump admitted to him in early February 2020 that he was repeatedly playing down the COVID-19 virus even though he knew it was deadlier than the flu. Trump responds by calling Woodward's book "a political hit job" and that "I don't want people to be frightened, I don't want to create panic".[529] Various commentators also criticize Woodward for deliberately withholding this revelation for months just for his book, or for "October surprise"-like timing purposes, instead of thinking about the public health.[530]
  • September 10:
    • The Wisconsin Supreme Court issues an order to halt the mailing of the state's absentee ballots to Wisconsin voters, pending a lawsuit filed by the Hawkins/Walker campaign after the Wisconsin Elections Commission decided to not include the Green Party ticket on the ballot because Walker provided different addresses on her campaign filings.[531]
    • In a similar case involving improperly submitted paperwork by the Green Party campaign, a Pennsylvania appellate court orders that Hawkins can appear on that state's ballot, but Walker's name cannot be listed.[532]
    • Trump holds a rally in Freeland, Michigan.[533]
  • September 11: Observing the 19th anniversary of the September 11 attacks, both Biden and Pence attend the morning ceremony at the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York City and exchange elbow bumps,[534] while Trump attends one at the Flight 93 National Memorial in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Biden later makes a separate visit to the Flight 93 Memorial in the afternoon.[535] Harris meanwhile attends a memorial ceremony in Fairfax, Virginia.[536]
  • September 12: After canceling a rally at Reno–Tahoe International Airport in Reno, Nevada due to the airport's COVID-19 health guidelines, Trump instead holds one at Minden–Tahoe Airport in Minden, Nevada.[537]
  • September 13: Trump holds his first indoor rally in nearly three months in Henderson, Nevada, despite the local COVID-19 health orders limiting such indoor events.[538]
  • September 14:
  • September 15:
  • September 16: During a speech in Wilmington, Delaware, Biden criticizes Trump for attempting to rush a COVID-19 vaccine before the election.[544]
  • September 17:
  • September 18:
  • September 19: Trump rally in Fayetteville, North Carolina.[555] Trump calls Biden the "dumbest of all candidates ... You can't have this guy as your president ... maybe I'll sign an executive order that you cannot have him as your president".[556]
  • September 20: Early voting begins in several states, roughly 45 days before the election.[557][558]
  • September 21:
  • September 22:
  • September 23:
  • September 24:
    • The Senate unanimously passes a resolution authored by Democratic Senator Joe Manchin of West Virginia reaffirming support for a peaceful transfer of power, one day after Trump refused to commit to one.[570]
    • FBI Director Christopher A. Wray testifies before the Senate Homeland Security Committee that "We have not seen historically any kind of coordinated national voter fraud effort in a major election, whether it's by mail or otherwise".[571]
    • Biden halts further public campaign appearances to prepare for the September 29 presidential debate. Trump mocks Biden for doing so when contrasting it to his own campaign schedule for the upcoming weekend.[572]
    • Trump rally in Jacksonville, Florida.[573]
  • September 25: Trump hosts Latino supporters at his Doral Miami Resort near Miami in the morning,[574] attends a Black economic empowerment event in Atlanta in the afternoon,[575] then holds an evening rally in Newport News, Virginia despite the Virginia COVID-19 health orders limiting such indoor events.[576]
  • September 26:
  • September 27:
    • The New York Times publishes a report stating that it has obtained at least two decades worth of tax return data for Trump, showing that he "paid no income taxes at all in 10 of the previous 15 years — largely because he reported losing much more money than he made" and that Trump engaged in "a decade-long audit battle with the Internal Revenue Service over the legitimacy of a $72.9 million tax refund that he claimed, and received, after declaring huge losses".[580] Trump calls the Times story "fake news".[581]
    • A federal appeals court temporarily halts Wisconsin's six-day absentee ballot extension pending further action by the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeal.[582]
    • The Trump campaign sues the North Carolina State Board of Elections over its new guidelines that allows North Carolina voters with mail-in ballots with deficient information to fix them without getting a new blank ballot.[583]
    • Brad Parscale, a senior adviser to the Trump campaign, is hospitalized after his wife calls Fort Lauderdale, Florida police that he had guns and he was threatening to harm himself. Officers seize 10 firearms from the home and report that Parscale's wife had cuts and bruises on her arms and face, which she said Parscale had inflicted earlier in the week.[584][585][586]
  • September 29:
  • September 30:
    • A Republican-led committee in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives votes to create a new special committee to investigate Trump's election fraud allegations. Opposed by Pennsylvania Democrats, this new proposed panel would have the power to subpoena state election officials and USPS workers while both the election and the vote counting are already in progress.[591][592]
    • Following the chaotic exchanges between Biden and Trump during the previous evening's debate, the CPD issues a statement saying that "additional structure should be added to the format of the remaining debates to ensure a more orderly discussion of the issues".[593]
    • Testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee, former FBI director James Comey defends his role in the Russia investigations and Crossfire Hurricane.[594]
    • Parscale steps down from the Trump campaign claiming that he is under "overwhelming stress", while his wife now claims that the apparent domestic abuse on September 27 was "misconstrued".[595]
    • Biden embarks on a six-city campaign train tour through eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania.[596]
    • Trump rally in Duluth, Minnesota.[597]
    • Trump adviser Hope Hicks and RNC chairwoman Ronna McDaniel both test positive for COVID-19 but do not announce it publicly until the following days.[598][599]

October 2020

