To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Thomas H. Bayly

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Muscoe Thomas Henry Bayly
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1853 – June 23, 1856
Preceded byJohn Millson
Succeeded byMuscoe Russell Hunter Garnett
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th district
In office
May 6, 1844 – March 3, 1853
Preceded byHenry A. Wise
Succeeded byWilliam Smith
Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs
In office
March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1855
Preceded byJohn Alexander McClernand
Succeeded byAlexander C. M. Pennington
Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means
In office
March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1851
Preceded bySamuel Vinton
Succeeded byGeorge S. Houston
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Accomack County
In office
Alongside Robert Poulson, Thomas Cropper and John Ailworth
Personal details
Born(1810-12-11)December 11, 1810
Drummondtown, Virginia
DiedJune 23, 1856(1856-06-23) (aged 45)
Drummondtown, Virginia
Resting placeAccomac, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materUniversity of Virginia School of Law
Military service
Branch/serviceVirginia Militia
Years of service1837–1846
RankBrigadier General
Unit21st Brigade

Thomas Henry Bayly (December 11, 1810 – June 23, 1856) was a nineteenth-century politician, slave owner,[1] lawyer and judge from Virginia, and the son of Congressman Thomas M. Bayly.

Early and family life

Born at the family estate called "Mount Custis" near Drummondtown (now known as Accomac, Virginia), to then Virginia state senator and militia officer Thomas Monteagle Bayly and his wife. Although the senior Bayly served a term in the U.S. House of Representatives (1813-1815) during the War of 1812, he primarily operated a plantation using enslaved labor, and would also later again serve (part-time) in the Virginia House of Delegates and at the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829 representing Accomack County. Young Bayly received a private education suitable to his class, and went on to study law at the University of Virginia School of Law, graduating in 1829.

Bayley married Evelyn Harrison May (1810-1897), one of the daughters of Judge John Fitzhugh May of Petersburg, who bore daughters Anna May Bayly (1840-1860) and Evelyn May Tiffany (1851-1929).[2]


Admitted to the bar in 1830, Bayly practiced law in Accomac County, Virginia and also operated the family plantation using enslaved labor, especially after his father's death in 1834. In 1840, he owned 29 slaves.[3] In 1850 Bayly owned 31 slaves (ten 10 years old or younger) as well as land worth $70,000.[4]

Accomack County voters elected and re-elected Bayly as one of their two representatives in the Virginia House of Delegates, where he served (part time) from 1836 to 1842. In 1837 he accepted appointment as brigadier general of the 21st Brigade in the Virginia Militiam and served until 1846. Fellow legislators elected Bayly judge of the Circuit Court of Law and Chancery for Accomack County in 1842, a position he resigned upon election to Congress.

In 1844, Bayly won election as a Democrat to fill a vacancy in the United States House of Representatives caused by the resignation of Henry A. Wise to become U.S. Minister to Brazil during the presidency of John Tyler. Bayly would win re-election several times (although the district name changed from Virginia's 7th congressional district to Virginia's 1st congressional district following redistricting following the 1850 census and adoption of a new Virginia constitution). Bayly served in the House until his death in 1856. He rose to become chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means from 1849 to 1851 and chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs from 1851 to 1855.

Death and legacy

Bayly died on June 23, 1856, during his congressional term, but at his estate, Mount Custis, near Drummondtown, Virginia. He was interred in the family cemetery there, as soon would be his eldest daughter, and decades later, his widow. Bayly also has a cenotaph at Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C.. The University of Virginia Art Museum is housed in the Thomas H. Bayly Building.[5]


  • 1844; Bayly was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives with 54.5% of the vote, defeating Whig Hitt Carter.
  • 1845; Bayly was re-elected with 53.54% of the vote, defeating Whig George W. Southall.
  • 1847; Bayly was re-elected with 52.47% of the vote, defeating Whig John J. Jones.
  • 1849; Bayly was re-elected with 64.75% of the vote, defeating Whig Francis Mallory.
  • 1851; Bayly was re-elected unopposed.
  • 1853; Bayly was re-elected with 58.93% of the vote, defeating Independents Louis C.H. Finney and George W. Lewis.
  • 1855; Bayly was re-elected with 79.09% of the vote, defeating Independents Robert L. Montague, Richard Lee Turberville Beale, Joseph Eggleston Segar, and a man identified only as Jennings.

See also


  1. ^ "Congress slaveowners", The Washington Post, 2022-01-19, retrieved 2022-01-25
  2. ^ 1850 U.S. Federal Census for St. George Parish, Accomack County, Virginia, Family no. 1269, p. 153 of 158
  3. ^ 1840 U.S. Federal Census for Accomack County, Virginia, p. 111-112 of 186
  4. ^ 1850 U.S. Federal Census Slave Schedule for St. George Parish, Accomack County, Virginia, p. 42 of 43; a carpenter of the same name but distinguished "as R" owned two slaves in the town of Accomac, per p. 10 of 18 of the town's census
  5. ^ "UVA Art Museum - Visitor Information". Archived from the original on 2001-11-17.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Chairman of House Foreign Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chairman of House Ways and Means Committee
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 17 March 2022, at 15:49
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.