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Tighina County (Romania)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Județul Tighina
County (Județ)
Tighina County prefect's building from the interwar period.
Tighina County prefect's building from the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Județul Tighina
Romania 1930 county Tighina.png
Country
Flag of Romania.svg
Romania
Historic regionBessarabia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Tighina
Established1925
Ceased to existAdministrative and Constitutional Reform in 1938
Area
 • Total6,333 km2 (2,445 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
 • Total306,592
 • Density48/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Tighina County was a county (Romanian: județ) in the Kingdom of Romania.

Geography

The county was located in the eastern part of the Greater Romania, in the southeastern part of the historical region of Bessarabia, at the border with Soviet Union. At present, the territory of the former county is part of the Republic of Moldova. It was bordered to the west by Cahul County, to the north by Lăpuşna County, and to the south by Cetatea-Albă County. To the east was the Soviet border on the other side of the Dniester River.

Administrative organization

Map of Tighina County as constituted in 1938.
Map of Tighina County as constituted in 1938.

The county was administrative subdivided into four districts (plăși):[1]

  1. Plasa Bulboaca, headquartered at Bulboaca
  2. Plasa Căușani, headquartered at Căușani
  3. Plasa Ceadâr-Lunga, headquartered at Ceadâr-Lunga
  4. Plasa Cimișlia, headquartered at Cimișlia

Tighina County had two urban localities: Tighina (urban commune and the county seat), and Comrat (an urban commune located in the western part of the county).

History

After the Union of Bessarabia with Romania in 1918, the county belonged to Romania, which set up the county formally in 1925.

After the 1938 Administrative and Constitutional Reform, this county merged with the counties of Lăpușna, Cetatea Albă and Orhei to form Ținutul Nistru.

The area county of the county was occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940 and became part of the Moldavian SSR. The area returned to Romanian administration following the Axis Powers' invasion of the Soviet Union in July 1941. A military administration was established and the region's Jewish population was either executed on the spot or deported to Transnistria, where further numbers were killed.[2] As the Soviet Union's offensive pushed the Axis powers back, the area again was under Soviet control. On September 12, 1944, Romania signed the Moscow Armistice with the Allies. The Armistice, as well as the subsequent peace treaty of 1947, confirmed the Soviet-Romanian border as it was on January 1, 1941.[3][4] The area of the county, along with the rest of the Moldavian SSR, became part of the independent Republic of Moldova.

Population

Map of the ethnic groups of Tighina County per the 1930 census.
Map of the ethnic groups of Tighina County per the 1930 census.

According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 306,592, of which 53.4% were ethnic Romanians, 14.7% Russians, 12.8% Gagauz, 6.4% Bulgarians, 5.5% Jews, 3.4% Germans, 3.0% Ukrainians, 0.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population consisted of 89.4% Eastern Orthodox, 5.5% Jewish, 3.0% Lutherans, 0.8% Old-style Orthodox, 0.6% Roman Catholic, 0.4% Baptist, as well as other minorities.

Nr. Orașe, plăși Populație
1 city of Tighina 31,384
2 city of Comrat 12,331
Total urban 43,715
1 Plasa Bulboaca 57,280
2 Plasa Căușani 99,161
3 Plasa Ceadâr-Lunga 41,416
4 Plasa Cimișlia 65,020
Total rural 262,877
Total county 306,592

Urban population

In the year 1930, the county's urban population was 44,057, of which 35.6% were ethnic Russians, 19.8% Jews, 17.7% Gagauz, 16.7% Romanians, 4.4% Bulgarians, 3.1% Ukrainians, as well as other minorities. From a religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 75.1% Eastern Orthodox, 19.9% Jewish, 2.5% Old-style Orthodox, 1.0% Roman Catholic, 0.6% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Tighina
  2. ^ James Stuart Olson; Lee Brigance Pappas; Nicholas Charles Pappas (1994). An Ethnohistorical dictionary of the Russian and Soviet empires. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 484. ISBN 9780313274978.
  3. ^ "The Avalon Project : The Armistice Agreement with Rumania; September 12, 1944". avalon.law.yale.edu. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  4. ^ United States Department of State. Foreign relations of the United States, 1946. Paris Peace Conference: documents Volume IV (1946)

External links

This page was last edited on 4 July 2021, at 08:16
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