Trump greeting supporters during a drive outside Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, October 4, 2020
Trump greeting supporters during a drive outside Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, October 4, 2020
Jo Jorgensen speaking at a rally in Scottsdale, Arizona, October 10, 2020
Jo Jorgensen speaking at a rally in Scottsdale, Arizona, October 10, 2020
  • October 1:
  • October 1–2: Trump and first lady Melania test positive for COVID-19, publicly revealing their diagnosis after midnight October 2. The tests are administered to the President and First Lady after Hicks publicly announces her positive test results during the evening of October 1.[605] White House physician Sean Conley issues a memo on early October 2 morning that the Trumps are "both well" as they begin the quarantine process, and expects Trump to "continue carrying out his duties without disruption while recovering".[606]
  • October 2:
  • October 3: During a virtual campaign event, Biden admits that he has advised some governors to not publicly endorse him, fearing that the Trump administration would retaliate by withholding federal resources to their respective states.[616]
  • October 4: Trump briefly leaves Walter Reed to drive past by supporters gathering outside the hospital, waving at them from the back seat of an SUV. Although all Secret Service agents inside the vehicle with Trump wore personal protective equipment, some agents within the Secret Service anonymously complain about his behavior to The Washington Post.[617]
  • October 5:
    • Trump is discharged from Walter Reed and returns to the White House. Doctors say in a news briefing that Trump will be continued to be treated with dexamethasone and remdesivir during his recovery.[618]
    • Biden campaigns in Miami,[619] including participating in a town hall hosted by MSNBC at the Pérez Art Museum Miami.[620]
    • Due to concerns about COVID-19 outbreak, the CPD approves plans to have Harris and Pence separated by plexiglass during the vice presidential debate.[621]
    • The Supreme Court, starting its 2020 term with eight justices due to Ginsburg's vacancy, grants the South Carolina Republican Party's request to reinstate the state's signature requirement on absentee ballots, pending further appeal by the Democrats.[622]
  • October 6:
  • October 7:
    • Trump begins attacking US Attorney General William Barr regarding the Department of Justice delaying the release of Durham report until at least after the election, tweeting "Where are all of the arrests? ... Do something about this, the biggest of all political scandals (in history)!!! Biden, Obama and Crooked Hillary led this treasonous plot!!!".[625]
    • In the Trump v. Vance case, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals rejects Trump's latest attempt to block the subpoena for his tax returns. Trump states his intent to appeal this ruling to the Supreme Court, therefore the appeals court grants his legal team 12 days in which to do so before prosecutors may execute the subpoena.[626]
    • The only vice presidential debate sponsored by the Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD), is held at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah.[627]
  • October 8:
    • The Supreme Court denies the Montana Republican Party's petition to stop Montana's plan to send mail-in ballots to every registered voter because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[628]
    • During an interview with Fox Business following the previous night's vice presidential debate, Trump attacks Harris for her stance on open borders, calling her a "monster" and a "communist".[629]
    • Both Biden and Harris attend a campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona to kickoff a campaign bus tour through the state.[630]
    • The FBI arrests 13 armed militia members who plotted to kidnap governor Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan.[631]
    • The Free & Equal Elections Foundation sponsors a presidential debate in Denver, Colorado, inviting any candidate that is on the ballot in at least 10 states, regardless of party.[632]
    • Due to Trump's positive COVID diagnosis, the Commission on Presidential Debates initially announces that the second presidential debate scheduled for October 15 will be held virtually. While Biden agrees to the format change, Trump says he will not take part and would instead hold a rally with his supporters on that day.[633] Biden then agrees to postpone the second debate, and later schedules a town hall to be televised on ABC on October 15.[634][635] The Trump campaign then asks the Debate Commission to reschedule the second debate to October 22 and postpone the third debate to October 29, while the Biden campaign objects to postponing the third debate to that date.[634][635]
    • Conley releases a memo saying that Trump's condition is stable, is "devoid of symptoms", and he anticipates that Trump could have a "safe return to public engagements" by October 10.[636] However, later that evening Trump appears on the phone on Hannity and suffers several coughing fits.[637]
  • October 9:
    • The Debate Commission decides to cancel the second debate since Trump is unwilling to participate virtually, and that the third debate would go forward as originally scheduled on October 22. The Trump campaign responds by referencing Conley's memo during the previous day regarding Trump's improved condition, and states that there is "no medical reason" to stop the debate from proceeding, in-person, as originally scheduled.[638]
    • Biden speaks at a drive-in campaign event in Las Vegas.[639]
    • In what he claims as the "largest radio rally in history", Trump calls into The Rush Limbaugh Show for two hours.[640]
  • October 10:
  • October 12
  • October 13:
    • The Supreme Court issues a stay in Ross v. National Urban League, allowing the Trump administration to end the counting early for the 2020 census by October 15, pending further appeals in the lower courts.[646]
    • In the Trump v. Vance case, Trump's attorneys submit an emergency petition to the Supreme Court to block the latest order from the Second Circuit Court of Appeals to allow the Manhattan District Attorney to get Trump's tax returns.[647]
    • Biden campaigns in South Florida, stopping in Pembroke Pines then going to Miramar.[648]
    • Trump holds a rally in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.[649]
  • October 14:
