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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mission typeEarth Observation
OperatorLa Sapienza University of Rome · Iraq Ministry of Science and Technology
SATCAT no.40043Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
BusCubeSat 3U
Launch mass3.00 kg
PowerSolar cells, batteries
Start of mission
Launch dateJune 19th 2014 19:11 UTC
Launch siteOREN, Dombarovsky
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth (SSO)
Semi-major axis7025 km
Perigee altitude612.9 km
Apogee altitude696.3 km
Period97.7 minutes
BandVHF · UHF · S-band
Frequency435.000 MHz

TigriSat is a CubeSat built in 2014 by a team of Iraqi students at the La Sapienza University of Rome.[1][2] It uses an RGB camera to detect dust storms over Iraq, and transmits the data to ground stations in Baghdad and Rome. It is considered Iraq's first satellite.[3] It was launched from Orenburg on June 19, 2014 on a Dnepr launch vehicle.[1] It was deployed using a UniSat-6. As of July 2019, it remains operational.


In 1989, under Saddam Hussein's government, Iraq claimed to have launched a satellite.[3] However, footage showed that the launch vehicle exploded early in liftoff, and called into question whether the launch was an attempted orbital launch. Thus, this satellite is the first launched for Iraq. Its launch, at the time, was record-breaking for the greatest number of satellites launched on a single rocket.[4] In 2018, this satellite's signal was briefly mistaken for that of another CubeSat, PicSat.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Technical details for satellite TIGRISAT". - Real Time Satellite Tracking and Predictions. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  2. ^ Paris, C., Parisse, M., & Allawi, W. (2015). Thermovacuum tests on TIGRIsat structure: Validation of the thermal model of a 3U cubesat. 2015 IEEE Metrology For Aerospace (Metroaerospace). doi: 10.1109/metroaerospace.2015.7180646
  3. ^ a b Abdallah, Amir. "Iraq launches its first satellite – TigriSat". IraqiNews. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  4. ^ William, Graham. "Russian Dnepr rocket lofts record haul of 37 satellites –". Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  5. ^ "Bye bye PicSat (for now)". PicSat. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
This page was last edited on 2 May 2021, at 06:04
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