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Thomas B. Curtis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas B. Curtis
Thomas B. Curtis (Missouri Congressman).jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri
In office
January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1969
Preceded byRaymond W. Karst
Succeeded byJames W. Symington
Constituency12th district (1951–53)
2nd district (1953–69)
Personal details
Born(1911-05-14)May 14, 1911
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
DiedJanuary 10, 1993(1993-01-10) (aged 81)
Allegan, Michigan, U.S.
Political partyRepublican

Thomas Bradford Curtis (May 14, 1911 – January 10, 1993) was a Republican politician from Missouri who represented suburban St. Louis County, Missouri for nine terms from 1951 to 1969.[1] He was a primary driver behind the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and aggressive supporter of civil rights for black Americans throughout his career.[citation needed]

Early life and education

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Curtis attended the public schools of Webster Groves, Missouri. He attended Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire where he was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa, earning an A.B. in 1932. He was admitted to the bar in 1934 and commenced the practice of law in St. Louis. He received an LL.B. degree from Washington University in St. Louis in 1935. He received an M.A. from Dartmouth in 1951, and a J.D. from Westminster College in 1964.[citation needed]

Political career

He served as member of the Board of Election Commissioners of St. Louis County in 1942. He served in the United States Navy from April 8, 1942, until discharged as a lieutenant commander December 21, 1945. He served as member of the Missouri State Board of Law Examiners in 1947–1950.[citation needed]

U.S. Representative

Curtis was elected as a Republican to the Eighty-second and to the eight succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1969).[citation needed]

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 originated in Curtis' office in 1962, and it was mainly Republican pressure from Curtis and his fellow Republican Judiciary Committee member William McCulloch of Ohio that forced John F. Kennedy to make his first, hesitant message on civil rights in April 1963. Curtis' defense of civil rights was rooted partly in the Lincoln tradition of the GOP, but more simply in the belief that civil rights were at the base of the American philosophy of government and Judeo-Christian morality and that their defense was "the most fundamental issue that confronts any government at any time," as he wrote in 1952.[1]

Curtis did not sign the 1956 Southern Manifesto, and voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957,[2] 1960,[3] 1964,[4] and 1968,[5] and the Voting Rights Act of 1965,[6] but voted against the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.[7]

He was not a candidate for reelection in 1968 to the House of Representatives but was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate, losing to Democrat Thomas Eagleton by a 51% to 49% margin.[citation needed]

Mr. Curtis was a noted economist, considered by most Republicans and some Democrats to be the most knowledgeable and insightful economist in Washington during his tenure as a Member of Congress.[citation needed]

After Congress

He served as delegate to the Republican National Convention, 1964, 1976 and 1980. He served as vice president and general counsel, Encyclopædia Britannica, from 1969 to 1973. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States Senate again in 1974, winning only 39% of the vote against incumbent Thomas Eagleton.[citation needed] He served as chairman of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting from 1972 to 1973. He served as chairman of the Federal Election Commission from April 1975 to May 1976. He was a consultant for the National Association of Technical and Trade Schools.[citation needed]

Death

Curtis was a resident of Pier Cove, Michigan, until his death in Allegan, Michigan, on January 10, 1993.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Onofrio, Jan (2001). Missouri Biographical Dictionary (3rd ed.). North American Book Dist LLC. pp. 187–188. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  2. ^ "HR 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957". GovTrack.us.
  3. ^ "HR 8601. PASSAGE".
  4. ^ "H.R. 7152. PASSAGE".
  5. ^ "TO PASS H.R. 2516, A BILL TO ESTABLISH PENALTIES FOR INTERFERENCE WITH CIVIL RIGHTS. INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON ENGAGED IN ONE OF THE 8 ACTIVITIES PROTECTED UNDER THIS BILL MUST BE RACIALLY MOTIVATED TO INCUR THE BILL'S PENALTIES".
  6. ^ "TO PASS H.R. 6400, THE 1965 VOTING RIGHTS ACT".
  7. ^ "S.J. RES. 29. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO BAN THE USE OF POLL TAX AS A REQUIREMENT FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS". GovTrack.us.
Party political offices
Preceded by
R. Crosby Kemper Jr.
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Missouri
(Class 3)

1968, 1974
Succeeded by
Gene McNary
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Raymond W. Karst
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 12th congressional district

1951–1953
Succeeded by
District eliminated
Preceded by
Morgan M. Moulder
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 2nd congressional district

1953–1969
Succeeded by
James W. Symington
This page was last edited on 19 May 2020, at 19:13
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