    • Using material provided by Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani regarding emails allegedly found on a damaged laptop at a Delaware computer repair shop, the New York Post suggests that Biden used his political power to benefit his son Hunter in business dealings with Ukraine.[650][651] The New York Post article is met with skepticism, with questions about the authenticity and provenance of the emails.[652] The Washington Post then reports that intelligence agencies have been concerned since at least 2019 that Giuliani has been the target of a Russian influence operation. Rather than distance himself from Giuliani, Trump uses the New York Post story as a campaign talking point as if it was true.[653]
    • Trump schedules a town hall to be televised on NBC on October 15, directly competing with Biden's already scheduled town hall on ABC. Top Democrats, media pundits and even some NBC journalists are surprised by NBC agreeing with Trump to go head-to-head with Biden's event.[654]
    • Trump holds a rally in Des Moines, Iowa.[655]
    • Melania Trump reveals on the White House web site that Barron Trump had previously tested positive for COVID-19 about two weeks prior.[656]
  • October 15:
  • October 16:
    • The FBI begins investigating whether the unverified emails published by the New York Post on October 14, allegedly showing the Bidens' influence in business dealings with Ukraine, were actually part of a foreign disinformation campaign to hurt Biden.[659]
    • Biden campaigns in Southeastern Michigan, stopping in Southfield then going to Detroit.[660]
    • Trump holds rallies in Ocala, Florida[661] and Macon, Georgia.[662]
  • October 17:
  • October 18:
  • October 19:
    • The Supreme Court splits 4–4 on whether to grant an emergency stay on the Pennsylvania Supreme Court's September 17 ruling that extended the state's mail-in ballot deadline to November 6, three days after the election. As a result, the lower court's decision stands.[667]
    • The Debate Commission unanimously adopts new rules for the October 22 debate, adding mute buttons to the candidates' microphones to limit them from interrupting each other like during the September 29 debate. Under these new rules, each candidate's microphone will be turned off during the other's initial two-minute reply to a question. Both microphones will then be turned on during the open discussion periods.[668]
    • While Biden stays home for the next three days to prepare for the October 22 debate, Trump continues to hold rallies,[669] starting with ones in Prescott and Tucson, Arizona.[670]
  • October 20:
  • October 20–21: Voters in at least three swing states report receiving emails, allegedly from the neo-fascist group "Proud Boys", threatening them unless they vote for Trump. CBS News reports that these emails were actually sent from overseas servers.[673] In an October 21 press conference, Director of National Intelligence John Ratcliffe announces that both Iran and Russia have obtained contact information about voters' registrations in an attempt to influence the election, and that Iran has been sending the spoofed emails "to intimidate voters, incite civil unrest and damage President Trump".[674]
  • October 21:
    • The Supreme Court votes 5–3 to grant an emergency stay that reinstates a state-ordered ban on curbside voting in Alabama.[675]
    • Obama holds a drive-in rally for Biden in Philadelphia.[676]
    • Trump holds a rally in Gastonia, North Carolina.[677]
  • October 22: The final presidential debate sponsored by the Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) is held at Belmont University in Nashville, Tennessee.[627]
  • October 23: Trump holds rallies in The Villages and Pensacola, Florida.[678]
  • October 24:
  • October 25:
  • October 26:
    • Biden defends his limited travel schedule during the final week of the campaign compared to Trump's, saying that he wants to protect himself from catching COVID-19, he is still holding virtual events, and it is best to keep making the election a referendum on Trump's behavior and let the president shoot himself in the foot. A Biden campaign advisor also tells Politico that "the polling in this race has been very stable over time", and that "rallies don't matter much to voters" because they only "excite a base that's already voting for Trump". Democrats remain hopeful that Biden's strategy during these final days of the campaign, relying heavily on expensive TV and media ads instead of in-person campaigning, will pay off.[689]
    • Trump's son-in-law and senior adviser Jared Kushner faces backlash after stating in a Fox & Friends interview that Black Americans have to "want to be successful".[690]
    • Trump holds rallies in Allentown, Lititz and Martinsburg, Pennsylvania.[691][692]
    • The Supreme Court issues an emergency stay blocking Wisconsin's six-day absentee ballot extension.[693]
    • The Senate votes to confirm Barrett's nomination to the Supreme Court, with all but one Republican voting in favor and all Democrats voting against.[694]
    • Twenty-seven-year old black man Walter Wallace is fatally shot by police in Philadelphia, sparking demonstrations and riots throughout the city.[695]
  • October 27:
  • October 27–28: The White House science officer initially sends a press release listing "ending the COVID-19 pandemic" as one of Trump's top accomplishments during his first term.[707] The White House then issues another press release on the following day, saying that the previous release was "poorly worded" and Trump does not actually believe that the pandemic is over.[708]
  • October 28:
  • October 29:
  • October 30:
  • October 30–31: While traveling on Interstate 35 from San Antonio to Austin, Texas, a Biden campaign bus is swarmed by a caravan of Texas Trump supporters known as the "Trump Train" group, causing the Biden supporters on board the bus to call 911 to get a police escort and eventually cancel their Austin event. Although no one is hurt, the Biden campaign accuses the Trump Train group of trying to run the bus off the road. On the following day, Trump tweets a video of the caravan surrounding Biden's bus with the caption "I love Texas", causing further criticism by the Biden campaign.[728]
  • October 31:

November 2020

2020 Electoral College map
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About this image
The electoral map for the 2020 election as called by a consensus of media outlets. Red denotes states won by Trump and blue denotes those won by Biden. Numbers indicate the electoral votes cast, based on populations from the 2010 Census.
