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Thomas Pitt of Boconnoc

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas Pitt (c. 1705 – 17 July 1761), of Boconnoc, Cornwall, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1727 and 1761. He was Lord Warden of the Stannaries from 1742 to 1751.

Boconnoc House, Cornwall
Boconnoc House, Cornwall

Pitt was the grandson and namesake of the better known Thomas Pitt and the son of Robert Pitt, MP, of Boconnoc, near Lostwithiel in Cornwall. He was the elder brother of William Pitt the Elder. He succeeded his father in 1727 to his estates, including Boconnoc.[1]

As head of the family, Pitt inherited both his grandfather's immense fortune and his parliamentary boroughs - he had the complete power to nominate both MPs at Old Sarum and one of the two at Okehampton, as well as considerable influence in at least two Cornish boroughs, Camelford and Grampound. He had himself elected Member of Parliament for Okehampton in 1727, the first election after he came of age, and represented the borough until 1754; but on a number of occasions he was also elected for Old Sarum, which meant that when he chose to sit for Okehampton the Old Sarum seat was free to offer at a by-election to somebody else who had failed to get into Parliament.

Pitt was Assay master of the Stannaries from March 1738 to February 1742 and Lord Warden of the Stannaries from February 1742 to March 1751, when the Cornish Stannary Parliament met for the last time.[1]

Pitt was ambitious for political influence and, attaching himself to the retinue of Frederick, Prince of Wales, managed the general elections of 1741 and 1747 in Cornwall in the Prince's interests; but this involved massive expenditure - especially at the notoriously-corrupt Grampound, where he spent huge sums both on bribing the voters and on lawsuits attempting to deprive the most rapacious of their votes. By 1751 he had bankrupted himself, and the death that year of the Prince of Wales destroyed his hopes of securing influence or patronage for his efforts. He mortgaged his boroughs to the Treasury, allowing the government to name two MPs at Old Sarum and one at Okehampton in return for a pension of £1000 a year. After sitting briefly for Old Sarum in the 1754 Parliament, he resigned his seat and fled the country.[1]

Returning to England in 1761, however, Pitt persuaded the government to allow him to be once more elected for Old Sarum - a temporary measure, he promised, to prevent his being arrested for debt until he was able satisfy his creditors. (MPs were immune from civil arrest.) He promised to relinquish the seat at the earliest possible moment and allow the government to name his replacement in accordance with the original arrangement; but he died a few months later, still MP for Old Sarum.[2]

Pitt had married, c.1731, Christian, the daughter of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Baronet, M.P., of Hagley, Worcestershire and the sister of Lord Lyttelton. They had two sons and two daughters. He afterwards married, in 1761, Maria, the daughter of General Murray.

Pitt died on 17 July 1761. His only surviving son was the first Baron Camelford, who repudiated his father's arrangement for Old Sarum, and chose himself as MP when he inherited the borough.

References

  1. ^ a b c "PITT, Thomas (c.1705-61), of Boconnoc, Cornw". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  2. ^ "PITT, Thomas (c.1705-61), of Boconnoc, Cornw". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 14 September 2018.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Okehampton
1727–1754
With: William Northmore 1727–1734
George Lyttelton 1734–1754
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Old Sarum
1727–1728
With: The Earl of Londonderry
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Old Sarum
1734–1735
With: Robert Nedham
Succeeded by
Robert Nedham
William Pitt
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Old Sarum
1747
With: Sir William Irby, Bt
Succeeded by
Earl of Middlesex
The Viscount Doneraile
Preceded by
Earl of Middlesex
Simon Fanshawe
Member of Parliament for Old Sarum
1754–1755
With: Viscount Pulteney
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Old Sarum
1761
With: Howell Gwynne
Succeeded by
Political offices
Vacant
Title last held by
Richard Edgcume
Lord Warden of the Stannaries
1742–1751
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 30 April 2021, at 15:12
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