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Thomas Beckington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas Beckington
Bishop of Bath and Wells
Tomb of Thomas Bekynton.JPG
Appointedbefore 13 October 1443
Term ended14 January 1465
PredecessorJohn Stafford
SuccessorRobert Stillington
Orders
Consecration13 October 1443
Personal details
Bornc. 1390
Beckington, Somerset
Died14 January 1465
Wells
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous postDean of Arches

Thomas Beckington (also spelt Beckynton; c. 1390 – 14 January 1465) was the Bishop of Bath and Wells and King's Secretary in medieval England.

Life

Beckington was born at Beckington in Somerset, and was educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford. Having entered the Church he held many ecclesiastical appointments, and became dean of the Arches in 1423;[1] and Archdeacon of Buckingham in 1424. After that he devoted his time to secular affairs and was sent on an embassy to Calais in 1439 and to John IV, count of Armagnac in 1442. [2]

At this time Beckington was acting as secretary to Henry VI, and soon after his return in 1443 he was appointed Lord Privy Seal, an office he held until 1444.[3] He was consecrated bishop of Bath and Wells on 13 October 1443.[4] The bishop erected many buildings in Wells and elsewhere, probably altering the rectory at Sutton Courtenay in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire), an early preferment. The most important results of Beckington's missions to France were one Latin journal, written by himself, referring to the embassy to Calais; and another, written by one of his attendants, relating to the journey to Armagnac. He died at Wells on 14 January 1465.[4]

Beckington is buried at Wells Cathedral and has an unusual monument there: his effigy is depicted twice; one above the other in a two tier arrangement, the bottom effigy depicting his decaying corpse whilst unwrapped from its shroud, and the effigy above depicting him in what is assumed to be his bishop's attire. When his tomb was opened during Victorian times he was found to be buried very simply (as depicted on his tomb) with just one ornament: his bishop's ring. This was removed and is now in a museum.

Beckington played a leading role as architect of the legal aspects of Henry VI's foundation of Eton College in 1440; he is commemorated in the name of the school's central dining hall, 'Bekynton'.

Bekynton's architecture is marked with a symbol depicting a barrel and a flame. This is a pun on his name, being "beacon tun". One of the easiest to be viewed is in Penniless Porch Wells

Works

Beckington's own journal was published in the Proceedings of the Privy Council, vol. v., edited by Nicholas Harris Nicolas (1835); and the other journal in the Official Correspondence of Thomas Bekynton, edited by George Williams for the Rolls Series (1872), which contains many interesting letters. This second journal was translated into English by Nicolas (1828).[5][2]

See also

Citations

References

  • Burton, Edwin Hubert (1912). "Thomas of Beckington" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 14. New York: Robert Appleton Company.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Dunning, Robert W. "Beckington , Thomas (1390?–1465)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1908. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-56350-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Gairdner, James (1885). "Beckington, Thomas" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Beckington, Thomas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • Perry, George Gresley (April 1894). "Bishop Beckington and Henry VI". The English Historical Review. 9 (34): 261–274. JSTOR 548366.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
William Lyndwood
Lord Privy Seal
1443–1444
Succeeded by
Adam Moleyns
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John Stafford
Bishop of Bath and Wells
1434–1465
Succeeded by
Robert Stillington

This page was last edited on 20 March 2020, at 20:38
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