States that flipped from Trump in 2016 to Biden in 2020
Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin
  • November 1:
  • November 1–2: "Trump Train" caravans of the president's supporters block traffic along several highways and bridges across the country. Several people take to Twitter to point out that this is hypocritical when Trump and many other high-profile conservatives have previously denounced many liberal and civil rights protesters who have similarly blocked traffic on major highways and bridges.[746][747]
  • November 2:
  • November 3 (Election Day):
    • Deadline for mail-in ballots to be received by election officials in Alabama,[764] Arizona,[765] Arkansas,[766] Colorado,[767] Connecticut,[768] Delaware,[769] Florida,[770] Georgia,[771] Hawaii,[772] Idaho,[773] Indiana,[774] Maine,[775] Michigan,[776] Missouri,[777] Montana,[778] Nebraska,[779] New Hampshire,[780] New Mexico,[781] Oklahoma,[782] Oregon (all-mail voting state),[783] Rhode Island,[784] South Carolina,[785] South Dakota,[786] Tennessee,[787] Texas,[788] Wisconsin,[789] and Wyoming.[790]
    • Deadline for mail-in ballots to be postmarked in Alaska,[791] California,[792] Illinois,[793] Kansas,[794] Kentucky,[795] Maryland,[796] Massachusetts,[797] Minnesota,[798] Mississippi,[799] Nevada,[800] New Jersey,[801] New York,[802] North Carolina,[803] Pennsylvania,[804] Virginia,[805] Washington,[806] and West Virginia.[807]
    • Polling hours (all times given are in Eastern Standard Time (EST), or UTC−05:00):
      • 12:30 a.m.: Polls close in the New Hampshire midnight voting. Voters in Dixville Notch select Biden 5–0, while those in Millsfield vote for Trump 16–5.[808] Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Hart's Location delays its traditional midnight voting to the daylight hours.[809]
      • 5:00 a.m.: Polls close in Guam (8:00 p.m. ChST (UTC+10:00)[810]), whose presidential straw poll generally receives national media attention as an indicator of how the rest of the country may likely vote.[811][812]
      • 6:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.: Polls open across the 50 states and DC, with the last being Hawaii at 12 p.m. EST/7 a.m. HST
      • 6:00 p.m.: Polls close in the Eastern Time Zone sections of Indiana and Kentucky[813]
      • 7:00 p.m.: Polls close in:
        • Selected areas of New Hampshire
        • The Eastern Time Zone sections of Florida
        • The Central Time Zone sections of Indiana and Kentucky (6:00 p.m. CST)
        • All of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, and Vermont
      • 7:30 p.m.: Polls close in North Carolina, Ohio, and West Virginia
      • 8:00 p.m.: Polls close in:
        • Selected areas of North Dakota (7:00 p.m. CST, observed by the polling locations)
        • The remaining areas of New Hampshire
        • The Eastern Time Zone sections of Michigan
        • The Central Time Zone sections of Florida, Kansas, South Dakota, and Texas (7:00 p.m. CST)
        • All of Alabama, Illinois, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma (7:00 p.m. CST), Tennessee (7:00 p.m. CST / 8:00 p.m. EST), Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Washington, D.C.
      • 8:30 p.m.: Polls close in Arkansas (7:30 p.m. CST)
      • 9:00 p.m.: Polls close in:
        • The remaining areas of North Dakota (7:00 p.m. MST, observed by the polling locations)
        • The Central Time Zone sections of Michigan (8:00 p.m. CST)
        • The Mountain Time Zone sections of Kansas, South Dakota, and Texas (7:00 p.m. MST)
        • All of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming (7:00 p.m. MST), Nebraska (7:00 p.m. MST / 8:00 p.m. CST), Louisiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin (8:00 p.m. CST), and New York
      • 10:00 p.m.: Polls close in:
        • The Mountain Time Zone sections of Idaho and Oregon (8:00 p.m. MST)
        • All of Nevada (7:00 p.m. PST), Montana, Nevada, Utah (8:00 p.m. MST), and Iowa (9:00 p.m. CST)
      • 11:00 p.m.: Polls close in:
        • The Pacific Time Zone sections of Idaho and Oregon (8:00 p.m. PST)
        • All of California and Washington (8:00 p.m. PST)
    • Judge Sullivan orders the US Postal Service to immediately sweep mail facilities in 12 areas in key swing states to find missing, undelivered mail-in ballots, but the USPS replies that it cannot follow the order during this busy Election Day and conducts its preplanned inspection schedule instead. Under a lawsuit filed by several civil rights groups, the USPS had previously reported to Sullivan that about 300,000 ballots that had entered its system had not been scanned as delivered.[814][815]
    • After 7:00 p.m.: With some states counting their absentee and early voting ballots first, while other states waiting to process those ballots last, the first reported totals in some areas show "blue mirages" or "red mirages" that initially break heavily for Biden or Trump, respectively, before they eventually flip the other way.[816][817]
    • 11:20 p.m.: Fox News projects that Arizona is first state to flip from Trump in 2016 to Biden. Trump and members of his campaign are livid since up to this point only 73 percent of the state's vote has been reported.[818]
  • November 4:
    • 12:00 a.m.: Polls close in:
      • The Alaska Time Zone sections of Alaska (November 3, 8:00 p.m. AKST)
      • All of Hawaii (November 3, 7:00 p.m. HST)
    • 12:30 a.m.: With several states still too close to call, Biden addresses supporters and urges patience with the vote counting, saying that he is confident he is going to eventually win.[819]
    • 1:00 a.m.: Polls close in the Hawaii–Aleutian Zone sections of Alaska. (November 3, 8:00 p.m. HST)
    • 2:30 a.m.: Trump addresses supporters at the White House and references the ballots still remaining to be counted, saying "A very sad group of people is trying to disenfranchise [those voters who voted for me] and we won't stand for this ... We'll be going to the US Supreme Court, we want all voting to stop. We don't want them to find any ballots at 4:00 in the morning and add them to the list ... As far as I'm concerned we already have won this".[820][821]
    • 2:50 a.m.: The Associated Press also declares that Biden is the projected winner in Arizona.[822]
    • 9:00 a.m.: Counting of absentee/mail-in ballots begins in many states.[823]
    • Afternoon:
      • The Trump campaign announces the following throughout the afternoon:
        • They are filing a lawsuit in Michigan to halt the vote counting until they are given "meaningful access" to observe the ballots at multiple counting locations. They also want to review all the ballots that have already been counted.[824]
        • They are requesting a recount in Wisconsin, as they trail Biden by less than 1 percent. Under Wisconsin law, any candidate may request a recount when the margin is that tight.[825]
        • They are filing a lawsuit in Georgia based on a Republican poll watcher's claims that they witnessed an election worker in Chatham County combining late-arriving ballots with ballots that arrived on time.[826]
        • Another lawsuit is being filed in Philadelphia challenging a policy that requires poll watchers to keep 25 feet away from the ballot counting.[827]
      • In response to Trump's challenges, "Count Every Vote" protesters begin marching through several cities.[828]
    • 6:00 p.m.: The Associated Press projects that Biden has reached 264 electoral votes with wins in Michigan and Wisconsin (two more states that flipped from Trump in 2016 to Biden), meaning that he just needs one of the remaining uncalled swing states to reach the required 270 to win the election: Georgia (16), Nevada (6), North Carolina (15), or Pennsylvania (20).[829][830] Despite the Associated Press and Fox News' projections, other national media outlets still list Arizona (11) as too close to call.[831]
    • Approximately 9:00 p.m. to 12:00 a.m. (7:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. MST): More than 200 Trump supporters protest at a Maricopa County, Arizona elections center and around downtown Phoenix, claiming some ballots have not been properly counted. This follows the Trump campaign's continuing belief that the state remains too close to call, and complaints that election officials provided voters with Sharpie pens that may have disqualifed ballots. Counting inside the building eventually shuts down early.[832]
  • November 5:
    • Speaking to reporters, Biden urges to remain calm and that "Democracy is sometimes messy".[833]
    • At a press conference at the White House, Trump continues claiming voter fraud without providing specific evidence.[834]
    • The Chatham County, Georgia Superior Court dismisses Trump's lawsuit over the handling of absentee ballots, ruling that "there is no evidence that the ballots referenced in the petition were received after 7pm on election day".[835]
    • The Michigan Court of Claims dismisses Trump's lawsuit to temporarily halt the ballot counting until Republican poll watchers have sufficient access to observe it. The state court rules on grounds that filing it against the Michigan Secretary of State was improper because the office is not directly involved with that part of the local counting process. In addition, "it was filed at 4:00, at which point the count had largely proceeded".[836]
    • The Nevada Republican Party sends a criminal referral to U.S. Attorney General Barr, alleging over 3,000 cases of voter fraud.[837]
    • A Pennsylvania state judge grants Trump's request and allows poll watchers to observe the Philadelphia ballot counting "within 6 feet, while [still] adhering to all COVID-19 protocols" instead of being forced to observe further back.[838] The Philadelphia County Board of Elections then appeals the case to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court.[839]
    • US District Judge Paul S. Diamond hears arguments for a similar federal case involving Trump poll watchers claiming they had not been given equal access as Democrats during the Philadelphia ballot counting. Diamond dismisses the case without prejudice after the Trump campaign and Pennsylvania election officials reach an agreement.[840]
  • November 6:
    • Deadline for mail-in ballots to be received by election officials in Kansas,[841] Kentucky,[842] Massachusetts,[843] Pennsylvania,[844] and Virginia.[845]
    • As Biden overtakes Trump in the Georgia and Pennsylvania ballot counts, Trump tweets, "Joe Biden should not wrongfully claim the office of the President. I could make that claim also. Legal proceedings are just now beginning!"[846][847]
    • With the updated Pennsylvania ballot counts, the election-calling organization Decision Desk HQ announces that it now projects Biden as the winner of that state, and thus becomes the first major election reporting organization to declare that he has reached the required 270 electoral votes to be named the U.S. President-elect. Those organizations that use Decision Desk HQ's services such as Vox and Business Insider repeat the call that Biden is the winner of the election.[848] However, the Associated Press, Fox News, and other organizations continue to list Pennsylvania as too close to call.[849]
    • With the vote still close to call in his state, Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger says that there will likely be a recount.[850]
    • In its first involvement in the election after Election Day, the Supreme Court issues an order signed by Justice Samuel Alito, commanding all Pennsylvania election boards to separately count the mail-in ballots that arrived after Election Day.[851]
    • Pennsylvania State Senate majority leader Jake Corman shoots down rumors that the GOP-controlled Pennsylvania Legislature would bypass the state's popular vote and automatically appoint presidential electors pledged to Trump.[852][853]
    • During an evening address, Biden reiterates that he is not yet claiming victory, but based on the counts, "What's becoming clear each hour is that a record number of Americans of all races, faiths and religions, chose change over more of the same. They've given us a mandate for action on COVID, the economy, on climate change and systemic racism. They made it clear they want the country to come together not continue to pull apart."[854]
  • November 7:
    • The Associated Press, Fox News, and the other major networks call Pennsylvania for Biden, thus putting him above the required 270 electoral votes to be named President-elect.[855][856]
    • It is also determined that both Biden and Trump have exceeded Barack Obama's 2008 record for the most popular votes received by the presidential candidate.[857]
    • Reacting to the news of Biden's projected victory, his supporters celebrate in the streets of various cities across the county.[858][859]
    • Biden issues a statement saying that "With the campaign over, it's time to put the anger and the harsh rhetoric behind us and come together as a nation".[860] He and Harris later make evening addresses to the nation at the Chase Center in Wilmington, with Biden saying "This is the time to heal in America".[861]
    • Refusing to concede, Trump proceeds with his legal challenges, releasing a statement saying that "this election is far from over. Joe Biden has not been certified as the winner of any states, let alone any of the highly contested states headed for mandatory recounts, or states where our campaign has valid and legitimate legal challenges that could determine the ultimate victor ... until the American People have the honest vote count they deserve and that Democracy demands".[860][862]
    • Trump supporters protest in front of various state capitol buildings across the country.[863]
    • Trump files a lawsuit in the Arizona Superior Court alleging that in-person ballots were improperly rejected in Maricopa County, Arizona.[864]
  • November 8:
  • November 9:
    • Deadline for Iowa mail-in ballots to be received and added to the record-breaking national popular vote totals.[867]
    • During a press conference in which he unveils his COVID-19 task force, Biden urges every American to put political differences aside, saying that he "will be a president for everyone ... This election is over. It's time to put aside the partisanship and the rhetoric that is designed to demonize one another."[868][869]
    • Biden's transition team suggests that they are contemplating legal action against Murphy and the GSA over refusing to allow them to formally begin work.[870]
    • Barr authorizes the DOJ to investigate voter fraud "if there are clear and apparently-credible allegations of irregularities", going against precedent to not investigate fraud until an election is finalized and prompting the Election Crime Branch's director to resign.[871]
    • Trump's team files a lawsuit in a federal district court in Pennsylvania, seeking an injunction prohibiting Pennsylvania from certifying its results, alleging (among other things) it used an illegal "two-tiered" system in which in-person and by-mail voters were held to different standards.[872]
    • The Pennsylvania Supreme Court agrees to hear Trump's appeal regarding the claims that his poll observers were restricted from inspecting the counting in Philadelphia.[873]
    • Raffensperger rejects calls to step down as Georgia Secretary of State over his handling of the election.[874][875]
    • The Trump campaign names Congressman Doug Collins of Georgia to lead their Georgia recount effort.[876]
  • November 10:
    • Deadline for mail-in ballots to be received by election officials in the disputed state of Nevada.[877]
    • Deadline for mail-in ballots to be received and counted towards the record-breaking national popular vote totals in Minnesota,[878] Mississippi,[879] New Jersey,[880] and New York.[881]
    • At a press conference, Biden says that his transition process is moving forward, and that Trump's refusal to concede is "an embarrassment, quite frankly ... At the end of the day, you know, it’s all going to come to fruition on January 20".[882]
    • A group of ten Republican state attorneys general file an amicus brief with the Supreme Court supporting Trump's case challenging the Pennsylvanian late mail-in ballots.[883]
    • The New York Times reports that it has contacted the offices of the top election officials in at least 45 states and not one of them suspect or have evidence of voting fraud.[884]
    • A group of Pennsylvania Republican state legislators call for an audit of the state's presidential election results before they are certified and its electors are selected.[852]
    • The Trump campaign files a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan, seeking to prevent the state from certifying its results until its allegations of election misconduct in Michigan are addressed.[885]
    • The Nevada Supreme Court dismisses the Trump campaign's appeal challenging Clark County, Nevada's election processes, ruling that there was no evidence of wrongdoing.[886] In light of the ruling, the Trump campaign drops their challenges seeking to stop the Clark County ballot counting.[887]
  • November 11: Raffensperger officially announces Georgia's hand recount.[888]
  • November 12:
    • Deadline for mail-in ballots to be received by election officials in the too-close-to call state of North Carolina.[889]
    • Two coalitions of federal and state election officials, the Election Infrastructure Government Coordinating Council and the Election Infrastructure Sector Coordinating Council, issue a joint statement saying, "There is no evidence that any voting system deleted or lost votes, changed votes, or was in any way compromised.[890]
    • A Pennsylvania state court rules in favor of Trump, stating that Pennsylvania Secretary of State Kathy Boockvar "lacked statutory authority" to extend a deadline for mail-in voters who still needed to submit proof of identification. Boockvar had moved the deadline from November 9 to November 12. Thus the court orders the state to toss out those such ballots that were cured during the extended deadline period. The Philadelphia Inquirer estimates that the number of ballots that will be tossed out is small and not significantly cut into Biden's lead.[891][892]
  • November 13:
    • Deadline for mail-in ballots to be received by election officials, and thus added to the record-breaking national popular vote totals, in Ohio[893] and Maryland.[894]
    • The Trump campaign drops an Arizona lawsuit based on claims by some voters who allege that poll workers mishandled ballots rejected by the tabulation machines, as the number of votes potentially being contested would not overcome Biden's lead in the state.[895]
    • Boockvar confirms that there will be no automatic Pennsylvania recount because the margin is greater than 0.5 percent.[896]
    • The Third Circuit Court in Wayne County, Michigan rejects a petition by two Republican poll challengers seeking to stop the county's vote certification, alleging fraud by poll workers. The court ruled that the plaintiffs' "interpretation" of the events were "incorrect and not credible" and "decidedly contradicted" an election expert that was put forth by the defense.[897][898]
    • The Court of Common Pleas in Philadelphia rejects five Trump petitions challenging five separate batches of votes in which voters failed to either print their names under their signature or print their address on the outer envelope of their mail-in ballot. The court ruled that Philadelphia County's Board of Elections does not make it absolutely mandatory because the information is already pre-printed on those envelopes.[899]
  • November 14:
    • Trump criticizes the Georgia ballot recount as a "waste of time", claiming that his campaign's observers are not being let into the counting rooms.[900]
    • Groups of Trump supporters hold "MAGA-palooza" and "Million Maga March" rallies in Washington, D.C. to support for Trump's court challenges.[901][902][903] Following the rally, Trump supporters clash with counter-protesters.[904]
  • November 15: In a series of tweets, Trump states that Biden "won because the Election was Rigged", referencing an unproven conspiracy theory held by right wing groups alleging that voter tabulation machines manufactured by Dominion Voting Systems had been compromised, resulting in millions of votes for Trump being deleted or switched to Biden. Trump further tweets that Biden "only won in the eyes of the FAKE NEWS MEDIA. I concede NOTHING! We have a long way to go."[905][906]
  • November 16:
    • As the Georgia recount continues, more than 2,600 votes are reportedly uncovered in Floyd County because of a ballot scanning machine's memory card that did not properly get uploaded on Election Day. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution estimates that Trump could get about roughly 800 net votes added to his tally.[907]
    • The Arizona Republican Party files a lawsuit to stop Maricopa County officials from certifying its election results while legal challenges are still in progress.[908]
  • November 17:
    • Deadline for Illinois mail-in ballots to be received by election officials and thus added to the record-breaking national popular vote totals.[909]
    • The Pennsylvania Supreme Court delivers its 5-2 decision against Trump's lawsuit alleging that its poll observers were unlawfully restricted from inspecting the counting in Philadelphia.[910]
    • Raffensperger announces that an audit of Georgia's voting machines found no evidence of tampering.[911]
    • Raffensperger later appears in an interview with WSB-TV, claiming that Trump suppressed his own voting base in Georgia: "Twenty-four thousand people did not vote in the fall; either they did not vote absentee because they were told by the president 'don't vote absentee, it's not secure,' ... But then they did not come out and vote in person."[912]
    • The Trump campaign files a new lawsuit in the Nevada courts alleging that "fraud and abuse renders the purported results of the Nevada election illegitimate" and thus either Trump "be declared the winner of the Election in Nevada” or that the results are annulled and no Nevada winner is certified.[913]
  • November 17–18:
    • All 72 Wisconsin counties complete their canvassing of the election results by the state's November 17 deadline.[914] The Trump campaign then on the following day pays the $3 million fee to apply for recounts in just Dane and Milwaukee counties, rather than pay the full $8 million fee for a recount of the entire state.[915]
    • The four-member board of canvassers of Wayne County, Michigan vote unanimously to certify its election results after initially being deadlocked along party lines.[916] The two Republican members then ask to rescind their votes, signing affidavits on the day after stating that they voted for the certification only because the two Democratic members promised a full audit of the county's votes.[917]
  • November 18: The Trump campaign files its third version of its federal lawsuit over the Pennsylvania results, now claiming that 1.5 million mail-in or absentee votes in seven counties should be thrown out, and thus either he should be named the winner in Pennsylvania or the Pennsylvania Legislature should be given the authority to appoint presidential electors pledged to Trump.[918]
  • November 19:
    • Giuliani, Sidney Powell, and other members of Trump's legal team hold a press conference levying their various claims of voter fraud but refuse to reveal specific evidence until they are actually in court, leading the press to conclude that they are just rehashing their previously debunked conspiracy theories.[919][920]
    • The Maricopa County Superior Court dismisses the Arizona Republican Party's lawsuit seeking to order an audit of the county's ballots.[921]
    • US District Judge Steven D. Grimberg, a Trump-appointee, dismisses the Trump campaign's lawsuit seeking to delay the certification of Georgia's election results, ruling, "It is well established that garden-variety election disputes do not rise to the level of a constitutional deprivation. The fact that [Trump] didn't win doesn't rise to the level of harm".[922]
  • November 19–20: The Georgia hand recount ends with Biden still leading Trump by 12,284 votes, only slightly less than the roughly 14,000-vote lead in the initial count,[923] and despite the additional ballots found in Floyd County and other areas.[924] Raffensperger officially certifies these results on the following day, staying that "I believe that the numbers that we have presented today are correct. The numbers reflect the will of the people".[925]
  • November 20:
    • Deadline for California mail-in ballots to be received by election officials, and thus added to the record-breaking national popular vote totals.[926]
    • The top two Republicans in the Michigan Legislature, state Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey and state House Speaker Lee Chatfield, meet with Trump at the White House, a move that both Michigan and national Democrats criticize as inappropriate.[927] Although Shirkey and Chatfield state they originally wanted to meet the president primarily to discuss COVID-19 relief instead of the election, they say, "We have not yet been made aware of any information that would change the outcome of the election in Michigan and as legislative leaders, we will follow the law and follow the normal process regarding Michigan's electors".[928]
    • Black voter groups in Michigan file a lawsuit against the Trump campaign in the US District Court for the District of Columbia, alleging that their attempts to challenge the election results have disenfranchised Black voters.[929]
    • Nevada District Court Judge Gloria Sturman dismisses a lawsuit brought by a conservative activist seeking to nullify the entire Nevada November election, not just the presidential results.[930] Sturman notes in her ruling that "if the election was thrown out there would be no one holding office, including me".[931]
    • As the recounts continue in Dane County, Wisconsin, election officials there reject the Trump campaign's request to toss out over 69,000 absentee ballots where, among other issues, an election clerk filled in missing address information on the outer envelope, the voter declared themselves to be "indefinitely confined", or where there was not a written application on file.[932]
  • November 21:
    • McDaniel joins Michigan Republican Party Chair Laura Cox in asking the Michigan Board of Canvassers to delay certification of the state's election results so that a "full, transparent audit" is conducted. Michigan Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson had previously stated before Cox and McDaniel's request that "election officials do not have legal access to the documents needed to complete audits until the certification."[933]
    • US District Judge Matthew W. Brann dismisses the Trump's campaign lawsuit seeking to block the certification of the Pennsylvania results, ruling that the president's legal team merely presented "strained legal arguments without merit and speculative accusations" that were "unsupported by evidence".[934]
    • The Trump campaign files for a new Georgia recount even though state officials already certified the results.[935]
    • The Maricopa County Superior Court dismisses a lawsuit from two voters regarding voter irregularities, ruling that the two ballots in question will not change the outcome of the election.[936]
    • As the recounts continue in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, election officials there accuse Trump's poll watchers of breaking rules and obstructing the process by objecting to every ballot tabulators pulled to count.[937]
  • November 22:
    • A spokesperson for Dominion Voting Systems defends the company's voting machines during an apperance on Fox News Sunday, saying, "It is not physically possible for our machines to switch votes from one candidate to the other."[938]
    • Trump appeals to the Third U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, seeking to overturn Judge Brann's previous day ruling and block the certification of the Pennsylvania results.[939]
    • Giuliani issues a statement through the Trump campaign saying that Sidney Powell "is not a member of the Trump Legal Team. She is also not a lawyer for the President in his personal capacity", appearing to cut ties from her increasing convoluted and unsupported allegations of widespread voter fraud.[940][941]
  • November 23: Vote certification deadline for Michigan and Pennsylvania.[942][943]
  • November 24: Vote certification deadline for Minnesota and Nevada.[942][943]
  • November 30: Vote certification deadline for Arizona.[942][943]

December 2020

2021

Candidate participation timeline

Candidate announcement and, if applicable, withdrawal dates are as follows:

Political party
Alliance Party
American Solidarity Party
Birthday Party
Bread and Roses Party
Constitution Party
Democratic Party
Green Party
Independent
Libertarian Party
Progressive Party
Prohibition Party
Reform Party
Republican Party
Party for Socialism and Liberation
Socialist Action
Socialist Equality Party
Socialist Workers Party
Veterans Party of America
Exploratory
committee
Events
Iowa
 caucuses
Super
 Tuesday
COVID-19 pandemic
emergency declaration
Election
 Day
Inauguration
 Day
Alyson KennedyJoseph KishoreJeff MacklerDarcy Richardson#2020 presidential campaignPhil Collins (politician)#PresidentialGloria La RivaJade Simmons#CareerBrock Pierce#2020 presidential campaignMark Charles#2020 presidential campaignDon Blankenship#2020 presidential campaignJerome SegalKanye West 2020 presidential campaignJoe Schriner#Presidential campaigns#2020Brian T. Carroll#2020 presidential campaignZoltan Istvan#2020 presidential campaignMax Abramson#2020 presidential campaignLincoln Chafee 2020 presidential campaignMark WhitneyKen Armstrong (politician)#2020 presidential campaignJustin Amash#2020 presidential campaignArvin VohraVermin Supreme 2020 presidential campaignJohn MondsShaun McCutcheon#Political activityJohn McAfee 2020 presidential campaignAdam Kokesh#2020 presidential campaignJacob Hornberger#2020 presidential campaignJames P. Gray#2020 presidential campaignJo Jorgensen 2020 presidential campaignDario Hunter#2020 presidential campaignHowie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaignRichard Ojeda#2020 presidential campaignEric Swalwell#2020 presidential campaignMike Gravel 2020 presidential campaignJohn Hickenlooper#2020 presidential campaignJay Inslee 2020 presidential campaignSeth Moulton#2020 presidential campaignKirsten Gillibrand 2020 presidential campaignBill de Blasio#2020 presidential campaignTim Ryan (Ohio politician)#2020 presidential campaignBeto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaignWayne Messam#2020 presidential campaignJoe Sestak 2020 presidential campaignSteve Bullock 2020 presidential campaignKamala Harris 2020 presidential campaignJulian Castro 2020 presidential campaignMarianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaignCory Booker 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignAndrew Yang 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bennet 2020 presidential campaignDeval Patrick 2020 presidential campaignTom Steyer 2020 presidential campaignPete Buttigieg 2020 presidential campaignAmy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaignElizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaignTulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaignBernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaignJoe Biden 2020 presidential campaignMark Sanford 2020 presidential campaignJoe Walsh 2020 presidential campaignBill Weld 2020 presidential campaignDonald Trump 2020 presidential campaignRocky De La Fuente#2020 presidential campaign

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